R-MC 082

Guide to the Walton R. Johnson Papers, 1949-2001

By Catherine Kayola

March 2006

Special Collections and University Archives, Rutgers University

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Johnson, Walton R.
Title: Guide to the Walton R. Johnson Papers
Dates: 1949-2001, bulk 1995-1999
Quantity: 4.4 cubic ft. (11 manuscript boxes)
Abstract: The papers of Walton R. Johnson, Professor of Social Anthropology, Department of Africana Studies at Rutgers University, contain material dated between 1949 and 2001. The bulk of the material covers the years 1995 to 1999. The collection was largely assembled by Johnson to chronicle the events at Rutgers University during the spring of 1995, a semester of crisis for the university ignited by racially insensitive remarks made by then Rutgers President Francis L. Lawrence. Johnson gathered copies of the extensive news coverage occasioned by the events at Rutgers. He also gathered research material on minority and race issues that are included in this collection along with some personal papers relating to course work and his own writings. In general, the papers consist of copies of news stories, draft copies, correspondence, position papers, and articles of interest.
Collection No.: R-MC 082
Language: English
Repository: Rutgers University. Special Collections and University Archives

Biographical Sketch

Walton R. Johnson was born in 1938. He trained in social anthropology. He received his PhD from the University of London in 1971. His areas of concentration include African political economy, South African race relations and U. S. race relations. Extensive field work in Africa resulted in the creation of some of his major works: Worship and Freedom: A Black American Church in Zambia (1977) and Dismantling Apartheid: A South African Town in Transition (1994). Johnson is also the editor of African Christianity: Patterns of Religious Continuity (1979) and Inside the Mixed Marriage: Accounts of Changing Attitudes, Patterns, and Perceptions of Cross-Cultural and Interracial Marriages (1994).

In addition to his teaching, Johnson as served as an Admission Counselor and as a former Dean of Livingston College. Johnson was teaching on the Livingston Campus during the spring of 1995 when reaction to Rutgers President Francis L. Lawrence's racially insensitive statement surfaced (see Historical Background below). He was instrumental in the formation of the Coalition of Black and Latino Faculty and Staff, which was a direct response to the situation. He also gathered and saved newspaper articles that were published almost daily on the state of affairs at Rutgers that serves as an important part of the collection chronicling the events of 1995.

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Historical Background

The Statement:

". . . When you're looking at assessment, you got to look at the input. Do we assess in the same way at Rutgers that we would in an open admissions county college? Do we assess—let's look at the SATs. The average SAT for African-Americans is 750. Do we set standards in the future so that we don't admit anybody with the national test? Or do we deal with a disadvantaged population that doesn't have that genetic hereditary background to have a higher average."

-Francis L. Lawrence to Camden Faculty, November 11, 1994

Francis L. Lawrence became the eighteenth president of Rutgers, in the fall of 1990. His administration was not a popular one. Students and faculty had expressed dissatisfaction on various issues such as tuition and administrative policy during his term in office. However, it was his utterance of three words, "genetic hereditary background," which ignited a firestorm of protest and criticism.

President Lawrence addressed a Camden faculty meeting on November 11, 1994. During his speech, he made comments that included the phrase, "genetic hereditary background," referring to low African-American SAT scores. It was not until January 31, 1995 when Robert Braun, a Rutgers College graduate and a columnist for the Star-Ledger, made the remarks public that the controversy erupted. Reaction was swift and widespread. There were apologies, calls for his resignation, and statements of support for the beleaguered president. Rallies and protests were held both on and off campus. Demonstrations disrupted the Board of Governors meeting, caused the suspension of a February 7th men's basketball game, and blocked traffic on Route 18 leading to the arrest and trial of Rutgers University students. A hunger strike was held. Tensions on campus were high and the situation built up racial divides among the student population. There was an increase in reported bias incidents. The media spotlight was intense and race relations at Rutgers were closely examined in the press. A bomb exploded in the basement of the Mabel Douglass Library on the Douglass College campus of Rutgers and two more explosive devices were found in Rutgers libraries, as numerous bomb threats were received throughout the semester. The calm of the commencement exercises in May 1995 brought the turbulent semester to an end. However, it was not the end of trouble for President Lawrence. A decline in African-American enrollment at Rutgers and fewer black students accepting aid or scholarships to attend Rutgers were attributed to Lawrence's remarks. A diversity program proposed to heal wounds was initiated with the dissemination of a report titled the Multicultural Blueprint. Faculty dissatisfaction with Lawrence on academic issues and the university budget continued. There was a call by the NAACP for Lawrence's resignation in August 1995. The Board of Governors reaffirmed support for Lawrence in September 1995. Lawrence continued as president of Rutgers until his resignation in 2002, after which he stayed at Rutgers in the capacity of University Professor.

President Lawrence's controversial remarks which so inflamed the Rutgers community and beyond were perceived by many as reflecting theories proposed in the The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life by R. J. Herrnstein and C. Murray (1994). Their controversial conjectures linking genetics and performance prompted much discussion, articles and research.

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Chronology of Events

Date Event
November 11, 1994 Dr. Francis L. Lawrence, President of Rutgers University, in an address before Camden faculty uses the phrase "genetic hereditary background" to explain low SAT scores for African-Americans.
January 31, 1995 The Rutgers Council of the AAUP distributes tapes of Lawrence's remarks. Robert Braun breaks the story in the Star-Ledger.
February 1, 1995 Lawrence issues formal apology. 500 students march through campus and demand his resignation. 700 students gather at the Busch Campus Center to plan action.
February 2, 1995 Lawrence appears at Newark and New Brunswick campuses and apologizes to students, faculty, and staff. Some students walk out rejecting his apology.
February 5, 1995 Universitywide Black and Latino Coalition formed at New Brunswick Meeting
February 6, 1995 Paul Robeson, Jr. requests forgiveness for Lawrence's remarks and asks for calm.
February 7, 1995 Rutgers vs. U Mass men's basketball game at the Louis Brown Athletic Center disrupted by student protest sit-in, causing suspension of the game.
February 10, 1995 The Rutgers Board of Governors issues statement of support for University President Lawrence while some students scuffle with police.
February 27, 1995 Protest rally led by former NAACP head, Benjamin Chavis, held on steps of State House in Trenton calling for Lawrence's resignation.
March 17, 1995 Lawrence announces creation of a multicultural college-based committee.
April 4, 1995 Small bomb explodes in an unoccupied basement level of the Mabel Smith Douglass Library on the Douglass College campus. No injuries are reported.
April 5, 1995 Several bomb threats are received following the Douglass Library blast.
April 7, 1995 A second bomb placed inside hollowed-out book in Douglass Library is removed without incident.
April 12, 1995 Students participate in "Day of Outrage" calling for Lawrence's resignation. Protestors disrupt traffic during Route 18 demonstration.
May 12, 1995 Eleven Rutgers University students charged with disorderly conduct stemming from April 12th protest.
May 21, 1995 Commencement exercises proceed without incident
May 24, 1995 Third bomb discovered among books in the Paul Robeson Library on the Rutgers-Camden campus. This is the third time in two months that an explosive device has been planted on Rutgers. The FBI, city and county authorities, and the Rutgers police investigate.
June 9, 1995 Board of Governors adopts the Multicultural Blueprint, an outline of a diversity program submitted by Lawrence to ease tensions around the university.
August 1995 NAACP calls for Lawrence's resignation.
September 18, 1995 Board of Governors issue statement of support for Lawrence in response to faculty petition calling for his removal.
February 29, 1996 Trial begins for three students for charges stemming from April 12, 1995 protest.

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Scope and Content Note

The Walton R. Johnson Papers consist of eleven manuscript boxes containing material that span the years between 1949 and 2001, with a concentration of material dating from 1995 to 1999. The events of the spring of 1995 is the focal point of the collection and is thoroughly documented.

The Personal Papers series includes correspondence, drafts of works in progress, newsletters, and research material on Francis Lawrence and Rutgers prior to 1995.

The Reaction series contains material that documents the reactions and events of spring 1995. Lawrence's statement on the "genetic hereditary background" of African Americans provoked a storm of debate and protest. Johnson made a determined effort to collect a comprehensive file of the press coverage of the events at Rutgers during the spring of 1995. He also compiled a record of the statements and public responses offered by individuals and organizations involved to the crisis. This material consists of copies of news stories, published reports, meeting minutes, official statements, and correspondence.

The Bomb Story series covers the bombing incidents that plagued the University in April and May of 1995 and consists largely of the official FBI report.

The Research Material series contains research material compiled by Johnson relating to the premises of the controversial book The Bell Curve (by Herrnstein and Murray) and race relations. A study of minority issues and race related topics form the substantive portion of the research material.

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Arrangement Note

The Papers of Walton R. Johnson are arranged in the following series:

I. Personal Papers, 1990-2001
II. Reaction, 1990-2001
III. Bomb Story, 1995-2000
IV. Research Material, 1949-2001

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Related Material

The Records of the Faculty Alliance for Rutgers (FAR), R-MC 069 contain material related to Rutgers faculty members who were dissatisfied with President Lawrence. For more information, see The Inventory to the Records of the Faculty Alliance for Rutgers (FAR).

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Separated Material

The following bound publications were removed from the collection:

Council on Foreign Relations Inc. Foreign Affairs 77 No. 5 (September/October 1998).
Southern Poverty Law Center, Intelligence Report Issue 90 (Spring 1998).
Southern Poverty Law Center, Intelligence Report Issue 98 (Spring 2000).
Southern Poverty Law Center, Intelligence Report Issue 99 (Summer 2000).
Southern Poverty Law Center, Intelligence Report, Issue 101 (Spring 2001).
Journal of Blacks in Higher Education No. 18 (Winter 1997/1998).
Symbols, Social Action and Human Peace: Papers in Honor of Mary Lecron Foster: Special Edition of Human Peace 11, No. 4 (Summer 1998).

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Name and Subject Tracings

Researchers can facilitate access to related materials in other collections by searching the Rutgers University Libraries' online public catalog (IRIS) and other union catalogs under the following index terms used for people, organizations, and subjects represented in these records.

Personal Names

Chavis, Ben, 1948-
Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826
Lawrence, Francis L.
Lee, Wen Ho
Pratto, Felicia
Robeson, Paul
Robeson, Paul, 1898-1976
Thomas, Clarence, 1948-
Whitman, Christine Todd

Corporate Names

American Association of University Professors
Asbury Park Press
Associated Press
Chicago Tribune
Daily Targum
New Jersey Public Interest Research Group
New York Times
Rutgers University--Administration
Rutgers University--Faculty
United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation

Subject Headings

African American College Students
Campus violence--New Jersey--New Brunswick
College students--Political Activity
Discimination in justice administration
Discrimination in higher education
Discrimination in law enforcement
Race discrimination
Racial profiling in law enforcement
SAT (Educational Test)
Stereotype (Psychology)
Stereotype (Psychology)in mass media
Student protestors
Universities and colleges--Entrance examinations
Universities and colleges--New Jersey--Admission Statistics

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Guide to the Walton R. Johnson Papers, 1949-2001, R-MC 082, Special Collections and University Archives, Rutgers University Libraries

Acquisition Note

This collection was donated to Rutgers University Archives by Walton R. Johnson.

Processing Note

Johnson used whatever paper was on hand to print articles and other research material. This practice led to some interesting reverse sides in the collection. Some reverses have previously printed passages or student papers and others have personal papers including draft copies of Johnson's own writing. Some sheets with news stories printed on both sides or when text shared a page were photocopied; a pencil note was made on reverse of the side that was copied and filed (this reverse copied/filed or "News Organization's Init" text copied/filed: as appropriate) or copy already in collection: filed. An effort was made to keep the side with highlights by Johnson as file original. When this was not possible because both sides were highlighted and the highlight did not show up on the photocopies, then the side with the least highlights was copied and brackets were drawn by pencil around formerly highlighted portions and pencil note made by the arranger (bracketed section highlighted on original by WJ).

Copies were made of all original newspaper articles. Folders where original articles still exists are tagged by a pink slip. Staples showing signs of rust were removed.

Folders are arranged alphabetically within series and items in each folder are set in chronological order. Any exceptions are noted in series descriptions below.

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Container List

This section provides descriptions of the materials found within each series. Each series description is followed by a container list, which gives the titles of the folders and their locations in the numbered boxes that comprise this collection.

I. Personal Papers, 1990-2001
Arrangement: This series is arranged alphabetically.
Summary: This series includes correspondence relating to article publications, reviews and works in progress. There is also correspondence, statements and research concerning Rutgers President Francis Lawrence and Rutgers student protests prior to 1995. Johnson's involvement in his community and Rutgers is evidenced by his participation with the Faculty Alliance for Rutgers (FAR), and the national organization, Friends Committee on National Legislation through newsletters. Story proofs, including notes, student papers from courses and seminars conducted by Johnson along with material relating to his role as an Admissions Counselor are included in this series.
Note: Some folders contain student papers. As unpublished papers/student records, these papers may be consulted in the reading room of Special Collections and University Archives, and may be photocopied only on a limited basis. The papers may not be photocopied in their entirety without permission from the author.
Box Folder
1 1 American Anthropologist, July 13, 2000-August 18, 2000
Correspondence and copy relating to publication review
2 Correspondence/Papers, February 16, 1995-October 29, 1999
Correspondence, handwritten notes, published statements and drafts of papers largely relating to the events of Spring 1995.
3 Faculty Alliance for Rutgers (FAR), September 21, 1996-May 2, 1998
Membership related correspondence and newsletters.
4 Friends Committee on National Legislation, April 1998-April 2001
Subscription newsletters and appeal literature.
5 Lawrence, Francis L. January 30, 1990-September 7, 1994
Biographical sketches and various articles written about Lawrence prior to 1995.
6 Pratto, Felicia—"Social Dominance Orientation," August 1996
7 Rutgers Admission Counselor, September 20, 1990-June 9, 1998
Correspondence, memos, notes, statistics and College Board literature relating to his role as an Admission Counselor.
8 Seminar in Contemporary Race Relations, October 15, 1997- November 5, 1997
Student Papers on University Crisis of 1995.
9 Student Papers, April 1, 1997-April 9, 2001
10 Student Protests—Rutgers (pre-1995) February 9, 1991-January 1993
11 Work in Progress, June 12, 1997-May 3, 1998
Correspondence, notes, research articles and draft of work in progress on social dominance theory
II. Reaction, 1990-2001
Arrangement: This series is divided into two subseries: A. News Organizations and B. Individuals and Groups. Both subseries are arranged alphabetically.
Summary: This series chronicles the aftermath of President Lawrence's controversial comments on the individual, organizational, and national levels through press coverage and printed statements.
The "News Organization" files contain news coverage related to the firestorm created by Lawrence's remarks. Local and national coverage of the tumultuous events by news sources was presented in news stories, editorials, letters-to-editors, syndicated columns, op-ed pieces, proof copies, and political cartoons. Johnson's collection of the news coverage of the events was assembled with copy provided by the Department of University Communications and items personally clipped. Many items have passages highlighted by Johnson or marked with his margin notes.
The Star-Ledger, New York Times, and Home News were clipped daily by staff members; other papers clipped several days later. A chronological set of all Targum stories about the 1995 University Crisis with an inventory provided by Targum staff was obtained by Johnson in October 1997.
This set is filed in Box 2, Folders 8 and 9 preceding the folders 10 and 11 containing the Targum items originally saved by Dr. Johnson. Results from later Internet searches of the 1995 news coverage done by Johnson are also in this subseries. Contact information, as available (usually a business card) is filed in appropriate folders.
News organizations with extensive coverage are arranged in separate folders by name. Folders are arranged alphabetically within series and items in each folder are set in chronological order. An exception to this general collection rule is Box 3, Folder 2 "National News Coverage"; items in this folder are in alphabetical order according to news source. Box 3, Folder 13 deals exclusively with the arrest and trial of Rutgers University students stemming from the April 12, 1995 protest. It contains news clippings, arrest reports and statements.
Response to Lawrence's remarks are also contained in the "Individual and Group Responses" files. Two organizations had their beginnings in the charged atmosphere after remarks by President Lawrence were made public. The United Student Coalition (Box 4, Folder 19) was a unifying organization of many campus student groups who believed a united voice to be stronger. Nearly 200 Black and Latino faculty and staff from all three campuses met in New Brunswick and out of a sense of a need to act formed the Coalition of Black and Latino Faculty and Staff (Folder 3). Johnson served as Interim Coordinator. The creation of these organizations, their agendas and early impact are documented in their respective folders. The statements, letters, position papers, open letters, transcripts in response to Lawrence's remarks, fax cover pages, directories, member lists, recommendations, publications and petitions in all the folders show the dramatic and emotional responses to Lawrence's remarks both within and outside the Rutgers Community.
A. News Organizations, 1990-1999
Box Folder
2 1 Asbury Park Press, February 2, 1995- September 19, 1995
2 Associated Press, January 31, 1995-April 12, 1995
3 Chicago Tribune, February 1, 1995-February 14, 1995
4 Chronicle of Higher Education, February 10, 1995-September 15, 1995
5 The Courier-News, February 2, 1995- September 19, 1995
6 Courier-Post , February 7, 1995- August 30, 1995
7 Daily News, February 9, 1995- February 15, 1995
8 Daily Targum (1 of 4), November 11, 1994-February 8, 1995
9 Daily Targum (2 of 4), February 9, 1995-January 16, 1996
10 Daily Targum (3 of 4), February 1, 1995-February 28, 1995
11 Daily Targum (4 of 4), March 28, 1995-September 8, 1999
12 Ethnic News Watch, February 10, 1995-March 23, 1995
13 The Home News (1 of 2), February 1, 1995-February 28, 1995
14 The Home News (2 of 2), March 1, 1995-December 9, 1995
Box Folder
3 1 Internet Search Results—Article Abstracts Retrieved in 1996 and 1997: Search Keywords: Lawrence, Bias, Genetics, July 19, 1990-November 18, 1995.
2 National News Coverage, February 3, 1995- January 29, 1999
3 The New York Times, February 1, 1995-September 19, 1995
4 The News Tribune, February 2, 1995- September 19, 1995
5 The Philadelphia Inquirer, February 2, 1995- September 22, 1995
6 The Record, February 2, 1995-June 10, 1995
7 Rutgers Focus, February 3, 1995- September 22, 1995
8 Rutgers News Service, January 31, 1995-July 7, 1995
9 The Star-Ledger, January 31, 1995- September 19, 1995
10 The Times of Trenton, February 2, 1995- September 24, 1995
11 Varied Sources—News Coverage, February 6, 1995-July 1998
12 The Washington Post, February 9, 1995- February 27, 1995
13 Wrap-up of Arrest and Trial of Rutgers University Students Stemming from April 12, 1995 Demonstration, May 13, 1995-March 6, 1996
B. Group and Individual Reactions, 1985-2001
Box Folder
4 1 Black Voice/Carta Latina, January 31, 1996-March 31, 1999
2 Board of Governors (RU), September 17, 1991- April 19, 1996
3 Coalition of Black and Latino Faculty and Staff, February 6, 1995-April 26, 1995
4 Faculty—Rutgers University, February 16, 1995- November 14, 1995
5 Harassment and Discrimination Policy—Rutgers University, July 5, 1992-November 4, 1999
6 Francis L. Lawrence’s Statements, January 31, 1995- February 10, 1995
7 Minority Engineering Educational Task (MEET), January 31, 1995-March 25, 1995
8 Multicultural Program—Rutgers University, February 15, 1995-September 24, 1997
9 Multicultural Program—Rutgers University Bias Prevention Steering Committee, 1993-November 25, 1997
10 New Brunswick Faculty Council, January 27, 1995-May 12, 1995
11 New Jersey Public Interest Research Group (NJ PIRG), February 23, 1995-uly 6, 1995
12 Organization of Black Faculty and Staff of Rutgers-Newark (“Ebony Watch” Vol 1.2 Special Edition-Newsletter), February 1995
13 Outside Rutgers Community Responses, February 1, 1995- February 21, 1995
14 Rutgers Council of AAUP Chapters (American Association of University Professors), January 24, 1995-October 2001
15 Rutgers University Community Responses, January 31, 1995-September 2000
16 Rutgers University—Faculty—Minorities, January 20, 1990-2001
17 Rutgers University—Scholarship Programs, February 28, 1995-April 1, 1997
18 Rutgers University—Statistics, October 31, 1985-March 16, 1999
19 United Student Coalition at Rutgers University, February 8, 1995-November 9, 1995
20 The University Senate—Rutgers University, February 3, 1995-April 23, 1999
III. Bomb Story, 1995-2000
Arrangement: This series is arranged alphabetically and then chronologically.
Summary: This series deals with response to a series of bomb attacks and threats. There was a bomb blast at Mabel Smith Douglass Library on April 4, 1995. Two additional bombs were found in Rutger's libraries again on the Douglass campus and on the Camden campus over the next two months also there were numerous bomb threats; Federal Bureau of Investigation files obtained by Dr. Johnson through the Freedom of Information Act comprise the bulk of this series. FBI files have been placed in folders in exact order as received from the Burea—dates on each folder represent the range of dates apparently covered by that section's material. Correspondence and log sheets are included. A separate folder contains news clippings.
Box Folder
5 1 Rutgers University Bombings—Clippings, April 6, 1995-May 27, 1995
2 Rutgers University Bombings—FBI Report (1 of 5), April 4, 1995-March 13, 2000
3 Rutgers University Bombings—FBI Report (2 of 5), April 4, 1995-August 22, 1996
4 Rutgers University Bombings—FBI Report (3 of 5), June 2, 1995-August 14, 1995
5 Rutgers University Bombings—FBI Report (4 of 5), June 28, 1995-March 18, 1996
6 Rutgers University Bombings—FBI Report (5 of 5), May 17, 1996-February 17, 1998
IV. Research Materials, 1949-2001
Arrangement: This series is divided into five subseries: A. Individuals, B. Publications, C. Locations, D. Topics, and E. Research Materials. These subseries are arranged alphabetically.
Summary: This series encompasses items amassed by Johnson that furthered his research into topics of interest. Most of the research areas relate to the spurious claims of The Bell Curve, racial discrimination, minority issues and group and social dominance. Events such as the 2000 Election and the attacks of 9/11 also received his attention.
Material in the "Individuals" subseries contains information about historical and contemporary figures. The "Publications" subseries contains bound publication issues. The journals have several articles marked and highlighted. File folders also have correspondence, reviews and discussion, journal articles, table of contents (indexes), and abstracts. The "Locations" subseries contains articles, chapter reprints and news clippings that focus on issues around the world. The "Topics" subseries contains article reprints, news clippings, statistical data, book chapters, transcripts, encyclopedia entries and definitions. The "Miscellaneous Materials" subseries contains items such as article reprints, news clippings, statistical data, and book chapters.
A. Individuals, 1995-2001
Box Folder
5 7 Jefferson, Thomas—Clippings Concerning His Biracial Descendents, November 1, 1998-November 10, 1998
8 Robeson, Paul and Paul Robeson, Jr., February 3, 1995-2001
9 Sica, Joseph—Carteret Police Chief, February 21, 1998 – March 26, 1998
10 Thomas, Clarence—Supreme Court Justice, November 2, 1989-April 24, 2001
11 Whitman, Christie—Governor, January 31, 1995-May 21, 1995
B. Publications, 1973-1998
Box Folder
5 12 America in Black and White: One Nation Indivisible by Stephan and Abigail Thernstrom, October 14, 1997-May 20, 1998
13 The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life by R. J. Herrnstein and C. Murray, January 10, 1995-March 23, 1998
14 The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, Autumn 1994-Winter 1999
15 The Politics of Communication—A Study in the Political Sociology of Language, Socialization, and Legitimation by Claus Mueller, 1973
Box Folder
6 1 Transaction: Social Science and Modern Society Volume 35 No. 2—35th Anniversary Issue, January/February 1998
2 USA Weekend—Results/Printed Responses to Survey on Race Relations Conducted Spring 1995, August 20, 1995-December 3, 1995
C. Locations, 1974-2001
Box Folder
6 3 Africa, 1974-December 1996
4 Americas (Central, North, South, and Caribbean), 1990-Summer 1998
5 Asia, 1996-August 7, 2001
6 Eastern Europe, 1997-August 15, 2000
7 India, November 1989-1998
8 Western Europe, 1991-September 1, 2001
D. Topics, 1973-2001
Box Folder
6 9 Accountability/Restoration, August 10, 2000-January 8, 2001
10 Affirmative Action, 1989-March 28, 2001
11 Anthropology, July 22, 1992-Winter 1998
12 Anti-Semitism, March 2, 1997-April 24, 2001
13 Asian-Americans, August 13, 2000-May 2001
14 Campaign/Election Reforms, December 11, 2000-June 7, 2001
Box Folder
7 1 Criminal Justice, February 1992-June 9, 2001
2 Criminal Justice—Police Conduct/Brutality, March 7, 1991-October 15, 2001
3 Criminal Justice—Police Conduct/Racial Profiling, October 1, 2000-March 19, 2001
4 Criminal Justice—Racial Disparity, December 1993-Fall 2001
5 Criminal Justice—Racial Disparity/Case of Wen Ho Lee, August 16, 2000-February 5, 2001
6 Criminal Justice—Racial Disparity/Death Penalty, October 19, 1999 -May 6, 2001
7 Democracy-U.S./Historical Perspective, 1961-July 31, 2001
8 Dominance Behavior, January 1972-October 15, 2000
9 Election 2000, September 21, 2000 -April 1, 2001
10 Eugenics, March 2, 1997-February 15, 2001
11 Gays and Lesbians—Bias Against/Rights, October 3, 1994-June 20, 2001
12 Gender-Based Issues, April 11, 1996-December 30, 2000
13 Genetics, September 16, 1992-December 7, 1999
14 Group Dynamics, Sociology of, 1984-October 14, 1998
Box Folder
8 1 Hate Crime, September 26, 1999-May 8, 2001
2 Health Care and Minorities, Winter/Spring 1998-May 10, 2001
3 Hegemony, 1980-March 13, 1998
4 Hispanic Americans, February 1974-June 20, 2001
5 Holocaust, July 12, 1996-April 8, 2001
6 I.Q. Tests, Ca. 1980s-October 24, 1999
7 Interracial Marriages, Ca. 1990s-July 14, 1997
8 Media: Racial/Ethnic/Gender Stereotyping and Bias, 1989-October 9, 2000
9 Multiculturalism, December 1992-May 11, 2001
10 Multiracial, March 1, 1995-August 1997
11 Music: Culture Wars, November 1999-December 8, 2000
12 Myth/Folk Beliefs, 1977-March 26, 1999
13 Native Americans, May 9, 1973-March 18, 2001
14 Performance Anxiety, June 1998
15 Politics and Society: Black Conservatism, Spring 1989-February 15, 2001
16 Politics and Society: Conservatism, Spring 1995-March 4, 2001
Box Folder
9 1 Politics and Society: Economics—Bush’s Tax Plan, July 3, 1997-June 7, 2001
2 Politics and Society: Economics—Poverty Level Disparity, September 30, 1997 -May 1, 2001
3 Politics and Society: Economics—Poverty Level Programs, 1994-April 2, 2001
4 Politics and Society: Far-Right and Racism, June 10, 1998-July 31, 2001
5 Politics and Society: Opinion and Race, 1987-May 20, 1998
6 Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder—9/11 Responses, 1995-November 22, 2001
7 Prejudice: Social Psychology Perspectives, February 1999
8 President George W. Bush’s Administration, January 12, 2001 -March 19, 2001
9 Psychoanalytic Anthropology, March 1987-Fall 1998
10 Racial Discrimination: Corporate, February 2, 1998 -May 10, 2001
11 Racial Discrimination: Education, Spring 1990-October 24, 2001
12 Racial Discrimination: Employment, March 1990-September 3, 2000
Box Folder
10 1 Racism, 1981-August 26, 2001
2 Racism and Marxist Theory, 1988-1992
3 Racism: Psychology, 1992-September 7, 2000
4 Radio and TV Programs-Transcripts and Commentary, February 18, 1994 -October 9, 2001
5 SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test), February 16, 1995 -May 1, 2001
6 Social Inequality, 1981-ca. 1995
7 Social Dominance, 1994-ca. 1999
8 Social/Symbolic Violence, Winter 1984-July 1999
9 Sociobiology, 1978-November 2, 1999
10 Stereotyping, June 1997
11 United Nations, May 2000-May 11, 2001
12 U.S. Activism/Student Protests, December 1969-May 4, 2001,
13 U.S. Census, February 23, 1995-August 7, 2001
14 U.S. Universities—Faculty—Minorities, April 5, 1995-March 23, 1999
15 U.S. Universities—Scholarship Programs, December 18, 1991 -June 26, 1998
16 U.S. Universities—Statistics, 1982-1998
17 Violence and Harassment Against Women and Children, June 1985-April 24, 2001
18 Women’s Equality, September 5, 1997 -November 15, 2000
E. Miscellaneous Materials, 1949-2001
Box Folder
11 1 Research Materials, 1949-1975
2 Research Materials, 1982-1989
3 Research Materials, 1991-June 1996
4 Research Materials, 1997-November 1998
5 Research Materials, February 22, 1999 -August 30, 2000
6 Research Materials, September 1, 2000-December 11, 2000
7 Research Materials, January 11, 2001-June 23, 2001