R-MC 003

Guide to the Selman A. Waksman Papers, 1916-1977

By Paul Israel, Dawn Faint, Margaret Swift Cunningham, Mary Hicks

April 2007

Special Collections and University Archives, Rutgers University Libraries

Finding aid encoded in EAD Version 2002 by Thomas J. Frusciano and Caryn Radick, 2007

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
Title: Guide to the Selman A. Waksman Papers
Dates: 1916-1977
Quantity: 60.5 manuscript boxes, 4 record cartons, 5 flat boxes of memorabilia, 25 flat boxes of scrapbooks, 4 film canisters, 3 flat oversize boxes (one containing transcription discs), 4 framed items.
Abstract: Selman A. Waksman, a Rutgers University professor of Microbiology, is best known for the discovery of streptomycin. His papers include materials related to his work as a microbiologist, publications by and about him, patent litigation and patent royalty files, which include litigation brought about by Albert Schatz regarding the discovery of streptomycin. They also include photographs, notebooks kept by his secretaries, and memorabilia commemorating his career and his contributions to science.
Collection No.: R-MC 003
Language: English
Repository: Rutgers University Libraries. Special Collections and University Archives.

Biographical Sketch of Selman A. Waksman

Selman Abraham Waksman was born in Priluka, Russia, on July 22, 1888 to the merchant Jacob Waksman and his wife Fradia (London). Waksman graduated from the Fifth Gymnasium in Odessa, Russia, and came to the United States in 1910. He entered Rutgers College in 1911, where he worked under another Russian emigré, Dr. Jacob G. Lipman, whose primary research was on soil microbiology. Waksman graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree in 1915 and received a Master of Science the following year, at which time he also became a naturalized citizen. In 1916, Waksman married a young woman he had known in Russia, Deborah Mitnik, and entered the University of California at Berkeley to study biochemistry. He received his Doctorate in 1918, having supported his graduate study by working part-time at the Cutter Biological Laboratories in Berkeley.

Waksman returned to Rutgers in 1918 and began working as a microbiologist in the department of soil chemistry and bacteriology at the New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station. He also held an appointment as a lecturer at Rutgers. Until 1920 Waksman also worked part-time as a bacteriologist for the Takamine Laboratories in Clifton, New Jersey, in order to supplement his income. Waksman became an associate professor at Rutgers in 1924 and achieved the rank of full professor in 1930. The following year he also became associated with the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in Massachusetts, where he organized the division of marine bacteriology. Waksman, who became head of the newly organized Department of Microbiology at Rutgers in 1942, also continued to serve as microbiologist of the Agricultural Experiment Station until 1954 when he became director of the newly established Institute of Microbiology of Rutgers University, which was founded with proceeds from the sale of patent rights to Waksman's discovery of the antibiotic streptomycin and largely funded through royalties from his various patents.

As a microbiologist, Waksman concerned himself primarily with soil organisms. His marine studies at Woods Hole were similarly concerned with microorganisms in the sea. Waksman became a leading authority on the soil organisms known as actinomycetes and his most significant work was the isolation of a number of antibiotics from these organisms. The most important of these was streptomycin, isolated in 1942, which revolutionized the treatment of tuberculosis and for which he received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1952. Altogether Waksman and his associates isolated twenty-two antibiotics, including actinomycin (1940), neomycin (1949), and candicin (1953). Besides his work on soil organisms and antibiotics, a term coined by Waksman, he also did notable work on such subjects as the production of enzymes and organic acids, on the decomposition of organic matter, including the building of humus and the utilization of peat, on edible fungi, on fermentation, and on the role of microorganisms in metal corrosion. Waksman's work resulted in the publication of some 500 authored and coauthored papers. He also wrote or edited twenty-eight books; among them were historical works on microbiology and three biographies, including one on his mentor Jacob Lipman.

From the beginning of his career Waksman showed a keen interest in the practical applications of his research. During World War II he served as a civilian member of the Office of Scientific Research and Development and the National Research Council. His most significant practical contributions were as a consultant to Merck and Company in 1938, for whom he patented a number of organic acids and antibiotics. Rutgers benefitted from Waksman's association with Merck through royalties as well as the establishment of a fellowship in the Department of Soils. Waksman later convinced Merck to relinquish its exclusive rights to streptomycin and allow the university to license it to other pharmaceutical companies. The large royalties for the drug patent were used by the Rutgers Research and Educational Foundation, of which Waksman was the director, to establish and fund the Institute for Microbiology. After his retirement as director it was renamed the Waksman Institute of Microbiology in his honor.

Waksman, who became wealthy from his patent royalties, used the proceeds in a number of philanthropic ventures. He established the Foundation for Microbiology to award research grants and scholarships in the field. Similar Waksman Foundations were established in Japan and France from foreign rights to streptomycin and neomycin in order to support microbiology research in those countries. He also established a fund to enable immigrants or their children to study agriculture at Rutgers, and his wife established a scholarship fund for music students at Douglass College. A scholar of Jewish history and a strong supporter of the state of Israel, Waksman was also involved in the establishment of the Institute of General and Industrial Microbiology at the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa.

Waksman received numerous honors and awards for his scientific work. The most notable of these was, of course, his Nobel Prize. Among others he was also awarded the rank of commander of the French Legion of Honor; the Leeuwenhoek Medal of the Netherlands Academy of Sciences; the Emile Christian Hansen Prize of the Carlsberg Laboratorium, Copenhagen, Denmark; the Mary Lasker Award of the American Public Health Association, the Amory Award of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and honorary degrees from many American and foreign universities. Waksman was prominent in the international scientific community and was a member of several scientific societies, including the National Academy of Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Chemical Society, the Society of Experimental Biology and Medicine, the International and American Soil Science and Societies, the Society of American Bacteriologists, the Mycological Society of America, the American Society of Agronomy, and the French Academy of Sciences. His many honorary memberships included those in the French and Swedish Academies of Agriculture, the Kaiserlich-Deutsche Akademie der Naturtorscher, the Royal Scientific Society of Upsala, Real Academia de Farmacia of Madrid, Israel Microbiological Society, La Sociedad de Historia Natural of Mexico, the Society of Biological Chemists in India, and the Brazilian Chemical Society.

In 1958 Waksman retired as director of the Institute of Microbiology, but remained at the university as professor emeritus with an office and research laboratory under his direction. There he also worked on cancer research. During his long teaching career seventy-seven of his students were awarded graduate degrees; the most renowned of whom was Rene Dubos, who isolated the first medicine from soil bacteria to fight pneumonia. Dubos's research helped inspired Waksman's own studies of antibiotics. Waksman died on August 16, 1973 and was buried in Woods Hole.

Return to the Top

Scope and Content Note

The documents comprising the papers of Selman A. Waksman (1888-1973), Rutgers professor and director of the Institute of Microbiology, span the period 1916-1977, although the bulk of them cover the years 1943-1971. The papers are primarily concerned with Waksman's patents, patent royalties, publications, and honors arising from his work isolating antibiotics and organic acids. Related to this is material concerning his duties as director of both the Waksman Institute and of the Rutgers Research and Education Foundation. There is limited material related to Waksman's other professional activities and awards. His teaching activities and his work at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution are not documented.

The Selman Waksman Papers are arranged in sixteen series. Included in the papers are correspondence, memoranda, reports, minutes, research notebooks and diaries, financial records, agreements, patents, patent applications, patent royalty statements, U.S. Patent Office proceedings, other legal proceedings, manuscripts, book reviews, clippings, scrapbooks, photographs, reprints, and secretarial notebooks and calendars.

The General Correspondence files document Waksman's interactions with other scientists and the public. Waksman's General Subject Files, Research Notebooks and Diary files, and his records pertaining to patent activities found in the Patent License Files, Patent Litigation Files, and Patent Royalty Files all provide extensive documentation of Waksman's activities in regard to antibiotics and organic acids. The Patent Litigation Files also contain materials pertaining to suits against Waksman, including that brought by his former student Dr. Albert Schatz in 1950. Also documenting this work and his achievements are materials in his Scrapbooks and the Clippings series. The Publications series contains many reprints of Waksman's articles, articles by and about Waksman, and some of his book manuscripts at various stages of the editorial process.

Waksman's participation in professional associations is documented in the Professional Organizations, Institutes, and Symposia series. Waksman was also often asked to give a speech or lecture at conferences and commemorative events and was often himself the recipient of honors and awards. The Speeches and Lectures contain copies Waksman's talks. The Memorabilia series contains many objects given to Waksman to honor him and his achievements. These include, plaques, medals, ribbons, keys, and pins.

This collection also contains the stenographic notebooks of Waksman's secretaries in the Secretarial Notebooks series. Because they are written in shorthand, they are mostlikely illegible to the average researcher. There are also a small number of films (on microbiological subjects) and photographs in the collection.

Return to the Top

Arrangement Note

The documents in the Selman A. Waksman Papers fall into sixteen series. The Publications and Clippings were brought together for the researcher's convenience. The titles of folders in the General Correspondence Files, the General Subject Files, the Patent License Files, the Patent Litigation Files, and the Patent Royalty Files are those used by Waksman. In some cases, the titles were altered in order to standardize the nomenclature and alphabetization. For example, "Manufacture of Streptomycin" was changed to "Streptomycin—Manufacture" and "Streptomycin Abroad—Foreign Contracts and Letters" was changed to "Streptomycin—Foreign Contracts and Letters." Approximately two cubic feet of material was removed from the Waksman Papers during processing. A group of Waksman Institute publications, including annual reports, were removed to the Waksman Institute Papers. Materials from the files of J. Oliver Lampen, second director of the Waksman Institute, were removed to the J. Oliver Lampen Papers. A small group of unrelated publications was discarded.

The Selman A. Waksman Papers are divided into sixteen series as follows:

I. General Correspondence Files, 1946-1973
II. General Subject Files, 1937-1972
III. Research Notebooks and Diary, 1926-1958
IV. Patent Litigation Files, 1925-1967
V. Patent License Files, 1944-1971
VI. Patent Royalty Files, 1948-1977
VII. Publications, 1916-1968
VIII. Speeches and Lectures, 1946-1968
IX. Biographical Files, 1929-1975
X. Clippings
XI. Professional Organizations, Institutes, and Symposia, 1962-1976
XII. Secretarial Records, 1954-1968
XIII. Scrapbooks, circa 1952-1968
XIV. Memorabilia, undated
XV. Videos, undated
XVI. Oversize Photographs, undated

Return to the Top

Related Material

Selman Waksman's materials included "Dementia Teutonica," a collection of 1,025 cartoons, caricatures, etc., relating to the rise and fall of of Hitler and Nazism, with a history and selection of text. These ten scrapbooks and thirteen volumes of published works on the same subject (some in German, Russian, and Hebrew), are housed in Special Collections and University Archives under the call number Ac. 1791.

Return to the Top

Name and Subject Tracings

Researchers can facilitate access to related materials in other collections by searching the Rutgers University Libraries' online public catalog (IRIS) and other union catalogs under the following index terms used for people, organizations, and subjects represented in these records.

Personal Names

Battista, Viola A.
Clothier, Robert C. (Robert Clarkson), 1885-1970.
Cole, William Harder, 1892-1967
Cooke, Robert A.
Easton, Elmer C.
Geiger, Walton Bowman, 1913-
Gregory, Elizabeth B.
Isaacs, Edward R., 1943-
Johnson, Albert S.
Johnson, Reverdy.
Jones, Doris I.
Jones, Lewis Webster
Lechevalier, Hubert A.
Lipman, Jacob Goodale, 1874-1939
Major, Randolph T.
Marcus, Mary A.
Milliken, Mahlon G.
Reibel, Nathan.
Reilly, H. Christine
Russell, Walter C.
Schatz, Albert, 1920-2005
Starkey, Robert L.
Tishler, Max
Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
Watson, A. Dudley.
Watson, Russell E.
Winogradsky, S. (Serge), 1856-1953
Woodruff, Harold Boyd, 1917-
Woodruff, John G.

Corporate Names

Abbott Laboratories
American Academy of Microbiology.
American Cyanamid Company.
Bristol-Myers Company.
Cancer Institute of New Jersey
Chas. Pfizer & Co.
Colgate-Palmolive Company
Crane-Hall Corporation
E.R. Squibb & Sons.
Eli Lilly and Company
Foundation for Microbiology.
Heyden Chemical Corporation.
Johnson & Johnson
Mearl Corporation
Merck & Co.
New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station.
Ortho Research Foundation
Parke, Davis & Company
Rutgers Research and Educational Foundation
Rutgers University. Institute of Microbiology.
Rutgers University--Faculty
S.B. Penick & Company
Schenley Research Institute
Upjohn Company
Waksman Foundation of France
Waksman Foundation of Italy.
Waksman Foundation of Japan
Warner-Lambert Company
Wyeth Laboratories.

Subject Headings

Bacteriology--Cultures and culture media.
Microbiology--New Jersey--History--19th century.
Microbiology--New Jersey--History--20th century.
Patent Suits
Plant-soil relationships
Soil microbiology.
Teacher-student relationships

Return to the Top

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Selman A. Waksman Papers (R-MC 003), Special Collections and University Archives, Rutgers University Libraries.

Return to the Top

Detailed Description of the Papers/Container List

This section provides descriptions of the materials found within each series. Each series description is followed by a container list, which gives the titles of the folders and their locations in the numbered boxes that comprise this collection.

I. General Correspondence Files, 1946-1972
Arrangement: The files are arranged in chronological order by year from July to June, except for 1971-1972, which is in alphabetical order. There is no correspondence for the years 1948-1949, 1951-1952, and 1957-1958. Throughout the correspondence files, letters concerning the same topic are clipped together for continuity and put in dated order by last received on top. They may, therefore, be out of normal sequence. An additional folder has been compiled containing the correspondence on Technion-Israel Institute of Technology for 1961-1972 (Box 3, Folder 1), because there was numerous correspondence on this subject spread throughout the correspondence files.
Summary: The files contain correspondence to and from Waksman related to his extensive activities as a prominent scientist in the international community, including research, publications, travel, membership in scientific organization, awards, and speeches. Some letters are written in French and some in Russian. Copies of Waksman's letters are carbons which were typed on thin paper, as was the practice during this period.
There are many letters of interest throughout these folders. Listed below is a sampling of letters, which demonstrate the vastness of Waksman's interests and accomplishments. Items of very special interest are listed with an asterisk below:
· June 30, 1948—Notification of election to membership in the Advisory Council of the Department of Biology of Princeton University for a three-year term.
· December 20, 1949 (see under April 16, 1954)—Letter from U.S. Patent Office accepting Waksman's proposal that Rutgers University be considered as an official depository for cultures of actinomycetes.
· November 27, 1950—Letter from G. DeBoisgelin, the attaché of the French Embassy, notifying SAW of his promotion to "Commandeur" in the national Order of the Legion of Honor.
· December 14, 1950 (see under December 30, 1962)—Official Resolution in Spanish from the Minister of Public Health in Argentina inviting SAW to be an official guest of the government to discuss issues of standardization and utilization of streptomycin.
· June 11, 1951—Letter from SAW to E. Allen of the National Institutes of Health giving his approval to Allen's suggestion of May 29, 1951 that the Public Health Service should initiate grants for research.
· February 13, 1953 (see under April 16, 1954)—Letter to the Commissioner of Patents, U.S. Patent Office, clarifying the Stock Culture Collection of the Department of Microbiology, the largest assortment of types of cultures in the world, collected since 1915.
·October 23, 1953 (see under November 9, 1953)—Letter from C. Rhoads, M.D., Sloan-Kettering Institute for Cancer Research, asking SAW to apply to the Public Health Service for a research grant to study antibiotics with the ability to injure neoplastic tissue.
· March 19, 1956 (see under May 19, 1960)—Letter from J. Doull, Leonard Wood Memorial (American Leprosy Foundation), NYC, discussing the history of the first use of Promin (a sulfone) to treat tuberculosis and leprosy, along with two attached letters discussing the same topic. In the same folder is multiple correspondence between SAW and W. Feldman, of the Mayo Foundation, and H. Hinshaw, M.D., regarding SAW's offer to submit their work on the use of Promin to treat leprosy to the Nobel Prize Committee. In contention is the work of a group of French scientists led by Dr. Faget.
· April 5, 1960—Letter to Director Splivalo of PLIVA, Zagreb, discussing the agreement by the World Health Organization (WHO) to establish an international center for antibiotics and an international culture collection at the urging of SAW and others. Further correspondence from February 24, 1961 to March 27, 1961 discusses the inability to set up this repository for antibiotics due to lack of funds.
· October 5, 1960—Letter* to G. Gray, writer for Scientific American, with the story of the discovery of streptomycin from a swab taken from a sick chicken.
· December 16, 1960 (see under April 6, 1961)—Signed deed of gift* to the Library of Congress of eight volumes of unpublished addresses and radio broadcasts and correspondence sent and received from 1916-1959.
· February 17, 1961—Letter from J. Connor, President of Merck, thanking SAW for his speech before the Patents Committee of the National Association of Manufacturers in favor of strong patent protection for scientific inventors and for mentioning Merck's part in development of streptomycin.
· October 5, 1961—Letter to Dr. Z. Ermoliva, Institute for the Manufacture of Antibiotics, Moscow, in response to his letter in Russian script regarding the publication of his journal, Antibiotiki.
· November 29, 1961—Plea from SAW to establish the journal, Antibiotics and Chemotherapy to Council Policy Committee of the American Society for Microbiology.
· November 13, 1962—Letter from Major General S. Sokhey of New Delhi, India regarding the problems with cooperation in obtaining antibiotics from the Unites States and Canada, but not from Russia.
· December 19, 1962—Letter to Dr. Doty at Harvard to try to set up a joint symposium with Russian scientists.
· August 27, 1965—Letter from Professor F. Dentice, Rome, detailing the story of the downfall of his Institute, the Istituto Superiore DeSanita, and the arrest of Professor Marotta, and the subsequent outrage of the scientific world.
· February 1, 1966—Letter from P. Hirsch, Ph.D., Yale University, regarding his work on actinomycetes.
· September 12, 1966—Letter from Dr. E. Borowski, Gdansk, regarding his research on Levorin A and B with characteristics similar to Candicidin.
· November 29, 1966—Letter to Dr. Gale, Cambridge University, disagreeing with his definition of "antibiotic."
· Undated letter* (c. 1966-67) to Dr. Stanier of the University of California, which describes the history of Waksman's work on antibiotics.
· November 22, 1967—Letter to Dr. G. Szabo, Biological Institute, Debrecen, Hungary, acknowledging his discovery of a "Factor C" compound as important to the knowledge of microorganism metabolism.
· October 9, 1968 (see under January 15, 1969)—Letter to W. Fondiller regarding the failure of Waksman's efforts to develop a program of research and teaching leading to the establishment of a base for the production of antibiotics in Israel.
· January 1, 1969 (see under May 6, 1969)—Letter from Dr. C.B. Van Niel with his views on science and religion.
· March 12, 1969—Letter to Professor Svartz, Sweden, regarding his refusal to attend a scientific conference in Jena, East Germany because of the invasion of Czechoslovakia in August 1968.
· June 14, 1969—Letter from A. Beer regarding science and the social fabric.
· March 25, 1970 (see under March 30, 1970)—Letter from W. Cahill, governor of New Jersey, relating how his son was saved by streptomycin as a baby in 1947.
· June 10, 1971—Correspondence regarding SAW's automobile accident.
· July 1971-July 1972—Correspondence regarding the Waksmans' move on October 15, 1971 to New Haven, CT to be near their son and family.
The "Is There Life After Death Folders" refer to an article that ran in American papers in late 1957, in which Waksman claimed there was no scientific proof of life after death. Many members of the public disagreed with this claim and wrote to Waksman expressing their views. A number of religious pamphlets were also sent to Waksman and are included in these folders.
The Waksman—Isaacs correspondence folders include letters from Edward Robert Isaacs, who was executive secretary of the Institute of Microbiology.
Box Folder
1 1-7 General Correspondence, June 1946-1966
Box Folder
2 1-5 General Correspondence, July 1966-June 1971
Box Folder
3 1 General Correspondence, July 1971-1972
2 General Correspondence, 1973-1976, undated
3 Friends of Rutgers Alumni—Faculty Club, 1970
4 "Is There Life After Death," November 6, 1957-December 8, 1957
5 "Is There Life After Death," December 9, 1957-August 10, 1959
6 "Is There Life After Death," undated
7 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, 1961-1972
8 Press Releases, 1952-1962, undated
9 Waksman—Isaacs, Edward Robert (Executive Secretary of Rutgers Institute of Microbiology), 1954-1960
10 Waksman—Isaacs, Edward Robert (Executive Secretary of Rutgers Institute of Microbiology), 1961-1970
11 Waksman—Isaacs Edward Robert (Executive Secretary of Rutgers Institute of Microbiology), 1971-1973
II. General Subject Files, 1937-1972
Arrangement: The General Subject Files are divided in to nine subseries A. Antibiotics and Acids—Miscellaneous, B. Antibiotics and Acids-Candicidin and Candidin, C. Antibiotics and Acids—Neomycin Studies, D. Antibiotics and Acids—Streptomycin Studies, E. Other Microbial Research, F. Publications, G. Rutgers Research and Educational Foundation (RR & EF), H. Scientific Organizations, and I. Waksman Institute and Foundations. These subseries are arranged alphabetically by folder title.
Summary: The first four subseries concern antibiotics and acids, the most important being Subseries D on streptomycin. The remainder cover other microbial research, publications, the Rutgers Research and Education Foundation (RR & EF), scientific organizations, and the Waksman Institute and foundations.
A. Antibiotics and Acids—Miscellaneous, 1942-1967
Box Folder
4 1 Miscellaneous, 1965-1967
Contains correspondence on Xerosin and Neomycin patents.
2 Erlichen, 1951
Contains a paper on the preparation of a culture from a strain of actinomyces, and correspondence with drug firms from 1951.
3 Fradicin—Antimycon 1951-1953
Contains three units of correspondence on tests using Fradicin, especially against candida albicans: 1) State of New York Department of Health and the Commercial Solvents Corporation; 2) University of Pennsylvania School of Dentistry; and 3) Veterans Administration Hospital, San Fernando, CA.
4 Framycetin-Neomycin—French Patent 1952-1960
Contains letter dated October 18, 1960 to Director of Patents, UCLAF, Paris, regarding a license agreement to manufacture Neomycin, which was isolated at Rutgers University in 1948, the first license agreement issued 1952, and the patent granted in France May 7, 1952 (photocopy of patent application in French). There are three research papers/reports by Rutgers' scientists in the file detailing the nature of the Neomycin complex. UCLAF had discovered at the same time that the antibiotic, Framycetin, derived from a similar source (streptomyces decaris) as Neomycin (streptomyces fradiae).
5 Fumaric and Citric Acids and Others, 1943-1946
SAW holds the patent for the process of production with partial assignment from Merck to Pfizer. The folder contains the correspondence, memoranda, patents, and patent assignments.
6 Keratinase, 1951-1967
Correspondence, memoranda, patents and license agreements between Rutgers, Mearl, (a Canadian company) and Merck.
7 Old Reports on Antibiotics and Streptomycin, 1942-1970
There are restricted minutes of meetings between 1942 and 1946 of the National Research Council Committee on Medical Research and the Committee on Chemotherapeutics and Other Agents; FDA report on Tentative Minimum Specifications for Streptomycin-Standards of Identity, Strength, Quality and Purity, 1946; paper on tuberculosis delivered by Dr. J. Wilson, 1954; reprint from Science magazine of March 29, 1957 of an article by SAW on the effect of scientific isolationism on the development of antibiotics; a list of antibiotics* which were isolated by SAW and his associates from 1940 to 1960; and a letter to The New York Times disputing their statement that the research was supported by the U.S. government, but attributing the funding instead to The Lasker Foundation, The New York Foundation, the Commonwealth Fund, and Merck & Co., Inc.
8 Polyene Compounds, 1961-1962
Correspondence with companies worldwide regarding patents granted for "Polyenic Compounds and Procedures related Thereto," No. 77,847 dated March 29, 1961, as well as disclosure agreements and license agreements. The letters all enclose copies of three scientific papers being submitted for publication by the staff of the Institute.
B. Antibiotics and Acids—Candicidin and Candidin, 1952-1970
Box Folder
4 9-10 Candicidin—Patent Application, 1952-1955; 1956-1960
Contains correspondence with the law firm of Cooper, Dunham, Dearborn, and Henninger (the last of three name changes during the indicated time span) regarding the patent application filed on September 9, 1952 for Candicidin as a fungi fighter, and subsequent supplements filed April 7, 1955 and July 22, 1955 because of a problem with the precise identification of the antibiotic, and a conflict with an antibiotic named Ascosin, produced by Commercial Solvents Corp. It was rejected by the Patent Office on December 19, 1956. A Brief Appeal was filed on August 16, 1957 (a copy is enclosed but is cut off on the bottom margin). The Examiner's Answer of July 14, 1958 was followed by a Reply Brief on July 31, 1958. A hearing was held on January 7, 1960 and a Board of Appeals Opinion was issued on April 21, 1960, followed by a Petition to Reopen Prosecution of June 17, 1960, and the Petition granted on July 7, 1960. An amendment was filed on September 20, 1960 containing new claims required by the Patent Office before being granted under No. 2, 992,162. There is also correspondence with the law firm regarding trademark protection and the status of patent applications in foreign countries, as well as correspondence with other researchers regarding research on Candicidin.
11 Candicidin—Reports, 1952-1960
The file contains correspondence on clinical trials, toxicity, and license agreements; reports on chemical analysis of Candicidin and comparison with Ascosin; and file memoranda.
Box Folder
5 1 Candidin, 1955-1959
Correspondence with research laboratories on testing and research on Candidin; correspondence on licensing agreements; and a confidential report on the assay procedure for Candidin.
2 Candidin—Disclosure Agreement, 1955-1957
Letters to drug companies regarding license agreements.
3 Candidin—Patent Application, 1955-1961
Correspondence on patent application and Patent Office proceedings on No. 497,548 filed March 29, 1955, but rejected on July 24, 1961.
C. Antibiotics and Acids—Neomycin Studies, 1948-1965
Box Folder
5 4 Neomycin, 1949-1962
Reports, correspondence, and memoranda regarding trademark protection in foreign countries; licensing agreements with Merck and other drug companies; Neomycin Production standards and price reduction.
5 Neomycin—Animal and Clinical, 1949-1965
Correspondence on clinical cases, experimental animal studies; several reports in French; spectrophotometer charts, data charts, news release.
6 Neomycin—Data, 1950-1957
Correspondence and reports with data on production and standardization.
7 Neomycin—Infringements, 1952-1965
Correspondence on Neomycin infringements.
8 Neomycin—Patent Application, 1949-1960
Patent application Serial #76,184 dated February 12, 1949 and Serial #131,686 dated December 7, 1949, and correspondence regarding foreign applications, especially two oppositions lodged in Japan by Takeda and Mitsubishi.
9 Neomycin—Umezawa Claims, 1948-1959
This file concerns claims by Dr. Umezawa to have discovered Neomycin first. SAW's letter to R. Dunham November 8, 1951 explains history of his discovery and evidence submitted by Umezawa, as well as copies of journal articles translated into English from the Japanese Medical Journal submitted by Umezawa from 1948-1950. NOTE: Photocopies of letters to/from SAW of very poor quality.
10 Neomycin and Paromomycin—Patent in Canada, 1953-1963
Patent application No. 596,860 dated January 27, 1950; correspondence and memoranda regarding difficulties with Paromomycin, an antibiotic developed by Parke-Davis, with a chemical structure different from Neomycin in the substitution of an OH group in place of a second NH2 group.
D. Antibiotics and Acids—Streptomycin Studies, 1939-1966
Box Folder
6 1 Streptomycin—British Correspondence, 1944-1947
Correspondence regarding the distribution of Streptothricin- and Streptomycin-producing cultures in Great Britain.
2 Streptomycin-Cooperative Studies, 1945-1954
Correspondence and memoranda regarding standardization and assay data.
3 Streptomycin-Data, 1952-1959?
File contains five reports, four of which are undated, including the background and discovery of Streptomycin* by SAW.
4 Streptomycin-Feldman and Hinshaw, 1943-1964
Correspondence between SAW and W. Feldman of the University of Minnesota, The Mayo Foundation, and H. Hinshaw, also of The Mayo Foundation, regarding the development of Streptomycin and its dual use to treat tuberculosis and leprosy. There are also letters to Merck, the producers of Streptomycin and a Secret Memo dated September 27, 1944 from Dr. Richards, Columbia University, regarding a clinical case of a two-week old infant treated with Streptomycin.
5 Streptomycin—Foreign Contracts and Letters, 1945-1949
International correspondence and list of cultures sent abroad.
6 Streptomycin—Historical-Endowment Foundation, 1945-1958
A note on the front of the folder, penned by SAW, states, "The history of my relations with Merck & Co., the organization of the RR & EF, licensing of commercial manufacturers of Streptomycin."
7 Streptomycin—Historical-Merck and Co., 1939-1947
A note on the front of the folder, penned by SAW, states, "The History pertaining to My Agreements with Merck & Co., the organization of the RR & EF, licensing of Streptomycin manufacturers." Agreements with Merck to provide funds to develop various fermentation processes and products of citric acid, chemotherapeutic agents; Memorandum of Invention,* September 3, 1942, on the " Isolation of Streptothricin from a soil actinomyces;" correspondence; and memorandum * from SAW outlining the history of the relationship with Merck from 1938-1970. NOTE: Copies of agreements are white type on black background.
8 Streptomycin—Manufacture, 1946-1966
Correspondence, reports, publications, and clippings including Civilian Production Administration, War Production Board; listing of royalties received by RR & EF for 1953; a Riter & Co. research report on the drug industry dated July 1953; U.S. Tariff Commission report on production and sales for 1952-5193 and 1963-1964; Department of Health, Education, and Welfare correspondence and report on ototoxicity of dihydro-streptomycin dated 1959.
7 Streptomycin—Original Letters of Contract, 1943-1954
Original letters of contract with drug companies—see alphabetical list of drug companies in front of folder.
8 Streptomycin—Patent Policy, 1943-1956
U.S. Patent Office patent No. 2,449,866 dated September 21, 1948 for Streptomycin; copy of affidavit of SAW dated October 10, 1950 on the process of production of Streptomycin; patent policy of the Institute; the patent portfolio of RR & EF dated October 18, 1956. Remainder of folder contains copies of letters referred to in Folder 9 and lists of companies and addresses.
9 Streptomycin—Streptothricin, 1942-1944
Correspondence, memoranda, reports,l and charts including memo from Merck regarding expiration data, toxicity and production problems; Upjohn & Co. report on standards and assay procedures; undated SAW report on production and isolation.
E. Other Microbial Research, 1937-1970
Box Folder
7 1 Actinomycetes Classification, 1958-1963
Correspondence on the classification of actinomycetes with R. Buchanan of the International Committee on Bacteriological Nomenclature, Iowa State College, and D. Kuster, University College, Dublin, Ireland.
2 Cancer Theories and Cures, 1950-1962
International correspondence, news clippings, offprints, and reports.
3 Curiosa, 1951-1965
Miscellaneous correspondence and clippings on science and quackery.
4-6 FDA Report on Antibiotics in Animal Husbandry, 1970
Correspondence, news clippings and reports to the FDA task force.
Box Folder
8 1 Huleh Peat, 1937-1968
These folders contain information on a reclaimed swamp area in Israel which SAW visited in 1938. The first folder contains several reports, some undated, from various sources, including one from SAW, undated, entitled "Nature and Utilization of Huleh Peat," and a published report on "The Vegetation of the Huleh Swamps" by H.R. Oppenheimer; report from the Research Council of Israel; a folded drawing of peat minerals with handwritten notes on the back; large sketches of peat machines with photos; an article written by SAW entitled, "The Huleh Valley and the Huleh Peat: Recollections of a Visit in 1938," published in the Israel Journal of Agricultural Research, 1968; correspondence with Hebrew University and with the Committee on Palestine Surveys from 1943 with a map of Palestine attached; a map of Israel (1924); and photos of the Peat, the Waksmans on board a ship, and one taken in NYC in 1951 with Dr. Sharett of Israel, according to the identification on the reverse of the photo.
2 Krebiozen Committee, 1953-1960
This folder contains correspondence, clippings, brochures, and paperback book on the drug, Krebiozen, and the controversy over its manufacture and use as an anticancer agent. Also included is a transcript of parts of the Hearings of the Joint House and Senate Krebiozen Committee, May 8, 1953 and September 17-18, 1953.
F. Publications, 1948-1972
Box Folder
8 3 The Actinomycetes—Ronald Press, 1948-1968
Correspondence, agreements, royalty statements and book reviews.
4 The Actinomycetes—William and Wilkins Company, 1953-1966
Correspondence, signed agreements, and copyrights.
5 Antibiotic Definitions, 1952-1972
This folder deals with the definition and history of antibiotics, including correspondence with other scientists, proofs and reprints of SAW's article from various encyclopedias, some with no titles or dates; print from Collier''s Yearbook, 1955, reprint from Mycologia, 1947, and press cuttings and editorials disputing Waksman's definition.
6 Antibiotic Nomenclature, 1965-1969
Undated paper by SAW, who was chairman of the Nomenclature Committee of the American Association of Microbiologists; correspondence and articles on Streptomycin for a Japanese encyclopedia, 1969; and newspaper clipping on a patent decision in England on antibiotics, Undated.
7 Book Reviews, 1961-1969
Reviews of several books in English and other languages, some dated and some not.
8 Italian Books—Nobel Story, 1968
Correspondence and copy of agreement with Italian publisher, Fratelli Fabri Editori, to write about his life and work for a publication on Nobel Prize winners.
9 My Life With The Microbes, 1953-1965
Publishing agreement with Simon & Schuster dated November 20, 1953, and correspondence regarding the English and foreign versions; financial statements; and clippings.
10 Reports on Published Books, 1948-1968
Correspondence, agreements, financial / royalty statements, and copyrights.
Box Folder
9 1 Rutgers University Press, 1948-1968
Correspondence, agreements, and royalty statements.
2 University of California Press—Conquest of Tuberculosis, 1964-1970
Correspondence, agreements, financial statements, and book review.
3 John Wiley & Sons, 1951-1970
Correspondence, agreements, and financial statements for: The Soil and The Microbe, 1926; Soil Microbiology,1951; and Actinomycin, 1966.
G. Rutgers Research and Educational Foundation (RR & EF), 1945-1971
Box Folder
9 4 RR & EF, 1955-1973
Financial and royalty statements.
5 RR & EF—Cooper, Byrne & Dunham, 1945-1968
Correspondence with law firm on patents and licenses for Streptomycin, Streptothricin, Neomycin and Candicidin.
6 RR & EF—Logan, Wm. Jr., 1955-1956
William Logan of Hunt, Hill & Betts was the legal representative of RR & EF in Japan regarding the patent on Streptomycin issued in Japan and for the establishment in Japan of a foundation to receive half of royalties accruing from the patent.
7 RR & EF—Logan, Wm. Jr., 1957-1966
Further correspondence with William Logan showing various name changes of law firm to Logan, Bernhard & Okamoto over the span of the correspondence.
8 RR & EF—Organization, 1946-1964
This folder contains a report* on the history of the Foundation, the 1946 Certificate of Incorporation; and Proposed Plan for the Reorganization of the Rutgers Research and Endowment Foundation (old name).
9 RR & EF—Patent Portfolios, 1943-1971
Six bound patent portfolios spanning the years 1959 to 1971, one undated.
Box Folder
10 1 RR & EF—Trustees, Prior to 1961, 1949-1960
Correspondence, memoranda, bylaws, and minutes and agenda of meetings of the trustees.
2 RR & EF—Trustees, 1961-1970
Meetings of the Trustees (except for 1964), correspondence and agreement with Rutgers University on the advances made by the Foundation for the utilities for University use.
H. Scientific Organizations, 1950-1971
Box Folder
10 3 International Scientific Academy for the Protection of Life, the Environment and Biopolitics, Luxembourg, 1970-1971
Correspondence and bylaws.
4 National Academy of Science, 1968-1971
Correspondence, nomination forms; testimony of Dr. P. Handler before the Committee on Science and Astronautics on the budget proposal for the National Science Foundation, April 7, 1971.
5 Nobel Laureate, 1968
Nomination forms, Curriculum Vitae of Pierre Gabar; brochure-list of prize winners in Physiology or Medicine from 1901-1967.
6 WHO—Antibiotics Center, 1950-1970
Correspondence and reports.
7 World Academy of Art and Science, 1968-1971
Correspondence and reports.
I. Waksman Institute and Foundations, 1946-1970
Box Folder
10 8 Foundation for Microbiology—Grants, 1968
Meeting minutes, correspondence and tax return.
9 Foundation of Microbiology, 1969
Correspondence, tax return.
10 Institute of Microbiology—Brochures, 1947-1949
Correspondence, reports, and draft brochures.
Box Folder
11 1 Institute of Microbiology—Institute Council, 1957-1963
Correspondence and yearly minutes for time span, except for 1961.
2 Institute of Microbiology—Culture Collection, 1958
Information flyer, extensive list of Actinomycetes dated September 1958, a chart on the type culture collection of the world; a table of strains of the first international cooperative work on criteria used in characterization of Streptomycetes.
3 Institute of Microbiology—Dedication, 1953-1954
Correspondence, memoranda, speeches, programs and invitations of the dedication from June 7-9, 1954.
4 Institute of Microbiology—Historical, 1946-1962
Correspondence, reports, meeting minutes, speeches, and brochures.
5 Waksman Foundation of France, 1946-1967
Correspondence and reports.
6 Waksman Foundation of Italy—Farmitalia Scholarship, 1954-1956
Correspondence and bylaws.
7-8 Waksman Foundation of Japan, 1953-1959 and 1960-1971
Correspondence and financial statements.
III. Research Notebooks and Diary, 1926-1958
Arrangement: The Research Notebooks and Diary series is arranged alphabetically.
Summary: The research notebooks and diary of Selman Waksman, 1926-1958 are contained in two manuscript boxes and includes three (3) notebooks "containing data on the antagonistic properties of microorganisms and production of antibiotic substances which led to the discovery of streptomycin." Also included is a diary entitled, "Streptomycin Odyssey, 1945-47" documenting some of Waksman's travels after the discovery of streptomycin. Entries record his visits to pharmaceutical companies within the United States in 1945, and trips to Europe (Soviet Union, Scandinavia, France, Belgium, Britain) in 1946 and 1947.
Box Folder
12 1 Antagonism Studies, 1936
2 Antagonism Studies, [written in El. Horning's (?) notebook] 1941-1943
3 Antagonism Studies, Volume III, Culture Record (includes cultures forwarded, actinomyctes record, fungi record, bacteria record) April 1, 1943
4 Investigations on decomposition of humus, American Centrifuge Corp., 1939
5 Marine Bacteria, (early studies) 1931-1935
6 Marine Bacteriology, 1936
Box Folder
13 1 Neomycin, 1949
2 Organic Matter Studies, ca. 1926-1929
3 Oxidation-Reduction in Soil, October 1935-December 1935
4 Peat, 1927-1931
5 Research, Waksman and Students, ca. 1939-1941
6 Research, Waksman and Students, December 1940-December 1941
7 Research, Waksman and Students, Dec. 1957-1958
8 Streptomycin Odyssey, (diary) 1945-1947
IV. Patent Litigation Files, 1925-1967
Arrangement: The Patent Litigation Files are arranged by case.
Summary: The Patent Litigation Files document legal cases Waksman was involved in with Albert Schatz, Mary Marcus, and Pfizer. See the individual case subseries for descriptions of the disputes.
A. Waksman v. Schatz Case
As a scientist and professor, Waksman employed students he supervised to run experiments in the laboratory. Dr. Albert Schatz was one such student who worked closely with Waksman and was among the students who were working for Waksman when Streptomycin was discovered. He was a co-applicant with Waksman on the original application for a patent for streptomycin in 1945. Although Waksman and Schatz had designated that any royalties go to the Rutgers Research and Endowment Foundation, Schatz later sued Waksman and the Foundation to claim co-discoverer status. He alo wanted his share of the royalties. Schatz claimed he had feared it would be difficult to get a job as a microbiologist if did not designate the Foundation as the recipient of the royalties. It came to light during preparations for trial that Waksman had earned $350,000 from royalties before turning them over to the Foundation.
The lawsuit was finally settled with Schatz receiving 3 percent of the royalties from Steptomycin and $125,000 and Schatz was awarded co-discoverer status. Some royalty money also went to the other students who worked for Waksman. These students' letters to Waksman in response to receiving their checks indicate that they never expected to profit financially from their efforts.
Important documents in the folders are assigned with an asterisk (*).
Box Folder
14 1 The Actual Case
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix A
2 Affidavits, Depositions—Schatz Case
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix A
3 Background Material
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix A
4 Correspondence with Albert Schatz
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix A
5 Data on Bromberg, et al.:
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix A
6 Latest Supplement to Schatz Case, 1952-1954.
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix A
7 Disposition of Streptomycin Royalties:
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix A .
8 Personality of Albert Schatz:
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix A .
9 The Nobel Prize
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix A .
10 Notebooks-Scientific Aspects
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix A .
Box Folder
15 1 Copies of Schatz Letters
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix A .
2 Story of Streptomycin
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix A .
3 Streptomycin Papers & Other Pertinent Data:
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix A .
4 Part of Schatz Case:
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix A .
Schatz v. Waksman: Depositions, Superior Court-New Jersey
5 Selman A. Waksman, March 25, 1950
6 Albert S. Johnson and A. Dudley Watson, May 1 and 12, 1950
7 Clara H. Wark, Frederick R. Beaudette, Dorothy J. Randoplh, and Aldrage Benjamin Cooper, June 7, 1950
8 H. Boyd Woodruff, July 12, 1950
9 William H. Martin, Robert Lyman Starkey, Walton Bowman Geiger, Viola A. Battista, and Walter C. Russell, July 18, 1950
10 John G. Woodruff, Randolph T. Major, Max Tishler, and Reverdy Johnson, July 19, 1950
11 Elizabeth B. Gregory and Hilda Christine Reilly, July 24, 1950
12 Doris I. Jones, September 26, 1950
13 William H. Cole and Elmer C. Easton, October 16, 1950
B. Marcus Case, 1925-1956
On November 1, 1954, Mary A. Marcus filed a lawsuit for 5 million dollars (later 20 million) in damages against Dr. Selman Waksman, Rutgers Research Foundation and Merck & Co. claiming her patent for the Treatment of Psoriasis # 2,099,696 (filed on Oct. 10, 1934, granted Nov. 23, 1937) was infringed upon by their patent for Streptomycin and Process of Preparation # 2,443,485 (issued Sept. 21, 1948). Marcus claimed that she had had contact with Dr. Waksman over twenty years earlier, at which time she claimed to have shared her discoveries with him and given him cultures related to her treatment of psoriasis. It was her belief that the bacteria from which Streptomycin is made was discovered by her and existed in these cultures.
Marcus' patent describes the method for extracting an organic substance from an active Psoriatic lesion and creating a vaccine from this. She claimed treatment with her vaccine cured the condition. Psoriasis is a disease of unknown origin (believed to be auto-immune in nature) and frequently goes into periods of remission for no understandable reason. There was no evidence that her method of treatment was ever used. She claimed to have successfully cured patients. This is unlikely since she was not a medical doctor and would not have been permitted to treat any patients. Ms. Marcus was not permitted to stay in the Medical School of the University of Pennsylvania, and took a Masters in Science (in Pathology and Bacteriology) instead (June, 17, 1925), the highest degree she ever received.
It appears that Marcus' claim of any relationship between her patent and the Streptomycin patent was without foundation. Ms. Marcus, unfortunately, suffered from mental illness, and had been hospitalized as early as May 12, 1929. Although she introduced herself as a doctor, she had no medical degree. It is possible that her claim was the result of her illness, or that she was exploited by others who hoped Waksman would settle rather than go to trial, as he had done in the Schatz case.
The case was dismissed by Judge Thomas F. Meaney on March 26, 1956, after the defense petitioned for dismissal on the grounds that Ms. Marcus willfully refused to appear for a pre-trial deposition before the defense attorneys for more than year. Persons figuring prominently in the Marcus Case were Russell E. Watson, Esq. and A. Dudley Watson, Esq., who were the primary lawyers for Waksman et al. Dr. Herbert A. Lechevalier, Assistant Professor of Microbiology at Rutgers, was the primary scientific investigator for Waksman and also was responsible for contacting potential witnesses (expert scientists/doctors and people who had worked with Ms. Marcus). Nathan Reibel, Esq. represented Ms. Marcus. The trustees of the Rutgers Research Foundation were: Dr. Lewis Webster Jones, President, New Brunswick, NJ; Russell E. Watson, vice-president, Belle Mead, N.J.; Dr. Robert C. Clothier, vice-president, New Brunswick, N.J.; Dr. Robert A. Cooke, New York, NY; and Mahlon G. Milliken, Wilmington, DE.
The general scope of the records pertaining to the Marcus case ranges from 1914-1957, with the bulk of material being generated between 1954-1956. Items dating prior to 1954, in general, were collected as research to support the case. The records contain all of the legal papers associated with the case, for example: official summonses, subpoenas, notices of motions, records of the court actions, and lists of questions asked of Waksman. Also included is correspondence the people involved in the case. Other documents contain lists of questions about Marcus (e.g., her life, work, and scientific knowledge) the defense (Waksman et al.) needed to prepare. There is a biographical sketch of Marcus' life, photostats of her publications and a copy of her patent, the Treatment of Psoriasis. There are also some letters regarding misinformation printed in articles about the Marcus case, statements Wakman made and the preliminary work on them, some responses to questions asked by Marcus' lawyers and additional correspondence. There are also documents about the history of treatments for Psoriasis, which seems to be a complete history of the treatments of the disease (until 1956), even containing articles in foreign languages. Another folder holds anonymous letters, written by "M.P.," who sought to encourage Waksman to settle the Marcus suit out of court. M.P. agreed that Marcus was mentally ill, but claimed to fear that she might win the case and that this would cause great embarrassment to a prominent Jewish person (Waksman). M.P. claimed to believe that this would be very harmful to the Jewish community as a whole, and urged him for this reason to settle the suit. The records also contain newspaper clippings and miscellaneous items There are also older letters between Waksman and Dr. Löhnis, Bureau of Plant Industry, U. S. Dept. of Agriculture, Wash. D.C. The two scientists did not see eye to eye. Waksman probably placed them with the Marcus file because Dr. Löhnis is mentioned in Waksman's statement pertaining to his summons.
Box Folder
16 1 Legal Papers re: Marcus Case, 1954-1956
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix B .
2 Correspondence, Nathan Reibel (Marcus' Lawyer), 1954-1955
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix B .
3 Waksman's Trip to Russia in 1946, 1945-1946
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix B .
4 Correspondence with Lawyers Defending Waksman, (1953-1956)
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix B .
5 Biographical Information about Marcus and Prepared Questions 1955-1956
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix B .
6 Marcus' Patent and Publications, 1925-1937
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix B .
7 Analysis of Marcus' Patent and Other Papers by Dr. Hubert A. Lechevalier, 1954-1955
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix B .
8 Experts Consulted by Lechevalier, 1954-1956
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix B .
Box Folder
17 1 Lists Submitted by Waksman to His Lawyers, 1939-1954
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix B .
2 Waksman's Statements, Responses and Correspondence, 1939-1955
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix B .
3 Correspondence between Waksman and Various Doctors, 1954-1957
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix B .
4 Waksman's Publications and Patents, (1939-1948)
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix B .
5 Historical Treatments for Psoriasis, (1914-1955)
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix B .
6 Letters, Statements—President Lewis Webster Jones, (1954-1956)
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix B .
7 Anonymous Letters to Waksman, 1955
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix B .
8 Newspaper Reports and Miscellaneous Data, 1950-1956
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix B .
9 Löhnis File, 1921-1925
For an item-by-item listing, see Appendix B .
C. Pfizer-Citric Acid Case, 1964-1967 [?]
Arrangement: The documents regarding the Pfizer-Citric Acid Case are in two folders, one containing bound documents and the other containing loose court documents.
Summary: The documents in this subseries contain Waksman's testimony regarding antibiotics and patents and articles about acids and antibiotics. One block of testimony refers to a United States of America vs. Charles Pfizer and Co. Details about the case are sketchy, but the items in this subseries may relate to an antitrust action brought against Pfizer in the late 1950s, which involved its citric acid business.
Box Folder
17 10 Miscellaneous
11 Items to be Reviewed for Testimony (bound)
V. Patent License Files, 1944-1971
Arrangement: The Patent License files are arranged into three subseries, A. U.S. Patents, B. Licensees—American, and C. Licensees—Foreign. The folders are arranged by subject. The contents of folders have been arranged in chronological order by the archival assistant unless otherwise noted. In instances when the original order is kept, the documents are roughly in chronological order.
Summary: Waksman and the Rutgers Research and Endowment Foundation held patents in numerous countries for Streptomycin, Dihydrostreptomycin, Neomycin, and Candicidin. Getting foreign companies to recognize the authority of these patents, or adhere to royalties agreements, comprises the bulk of the correspondence. The folders with the most corporate intrigue are: Argentina and Brazil where companies attempted to trademark the Spanish word for Neomycin; E.R. Squibb with a dispute over payment and their involvement in the Argentina trademark problem; Denmark for corporate gossip; and Italy for examples of very friendly corporate correspondence almost bordering on hero worship for Waksman. The Japan files are of special interest having started correspondence right after the end of World War II. The legal and business workings of these license agreements is very complex.
Items of note (patent reprints, articles, notable correspondence) are listed with the folder names. These documents were arranged in a way that seemed deliberate (for instance copies of sent letters and their replies grouped together) and the processor believed that researchers would be better served by Waksman's order.
If a sizable amount of correspondence occurred between Waksman and the Foundation and a company the correspondence is labeled as Business or Scientific or both. "Business Correspondence" includes amendments to license agreements, legal correspondence and general memos. "Scientific Correspondence" includes reports and queries for scientific information. Italicized information refers to arrangement notes.
A. U.S. Patents
Box Folder
18 1 L. acidophilus—Non-Institutional Patent Applications, 1954-1959
· Patent for L. acidophilus (1934)
· Article reprints about L. acidophilus (1951, 1952)
· Dr. Gillespie; Canadian Patent and U.S. Patent
2 Meat Freezing Process—Non-Institutional Patent Applications, 1962-1966
· Drs. Chang and Hoynak; Preservaline Manufacturing Company in Flemington, NJ.
3 Various—Non-Institutional Patent Applications, 1954-1960
Records in this folder are grouped by individual patents; original document order kept.
Patents and License Agreements—General.
4 Patents—Patents and License Agreements
· Processes of Making Proteolytic Enzymes
· Candicidin and Process of Preparation
· Neomycin and Process of Preparation
· Production of Steptothricin
5 License Agreements—General Correspondence, 1945-1971
· Drafts of memos and license agreements. Memos regarding the role of the foundation.
6 License Agreements—Memorandum and Agreement to Prospective Licensees and Licensee List, 1946
7 License Agreements—General—Drafts, Agreements, Amendments, 1946-1955
· Includes two tables with fields for country, serial # and date filed for Neomycin patents and patents relating to Neomycin.
B. Licensees—American
Box Folder
18 8 Abbott Laboratories—Licensees—American, 1944-1965
Business Correspondence.
9 American Cynamid—Licensees—American, 1953-1968
· License Agreement (December 1, 1953)
· Statutory Declaration/Patents Act 1949 Business and Scientific Correspondence.
10 Bristol-Myers—Licensees—American, 1949-1967
· Memos regarding Bristol's kanamycin advertisements and how they are misleading.
· Initially Bristol Labs, Inc. Business correspondence.
11 Crane-Hall Corporation—Licensees—American, 1960
· Gum-Kare and Bio-Gum Kare product announcements and specifics. These products use Neomycin as an ingredient in their antibiotics for topical application.
Scientific Correspondence.
12 Eli Lilly and Company—Licensees—American, 1945-1967
Business Correspondence.
13 Heyden Chemical Corporation—Licensees—American, 1947-1954
· License Agreement.
Business and Scientific Correspondence.
14 Various Companies—A-J—Licensees—American, 1946-1968
Correspondence grouped by company then chronologically.
· Allergan Corporation
· Antibiotics Laboratories
· Bioferm Corporation
· Byron Chemical Corporation
· Carter Products, Inc.
· Ciba Pharmaceutical Products, Inc.
· Colgate-Palmolive Company
· Commercial Solvents Corporation
· Edward Mendell Company
· Johnson & Johnson
15 The Mearl Corporation—Licensees—American, 1955-1971
· License Agreement (1955)
Business Correspondence.
16 Ortho Research Foundation—Licensees—American, 1959
· Exclusive License Agreement.
17 Parke, Davis and Company—Licensees—American, 1944-1961
· Progress report from the research department on the Streptomyces culture (1949) Business and Scientific Correspondence.
18 Merck and Company—Licensees—American, 1946-1961
· License Agreement. Business and Scientific Correspondence.
19 S.B. Penick and Company—Licensees—American, 1955-1967
Scientific Correspondence—reports and intricate graphs.
20 Chas. Pfizer and Company—Licensees—American, 1944-1967
· Itineraries for visits by Dr. Waksman, extensive legal correspondence and license agreement amendment. Business and Scientific Correspondence.
21 Schenley Research Institute—Licensees—American, 1945-1961
Business Correspondence.
22 Schering Corporation—Licensees—American, 1956-1968
· Requests for money for a new animal building at Rutgers University.
· Correspondence regarding a patent for Oxygenation of Steroids. Business and Scientific Correspondence.
Box Folder
19 1 E.R. Squibb—Licensees—American, 1945-1964
A division of Olin Mathieson Chemical Corporation
· Two License Agreements.
· Legal agreement regarding the production of antibiotics.
· Scientific results of testing with Neomycin.
· Copies of the Squibb patent.
· Heated correspondence over royalties withheld for sales in Argentina; the issuance of a Neomycin patent; and over royalty payments withheld due to a "supposed" overpayment and the ensuing audit. Business and Scientific Correspondence.
2 The Upjohn Company—Licensees—American, 1944-1969
· Tested the Roussel Corporation/UCLAF product Framycetin. During testing Framycetin seemed to be identical to Neomycin B. Business and Scientific Correspondence.
3 Various Companies—K-Z—Licensees—American 1950-1967
Correspondence grouped by company then chronologically.
· Nopco Chemical Company
· Publicker Industries, Inc.
· Julius Schmid, Inc.
· Smith, Kline and French Laboratories
· Warner-Lambert Pharmaceutical Company
· Wyeth Laboratories, Inc.
C. Licensees—Foreign
Box Folder
19 4 Argentina—Licensees—Foreign—Correspondence, 1949-1966
Original document order kept.
· E.R. Squibb
o Squibb patent for the addition-extraction process.
o Royalty and legal correspondence.
o Correspondence leading to and during arbitration.
· Query from Laboratorios Bagó.
· Query to Lepetit if they are producing Streptomycin in Argentina.
5 Argentina—Licensees—Foreign—Arbitration Documents, 1965
· Title of main document: "In the matter of the informal arbitration of a claim by Rutgers Research and Educational Foundation against Olin Mathieson Chemical Corporation for royalties on sales of Streptomycin and Dihydrostreptomycin made or sold in Argentina subsequent to January 1, 1960" (September 2, 1965)
· Other legal memos and legal opinions all dealing with Squibb.
6 Brazil—Licensees—Foreign, 1951-1960
· Instituto Terapeutico Pan-Organico Sociedade Anonima
· Industria Brasileira de Procutos Quimica Ltda.
o Legal involvement to patent new process.
· Squibb tried to register/trade mark the name "Neomicina" in Brazil and it was overruled. Schering was successful in registering the name, but the allowance was appealed.
7 Austria/Australia/Canada (Merck)—Licensees—Foreign, 1953-1961
Grouped by country, then company and finally chronologically.
8 Denmark—Licensees—Foreign, 1951-1965
Original document order kept.
· H. Lundbeck and Company
o License Agreement
o Business/personal correspondence with Dr. O. Hübner and Dr. S. Waksman; the two seemed to have a very good relationship and visited with each other often.
o Hübner expressed concern over SIFA, Heyden, Takeda and Leo encroaching on the patents rightfully held by Wasksman. Hübner was current on all the Streptomycin/Neomycin European and Asian gossip.
· Novo Industri
o Japanese patent
· Leo Pharmaceutical Products
o Desire to use patents held by the Foundation.
9 Chile/Cuba/El Salvador/Mexico/Portugal—Licensees— Foreign, 1952-1958
Grouped by country, then company and finally chronologically.
· Most correspondence focuses on companies attempting to trademark the name "Neomicina". More extensive coverage of this issue with the Brazilian papers in folder number 6 (Brazil—Licensees—Foreign).
10 France—Licensees—Foreign, 1955?-1961
Original document order kept, grouped by company.
· Roussel Corporation/UCLAF
o French correspondence with translations provided.
o Framycetin/Neomycin similarities debated.
o Copy of the "Separation of Neomycins" patent by Roussel-UCLAF
o French correspondence, not all translated.
o Letters regarding owed royalities.
· Rhodia Inc/Rhone-Poulenc
o Business and Scientific Correspondence regarding Candicin.
11 Germany—Licensees—Foreign, 1949-1968
Original document order kept, grouped by company.
· Leo Dub, M.D.
o Agreement negotiations/license agreement drafts
o Background check on Dr. Dub.
· Various Companies in Germany
· Correspondence regarding the infringement of the Neomycin foreign patents by Takeda for importing into Germany.
12 Great Britain—Licensees—Foreign, 1945-1968
Original document order kept, grouped by company.
· Boots Pure Drug Company, Ltd.
o License Agreement
o Royalty payment problems.
· Glaxo Laboratories, Ltd.
o Business (very gossipy) and Scientific Correspondence
13 India/Israel—Licensees—Foreign, 1956-1962
Grouped by country, then company and finally chronologically.
14 Italy—Licensees—Foreign, 1951-1960
Original document order kept, grouped by company.
· Montecatini
o Requests for scientific advice
· Lepetit
o Initially correspondence started as warning against production in Argentina.
o License agreement talks.
o Friendly, very personal correspondence regarding travel plans.
o Plant opened in Brazil and Waksman sent a message to be read at the opening. Numerous letters and telegrams begins Waksman to visit the plant in Brazil.
o Personal correspondence over health and well-being.
· Societa Anonima Farmeceuticil Italie
o Trademark License Agreement.
o License Agreement.
Box Folder
20 1 Japan—Licensees—Foreign—Early and General Correspondence, 1948-1951
Original document order kept.
· Japan is interested in receiving cultures of Streptomycin, but is hesitant to enter into a deal with royalty payments. Wants to receive help for humanitarian reasons and does not want to have to pay royalties because of the bad state of the Japanese economy and the ill health of its citizens after WWII.
· Correspondence with American occupation authorities.
· Chiba Medical College and Fujita Pharmaceutical Company, Ltd. request assistance in identifying cultures they have.
· Cabinet Order No. 309/49—Post-war dispositions of industrial property rights owned by allied nationals. (This is the order that needs to be followed to get a patent for streptomycin/dihydrostreptomycin in Japan.)
· University of Tokyo, the manufacturers of Streptomycin in Japan, are asked to sign a license agreement because the Foundation needs money for the Institute of Microbiology (to show that the money is being used for "humanitarian" reasons). They reply that they are not manufacturing anything and ask for money for the Japan Antibiotics Research Association.
2 Japan—Licensees—Foreign—Early and General Correspondence—License Agreement Discussion, 1952-1958
Original document order kept.
· Patent application correspondence with Japanese companies and patent attorneys in American and Japan.
· Meiji Seika Kaisha, Ltd. asking for lower royalty payments then other countries because tuberculosis is rampant, the people are poor and they need to lower the price since Japan does not want any money leaving the country. Foundation stands by the 2.5% in US$ for royalties but agrees that .5% of this will go to the Waksman Institute of Japan.
· Fervent communication within the Foundation and Rutgers about the pressing need to get licenses in Japan established immediately so Japan can not delay making payments or feel encouraged to challenge the patent in court.
· Draft of Japan license agreement considered unacceptable.
3 Japan—Licensees—Foreign—License Agreement, 1956-1965
Original document order kept.
· Draft and copies of license agreements.
4 Japan—Licensees—Foreign—Neomycin, 1956-1963?
Original document order kept.
· Scientific articles—Comparative Properties of Neomycin and Kanamycin.
· Patent progress information.
· Scientific correspondence marked confidential by writer over a disagreement with the criticism of Dr. Umezawa's work on S. fradiae by Dr. S. Waksman.
· Patent not accepted in Japan and goes to legal action.
· Proposed Neomycin agreement.
· Copy of patent application 1440/1950 with appeal trial number 1996/1958; application abandoned.
5 Japan—Licensees—Foreign—Streptomycin Patent, 1951-1967?
Original document order kept.
· Japanese Appn. No. 968/51.
· Memorandum on how to apply for a patent; must obtain as broad protection as possible for the process of preparing Steptomycin since the Foundation cannot secure a claim for the product itself.
· Letters regarding the application rephrasing; urgency of filing prior to January 31, 1951.
· Correspondence with the U.S. Army, references to General MacArthur.
· Letters of opposition to the patent.
· List of the importers of Streptomycin to Japan; Japanese importers and foreign exporters.
· Document entitled: "Claims of Japanese Patent No. 207,508 Substantially as Allowed" July 26, 1955.
· Royalty disbursal discussions.
· Japanese patent text and translation for Patent No. SHO-36-24-58 for the Process to Manufacture Phosphate Ester.
6 Japan—Licensees—Foreign—Dihydrostreptomycin/Neomycin—Takeda, 1954-1957
Original document order kept.
· Patent No. 205,602 granted on May 11, 1954—"A Method of Manufacture of the New Antibiotic" [Translation].
· Promotional brochure from Takeda Pharmaceutical Industries (11/1957)
· Takeda patent for the production of Dihydrosteptomycin by fermentation.
· Neomycin agreement and royalties discussions.
· Chart showing the properties of Steptomyces humidus strain No. 23572.
· Report on the production of Dihydrostreptomycin by Steptomycetes because the want to fight the Japanese patent.
7 New Zealand/Norway—Licensees—Foreign, 1956-1962
Grouped by country, then company and finally chronologically.
8 Pakistan/Spain/Sweden—Licensees—Foreign, 1955-1962
Grouped by country, then company and finally chronologically.
9 USSR—Licensees—Foreign, 1945
· Letters requesting Streptomyces culture and culture "trades."
VI. Patent Royalty Files, 1948-1977
Arrangement:The files in this series are arranged alphbaetically.
Documents have been separated into three sections in the first folder for each company (if materials are available). Statement summaries are placed at the beginning of all documentation if available; these are typed receivables by year for many of the companies. Next is correspondence relating to royalties arranged chronologically. Finally the financial statements are arranged in date order, by the date on the bill. When statements are divided between folders the date of the bill establishes the cutoff, not the fiscal year. When the records for one company span several folders the summary statement and any correspondence will be found at the front of the first folder. If there is no folder note of "Statement Summary" or "Correspondence" then financial statements are the only documentation filed. All folders contain financial statements.
Folder names were also generally kept as originally named. The company was the identifier on all folders. Japanese companies were not arranged by company name, but filed as "Japan". The original concept has been kept, but companies have been separated out between the three Japanese folders. Oddly, the Takeda Chemical Industry was filed by company name and not "Japan" as the other companies.
Summary: The standard royalty of 2.5% US dollars was paid to the Foundation by numerous companies. Financial statements (billheads, copies of checks, etc.) comprise the bulk of the information. See arrangement note above for brief description of contents.
Box Folder
20 10 Abbott Laboratories, Ltd.—Patent Royalties—Streptomycin/Dihydrostreptomycin, 1947-1954
11 American Cyanamid—Patent Royalties—Neomycin/Streptomycin/Dihydrostreptomycin, 1954-1959
· Statement Summary and Correspondence.
12 American Cyanamid—Patent Royalties—Neomycin/Streptomycin/Dihydrostreptomycin, 1961-1966
13 American Cyanamid—Patent Royalties—Neomycin/Streptomycin/Dihydrostreptomycin, 1968-1971; 1973-1974
14 Apothekernes—Patent Royalties—Neomycin, 1958-1960
· Correspondence.
15 Apothekernes—Patent Royalties—Neomycin, 1961-1966
16 Apothekernes—Patent Royalties—Neomycin, 1967-1974
17 Boots, Ltd.—Patent Royalties—Neomycin, 1956-1959
· Correspondence.
18 Boots, Ltd.—Patent Royalties—Neomycin, 1961-1967
19 Boots, Ltd.—Patent Royalties—Neomycin, 1968-1974
20 Bristol Labs—Patent Royalties—Streptomycin/Dihydrostreptomycin, 1953-1957
· Statement Summary and Correspondence.
21 Commercial Solvents—Patent Royalties—Streptomycin, 1944-1970
· Correspondence. While there are no financial statements for Neomycin, a lot of the correspondence deals with Neomycin. Statements for 1948-1974 are sporadic.
22 Eli Lilly and Company—Patent Royalties—Streptomycin, 1948-1953
· Statement Summary.
Box Folder
21 1 Eli Lilly and Company—Patent Royalties—Streptomycin, 1953-1957
Legal sized financial statements.
2 Eli Lilly and Company—Patent Royalties—Streptomycin, 1958-1965
3 Glaxo Laboratory—Patent Royalties—Neomycin, 1956-1962
· Correspondence.
4 Glaxo Laboratory—Patent Royalties—Streptomycin, 1966-1969
· Correspondence.
5 Heyden Chemical Corporation—Patent Royalties—Neomycin/Streptomycin/Dihydro-streptomycin, 1951-1953
· Statement Summary.
6 Heyden Export Company—Patent Royalties—Neomycin/Streptomycin/Dihydro-streptomycin, 1952-1953
· Statement Summary.
7 Japan—Patent Royalties—General Correspondence and Statements for Kaken Chemical Company 1957-1968
8 Japan—Kyowa Hakko Kogyo Company—Patent Royalties—Streptomycin/Dihydro-streptomycin, 1964-1969
9 Japan—Meiji Seika Kaisha—Patent Royalties—Streptomycin/Dihydrostreptomycin, 1963-1969
10 H. Lundbeck—Patent Royalties—Neomycin, 1953-1959
11 H. Lundbeck—Patent Royalties—Neomycin, 1960-1964
12 H. Lundbeck—Patent Royalties—Neomycin, 1965-1967
13 H. Lundbeck—Patent Royalties—Neomycin, 1968-1971
14 Merck—Patent Royalties—Streptomycin/Dihydrostreptomycin, 1945-1954
· Statement Summary and Correspondence.
15 Merck—Patent Royalties—Streptomycin/Dihydrostreptomycin, 1955-1961
16 Merck—Patent Royalties—Streptomycin/Dihydrostreptomycin, 1962-1969
17 Merck—Patent Royalties—Neomycin, 1956-1974
18 Merck (Canada)—Patent Royalties—Streptomycin/Dihydrostreptomycin, 1951-1962
· Statement Summary.
19 Merck (Canada)—Patent Royalties—Streptomycin/Dihydrostreptomycin, 1964-1968
20 Novo Industri—Patent Royalties—Streptomycin/Dihydrostreptomycin, 1965-1969
21 S.B. Penick and Company—Patent Royalties—Neomycin/Candicidin, 1954-1963
22 S.B. Penick and Company—Patent Royalties—Neomycin/Candicidin, 1964-1971; 1973-1975
23 Pfizer, Inc.—Patent Royalties—Streptomycin/Dihydrostreptomycin, 1948-1952
· Statement Summary.
Box Folder
22 1 Pfizer, Inc.—Patent Royalties—Streptomycin/Dihydrostreptomycin, 1953-1961
2 Pfizer, Inc.—Patent Royalties—Streptomycin/Dihydrostreptomycin, 1962-1969
3 Pfizer, Inc.—Patent Royalties—Neomycin, 1955-1964
· Statement Summary.
4 Pfizer, Inc.—Patent Royalties—Neomycin, 1965-1971; 1974
5 Rhone-Poulenc—Patent Royalties—Neomycin, 1959-1965
6 Rhone-Poulenc—Patent Royalties—Neomycin, 1966-1971
7 Riker Laboratories—Patent Royalties—Neomycin/ Candicidin, 1962-1974
It doesn't seem that any royalty payments were made. All letters state that no royalties are due.
8 Roussel UCLAF—Patent Royalties—Neomycin, 1961-1966
9 Roussel UCLAF—Patent Royalties—Neomycin, 1967-1974
In 1970 UCLAF acquired SIFA.
10 Schenley Laboratories—Patent Royalties—Dihydrostreptomycin, 1948-1960
Statements are sporadic.
11 Schering—Patent Royalties—Neomycin, 1961-1968
12 SIFA—Patent Royalties—Neomycin, 1958-1962
· Correspondence. In 1970 UCLAF acquired SIFA.
13 SIFA—Patent Royalties—Neomycin, 1963-1971
14 E.R. Squibb—Patent Royalties—Neomycin/Streptomycin/Dihydrostreptomycin, 1947-1954
· Statement Summary.
Statements for 1966 and 1968 are missing.
15 E.R. Squibb—Patent Royalties—Neomycin/Streptomycin/Dihydrostreptomycin, 1955-1962
16 E.R. Squibb—Patent Royalties—Neomycin/Streptomycin/Dihydrostreptomycin, 1963-1974
17 Takeda Chemical Industry—Patent Royalties—Neomycin/Streptomycin/Dihydro-streptomycin, 1947-1954
18 Upjohn—Patent Royalties—Neomycin, 1954-1964
All bills for 1955 are missing.
19 Upjohn—Patent Royalties—Neomycin, 1965-1974
20 Upjohn—Patent Royalties—Streptomycin, 1948-1952
21 Copies and Misfiles, undated
VII. Publications, 1916-1968
Arrangement: The Publications Series is divided into three subseries, A. Reprints, B. General Articles and Publications by Waksman, and C. General Articles and Publications about Waksman, and D. Manuscripts. The reprints are arranged chronologically and then alphabetically. Subseries B and C and D are arranged alphabetically.
Summary: As implied by the series and subseries titles, this series contains Waksman's writings and writings about Waksman. The manuscripts often contain Waksman's and may be of particular interest to researchers wanting to know more about the stages of Waksman's works.
A. Reprints, 1916-1968
Box Folder
23 1 List of Papers by S. A. Waksman for 1916-1966
2 "Do Fungi Live and Produce Mycellium in the Soil?" 1916
3 "Protozoa as Affecting Bacterial Activities in the Soil," 1916
4 "Is There Any Fungus Flora of the Soil?" 1917
5 "The Importance of Mold Action in the Soil," 1918
6 "The Occurrence of Actinomycetes in the Soil," 1918
7 "Cultural Studies of Species of Actinomyces," 1919
8 "Studies in the Metabolism of Actinomycetes," 1919
9 "A Method of Testing the Amylolytic Action of the Diastase of Aspergillus Oryzae," 1920
10 "On the Preparation of a Soluble Protein Extract from Soy Beans," 1921
11 "The Oxidation of Sulfur by Soil Microorganisms: 1," 1921
12 "Carbon Assimilation and Respiration of Autotrophic Bacteria," 1922
13 "The Chemistry of the Oxidation of Sulfur by Microorganisms to Sulfuric Acid and Transformation of Insoluble Phosphates into Soluble Forms," 1922
14 "The Growth of Fungi in the Soil," 1922
15 "Microorganisms Concerned in the Oxidation of Sulfur in the Soil: I. Introductory," 1922
16 "Microorganisms Concerned in the Oxidation of Sulfur in the Soil: II. Thiobacillus Thiooxidans, a New Sulfur-Oxidizing Organism Isolated from the Soil," 1922
17 "Microorganisms Concerned in the Oxidation of Sulfur in the Soil: III. Media Used for the Isolation of Sulfur Bacteria from the Soil," 1922
18 "Microorganisms Concerned in the Oxidation of Sulfur in the Soil: IV. A Solid Medium for the Isolation and Cultivation of Thiobacillus Thiooxidans," 1922
19 "Microorganisms Concerned in the Oxidation of Sulfur in the Soil: V. Bacteria Oxidizing Sulfur Under Acid and Alkaline Conditions," 1922
20 "A Tentative Outline of the Plate Method for Determining the Number of Microorganisms in the Soil," 1922
21 "Use of Enzymes in the Clarification of Jellies and Fruit Juices," 1922
22 "Microbiological Analysis of Soil as an Index of Soil Fertility: IV. Ammonia Accumulation (Ammonification," 1923
23 "Microbiological Analysis of Soil as an Index of Soil Fertility: V. Methods for the Study of Nitrification," 1923
24 "Microbiological Analysis of Soil as an Index of Soil Fertility: VI, Nitrification," 1923
25 "Oxidation of Sulfur by Microorganisms in Black Alkali Soils," 1923
26 "Influence of Soil Reaction Upon the Distribution of Filamentous Fungi in the Soil," 1924
27 "Influence of Organic Matter Upon the Development of Fungi, Actinomycetes and Bacteria in the Soil," 1924
28 "Influence of Microorganisms Upon the Carbon-Nitrogen Ratio in the Soil," 1924
29 "Microbiological Analysis of Soil as an Index of Soil Fertility: II. Methods of the Study of Numbers of Microorganisms in the Soil," 1924
30 "Microbiological Analysis of Soil as an Index of Soil Fertility: VII. Carbon Dioxide Evolution," 1924
31 "Microbiological Analysis of Soil as an Index of Soil Fertility: VIII. Decomposition of Cellulose," 1924
32 "Carbon and Nitrogen Transformations in the Decomposition of Cellulose by Filamentous Fungi," 1925
33 "Contribution to the Chemistry of Decomposition of Proteins and Amino Acids by Various Groups of Microorganisms," 1925
34 "Soil Microbiology in 1924: An Attempt at an Analysis and a Synthesis," 1925
35 "Microbiological Analysis of Soil as an Index of Soil Fertility: X. The Catalytic Power of the Soil 1926
Box Folder
24 1 "Microorganisms Concerned in the Decomposition of Celluloses in the Soil," 1926
2 "The Origin and the Nature of the Soil Organic Matter or Soil 'Humus'," 1926
3 "The Use of the Silica Gel Plate for Demonstrating the Occurrence of and Abundance of Cellulose—Decomposing Bacteria," 1926
4 "Composition of Natural Organic Material and Their Decomposition in the Soil: I. Methods of Quantitative Analysis of Plant Materials [and] II. Influence of the Age of Plant Upon and Rapidity and Nature of its Decomposition—Rye Plants," 1927
5 "Microbiological Analysis of Soil as an Aid to Soil Characterization and Classification," 1927
6 "Sur la Nature des Organismes qui Deecomposent la Cellulose Dans les Terres Arables," 1927
7 "The Role of Microorganisms in the Transformation of Organic Matters in Forest Soils," 1928
8 "Chemical and Microbiological Principles Underlying the Decomposition of Green Manures in the Soil," 1929
9 "Chemical and Microbiological Principles Underlying the Transformation of Organic Matter in Stable Manure in the Soil," 1929
10 "Processes Involved in the Decomposition of Wood With Reference to the Chemical Composition of Fossilized Wood," 1929
11 "Chemical and Microbiological Processes Involved in the Decomposition of Organic Matter in Nature," 1929
12 "Chemical Nature of Soil Organic Matter, Methods of Analysis, and the Role of Microorganisms in its Formation and Decomposition," 1929
13 "Die chemische Zusammensetzung von Torfbildnern und Torfarten und ihre Untersuchungsmethode," 1930
14 "Composition of Natural Organic Materials and Their Decomposition in the Soil: V. Decomposition of Various Chemical Constituents in Plant Materials Under Anaerobic Conditions," 1930
15 "Contribution to the Chemical Composition of Peat: III. Chemical Studies of Two Florida Peat Profiles," 1929
16 "Contribution to the Chemical Composition of Peat: V. The Role of Microorganisms in Peat Formation and Decomposition," 1929
17 "Chemical Compositions of Peat and the Role of Microorganisms in its Formation," 1930
18 "A Critical Study of the Methods for Determining the Nature and Abundance of Soil Organic Matter," 1930
19 "A System of Proximate Chemical Analysis of Plant Materials," 1930
20 "Ueber die chemische Natur und den Ursprung des Humus im Erdboden," 1930
21 Archiv fur Pflanzenbau 1931
22 "Decomposition of the Various Chemical Constituents etc. of Complex Plant Materials by Pure Cultures of Fungi and Bacteria," 1931
23 "Influence of Temperature and Moisture Upon the Nature and Extent of Decomposition of Plant Residues by Microorganisms," 1931
24 "Lignin as a Nutrient for the Cultivated Mushroom, Agaricus Campestris," 1931
25 "On the Decomposition of Agar-Agar by an Aerobic Bacterium," 1931
26 "On The Decomposition of Hemicelluloses by Microorganisms: I. Nature, Occurrence, Preparation, and Decomposition of Hemicelluloses," 1931
27 "Martinus Willem Beijerinck," 1931
28 "Preliminary Study of Chemical Processes Involved in the Decomposition of Manure By Agaricus Campestris," 1931
29 "Theoretical Relations Between the Composition of Material and its Mode of Decomposition," 1931
30 "Academician Konstantin Kaetonobitch Gedroiz,1872-1932,"
31 "Comparative Rate of Decomposition of Composted Manure and Spent Mushroom Soil," 1932
32 "The Decomposition of Proteins by Microorganisms with Particular Reference to Purified Vegetable Proteins," 1932
33 "The Influence of Moisture Upon the Rapidity of Decomposition of Lowmoor Peat," 1932
34 "The Microbiological Population of Peat," 1932
35 "On the Nutrition of the Cultivated Mushroom, Agaricus Campestris, and the Chemical Changes Brought About by This Organism in the Manure Compost," 1932
36 "On the Origin of Uronic Acids in the Humus of Soil, Peat, and Composts," 1932
37 "Die Rolle der Mikroorganismen bei der Torfbildung," 1932
38 "Synthesis of a Humus-Nucleus, an Important Constituent of Humus in Soils, Peats, and Composts," 1932
39 "On the Distribution of Organic Matter in the Sea Bottom and the Chemical Nature and Origin of Marine Humus," 1933
40 "The Origin and Nature of Humus," 1933
41 "Role of Bacteria in Decomposition of Plant and Animal Residues in the Ocean," 1933
42 "Bacteria Decomposing Alginic Acid," 1934
43 "The Distribution and Conditions of Existence of Bacteria in the Sea," 1934
44 "The Presence of Nitrifying Bacteria in Deep Seas," 1934
45 "The Role of Bacteria in the Cycle of Life in the Sea," 1934
46 "Transformation of the Methoxyl Group in Lignin in the Process of Decomposition of Organic Residues by Microorganisms," 1934
47 "Correlative Studies of Microscopic and Plate Methods for Evaluating the Bacterial Population of the Sea," 1935
48 "Decomposition of Lignin by Microorganisms," 1935
49 "On the Nature of Lignin," 1935
50 "Decomposition of Organic Matter in Sea Water by Bacteria 1936
51 "Methoden der Mikrobiologischen Bodenforschung," 1936
52 "Report of the Activities of Third Commission at International Soil Science Congress in Oxford, 1936"
53 "Associative and Antagonistic Effects of Microorganisms: II. Antagonistic Effects of Microorganisms Grown on Artificial Substrates," 1937
54 "Soil Deterioration and Soil Conservation from the Viewpoint of Soil Microbiology," 1937
55 "The Absorption of Bacteria by Marine Bottom," 1938
56 "Decomposition of Nitrogenous Substances in Sea Water by Bacteria," 1938
Box Folder
25 1 "The Living Soil," 1938
2 "L'origine, La Composition Chimique et L'importance de L'humus dans la Nature," 1938
3 "Respiration and Lactic Acid Production by a Fungus of the Genus Rhizopus," (3 copies) 1938,
4 "Soil Organic Matter and the Living Plant," 1938
5 "Cook-Voorhees-Lipman Contribution of Rutgers is to Soil Science," 1939
6 "Jacob Goodale Lipman," 1939
7 "The Method of Proximate Analysis and its Application to the Study of Plant Residues, Composts, and Humus Formations," 1939
8 "The Role of Microorganisms in the Conservation of the Soil," 1939
9 "The Specific Effect of Zinc and Other Heavy Metals on Growth and Fumaric Acid Production by Rhizopus," 1939
10 "The Transformation of Phosphorus During the Decomposition of Plant Materials," 1939
11 "Microbes in a Changing World," 1940
12 "The Microbiology of Cellulose Decomposition and Some Economic Problems Involved," 1940
13 "Peat and its Uses," 1940
14 "Significance of the Constituents of the So-called Nitrogen-free Extract of Plant Materials as a Source of Organic Matter in Soil," 1940
15 "The Soil as a Source of Microorganisms Antagonistic to Disease—Producing Bacteria," 1940
16 "Soil Microbiology," 1940
17 "Survival of Bacteria Added to Soil and the Resultant Modification of Soil Population," 1940
18 "Antagonistic Relations of Microorganisms," 1941
19 "Aquatic Bacteria in Relation to the Cycle of Organic Matter in Lakes," 1941
20 "Influences of Microorganism on Soil Aggregation and Erosion: II," 1941
21 "The Organic Matter in Collington Sandy Loam and in the Eroded Material," 1941
22 "Specifications of Peat Materials," 1941
23 "Toxicity of Actinomycin," 1941
24 "Bacteriostatic and Bacteriolytic Properties of Actinomycetes," 1942
25 "The Chemical Nature of Actinomycin, an Anti-Microbial Substance Produced by Actinomyces Antibioticus," 1942
26 "Distribution of Antagonistic Actinomycetes in Nature," 1942
27 "In Vitro Activity of Streptothricin Against Brucella abortus," 1942
28 "II. The Microbiologist Looks at Soil Organic Matter," 1942
29 "The Nature and Properties of Peats in New Jersey," 1942
30 "The Occurrence of Bacteriostatic and Bactericidal Substance in the Soil," 1942
31 "The Peats of New Jersey and Their Utilization," 1942
32 "The Production of Two Antibacterial Substances, Fumigacin and Clavacin," 1942
33 "Selective Antibiotic Action of Various Substances of Microbial Origin," 1942
34 "Soil Organic Matter, Its Nature and Importance," 1942
35 "Streptothricin, a New Selective Bacteriostatic and Bactericidal Agent, Particularly Active Against Gram-Negative Bacteria," 1942
36 "Studies on the Toxicity of Actinomycin," 1942
37 "Action of Antibiotic Substances Upon Ceratostomella ulmi," 1943
38 "Distribution of Antagonistic Fungi in Nature and Their Antibiotic Action," 1943
39 "The Effect of Copper on the Development of Bacteria in Sea Water and the Isolation of Specific Bacteria," 1943
40 "Liebig—The Humus Theory and the Role of Humus in Plant Nutrition," 1943
41 "The Microbes as a Biological System," 1943
42 "The Nomenclature and Classification of the Actinomycetes," 1943
43 "The Peats of New Jersey and their Utilization 1943
44 "Production and Activity of Streptothricin," 1943
Box Folder
26 1 "Soil Organisms and Disease," 1943
2 "Strain Specificity and Production of Antibiotic Substances," 1943
3 "Strain Specificity and Production of Antibiotic Substances—II. Aspergillus Flavus-oryzae Group," 1943
4 "Synthetic Manure," 1943
5 "Two Antagonistic Fungi, Aspergillus. Fumigatus and Aspergillus Clavatus, and Their Antibiotic Substances," 1943
6 "Antibiotic Substances, Production by Microorganisms—Nature and Mode of Action," 1944
7 "Bactericidal Action of Antibiotic Substances," 1944
8 "Bacteriostatic and Bactericidal Properties of Antibiotic Substances, with Special Reference to Plant—Pathogenic Bacteria," 1944
9 "Chaetomin, a New Antibiotic Substance Produced by Chaetomium cochliodes: I. Formation and Properties," 1944
10 "Chaetomin, a New Antibiotic Substance Produced by Chaetomium cochliodes: II. Isolation and Concentration," 1944
11 "Control of Gram-Negative Bacteria in Experimental Animals by Streptomycin," 1944
12 "Effect of Streptomycin and Other Antibiotic Substances Upon Mycobacterium Tuberculosis and Related Organisms," 1944
13 "Formation of Antibiotic Substances," 1944
14 "Fungi and Tropical Deterioration: A Manual," 1944
15 "Isolation of Antibiotic Substances from Soil Micro-organisms, with Special Refence to Streptothricin and Streptomycin," 1944
16 "The Man Who Made Rothamsted," 1944
17 "The Microbiologist Looks at the Soil," 1944
18 "The Nature of the Antibiotic Substances Produced by Aspergillus Fumigatus," 1944
19 "Production and Nature of Antibiotic Substances," 1944
20 "Purification and Antibacterial Activity of Fumigacin and Clavacin," 1944
21 "A Rapid and Accurate Method for Testing Penicillin Production by Different Strains of P. Notatum," 1944
22 "Soil Microbes and Medicine," 1944
23 "Strain Specificity and Production of Antibiotic Substances III. Penicillium notatum—Chrysogenum Group," 1944
24 "Streptomycin: A Substance Exhibiting Activity Against Gram Positive and Gram Negative Bacteria" 1944
25 "Three Decades with Soil Fungi," 1944
26 "Agar—Streak Method for Assaying Antibiotic Substances," 1945
27 "Antifungal Properties of Antibiotic Substances," 1945
28 "The Effect of Antibiotic Substances Upon Bacteriophage," 1945
29 "The Inactivation of Streptomycin and its Practical Applications," 1945
30 "The Mechanism of the Antibiotic Action of Clavacin and Penicillic Acid," 1945
31 "A Review... Streptomycin," 1945
32 "A Search for Virus—Inactivating Substances Among Microorganisms," 1945
33 "Soil Microbiology as a Field of Science," 1945
34 "Standardization of Streptomycin," 1945
35 "Strain Specificity and Production of Antibiotic Substances: IV. Variations Among Actinomycetes, with Special Reference to Actinomyces Griseus," 1945
36 "Strain Specificity and Production of Antibiotic Substances V. Strain Resistance of Bacteria to Antibiotic Substances, Especially to Streptomycin," 1945
37 "Strain Specificity and Production of Antibiotic Substances VI. Strain Variation and Production of Streptothricin by Actinomyces Lavendulae," 1945
38 "La Streptomicina," 1945
39 "Streptomycin," 1945
40 "Streptomycin—Origin, Nature and Properties," 1945
41 "Bibliography on Streptomycin," 1946
42 "Clinical Investigation of Streptomycin," 1946
43 "Grisein, a New Antibiotic Produced by a Strain of Streptomyces griseus," 1946
44 "Isolation of an Antibiotic Agent Derived from a Phycomyces Active in vitro Against Trypanosoma equiperdum," 1946
45 "Isolation of Streptomycin-Producing Strains of Streptomyces griseus," 1946
46 "The Mechanism of the Antibacterial Action of Quinones and Hydroquinones," 1946
47 "Metabolism and the Chemical Nature of Streptomyces griseus," 1946
48 "Methods of Study of Antiphage Agents Produced by Microorganisms," 1946
49 "Micromonosporin, an Antibiotic Substance from a Little-Known Group of Microorganisms," 1946
50 "Production of Antibiotic Substances by Actinomycetes," 1946
51 "Soil Enrichment and Development of Antagonistic Microorganisms," 1946
52 "Specifications for Streptomycin" 1946
53 "Strain Specificity and Production of Antibiotic Substances: VII. Production of Actinomycin by Different Actinomycetes," 1946
54 "An Actinophage for Streptomyces griseus," 1947
55 "Antibiotics and Life," 1947
56 "Antibiotics and Tuberculosis," 1947
Box Folder
27 1 "Antibiotics of Actinomycetes with Special Reference to Certain Challenging Problems, Notably the Development of Bacterial Resistance," 1947
2 "Certain Aspects of the Physiology of Actinomycetes," 1947
3 "Distribution of Antagonistic Microorganisms in the Soil and their Possible Significance in Soil Processes," 1947
4 "Estreptomicina," 1947
5 "Microbiology in the USSR in 1946" 1947
6 "Production of Citric Acid in Submerged Culture," 1947
7 "Quantitative Measurement of Growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Effect of Streptomycin," 1947
8 "A Rapid Method for Demonstrating the Identity of Streptomycin—Producing Strains of Streptomyces griseus," 1947
9 "Serving Through Science: The Story of Streptomycin," 1947
10 "Streptomycin (Exhibit)," 1947
11 "Streptomycin II, an Antibiotic Substance Produced by a New Species of Streptomyces," 1947
12 "La Streptomycine," 1947
13 "Sulfate Reduction and the Anaerobic Corrosion of Iron 1947
14 "Tuberculostatic and Tuberculocidal Properties of Streptomycin," 1947
15 "What is an Antibiotic or an Antibiotic Substance," 1947
16 "Antagonistic Activity of a Species of Actinomyces Against Ceratostomella ulmi in Vitro," 1948
17 "Antibacterial Unsaturated Ketones and Their Mode of Action," 1948
18 "Antibiotics," 1948
19 "Chemotherapeotics and Antibiotics," 1948
20 "Effect of Glucose, Peptone, and Salts on Streptomycin Activity," 1948
21 "Effect of Gonadal Hormones on Experimental Infection of Rats with Brucella abortus," 1948
22 "Effect of Nutrients Upon Growth of Streptomycin-Sensitive,—Resistant-and-Dependent Strains of Escherichia coli," 1948
23 "Effect of Organic Acids on Streptomycin Activity," 1948
24 "Grisein, An Antibiotic Produced by Certain Strains of Streptomyces griseus," 1948
25 "Nomenclature of Streptomycin Preparations," 1948
26 "Production of Antibiotic Substances by Fusaria," 1948
27 "The Production of Antiphage Agents by Actinomycetes," 1947
28 "The Production of Streptomycin by Streptomyces Bikiniensis," 1948
29 "Strain Specificity and Production of Antibiotic Substances: VII. Production of a Grisein-Like Antibiotic by a Strain of Streptomyces Griseus," 1948
30 "Streptomyces Griseus (Krainsky) Waksman and Henrici," 1948
31 "Use of Streptomycin-dependent Strains of Bacteria for Demonstrating the Ability of Microorganisms to Produce Streptomycin," 1948
32 "Chetomin, an Antibiotic Substance from Chaetomium cochliodes: III. Composition and Functional Groups," 1949
33 "Demonstration of an Interference Phenomenon Associated with Infectious Bronchitis Virus (IBV) of Chickens," 1949
34 "An Institute of Microbiology—Its Aims and Purposes," 1949
35 "The in Vivo Activity of Neomycin," 1949
36 "Neomycin Activity Upon Mycobacterium Tuberculosis and Other Mycobacteria," 1949
37 "Neomycin, A New Antibiotic Active Against Streptomycin-Resistant Bacteria, Including Tuberculosis Organisms," 1949
38 "Neomycin-Production and Antibiotic Properties," 1949
39 "Neomycin, Recovery and Purification," 1949
40 "Production, Isolation and Antimichrobial, Notably Antituberculosis, Properties of Streptothricin VI," 1949
41 "Streptomycin, Antibiotic Isolated from Mycelium of Streptomyces griseus, Active Against Trichomonas Vaginalis in Certain Bacteria," 1949
42 "Streptomycin and Neomycin, an Antibiotic Approach to Tuberculosis,"
43 "Streptomycin-Producing Capacity of Different Strains of Streptomyces griseus," 1949
44 "The Use of Counter-Current Distribution for the Characterization of Streptomyus Antibiotics," 1949
45 "Los Antibioticos—Un Nuevos Campo de la Ciencia,"
46 "Antibiotics and Their Significance in the Physiology of Microorganisms," 1950
47 "Antimichrobial Properties of Neomycin," 1950
48 "Auto-Interference Associated with Influenza B Virus," 1950
49 "Biological Aspects of Antibiotics," 1950
50 "Codigo Internacional de Nomenclatura Bacteriana," 1950
Box Folder
28 1 "Fradicin, an Antifungal Agent Produced by Streptomyces Fradiae," 1950
2 "Infectious Sinusitis in Turkeys, Its Treatment and Control with Streptomycin and Other Madicaments in Veterinary Medicine," 1950
3 "Investigacion de Nuevos Agentes Quimioterapicos," 1950
4 "Microbiologia Española"
5 "Mikrobiologie, eine Selbständige Wissenschaft," 1950
6 "Neomycin and Development of Resistant Strains," 1950
7 "Proceedings of the New York Farmers: Season 1948-1949," 1950
8 "Searching for New Chemotherapeutic Agents—A Travelogue", The Bela Schick Lecture 1950
9 "Strain Specificity and Production of Antibiotic Substances: IX. Bacteriostatic and Bacteriocidal Properties of Neomycin and Development of Resistant Strains," 1950
10 "Antibiotics—A New Field of Science of Life-Saving Drugs," 1951
11 "Antiviral Properties of Ehrlichin, an Antibiotic Produced by Streptomyces lavendulae," 1951
12 "Concerning 'Bio-dynamic Farming' and 'Organic Gardening'," 19?
13 "Distribution of Antagonistic Properties Among Actinomycetes Isolated from Different Soils," 1951
14 "Effect of Cations upon Multiplication of Actinophage for Streptomyces griseus," 1951
15 "The Identity of the Neomycin Complex, as Measured by Countercurrent Distribution and Microbiological Analyses," 1951
16 "Observations on Antiviral Activity of Viscosin," 1951
17 "The Principle of Screening Antibiotic Producing Organisms," 1951
18 "Rhodomycin—An Antibiotic Produced by a Red-Pigmented Mutant of Streptomyces griseus," 1951
19 "The Stabilization of Terramycin," 1951
20 "Streptomycin, Isolation, Properties and Utilization," 1951
21 "Streptomycin—Only the Beginning," 1951
22 "Studies of Streptomyces lavendulae," 1951
23 "The Actinomycetes and Their Antibiotics," 1952
24 "An Antibiotic in Court," 1952
25 "Antibiotic-Producing Properties of Streptomyces 3560, a Member of the S. Flavus Group," 1952
26 "Antifungal Antibiotics," 1952
27 "Enzymatic Reduction of Cystine by Coenzyne 1 (DPNH)," 1952
28 "Inactivation of Influenza Virus and of Viral Hemagglutinin by the Cilciate Tetrahymene gileii," 1952
29 "Interference Between influenza Virus and Infectious Bronchitis Virus of Chickens,"
30 "The Living thought of Paul Ehrlich," 1952
31 "Metabolic Aspects of Bacterial Growth in the Absence of Cell Division," 1952
32 "Microbial Selection," 1952
33 "Natural and Acquired Resistance of Escherichia coli to Neomycin," 1952
34 "Paul Ehrlich—As Man and Scientist," 1952
35 "Production of an Antifungal Agent of the Fungicidin Type by Streptomyces aureus," 1952
36 "The Replica Plate Method for Screening Antibiotic-Producing Organisms," 1952
37 "Reversal of Fluoride Inhibition of Yeast Growth with Glucose-1—Phosphate: ," 1952
38 "Streptomycin," 1952
39 "Streptomycin and Dihydrostreptomycin," 1952
40 "Suppression of Viral Pneumonia in Mice by a Microbial Product," 1952
41 "Antibiotici E Chemioterapia," 1953
42 "Antibiotics and Chemotherapy," 1953
43 "Antibiotics of Actinomycetes with Special Reference to their Role in the Physiology of the Organisms Producing them," 1953
Box Folder
29 1 "Les Antibiotiques Antifongiques Produits par les Actinomycetes la Candicidine," 1953
2 "The Biology of the Actinmycetes and their Economic Importance," 1953
3 "Candicidan, A New Antifungal Antibiotic," 1953
4 "Candidin, A New Antifungal Antibiotic Produced by Streptomyces viridoflavus," 1953
5 "The Changing Concept in Microbiology," 1953
6 "In Vitro and In vivo Activity of Candicidin on Pathogenic Fungi," 1953
7 "A Light Activation Phenomenon in the Enzymatic and Nonenzymatic Reduction of Tetrazolium Salts," 1953
8 "The Lord Created Medicines Out of the Earth," 1953
9 "Mechanism of Supression of Nontransmissable Pnemonia in Mice Induced by Newcastle Disease Virus," 1953
10 "Medical Mycology," 1953
11 "The Production of Neomycin by Streptomyces Fradadieae in Synthetic Media" 1953
12 "Microbes, Organic Matter, and Soil Fertility," 1953
13 "Rapidly Growing, Acid Fast Bacteria," 1953
14 "Sensitivity of Actinomycetales to Isonicotinic Acid Hydrazide, Compared to Other Synthetic and Antibiotic Antituberculosis Agents," 1953
15 "Streptomycin: Background, Isolation, Properties, and Utilization," 1953
16 "Streptomycin, des Historik, Isolering, Egenskaper och Användbarhet," 1953
17 "Steptomycin Therapy in Nontuberculosis Diseases," 1953
18 "Thermoactinomyces Tsiklinsky, a Genus of Thermophilic Actinomycetes," 1953
19 "Actinomycin: I. Historical—Nature and Cytostatic Action," 1954
20 "Actinomycin: II. Classification of Organisms Producing Different Forms of Actinomycin," 1954
21 "Antibiotics, A New Field of Science and Application, and Some of the Resulting Problems," 1954
22 "Dedication of the Institute of Microbiology," 1954
23 "Dopo la Streptomicina," 1954
24 Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology (reprint from) vol. 13, 1954
25 "Further Studies on Suppression of Viral Pneumonia in Mice," 1954
26 "Geschiedenis van de Antibiotica in Verband met de 10-Jarige Herdenking van de Ontdeking van het Streptomycine," 1954
27 "History of Antibiotics in Relation to the Tenth Anniversary of the Discovery of Streptomycin," 19.
28 "Microbiology Takes the Stage," 1954
29 "Modification of the Toxic Effect of Influenza Virus by a Microbial Product," 1954
30 "My Life with Microbes,"—Yiddish Translation, 1954
31 "Neomycin," 1954
32 "Les Origines de la Découverte de la Streptomycine," 1954
33 "Paper Chromatographic Identification of the Actinomycins," 1954
34 "Polysaccharide Syntheses in Growing Yeasts," 1954
35 "Protection of Mice from Neurotoxic Action of Influenza Virus by 'Heat Inactivated' Receptor Destroying Enzyme," 1954
36 "Some Nutritional Requirements of Streptomyces griseus 3570 for Growth and Candicidin Production," 1954
37 "Streptomycin," 1954
38 "Suppression of Certain Viral Lesions by a Microbial Product, Xerosin, Lacking in Demonstratable Antiviral Properties and Produced by Achromobacter Xerosis, N. SP," 1954
39 "Survey," 1954
40 "Tenth Anniversary of the Discovery of Streptomycin, the first Chemotherapeutic Agent Found to be Effective Against Tuberculosis in Humans," 1954
41 "Die Wende der Mikrobiologie," 1954
42 "Actinomycin III. The Production and Properties of a New Actinomycin," 1955
43 "The Candidin-candicidin Group of Antifungal Antibiotics," 1955
44 "The Position of Antibiotics in Relation to Other Antimicrobial and Anti-infective Agents," 1955
45 "Streptomycin in Agriculture: Bibliography," 1955
46 "Role of Antibiotics in Natural Processes" 1957
47 "Galenika" 1959
Box Folder
30 1 "Strain Specificity and Production of Antibiotic Substances" 1959
2 "Dr. Rene J. Dubos—A Tribute" 1960
3 "Health Needs of an Aging Population [unpublished]" 1960
4 "Principles Underlying Patent Law and Patent Protection," [unpublished] 1961
5 "Antibiotika: Vergangenheit, Gegenwart, und Zukunft," 1962
6 "Historical Significance of the St. Vincent Awards," 1962
7 "Memorandum Concerning the Organization of a Unit of Marine Bacteriology at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution," 1963
8 "Biogenesis of Streptomycin [unpublished]," 1964
9 "Streptomycin," 1964
10 "Microbiology in New Jersey," 1965
11 "Microbes and the Survival of Man on Earth," 1966
12 "Preface [unpublished]," 1966
13 "Quarter-Century of the Anitbiotic Era," 1966
14 "Virus and Cancer Chemotherapy," 1961
15 "La Lutte de L'homme Contre Les Microbes [unpublished]," 1968
16 "Microbe is Domesticated," 1968
17 "Microbiology as a Field of Science and Application," 1969
18 "Road to Streptomycin and Beyond," 1969
19 "Bild Der Wissenschaft," 1971
20 "Complete Eradication of Tuberculosis is In Sight," 1972
21 "When Did the Actual Discovery of Streptomycin and Its Effectiveness Upon Tuberculosis First Come About?," 1972
22 "Antibiotics and Human Welfare," undated
23 "Antibiotics in the USSR in 1957 [unpublished]," undated
24 "Antisemitism as a Social Disease [unpublished]," undated
25 "Classification of Actinomycetes with Special Reference to Antibiotic Production," undated
26 "Concerning "Bio-dynamic Farming" and "Organic Gardening"," undated
27 "Famous TBs in History," undated
28 "Man's War Against Microbes," undated
29 "Microbiological Engineering [unpublished]," undated
30 "Physiology of Microorganisms [manuscript]," undated
31 "Physiology of Microorganism [manuscript]," undated
32 "Plans for the Establishment of a Laboratory of General and Industrial Microbiology [unpublished]," undated
33 "Streptomycin," undated
34 "Streptomycine," undated
35 "Streptomycin and Penicillin Chart," undated
36 "Streptomycin Sulfate Squibb," undated
37 "Streptomycin Therapy," undated
38 "Streptomycin Therapy in Non-Tuberculosis Diseases," undated
B. General Articles and Publications by Waksman
Box Folder
31 1 Actinomycetales, 1968
2 Answer to Drug-Resistant Germs, 1953
3 Antibiotics, 1963
4 Antibiotics: The Duplication Problem, 1965
5 Antibiotics: Practical and Experimental Aspects, 1962
6 Antibiotics-20 Years Later, 1961
7 Antigens of Spontaneous Mouse Mammory Tumor Tissue, 1962
8 Antitumor Activity of a Substance Produced by a Strain of Helminthosporium, 1961
9 Anuario de la Real Academia de Ciencias, 1971
10 Aspects of the Immune Hemolytic Reaction, 1962
11 Assimilation of Carbon Dioxode and Morphogenesis of Mucor Rouxii, 1962
12 Autobiographical Sketch, 1964
13 Bacteria, the Littlest Cells, 1970
14 Basic Methods in Microbiology-Inoculation Methods, undated
15 Better Way, 1964
16 Bible Speaks to America, 1943
17 Biochemistry as a Career, 1983
18 Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, undated
19 Biosynthesis of the Actinomycin Chromophore, 1961
20 Biosynthesis of the Actinomycin Chromophore, 1962
21 Bulletin [American Academy of Arts and Sciences], 1971
22 Business Farming, 1966
23 By Their Fruits, 1962
24 Cancer: New Methods-and Drugs-Hold High Hope, 1954
25 Candicidin Hits Fungus-Caused Diseases, 1953
26 Carcinogens in Cortisone-treated Mice Following Vaccinia Dermal Infection and Application of Methylcholanthrene, 1962
27 Career in Bacteriology, 1954
28 Cellular Aspects of the Action of Endotoxin, 1964
29 Chemistry of the Neomycins, 1962
30 Composition of Cells and Cell Walls of Triangular and Ellipsoidal Forms of Trigonopsis variabilis, 1961
31 Cross-Reactivity of Ketha Gum and Pneumoccocal Type I, 1962
32 Determination of Aliphatic Aldehydes by Spectrophotometry, 1962
33 Development of Applied Microbiology at Rutgers, 1982
34 Differentiation of Catenulin-Neomycin Antibiotics, 1961
35 Discovery of Unicellular Life, 1674
36 Discovery of Drugs from Microbiological Sources, undated
37 . . . the Earth Contains Medicine, undated
38 Effect of Antiviral Antibody on Virus-Cell Interactions in Turkey Rous Sarcoma Cells, 1962
39 Effects of Cell Components on Cell Multiplication and Changes in Cell Populations, 1962
40 Effects of Enzymatic Digests of DNA on Staphylococci, 1962
41 Failure of Vaccination with Killed Brucallae to Modify Monocyte-Bacterium Interactions, 1962
42 Friendly Facts About Our University and the New Brunswick Community, 1960
43 Health Fortress That Streptomycin Built, 1954
44 Identification of Nocardia Caviae, 1962
45 Index Biographique des Membres et Correspondants de L'academia des Sciences, 1954
46 Influence of Host Age and DNA Precursors on Intracellular Staphylococci, 1962
47 Inhibition by Antibiotics of the Growth of Bacterial and Yeast Protoplasts, 1962
48 Immunochemical Approach to the Study of the Effects of Nucleic Acid on the Biosynthesis of Bacterial Cell Constituents, 1962
49 Immunochemistry of Pneumococcal Types II, V, and VI, 1962
50 Induction of Yeastlike Development in Mucorby Carbon Dioxide, 1962 1962
51 Informational Macromolecules, 1962
52 Isolation, Composition, and Structure of Cell Walls of Filaments and Yeast-like Forms in Mucor rouxii, 1961
53 Intermediary Metabolism of Fungi as Revealed by Drug Reaction, undated
54 Invertase Secretion and Sucrose Fermentation by Saccharomycescerevisiae Protoplasts, 1961
Box Folder
32 1 In vitro Alterations of Blood Group Phenotypes of HumanEpithelial Cells Exposed to Heterologous Blood Group Substances, 1962
2 Localization of Sucrose and Maltose Fermenting Systems in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, 1961
3 Location and Role of Sterol at Nystatin-Binding Sites, 1962
4 Man Does Not Stand Alone, 1944
5 Medical Significance of the Amory Prize Researches, 1958
6 Medicine’s New Wonder Drug, 1945
7 Memorial Publication of the 10th Anniversary of the Waksman Foundation In Japan, 1968
8 Microbiology: Classification of Actinomyctes, 1964
9 Myo-Inositol in the Biosynthesis of Streptomycin by Streptomyces Griseus, 1962
10 N-Acetyl-y- Glutamokinase and N-Acetylglutamic y —semialdehyde Dehydrogenase, 1962
11 Neomycin, undated
12 New Shrine for Science, 1954
13 Nutrition, Growth, and Morphogenesis of Mucor rouxii, 1962
14 Nutritional Control of Cellular Form in Trigonopsis variabilis, 1962
15 Observations on the Pathogenesis of Experimental Skin Tumors, 1962
16 Occurrence of a Porphyrin Pigment in Streptomycetes, 1962
17 Pathogenesis of Virus-Induced Rous Sarcoma, 1962
18 Premio Internazionale Saint Vincent Per Le Scienze Mediche, undated
19 Real Academia de Farmacia, 1971
20 Rennin Substitute, 1969
21 Role of Antibiotics in Nature, 1961
22 Role of Humoral Antibody and Infecting Dose in the Recovery of Rous Sarcoma Virus from Turkey Cells in Tissue Culture, 1962
23 Role of Phage Specific RNA as Messenger, 1962
24 Rutgers Alumni Monthly, 1963
25 Rutgers University Newsletters, 1970
26 Sarcoma of the Brain, 1962
27 Science Contributes Streptomycin, undated
28 Searchers and Researchers, 1964
29 Selman Abraham Waksman, 1888-1973
30 Semaines D'etude et Leur Reglement, 1968
31 Specific Polysaccharides of Type XVIII Pneumococcus, 1962
32 Some Applications of Biometrics to the Analysis of Animal Responses Data in Virus Research, 1959
33 Streptomycin, 1946
34 Streptomycin Litigation, 1951
35 Streptomycin Therapy in Nontuberculosis Diseases, 1953
36 Streptomycin-"Wonder Drug" on Trial, undated
37 Studies on the Biosynthesis of Streptomycin, 1962
38 Taxonomy and Systematics of the Actinomyctes, 1968
39 3'-Amino-3' Deoxyadenosine, an Antitumor Agent from Helminthosporium, 1961
40 Time, 1946
41 Time's "Covering Four Decades," undated
42 Transaminase and D-Amino Acid Oxidase of Trigonopsis variabilis, 1962
43 Type Species of the Genus Nocardia, 1962
44 Unity and Heterogeneity of Antibodies, undated
45 What do the Scriptures Say About "Survival After Death?", 1955
46 What is Known About Streptomycin, undated
47 Whither Biology? [unpublished], undated
48 WHO Expert Committee on Biological Standardization, 1971
49 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute Annual Report, 1968
C. General Articles and Publications about Waksman
Box Folder
33 1 Academie des Sciences, 1970
2 Anales de la Real Academia de Farmacia, 1950
3 Bengal Tuberculosis Association, 1962
4 Boletin de la Academia de Artesy Ciencias de Puerto Rico, undated
5 Books of the Month, 1958
6 La Chimica e L'Industria, 1951
7 Congressional Record, 1961
8 Directory of the Members of the Corporation of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1971
9 Disease Fighter, 1949
10 From the Earth Shall Come Salvation, undated
11 Germ, 1949
12 Have Antibiotics Any Social Implications, 1962
13 Headline Parade, 1953
14 He Discovered Healing in the Soil, 1970
15 He Turned Down Millions, 1953
16 His 10,000-to-1 Shot Paid Off, undated
17 How it Began-Streptomycin, 1949
18 In Quest of Freedom, 1956
19 Inventeurs de la Nouvella Arme Contre le Cancer Nous Disent ce Qu'elle Est, undated
20 Jewish Ledger
21 Latino Americana de Microbiologia y Parasitologia, 1968
22 Life of Selman A. Waksman and his Scientific Contributions[unpublished], undated
23 Medical Way, undated
24 Men and Molecules [unpublished], undated
25 Merck Review, 1953
26 Miracle Man of "Wonder Drugs," undated
27 Articles relating to My Life with the Microbes
28 NAPT Bulletin, 1950
29 National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, National Research Council: Organization and Members, 1970-1971
30 New Jersey Business, 1964
31 Nobel Foundation Calendar, 1969-1972
32 Oceanus, 1968
33 Of Life, 1950
34 PAS Newsletter—News and Notes, 1953
Box Folder
34 1 Presentation of Dr. Waksman’s Work at Nobel Prize Ceremonies in Stockholm, 1953
2 Progres de la Therapeutique Chimique, undated
3 Promise of Streptomycin, 1946
4 Pronucnia "Streptomaicina" con la Dolcezza di ub Innamorato, 1954
5 Report from Rutgers, May 1954
6 Report from Rutgers, September 1958
7 Report from Rutgers, September 1963
8 Rutgers Alumni Monthly, February 1951
9 Rutgers Alumni Monthly, May 1954
10 Rutgers Alumni Monthly, February 1966
11 Rutgers Alumni Monthly, March 1966
12 Rutgers Alumni Monthly, April 1966
13 Rutgers Alumni Monthly, July 1966
14 Rutgers Alumni Monthly, November 1966
15 Rutgers Alumni Monthly, July 1970
16 Rutgers Alumni Monthly, May 1971
17 Rutgers Rural Review, 1953
18 Scientific Teacher, 1967
19 Selman Abraham Waksman, 1955
20 Selman A. Waksman [unpublished], 1963
21 CEMИДECЯTИЛETИE C. A. BAKCMAHA (Selman A. Waksman’s Seventieth Birthday), 1960
22 Separatum Experienta, 1952
23 Stern, 1964
24 Streptomycin, undated
25 Streptomycin, undated
26 TBC E Cancro: Vigilia Ansiosa, 1952
27 Ten Patents that Shaped the World, 1961
28 Time, 1949
29 Today’s Health, 1970
30 Today’s Scientists, 1963
31 Waksman and 10,000 Microbes, 1952
32 Waksman—Biographical Clippings 1963
33 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute Annual Report, 1970
D. Manuscripts
Box Folder
35 1 Actinomycetes
2 Actinomycetes
3 Antibiotic Era: Volume I
4 Antibiotic Era: Volume II
5 Elusive Virus
6 Illustrations of Actinomyctes
7 Illustrations of Actinomyctes
8 Illustrations of Strepomyces griseus
9 In Search of Microbes: Volume I
Box Folder
36 1 In Search of Microbes: Volume II
2 Jacob G. Lipman, Agricultural Scientist, Humanitarian (1 of 2)
3 Jacob G. Lipman, Agricultural Scientist, Humanitarian (2 of 2)
4 Manuscripts: Notes
5 Men and Microbes: Chapters I-VI
6 Men and Microbes: Chapters VII-X
7 My Life with the Microbes (1 of 4)
8 My Life with the Microbes (2 of 4)
Box Folder
37 1 My Life with the Microbes (3 of 4)
2 My Life with the Microbes (4 of 4)
3 Principles of Marine Bacteriology Monograph
4 Page Proofs: Scientific Contributions of Selman Waksman (loose)
5 Page Proofs: Scientific Contributions of Selman Waksman (loose)
6 Page Proofs: Scientific Contributions of Selman Waksman (loose)
Box Folder
38 1 Page Proofs: Scientific Contributions of Selman Waksman (loose)
2 Page Proofs: Scientific Contributions of Selman Waksman (loose)
3 Page Proofs: Scientific Contributions of Selman Waksman
4 Page Proofs: Scientific Contributions of Selman Waksman
5 Page Proofs: Scientific Contributions of Selman Waksman
6 Page Proofs: Scientific Contributions of Selman Waksman
7 Publications Soil Microbiology [Page Proofs] 1952
Box Folder
39 1 Soil Microbiology
2 Soil Microbiology
VIII. Speeches and Lectures, 1942-1968
Arrangement: The Speeches and Lectures series is arranged into twelve folders by subject. The folders labeled "Speeches" and "Lectures" are arranged chronologically.
Summary: As indicated by its title, this series contains copies of speeches and lectures given by Waksman, and a few given by other people. The speeches are often commemorative in nature.
Box Folder
39 3 Speeches, 1942-1958
4 Speeches, 1959-1973
5 Speeches (Not by Waksman), 1957
6 Lectures, 1962-1965
7 Lectures, 1966-1968, undated
8 Definition and Properties of Antibiotics, undated
9 Merck Celebrations, 1964
10 Microbiology in Metamorphosis, 1963
11 Preface to Second Latin American Soil Biology Congress, undated
12 Selman A. Waksman Memorial Lecture 1974
13 Comments Made at the Dinner Given on January 24, 1967, by Members of the Merck & Co. Honoring Dr. H. Boyd Woodruff for His Twenty-five years of Service to that Company, 1967
14 Comments Made upon Receipt of the Trudeau Medal from the National Tuberculosis Association on May 22, 1961, 1961
IX. Biographical Files, 1929-1975
Arrangement: The biographical files are arranged into three subseries, A. General Files, B. 80th Birthday, and C. Waksman Memorial Service. The files are arranged alphabetically.
Summary: This series contains material commemorating Waksman's life and career. It includes papers, awards, photographs, and programs. The 80th Birthday and Memorial Service files show the preparation and effort Rutgers and the scientific community put into celebrating Waksman's life and mourning his death. The General Files also contain files on Waksman that were originally collected as part of Rutgers Biographical Files. As an alumnus who later became a professor, Waksman had files in both the Rutgers Biographies—Alumnae and Rutgers Biographies—Faculty sections of Rutgers University Archives. These files largely consisted of news clippings and memorabilia about Waksman's career. Similarly, some photos of Waksman were originally housed in the Rutgers Photograph: Portraits collection in University archives. These files have been added into the biographical series in order to consolidate material on Waksman in the University Archives. Some photographs were originally housed with the Waksman papers, and others were housed in the biographical files. The folder titles in this subseries indicate the photographs' sources.
A. General Files
Box Folder
40 1 Analytical Instruments
2 Biographical Material of Selman A. Waksman
3 Biographical Materials, Scientific Papers, and Miscellaneous Notes,
4 Biographical Sketch,
5 Citations of Honors and Awards, 1929-1964
6 Comic Strips: Microbe Tamer, 1950
7 Conquest of Tuberculosis
8 Important Papers
9 Itineraries, 1955-1970, undated
10 Lipman, Jacob Goodale
11 Materials from Yale University
12 Nobel Prize Award and A Journey Around the World, 1952-1953
Box Folder
41 1 Passano Award, 1945-1960
2 Pamphlets, 1959, undated
3 Photographs from Rutgers Photograph (R-Photo) Collection—Portraits
4 Photographs from Rutgers Photograph (R-Photo) Collection—Portraits—Group/Event Photos
5 Photographs from Rutgers Photograph (R-Photo) Collection—Portraits—in Laboratory [Solo]
6 Photographs from Rutgers Photograph (R-Photo) Collection—Portraits—in Laboratory [with Others]
7 Photographs from Rutgers Photograph (R-Photo) Collection—Portraits—Negatives
8 Photographs from Waksman Papers (1 of 2)
9 Photographs from Waksman Papers (2 of 2)
10 Photographs from Waksman Papers (of Others)
11 Photographs from Waksman Papers—Tenth International Congress of Microbiologists, 1970
12 Photographs from Waksman's Rutgers Biographical (Alumnus) Files
13 Photographs from Waksman's Rutgers Biographical (Faculty) Files
14 Programs, 1931-1949
15 Programs, 1952-1969
16 Public Relations, 1972
17 Records,
18 Rutgers Biographical File (Alumnus) (1 of 11),
19 Rutgers Biographical File (Alumnus) (2 of 11),
Box Folder
42 1 Rutgers Biographical File (Alumnus) (3 of 11),
2 Rutgers Biographical File (Alumnus) (4 of 11),
3 Rutgers Biographical File (Alumnus) (5 of 11),
4 Rutgers Biographical File (Alumnus) (6 of 11),
5 Rutgers Biographical File (Alumnus) (7 of 11),
6 Rutgers Biographical File (Alumnus) (8 of 11),
7 Rutgers Biographical File (Alumnus) (9 of 11),
8 Rutgers Biographical File (Alumnus) (10 of 11),
9 Rutgers Biographical File (Alumnus) (11 of 11),
10 Rutgers Biographical File (Faculty) (1 of 3),
11 Rutgers Biographical File (Faculty) (2 of 3),
12 Rutgers Biographical File (Faculty) (3 of 3),
13 Scientific Products Nobel Laureates Calendar, 1962
B. 80th Birthday
Box Folder
42 14 Article: In Recognition of Selman A. Waksman on His Eightieth Birthday, 1968
15 Clippings
16 Correspondence, 1968
17 Photographs
18 Publications: Chemotherapy, 1968
19 Publications: Hindustan Antibiotics, 1968
20 Publicatons: ICIA Information Bulletin No. 5, 1968
Box Folder
43 1 Selman A. Waksman, 1968
First of two bound volumes of letters to Waksman on the occasion of his 80th birthday.
2 Selman A. Waksman, 1968
Second of two bound volumes of letters to Waksman on the occasion of his 80th birthday.
C. Waksman Memorial Service
Box Folder
43 3 Budget, 1973
4 Condolence Letters, 1973
5 Correspondence, 1973
6 Mailing Lists, 1973-1975
Box Folder
44 1 Memorial Resolution
2 Notes, undated
3 Press Releases and Announcements, 1973
4 Programs, 1973
5 Publications, 1973-1974
6 Speakers
X. Clippings
Arrangement: The Clippings Files are arranged alphabetically.
Summary: This series contains photocopies of clippings about Waksman and his work. Three folders relate to his winning the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
Box Folder
44 7 Assorted Clippings
8 Assorted Clippings
9 Life After Death
10 Nobel Prize
11 Nobel Prize
12 Nobel Prize
13 Press Releases
14 Tribuna Medica, November 1964
XI. Professional Organizations, Institutes, and Symposia, 1962-1976
Arrangement: Series XI is arranged into six subseries, A. American Academy of Microbiology, B. American Academy of Microbiology: Committee on Latin American Visiting Professorship Program, C. American Academy of Microbiology: Senate for Science, D. Cancer Institute of New Jersey, E. Symposia, F. Symposia: Third International Fermentation Symposium. The folders are arranged alphabetically within each subseries.
Summary: The American Academy of Microbiology and Cancer Institute subseries are largely devoted to the policies and procedures of those bodies. The symposia subseries relate to symposia attended by Waksman or those in which he participated in the arrangement.
A. American Academy of Microbiology
Box Folder
45 1 Accounting
2 Application Statuses, 1970
3 Chairman's Office: Correspondence, 1968-1975
4 "Civilian Life Scientists in Military Medical Research Laboratories," 1974
5 Correspondence, 1970-1972
6 Correspondence, 1973-1976, undated
7 Diplomatic Forth, 1973
8 Fellows and Committees, 1969-1971
9 Meeting: November 1973, Baltimore
10 Minutes and Related Materials, 1969-1974
11 Notes, 1971-1974, undated
12 Official Documents
13 Publications, Pamphlets, and Articles
14 Reports, 1970, undated
15 Rules and Regulations of the American Board of Medical Microbiology, 1970
B. American Academy of Microbiology: Committee on Latin American Visiting Professorships Program
Box Folder
45 16 Argentina: Correspondence, 1971-1976
17 Argentina: Courses
18 Argentina: Instructors
19 Articles
20 Article: Scientific Development Program of the Organization of American States, undated
Box Folder
46 1 Correspondence, 1968-1974
2 Minutes, 1970-1975
C. American Academy of Microbiology: Senate for Science
Box Folder
46 3 Correspondence
4 Mission Statements and Bylaws
5 Reports, 1970-1973
6 Reports
7 Statements
D. Cancer Institute of New Jersey
Box Folder
46 8 Agendas, 1975
9 Articles
10 Board of Trustees: Correspondence, 1975-1976
11 Board of Trustees: Minutes, 1975-1977
12 Conference: Planning for Cancer Centers, 1971
13 Correspondence, 1971-1974
14 Mission Statements, 1975
15 Press Releases, 1977
16 Proposals, 1970-1975
17 Publications: Cancer Plan of New Jersey, undated
18 Publications: Case Control Study of Bladder Carcinoma, undated
19 Publications: Organizational Plan for Development of a Comprehensive Cancer Research Program for the State of New Jersey, 1976
20 Reorganization of CINJ: Correspondence, 1976
21 Research Committee: Minutes, 1976
Box Folder
47 1 Screening Committee: Mission Statements, 1975-1976, undated
2 Screening Committee: Membership, undated
3 Screening Committee: Minutes, 1975
4 Screening Committee: Correspondence, 1975-1976, undated
5 Scientific Advisory Committee: Applicants, 1977
6 Scientific Advisory Committee: Correspondence, 1976-1979
7 Scientific Advisory Committee: Minutes, 1977
8 Scientific Advisory Committee: Notes, 1976-1977
9 Scientific Advisory Committee: Proposals, 1977
10 Steering Committee: Minutes, 1975
E. Symposia
Box Folder
47 11 Animal Model and the Human Patient in Bacterial Shock
12 Bacterial Endotoxins
13 Biochemical Bases of Morphogenesis in Fungi, undated
14 Evolving Germs and Proteins, 1964
15 High Susceptibility of Mice of the A Strain to Heated Salmonella and Lipopolysaccharide and Affinity of their Red Blood Cells for the Killed Organisms
16 Immunochemical Approaches to Problems in Microbiology, 1960
17 Information Macromolecules, 1962
18 Nucleic Acids in Immunology, 1967
19 Organizational Biosynthesis, 1966
20 Perspectives in Research, 1969
21 Recent Investigations on the Polysaccharide Component of Enterobacterial Endotoxins (S-and R-Forms)
22 Role of the Hypersensitivity in Reactions to Endotoxins, 1964
23 Supression of the Immune Response of Bacterial Endotoxins, 1964
F. Symposia: Third International Fermentation Symposium
Box Folder
47 24 Abstracts, 1968
25 Articles
26 Budget
27 Calendars and Maps
28 Committees
29 Contributors
30 Correspondence, 1964-March 1968
Box Folder
48 1 Correspondence, April 1968-1969
2 Final Roster, 1968
3 Financial: Correspondence, 1967-1970
4 Grants
5 Lecture: Heden, Carl-Goran
6 Lecture: Pardee, Arthur
7 Mailing Lists
8 Mailing List Requests
9 Name Tags
10 Newspaper Clippings
11 Notes
12 Organizing Committee
13 Photographs
14 Press Releases
15 Programs, Published
Box Folder
49 1 Programs, Rough
2 Registration
3 Remarks: Waksman, Selman
4 Third International Symposium: United States Registrants
XII. Secretarial Records, 1954-1968
Arrangement: The Secretarial Records series is arranged chronologically. When known, the name of the recorder is also listed (eg., Nehlig, Pastor).
Summary: This series contains Stenographic notebooks and appointment calendars written in shorthand. Their contents were unknown to the processor as they are illegible to the average researcher.
Box Folder
50 1 Stenographic Notebook. Corradi no. 1, (unknown) 17, 1954-(unknown) 10, 1954 (unknown stenograph used to indicate months)
2 Stenographic Notebook. Corradi no. 2, (unknown) 10, 1954-(unknown) 24, 1955 (unknown stenograph used to indicate months)
3 Stenographic Notebook. Christopher no. 3, July 12, 1954-November 30, 1954
4 Stenographic Notebook. Christopher no. 4, December 1, 1954-April 14, 1955
5 Stenographic Notebook. Christopher no. 5, April 15, 1955-October 1, 1955
6 Stenographic Notebook. Corradi no. 3, August 24, 1955-August 7, 1956
7 Stenographic Notebook. Christopher no. 6, October 1, 1955-January 19, 1956
8 Stenographic Notebook. Christopher no. 7, January 19, 1956-June 13, 1956
9 Stenographic Notebook. Christopher no. 2, June 14, 1956-December 20, 1956
10 Stenographic Notebook. Corradi no. 4, August 7, 1956-March 8, 1957
11 Stenographic Notebook. Christopher no. 3 (2nd marked as #3), December 20, 1956-ca. July 21, 1957
12 Stenographic Notebook. Corradi no. 5, March 11, 1957-November 7, 1957
13 Stenographic Notebook. Christopher no. 4 (2nd marked as #4) Last of Christopher, July 22, 1957-November 27, 1957
Box Folder
51 1 Stenographic Notebook. Corradi no. 6, November 7, 1957-undated
2 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, January 2, 1958-January 29, 1958
3 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, February 14, 1958-March 1, 1958
4 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, March 1, 1958-April 6, 1958
5 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, April 7, 1958-May 21, 1958
6 Stenographic Notebook. Bobbie no. 1, April 14, 1958-August 1958
7 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, May 22, 1958-June 23, 1958
8 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, June 23, 1958-July 21, 1958
9 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, July 21, 1958-August 12, 1958
10 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, August 13, 1958-October 22, 1958
11 Stenographic Notebook. E.K. Drenchco no. 1, August 26, 1958-January 13, 1959
12 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, October 18, 1958-November 19, 1958
13 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, November 19, 1958-December 22, 1958
Box Folder
52 1 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, January 5, 1959-February 19, 1959
2 Stenographic Notebook. Drenchco no. 2, January 23, 1959-April 28, 1959
3 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, February 20, 1959-March 17, 1959
4 Stenographic Notebook. Pastor (continuation of Drenchco) no. 1, March 11, 1959-August 25, 1959
5 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, March 17, 1959-April 15, 1959
6 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, April 15, 1959-June 1, 1959
7 Stenographic Notebook. E.K. Drenchco no. 3, April 28, 1959-August 31, 1959
8 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, June 1, 1959-circa June 29, 1959
9 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, June 30, 1959-July 22, 1959
10 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, July 22, 1959-October 15, 1959
11 Stenographic Notebook. Pastor no. 2, August 18, 1959-September 16, 1959
12 Stenographic Notebook. Pastor no. 3, September 20, 1959-October 21, 1959
13 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, October 15, 1959-November 16, 1959
Box Folder
53 1 Stenographic Notebook. Pastor no. 4, October 21, 1959-November 12, 1959
2 Stenographic Notebook. Pastor no. 5, November 12, 1959-December 15, 1959
3 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, November 17, 1959-December 18, 1959
4 Stenographic Notebook. Pastor no. 6, December 16, 1959-January 19, 1960
5 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, December 21, 1959-January 28, 1960
6 Stenographic Notebook. Pastor no. 7, January 19, 1960-February 16, 1960
7 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, January 28, 1960-March 15, 1960
8 Stenographic Notebook. Pastor no. 8, February 16, 1960-March 15, 1960
9 Stenographic Notebook. Pastor no. 9, March 15, 1960-ca. March 29, 1960
10 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, March 16, 1960-April 12, 1960
11 Stenographic Notebook. Pastor no. 10, April 7, 1960-May 18, 1960
12 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, April 12, 1960-May 26, 1960
13 Stenographic Notebook. Pastor no. 11, May 18, 1960-June 2, 1960
14 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, May 26, 1960-July 12, 1960
Box Folder
54 1 Stenographic Notebook, June 2, 1960-June 27, 1960
2 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, July 12, 1960-October 12, 1960
3 Stenographic Notebook. Pastor, August 26, 1960-September 19, 1960
4 Stenographic Notebook. Pastor, September 15, 1960-September 29, 1960
5 Stenographic Notebook. Pastor, September 23, 1960-October 29, 1960
6 Stenographic Notebook. Pastor, October 5, 1960-October 19, 1960
7 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, October 13, 1960-ca. November 30, 1960
8 Stenographic Notebook. Pastor, October 19, 1960-November 8, 1960
9 Stenographic Notebook. Pastor, November 9, 1960-December 8, 1960
10 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, December 1, 1960-January 23, 1961
11 Stenographic Notebook. Pastor, December 9, 1960-January 6, 1961
12 Stenographic Notebook. Pastor, January 9, 1961-February 2, 1961
Box Folder
55 1 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, January 9, 1961-March 7, 1961
2 Stenographic Notebook. Pastor, February 3, 1961-February 17, 1961
3 Stenographic Notebook. Pastor, February 17, 1961-March 14, 1961
4 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, March 7, 1961-April 7, 1961
5 Stenographic Notebook. Pastor, March 15, 1961-April 3, 1961
6 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, April 7, 1961-May 12, 1961
7 Stenographic Notebook. Pastor, April 11, 1961-May 2, 1961
8 Stenographic Notebook. Pastor, May 3, 1961-May 24, 1961
9 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, May 12, 1961-April 13, 1961
10 Stenographic Notebook. Pastor, May 24, 1961-June 16, 1961
11 Stenographic Notebook. Pastor, June 19, 1961-July 6, 1961
12 Stenographic Notebook. Pastor, July 9, 1961-July 25, 1961
13 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, July 14, 1961-September 20, 1961
Box Folder
56 1 Stenographic Notebook. Nehlig, September 20, 1961-November 15, 1961
2 Stenographic Notebook, November 16, 1961-January 4, 1962
3 Stenographic Notebook, January 5, 1962-February 19, 1962
4 Stenographic Notebook, February 20, 1962-March 11, 1962
5 Stenographic Notebook, March 12, 1962-May 7, 1962
6 Stenographic Notebook, May 7, 1962-June 26, 1962
7 Stenographic Notebook, June 26, 1962-August 18, 1962
8 Stenographic Notebook, August 20, 1962-November 9, 1962
9 Stenographic Notebook, November 12, 1962-December 18, 1962
10 Stenographic Notebook, December 19, 1962-March 1, 1963
11 Stenographic Notebook, March 1, 1963-March 29, 1963
12 Stenographic Notebook, March 29, 1963-May 2, 1963
Box Folder
57 1 Stenographic Notebook, May 3, 1963-June 28, 1963
2 Stenographic Notebook, June 25, 1963-August 1, 1963
3 Stenographic Notebook, August 1, 1963-October 16, 1963
4 Stenographic Notebook, October 16, 1963-December 2, 1963
5 Stenographic Notebook, December 3, 1963-January 7, 1964
6 Stenographic Notebook, January 8, 1964-February 24, 1964
7 Stenographic Notebook, February 24, 1964-March 13, 1964
8 Stenographic Notebook, March 13, 1964-May 8, 1964
9 Stenographic Notebook, May 3, 1964-June 22, 1964
10 Stenographic Notebook, June 22, 1964-August 7, 1964
11 Stenographic Notebook, August 7, 1964-October 30, 1964
Box Folder
58 1 Stenographic Notebook, October 30, 1964-December 10, 1964
2 Stenographic Notebook, December 10, 1964-January 25, 1965
3 Stenographic Notebook, January 25, 1965-March 31, 1965
4 Stenographic Notebook, April 1, 1965-May 19, 1965
5 Stenographic Notebook, April 11, 1965-December 17, 1965
6 Stenographic Notebook, May 13, 1966-August 1, 1966
7 Stenographic Notebook, May 19, 1965-ca. June 17, 1965
8 Stenographic Notebook, August 12, 1965-November 8, 1965
9 Stenographic Notebook, January 13, 1966-ca. March 22, 1966
10 Stenographic Notebook, March 22, 1966-May 13, 1966
11 Stenographic Notebook, August 11, 1966-September 19, 1966
Box Folder
59 1 Stenographic Notebook, September 21, 1966-ca. December 1966
2 Stenographic Notebook, December 15, 1966-March 13, 1967
3 Stenographic Notebook, March 13, 1967-May 16, 1967
4 Stenographic Notebook, May 16, 1967-August 22, 1967
5 Stenographic Notebook, August 22, 1967-October 25, 1967
6 Stenographic Notebook, October 25, 1967-December 6, 1967
7 Stenographic Notebook, December 6, 1967-ca. January 2, 1968
8 Stenographic Notebook, January 17, 1968-March 25, 1968
9 Stenographic Notebook, March 24, 1968-May 20, 1968
10 Stenographic Notebook, May 17, 1968-August 27, 1968
11 Stenographic Notebook, August 28, 1968-November 11, 1968
12 Stenographic Notebook, November 11, 1968-ca. December 23, 1968
XIII. Scrapbooks, circa 1952-1968
Arrangement: The scrapbooks are boxed individually and arranged alphabetically. Some scrapbooks are fragile, with brittle paper. Some objects no longer adhere to the paper.
Summary: This series contains documentation of Selman Waksman's trips, his Nobel Prize and other awards and ceremonies, his work on streptomycin, neomycin, and other antibiotics, and biographical information.
60 Awards (Stories and Plays)
61 Ceremony at the University in Pavia Technion Institute (Israel Institute of Technology)
62 Europe and After, 1950-1954
63 A Kind of Autobiography or Plain Biography of SAW
64 Later Journeys
65 Letters and Telegraphs of Congratulations Upon Receipt of the Nobel Prize—Foreign Countries, 1952
66 Letters and Telegraphs of Congratulations Upon Receipt of the Nobel Prize, United States, 1952
67 Letters and Telegraphs of Congratulations Upon Receipt of the Nobel United States Prize, 1952
68 My Life With Microbes
69 Neomycin-Actinomycin
70 The Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine, 1952
71 Post Retirement Era
72 Photos of Honorary Degree in Medicine and Surgery
73 Post Retirement Photos from Madrid Trip, September 1954
74 Publicity (Early)
75 Publicity (Later)
76 Story of Antibiotics
77 Story of the Institute of Microbiology and the Dedication of the Institute/Dedication of Lipman Hall
78 Streptomycin Babies, Correspondence and Photos
79 Streptomycin I-The Story of
80 Streptomycin II-The Story of
81 Streptomycin Letters I
82 Streptomycin Letters II
83 Three Weeks in Japan (Photos) December 17, 1952-January 8, 1953
84 Visit to the Institute of Pharmacology of the University of Pavia
XIV. Memorabilia, undated
Arrangement: Items in memorabilia are arranged into boxes based on their size. Some boxes contain smaller boxes within them. The interior boxes are assigned a letter (and a box inside an interior box is assigned a number). Objects are further described by the color case they come in (if any).
Summary: The memorabilia series consists of objects given to Waksman as honors although some may be souvenirs.
85 Graduation cap
86 Pharmaceutical plaque
87 Multiple Items:
Brass plaque from the Alumni Association of the Brooklyn College of Pharmacy, 1954
Brass plaque from Brandeis University, 1950
brass British Sholom Humanitarian Award, 1953
Award booklet presented by Hadassah, the Women's Zionist Organization of America, 1950.
Award booklet presented by the University of Toronto, 1950
Award booklet: Turkiye Urusal Vereh Savasi Dernegi
Rhode Island State College certificate of doctor of science to Selman Waksman, 1950
88 Multiple Items:
[black and white box] Elias Cina Medal, 1966
[black case] Plaque—New Jersey's Outstanding Citizen for 1948
[purple case] Key to the city of Rio de Janeiro, medallion Consejo superior de investigaciones cientifica, pin Al Merito Sanitario
[purple case] Princeton University Bicentennial medal, medal "doctores de claustro universitario"
[blue case] Medal and ring
[black case] Medal from Rudolf Virchow Medical Society, 1965
[green case] Medal Institut d'France, 1955
[purple case] Medal Republique Francaise
[brown box] Medal Waksman Institute, 1988
[red case] Newspaper Guild Award, 1949
[red case] Medal Universite de Liege
[loose in box] Filing cabinet (or desk) keys and name plate
89 Multiple Items:
[black case] Silver case, from students and staff to comemmorate election to French Academy of Science. 1937
[black case] Louis Brandeis award for service in Cause of Humanity, 1953
[black case] Key to Tokyo
[red box] Small medals and pins, International Congress of Soil Science
[green box] Brazilian order of the Southern Cross
[cream case] Plaque from Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo
[navy case] Addingham Medal, 1965
[red case] Empty, contained Great Cross of Public Health, from Spanish Government, 1954
90 Boxes with Multiple Items:
Box A [brown case] Medal—Vniversitatis Styvdi Florentini Paronvs
[laquered box] Multiple small medals
[blue velvet box] Sash Golden Slipper Square Club Award
Box B [green case] New Jersey Society Agricultural Society, 1940 and enclosed medallion
[gold box with no lid] National Academy of Sciences Centennial, 1963
[empty small black box]
[red case] La Province de Lege, 1946
[green case] New Jersey Academy of Medicine Citizen's Award, 1961
[black case] Brandeis Centennial Year, 1956
Box C Blue commencement cap
Box D Ribbons
Box E [small book] Anuario de la Real Academia de Ciencias: Exactas, Fisicas, y Naturales, 1971
91 Boxes with Multiple Items:
Box A Graduation cap and sash
Box B Metal bowl (mortar)
Box C Sash
Box D Two tiles, one with Waksman photo, the other with a relief
[in red box] Pink and red sash
92 Boxes with Multiple Items:
Box A Glass paperweight from the 20th International Tuberculosis Conference, New York City, 1969
Box B Artifacts (South American?); one round tube, one sculpture of man and woman
Box C Pink cup with spout from Karlovy Vary (Carlsbad), Czechoslovakia
Box D-1 Pin Madrid 1954 International Conference against Tuberculosis
Box D-2 Pin (Guest, 50th Anniversary Convention Veterans of Foreign Wars, Wildwood, NJ, 1949); Medal Andre Boivin/International Endotoxin Conference, 1963
Box D-3 Clip, 25th anniversary of Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientifica Medal Societe Botanique de France, 1954
Medal, Giornate Meche Internazionali, Verona, 1949
Box D-4 Medals, American International Academy, International Congress for Microbiology, 1939
Box D-5 Ring with seal, University of Madrid
Pin Universidad do Estaba Guanabava, Rio De Janiero
Pin XV international Tuberculosi conference, Istanbul, 1959
Pin United States Navy Bureau of Ordinance
Pins, ring, and medals
Two small metal plates
Alpha Zeta keys?
Box D-6 Medals George Westinghouse centennial
Louis Pasteur
Envelopes Medals from Brazil, Turkey, and others
[wrapped in paper] Brass pitcher
93 Boxes with Multiple Items:
Box A Medallion of Achievement presented by the Golden Slipper Square Club Wooden box containing metal container with small metal spoon (from archaeological dig?)
Box B Small painting of a man playing a harp
Box C Pen holder-desk weight with date keeper from the New Jersey Agricultural Experimentation Station Small box with painted dragon motif
Box D Small metal sombrero
Ashtray from Seville, Spain
Cigarette case from El Colegio Oficial de Farmaceuticos de Guipuzcoa (Espana); January 1950
Dark cigarette case with palm design
Metal ashtray from India, 1963
[not in smaller box] Wooden box containing various statistical slides
[not in smaller box] Plaque presented by the American Society for Microbiology for recognition of loyal service as a member of the editorial board of the Journal of Microbiology, 1970
[in fleece cover] Marble plaque from Real E Ilustre Colegio Oficial de Farmaceuticos de la Provincia de Sevilla, February 1950
[in red binding] Emil Christian Hansen Prize, 1947
Box of pottery
94 Boxes with Multiple Items:
[black case] Alpha Omega Medal awarded for meritous contribution to the art and science of dentistry, 1949
Model of DNA Presented by Brandeis University to Waksman
Medal Awarded to Waksman for Meritous Service in Diseases of the Chest by the American College of Chest Physicians, 1951
Alberene stone
[tan case]Medal Awarded to Waksman by the Philadelphia Society for Promoting Agriculture, 1960
John Scott Medal Awarded by the City of Philadelphia, 1949
[in red box] Program, seating list, and award book presented to Waksman by Service Clubs of New Brunswick at testimonial dinner in his honor, 1949
Block of petrified wood
[small envelope] Copy of the Nobel prize medal (broken)
[navy blue case] Medal awarded: Federazione Italiana Contro la Tubercolosi by the Carlo Forlanini Institute, 1960
[black case] Medal from the Academie des Sciences, 1966
Audio cassette titled Antibiotics: Isolation, Nature, and Activities
[small black case] Silver coin compliments of the Tokyo Metropolitan government
Block with enlarged image of microscope slide
Block with enlarged image of microscope slide
Block with images of numbered microscope slides
95 Books
My Life with the Microbes (French Translation)
My Life with the Microbes (Japanese Translation)
My Life with the Microbes (Slovak Translation)
Booklet presented to Waksman by the Rutgers Alumni Federation naming him as one of Rutgers most illustrious sons.
Our Smallest Servants: The Story of Fermentation by Chas. A Pfizer & Co., 1955
96 Honorary Degrees
[red tube] Czechoslovakia (academy of science)
[gold tube] University Brazil
[mailing tube] Widener University
[wood tube] Technion Israel Institute of Technology
[blue tube] University of Perugia
Drawing on Canvas, "I understand you discovered streptomycin. Who lost it?" [Possibly original of cartoon appearing in February 1956 Esquire magazine
Certificate naming Waksman as honorary life member of the Old Guard of Summit, NJ, December 5, 1961
Special Citation from the Internatonal Union Against Tuberculosis, September 2, 1969
Memoranda regarding items Dr. and Mrs. Lampen took to Yale in April 1974
98 Transcription Disk—"Farm News—Alampi—Nissley. For rebroadcast: June 9, 1951." Recorded June 7, 1951.
Source: WJZ. "WJZ Farm News Program with Phil Alampi."
Time: 6:00-6:30 AM (this is the program's air time; the recorded time of the disc may vary).
Part 1 of 1.
Record No.: N/A (labeled "original").
99 Transcription Disk—"Farm News. Wakman [sic]." Recorded January 26, 1951.
Source: WJZ. "WJZ Farm News Program with Phil Alampi."
Time: 4:00-4:45 PM. 6:00-6:30 AM is the Alampi program's air time.
Part 1 of 1.
Record No.: N/A (labeled "original").
A third transcription disk labeled "Science Forum" was discarded due to damage. It contained the following:
Program: Science Forum Dr. Waksman
Date: 8-18-43 [August 18, 1943]
Source: WGH
Time: 7:30-7:40 PM
Part 1 of 1
Record No. 3619-A
XV. Films, undated
Arrangement: The films are individually housed in canisters.
Summary: The films appear to discuss aspects of microbiology.
"The Researchers" 16 mm
"The Fight Against Microbes" (Outside of package says "Ulcer at Work"), 1967, 16 mm
"Handful of Soils" #1, 16 mm
"Handful of Soils" #2, 16 mm
Spirochetes, 16 mm
XVI. Oversize Photos, undated
100 Oversize Photos
Photograph of Waksman's Tombstone
Waksman Portrait, Hands Folded (1)
Waksman Portrait, Hands Folded (2)
Waksman in Lab Coat with Microscope
Waksman with Cigarette, Labeled: "Taken Sometime between 1958-1961"
Waksman Close-up
Waksman in Lab Examining One of the Antibiotics in His Collection
Panoramic Photo: International Society of Soil Science, Commission III, Soil Microbiology, Oxford 1935
Framed Items [not in box]
Scientific Products—Nobel Laureate Contemporaries Portraits of Progress—Selman A. Waksman
Citation from the American Jewish Literary Foundation—Seiman [sic] A. Waksman, November 23, 1958
American-Hungarian Medical Association Award, November 17, 1967

Appendix A: Waksman v. Schatz Case Items by Folder

Box 14, Folder 1: The Actual Case
-letter, dated May 23, 1946 to Waksman from Dr. Robert A. Strong enclosing a copy of a letter from Dr. J. J. Martin regarding a recent review of Streptomycin compiled from current literature with a copy of Strong's reply and the article involved. Strong states no one questions that Waksman developed Streptomycin. No attachments with the letter.
-civil action stipulation, original and copy, not signed, docket number C-1261-49 Schatz v. Waksman from May 3, 1946 stating that Schatz and Waksman were co-discovers of the drug Streptomycin and charges Waksman as representing himself as the sole discoverer.
-complaint against Rutgers Research & Endowment Foundation dated March 10, 1950 for the patent for Streptomycin that went to Rutgers Research and Endowment Foundation. Schatz did not want that, Waksman said he would not gain employment because Waksman has influence in the scientific community. If Schatz did not sign Waksman would remove his name from the patent application so Schatz gave in.
-civil action affidavit, copy, number C-1261-49, not signed, from March 23, 1950 Schatz v. Waksman and Rutgers Research & Endowment Foundation with Waksman asking that his testimony in the lawsuit be postponed until he returns from organizational activities.
-letters, (2) copies to Jerome Eisenberg from A. Dudley Watson dated August 21, 1950 and August 25, 1950 about a possible Waksman case settlement.
-letter, to Waksman from Russell E. Watson, Attorney dated October 16, 1950 in response to letter from Waksman dated October 13, 1950 regarding patent policy.
-questionnaires (2), copies, to be asked of Schatz pertaining to his claim that he played an important part in the discovery of Streptomycin.
-questionnaire, to be asked of graduate students and members of the department of Microbiology concerning Schatz.
Box 14, Folder 2: Affidavits, Depositions—Schatz Case
-letters (2) plus a copy to J. F. Gerkens dated May 7, 1946 from Waksman regarding Streptomycin notebooks.
Time magazine editor from Waksman regarding November 7 article on him.
-letter dated November 21, 1949 to Waksman from Mary Lynn Carter.
-letter dated December 6, 1949 to Waksman from Sam Epstein.
-copy of a letter dated December 8, 1949 to R. Watson from Waksman.
-copy of a letter dated December 15, 1949 from Watson from Ingham.
-letter dated March 14, 1950 to Waksman from Goldfarb.
-letter dated March 14, 1950 to Waksman from Dr. Arthur W. Wright.
-letter dated March 14, 1950 to Waksman from Stanley Thomas.
-letter dated March 15, 1950 to Waksman from Robert C. Clothier.
-letter dated March 16, 1950 to Waksman from Maxwell J. Lentz, DDS.
-copy of a letter dated March 17, 1950 to Reynolds from Waksman.
-copy of a letter dated March 16, 1950 to R. Watson from Waksman.
-editorial from the Orlando Sentinel dated March 22, 1950.
-letter dated March 23, 1950 to Waksman from Walter C. Russell with chronology of Schatz employment with Rutgers and salary history.
-letter to Waksman while he is in Naples, Italy from Robert Starkey dated May 10, 1950 regarding Schatz case.
-letter, copy dated May 11, 1950 to D. Watson from Ingham.
-copy of a letter dated May 12, 1950 to D. Watson, Ingham regarding Brennan, Leone, Robbins.
-copy of a letter dated May 15, 1950 to Ingham from Wilbur M. Runk regarding Mrs. John J. Frazier.
-copy of a letter dated May 18, 1950 to D. Watson from Ingham.
-copy of a letter dated May 16, 1950 from Watson from Ingham.
-copy of a letter dated May 19, 1950 from Watson from Ingham.
-letter to Starkey dated May 26, 1950 from Reynolds.
-copy of a letter dated June 1, 1950 to Dr. Donald M. Reynolds from Starkey.
-copy of a letter dated June 5, 1950 from Watson from Ingham.
-copy of a letter dated June 6, 1950 to Martin from Watson.
-copy of a letter dated June 7, 1950 to James Martin from R.L. Starkey about being interviewed about the case.
-letter, copy dated June 7, 1950 to Fason from Waksman regarding Schatz case.
-copy of a letter dated June 8, 1950 to D. Watson from Ingham examination of monthly reports case.
-copy of a letter dated June 9, 1950 from D. Watson to Ingham.
-copy of a letter dated June 14, 1950 to Dr. Dorcas Fason from D. Watson.
-letter, dated June 14, 1950 to Doris Jones regarding help with the case.
-copy of a letter dated June 21, 1950 to D. Watson from Van Wie Ingham referring to his examination of monthly reports from 7/43 to 6/44. Evidence Schatz worked on Streptomycin.
-copy of a letter dated June 22, 1950 from Watson to Ingham. Schatz disgruntled, Pirone and Daines in confidence.
-copy of a letter dated June 23, 1950 to Dr. Donald M. Reynolds from Starkey.
-newspaper clipping, dated August 30, 1950 from The Daily Home News, suit is amended on Streptomycin.
-newspaper clipping from The New York Herald Tribune dated December 1, 1950 titled "Streptomycin Role of Schatz Is Agreed Upon" Schatz is technical and legal co-discoverer, attorney for Waksman conceeds."
-copy of a letter dated February 5, 1951 to the Hon. Arthur T. Vanderbilt from Watson.
-letter dated February 23, 1954 to Waksman from Robert S. Dunham regarding Streptimycin.
-letter from Waksman to The New York Times and all former graduate students collaborators in the Department of Microbiology.
-copies of memos about Schatz.
-list, names of individuals who knew Schatz during his work at the Rutgers department of microbiology.
-miscellaneous newspaper clippings about Streptomycin case.
Box 14, Folder 3: Background Material
-letter dated June 18, 1943 to Waksman from Seibert.
-letter, copy dated June 21, 1943 to Waksman from Seibert.
-letter, copy dated June 23, 1943 to Waksman from Seibert.
-memo, dated December 29, 1943 Dr. Tishler from R. Denkewalter regarding procedure used in working with Streptomycin and Schatz's handwritten methyl-formate procedure.
-*letter dated May 21, 1944 to Martin from Advances in Pediatrics. Applauds Waksman for giving credit to those who have worked for him even though he is the obvious discoverer of Streptomycin.
-letter dated April 30, 1946 to Strong from Martin.
-letter, copy dated May 21, 1946 to Huber from Schatz.
-letter, (2) copies dated May 31, 1946 to Strong from Waksman.
-returned checks (3), dated January 8, 1948, August 31, 1948 and December 11, 1948 to Schatz from Waksman for $500 apiece.
-letter, dated December 15, 1949 to Waksman from Florence B. Seibert with a copy of requested invoice.
-memo, to Schatz from Woodruff dated December 29, 1949 regarding Streptomycin.
-letter, copy dated December 29, 1949 to Merck from Schatz.
-memo, dated December 29, 1949 to Schatz from F. Barterstein regarding Streptomycin.
-statement, multiple copies, dated December 29, 1950 The Streptomycin Litigation Statement by Dr. Robert C. Clothier. Reprint from January-February, 1951 Rutgers faculty newsletter.
-letter dated February 19, 1954 to Waksman from Howard Huber regarding special locks on Microbiology labs.
-copy of a report, "Streptomycin Background Material" by Sam Epstein.
-statement by Rutgers Research and Endowment Foundation Respecting Compensation paid to Schatz.
Box 14, Folder 4: Correspondence with Albert Schatz
-letter, handwritten dated March 31, 1943 to Waksman from Schatz regarding congratulations for Waksman's receiving an honorary degree, Schatz's ill health, Schatz's research on meningitis.
-letter, handwritten dated March 17, 1945 to Waksman from Schatz.
-copies dated May 3, 1946 transferring the rights for the patent application for Streptomycin to Rutgers Endowment Foundation for $1. It is signed by Waksman and Schatz.
-*letter and copy to Waksman from Schatz dated May 21, 1946. Thanks to Waksman for allowing him to assist in the development of Streptomycin.
-letter, handwritten dated October 16, 1946 to Waksman from Schatz regarding polio research.
-letter, handwritten dated November 14, 1946 to Waksman from Schatz regarding cultures to Dr. Liebmann.
-letter, handwritten dated November 26, 1946 to Waksman from Schatz.
-letter, handwritten dated February 3, 1947 to Waksman from Schatz regarding the possibility of Schatz obtaining a fellowship in Europe.
-letter, handwritten dated February 20, 1947 to Waksman from Schatz regarding virus research.
-letter, dated March 11, 1947 to Waksman from Schatz regarding his work with actinomycin.
-letter, handwritten dated March 24, 1947 to Waksman from Schatz.
-letter, handwritten dated June 4, 1947 to Waksman from Schatz.
-letter, handwritten dated September 25, 1947 to Waksman from Schatz.
-letter, handwritten dated October 7, 1947 to Waksman from Schatz.
-letter, handwritten dated October 15, 1947 to Waksman from Schatz regarding the Hodgkins Foundation with a letter dated January 8, 1947 to Schatz from Herman A. Hoster M.D.
-letter, handwritten dated October 15, 1947 to Waksman from Schatz.
-letter, handwritten dated November 18, 1947 to Waksman from Schatz.
-letter, handwritten dated January 31, 1948 to Waksman from Schatz.
-epilogue, handwritten dated January 31, 1948 to Waksman from Schatz. Schatz regrets his departure with Streptomycin. He says he has "not the slightest desire for fame, glory, popular acclamation, or a lot of money."
-letter, handwritten dated February 5, 1948 to Waksman from Schatz. Waksman offers to recommend Schatz to Rutgers Research and Endowment Foundation.
-letter, dated February 17, 1948 to Waksman from Schatz regarding Schatz's insurance.
-letter, handwritten dated February 20, 1948 to Waksman from Schatz.
-letter, handwritten dated February 26, 1948 to Waksman from Schatz.
-letter, handwritten dated March 2, 1948 to Waksman from Schatz thanking him for a recommendation.
-letter, handwritten dated March 16, 1948 to Waksman from Schatz.
-letter, handwritten dated June 1, 1948 to Waksman from Schatz.
-letter, handwritten dated September 7, 1948 to Waksman from Schatz.
-letter, handwritten dated September 19, 1948 to Waksman from Schatz.
-letter, handwritten dated October 9, 1948 to Waksman from Schatz.
-letter, handwritten dated November 22, 1948 to Waksman from Schatz.
-*letter, handwritten dated November 29, 1948 to Waksman from Schatz. Schatz states "I simply would not know what to do with more money if I had it."
-letter, handwritten dated December 8, 1948 to Waksman from Schatz regarding patent application.
-*letter dated January 22, 1949 to Waksman from Schatz regarding New Zealand and Canadian patent assignments. Schatz is concerned he is losing association with Streptomycin.
-letter, dated March 11, 1949 to Waksman from Schatz regarding the IRS.
-2 letters, copies dated November, 1942 to Schatz from Waksman.
-2 letters, copies dated December, 1942 to Schatz from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated April 5, 1943 to Schatz from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated April 14, 1943 to Schatz from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated November 15, 1946 to Schatz from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated November 29, 1946 to Schatz from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated January 6, 1947 to Schatz from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated January 27, 1947 to Schatz from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated February 4, 1947 to Schatz from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated March 17, 1947 to Schatz from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated March 31, 1947 to Schatz from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated June 2, 1947 to Schatz from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated June 6, 1947 to Schatz from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated February 20, 1947 to Schatz from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated September 29, 1947 to Schatz from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated October 9, 1947 to Schatz from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated November 10, 1947 to Schatz from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated January 22, 1948 to Schatz from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated February 3, 1948 to Schatz from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated February 25, 1948 to Schatz from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated March 1, 1948 to Schatz from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated March 17, 1948 to Schatz from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated May 4, 1948 to Schatz from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated June 2, 1948 to Schatz from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated September 24, 1948 to Schatz from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated October 14, 1948 to Schatz from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated November 24, 1948 to Schatz from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated December 2, 1948 to Schatz from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated December 13, 1948 to Schatz from Waksman regarding his enclosing a check to Schatz for $500.
-*letter, copy dated January 28, 1949 to Schatz from Waksman. Waksman states Schatz had nothing to do with the practical development of Streptomycin.
-*letter, copy dated February 1, 1949 to Schatz from Waksman. Waksman claims sole discovery with support from many graduate students.
-miscellaneous stack of copies
Box 14, Folder 5: Data on Bromberg, et al:
-letter, (2) copies, dated April 20, 1946 to Waksman from Gilbert Daudorf.
-letter, dated April 29, 1946 to Daudorf from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated May 4, 1946 to Dr. W. G. Hutchinson from Waksman.
-letter (2) copies, dated May 21, 1946 to Waksman from C. Chesterstock.
-letter, copy dated February 21, 1949 to Iliffe, Secretary from R. L. Starkey regarding John Scott Award to Waksman.
-letter, copy dated February 23, 1949 to Iliffe Waksman deserves full credit for Streptomycin.
-letter, copy dated May 20, 1949 to Waksman from Chesterstock.
-letter, copy dated June 22, 1949 to Dr. Elizabeth S. Clark from MD Bromberg & Assoc., Inc. regarding the role Schatz played in the discovery of Streptomycin.
-letter, copy dated July 14, 1949 to Bromberg from ? Dean & Director regarding Schatz established as one of the discoverers of Streptomycin.
-letter, (2) copies dated August 3, 1949 to Dr. J. W. Foster from M. H. Blomberg & Assoc. about Schatz and Streptomycin.
-letter, copy dated August 23, 1949 to Bromberg from Foster.
-*report, dated September 30, 1949 W & W Sleuthing Agency. R. Watson and Waksman information on Dr. J. J. Martin.
-letter, copy dated September 30, 1949 to Waksman from H. Woodruff regarding Schatz and Streptomycin.
-letter, copy to Doris Jones dated October 1, 1949 from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated October 17, 1949 to Eugene C. Worden from R. Watson.
-letter, copy dated October 17, 1949 to Albert L. Jacobs from R. Watson.
-letter, copy to Doris Jones dated October 21, 1949 from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated December 2, 1949 to Rutgers Research & Endowment Foundation from Louis Libert regarding Schatz no longer wants Rutgers to represent him regarding Streptomycin patent. Along with this is a notary document dated November 16, 1949, also a letter dated December 7, 1949 to Libert from Watson.
-letter, copy dated December 28, 1951 to A. Johnson from R. Watson.
-statement, copy by R. Watson about Schatz's claims about Streptomycin.
-telegram, copy to the Judges and President of the U.S. Junior Chamber of Commerce from W. S. Moreland of Rutgers. Schatz claims discovery of Streptomycin and Rutgers tries to correct them.
Box 14, Folder 6: Latest Supplement to Schatz Case
-letter, dated December 15, 1952 to Waksman in Japan from Russell E. Watson of Rutgers Research & Endowment Fund regarding Schatz's status in the discover of Streptomycin and a published book.
-letter, dated February 10, 1954 to Waksman from Watson regarding Waksman autobiography and Watson's concerns regarding Waksman's writing about the discovery of Streptomycin concerning Schatz. Waksman agreed in the settlement of the lawsuit that Schatz deserved "co-discoverer" credit, in the book Waksman gives him as well as the other student workers minimal credit. Watson is fearful that Waksman will be sued further by Schatz.
-letter, dated January 6, 1954 to Waksman from Ephraim S. London Law Firm, London, Simpson & London regarding Waksman autobiography. Attached is a copy of Waksman's response.
-letter, copy, dated February 12, 1954 to London from Waksman regarding final draft of Waksman autobiography and possibility of Waksman writing another book "The Discovery of Streptomycin" in the future.
-*essay by Waksman about Schatz regarding and his lawyers entitled "A Bit of Schatziana."
Box 14, Folder 7: Disposition of Streptomycin Royalties
-letter, handwritten dated January 1, 1950 to Waksman from Boyd Woodruff.
-telegram dated December 30, 1950 to Dr. Robert C. Clothier, President of Rutgers Research & Endowment Fund from James J. Kerrigan, President Merck & Co.
*-minutes of the meeting of the Trustees of Rutgers Research & Endowment Foundation dated December 15, 1950 regarding the settlement of the Schatz case. Attached are Waiver of Notice forms, Memo of Proposed of Settlement dated December 19, 1950, a December 20, 1950 memo regarding entitled "Plaintiff's Proposal for Settlement, Civil Action Judgment Form", CA Stipulation of Settlement, Statement by Clothier dated December 21, 1950, letter dated December 29, 1950 to Watson from John T. Connor of Merck & Co. and Statement by the Court dated December 29, 1950.
-letter, copy dated January 2, 1951 to Waksman from H. Corwin Hinshaw, MD.
-letter, dated January 5, 1951 to Waksman from Donald M. Reynolds.
-letter, dated January 8, 1951 to Waksman from R. L. Starkey.
-letter, dated January 8, 1951 to Waksman from John D. Schenone.
-letter, dated January 9, 1951 to Waksman from Donald M. Reynolds.
-letter, dated January 9, 1951 to Waksman from H. Corwin Hinshaw, MD.
-letter, dated January 10, 1951 to Waksman from Harry J. Robinson.
-letter, dated January 10, 1951 to Waksman from Dale Harns.
-letter, handwritten dated January 10, 1951 to Waksman from Gale Harris.
-letter, dated January 10, 1951 to Waksman from Harry J. Robinson.
-confidential letter, dated January 11, 1951 to Waksman from C. Hinshaw about Bill Feldman not accepting his share of the royalties from Streptomycin.
-letter, dated January 11, 1951 to Waksman from A. Dudley Watson.
-letter, dated January 11, 1951 to Waksman from Hinshaw.
-letter, dated January 18, 1951 to Waksman from H. J. Metzger Associates Research Specialist in Agricultural Biochemistry. Waksman designates monies to individuals in connection with Streptomycin.
-letter, copy dated January 18, 1951 to Waksman from Kent Wight.
-card, dated January 18, 1951 from Clara.
-letter, copy dated January 18, 1950 to Waksman from Walton B. Geiger with returned checks from Streptomycin royalties with references explaining why he could not accept the money.
-letter, dated January 19, 1951 to Waksman from Donald M. Reynolds.
-letter, dated January 20, 1951 to Waksman from Warren Iverson.
-letter, handwritten, dated January 21, 1951 to Waksman from Don Johnstone.
-letter, dated January 23, 1951 to Geiger from Waksman with references.
-letter, handwritten, dated February 4, 1951 to Waksman from Elizabeth S. Horning.
-letter, to Waksman dated February 5, 1951 from Van Wie Ingham.
-letter, dated February 8, 1951 to Waksman from R. Watson.
-letter dated February 13, 1951 to Waksman from William H. Feldman, Mayo Foundation.
-letter, handwritten, dated February 14, 1951 to Waksman from Chris.
-letter, copy dated February 19, 1951 to Dr. W. H. Feldman from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated April 20, 1951 to Mrs. Mildred B. Powell from Van Wie Ingham regarding percentages to be received from Streptomycin.
-excerpts (3) from JAMA, vol 145, no 5, p 324 from 1951 explaining Streptomycin settlement.
-list of recipients for Streptomycin royalties and their respective percentages.
-letter shell written to divide Streptomycin royalties with bonuses for length of service.
-newspaper clippings, dated January 29, 1950 "Research workers to share royalties from Streptomycin" Science dated January 19, 1951 article, Newsweek January 8, 1951 and Newark Evening News January 29, 1950.
-newspaper clipping in German with Rutgers statement "The Streptomycin Litigation".
-*press release from Rutgers News Service about lawsuit settling. Schatz gets 3% of royalties and $125,000.
-*copy of a confidential memo to Rutgers Research & Endowment Fund from Waksman regarding disposition of payments to him from Rutgers.
Box 14, Folder 8: Personality of Albert Schatz
-reprint from Proceedings of the NY State Association of Public Health Labs, vol XXVI, no 2, 1946, p 68-69, the history of Streptomycin.
-letter, copy to Waksman from Harold W. Lyall dated April 4, 1946. Waksman recommends Schatz for a position.
-copy of a statement dated February 2, 1949 concerning the appointment of Schatz as an assistant in the department of Microbiology at Rutgers.
-Dr. John R. Steen, Foster D. Snell, Inc. Chemical Engineering, September, 1950, p 266.
-letter, to Waksman dated March 15, 1950 from William Stanken, Jr. Head, Theadeau Lab.
-letter, dated February 10, 1951 to Waksman from CP Rhoads, MD.
-letter, copy dated February 16, 1951 to C.P. Roads from Waksman, steps to the discovery of Streptomycin.
-*program from US Junior Chamber of Commerce honors America's Ten Outstanding Young Men dated January 23, 1954. Schatz is named as one of them.
-letter dated March 14, 1958 to Waksman from Donald M. Reynolds.
-copy of Comments Regarding Dr. Albert Schatz and his Part in the Discovery of Streptomycin.
-various quotations about the relationship between students and teachers from the Talmud.
-pamphlets (2) The Story of Microbes by Schatz and Sarah Riedman.
Box 14, Folder 9: The Nobel Prize
-letter, dated October 29, 1952 to Prof. Goran Liljestrand, Secretary of the Nobel Commission for Medicine, Univ. of Stockholm from Elmer S. Reinthaler, National Agricultural Farm School in Bucks County, PA. Schatz is a professor at the Agricultural Farm School and Reinthaler is distressed that the Nobel Prize for Streptomycin was awarded to Waksman alone.
-letters, (2) dated October 30, 1952 to Waksman from Reinthaler containing a chronology of events from Waksman's beginning research with Streptomycin to finally Schatz's gaining co-discovery status.
-*letter, 4 copies dated November 10, 1952 to Reinthaler for Albert B. Sabin, Prof. of Research Pediatrics, the Children's Hospital Research Foundation regarding Schatz's actions to Waksman. He believes Waksman deserves the Nobel prize for the sum of his life's work and that Schatz is acting like an "ungrateful, spoiled, immature child."
-letter, copy dated November 11, 1952 to Prof. Amid Wallgren from Waksman regarding above two items questioning Schatz's motives for Reinthaler's letter.
-letter, copy dated November 11, 1952 to Liljestrand from Stuart Mudd, M.D., Waksman deserves Nobel prize.
-letter, copy dated November 14, 1952 to Mudd from Waksman.
-letter, dated November 15, 1952 to Waksman from Dr. J. C. Hogerheide Waksman should get Nobel prize credit with copy of Sabin letter.
-letter, handwritten, dated November 16, 1952 to Waksman from Jean Broadhurst regading Waksman's generosity.
-letter, dated November 18, 1952 to Waksman from Ingham.
-letter, dated November 21, 1952 to Waksman from Watson advising W not to instigate litigation against Schatz.
-newspaper clipping from the New Brunswick Times dated November 30, 1952 Schatz and Dr. Sarah Riedman wrote The Story of Microbes.
-*letter, copy dated December 2, 1952 to Frank McGregor, President, Harper & Bros. from Russell E. Watson. In Schatz's book The Story of Microbes Schatz states: "At the age of 23 Dr. Schatz was responsible for the research which resulted in the discovery of the miracle drug Streptomycin." The publisher is warned that the statement is "libelous."
-letter, copy dated January 29, 1953 to Dr. Lewis Webster Jones, President, Rutgers from Watson. Advises Waksman not to take action against Schatz because his book received so little attention.
-letter, dated June 3, 1953 to Waksman from Arthur E. Humphrey development of Streptomycin.
-letters, 2 copies dated June 11, 1953 to Dr. Humphrey from Waksman explaining Schatz's part in Streptomycin.
-letter, dated November 13, 1956 to Waksman from David Weiss wants facts about Schatz case.
-miscellaneous newspapers, magazine clippings about National Agricultural College's letter to the Nobel prize committee.
-statement, to Walter J. Murphy, editor Chemical & Engineering News from Waksman replying to a published letter from Clifford A. Hempel about students receiving credit for their work.
Box 14, Folder 10: Notebooks-Scientific Aspects:
-copy of Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Commission on Military Affairs U.S. Senate, part 15, discovery of Streptomycin dated November 1-2, 1945.
-copy, The History of Streptomycin, by Schatz for presentation at the NY State Association of Public Health Laboratories, Nov. 1, 1946, Albany.
-letter, copy to John W. Iliffe, Secretary Advisory Committee for the John Scott Award dated February 21, 1949 Waksman's role in regard to Streptomycin.
-3 working copies of History of Isolation of Culture of Actinomyces Griseus.
-copy remarks by Dr. Waksman on 3 of his notebooks containing data on the antagonistic properties of microorganisms and production of antibiotic substances which led to the islolation of Streptomycin dated May 1, 1953.
-copy of A Detailed Analysis of the Notebooks of Dr. Waksman (Antagonisms III & IV) and of Elizabeth (Betty) Bugie (Antibiotics I & II).
-copy of A Detailed Analysis of the Notebooks of Schatz.
-list, copy, publications on Streptomycin.
Box 15, Folder 1: Copies of Schatz's Letters
-letter, to Waksman from Schatz dated March 31, 1947 with copy letter to Schatz from C. S. McCleskey, LA State University regarding an available position dated March 25, 1947 to Schatz.
-letter, copy, dated January 12, 1949 to Schatz from Waksman regarding New Zealand and Canadian patent assignments and Waksman recommending Schatz for a position.
-*letter, 2 copies to Waksman from Schatz dated January 22, 1949 regarding New Zealand and Canadian patent assignments.
-*letter, copy dated January 28, 1949 to Schatz from Waksman.
-letter, copy dated February 8, 1949 to Schatz from Waksman.
-letter, copy, dated February 8, 1949 to Schatz from Watson regarding his request for an explanation of the working of the Rutgers Research Foundation.
-letter, copy, dated February 27, 1949 to Dr. M. P. Starr, University of California regarding Waksman recommending Schatz for a position.
-letter, copy, dated March 22, 1949 to A. Watson from Schatz regarding lost New Zealand and Canadian patent assignments papers.
-letter, copy, dated March 25, 1949 to R. Watson from Schatz regarding New Zealand and Canadian patent assignments.
-letter, copy, dated March 29, 1949 to Schatz from R. Watson regarding New Zealand and Canadian patent assignments.
-letter, copy, dated April 1, 1949 to Schatz from A. Watson regarding New Zealand and Canadian patent assignments.
-letter, copy dated April 28, 1949 to Schatz from Waksman—this may never have been sent per handwritten note by Waksman.
-letter, copy dated April 29, 1949 to R. Watson from Schatz. Schatz wants his $1 royalty payment for signing the US Streptomycin patent assignment.
-*letter, copy dated May 11, 1949 to R. Watson from Schatz. Schatz refuses to sign any more patents unless compensated.
-letter, copy dated May 24, 1949 to Schatz from R. Watson regarding royalty payment for signing the US Streptomycin patent assignment.
-letter, copy dated July 13, 1949 to Schatz from R. Watson regarding patent assignment procedures.
-letter, copy dated August 23, 1949 to Bromberg M.D., Bromberg & Assoc..
-letter, copy dated September 12, 1955 to Nick ? from George A. Llano.
-letter, 3 copies dated September 12, 1955 to Nick ? from Llano.
-essay, copy, Contribution of Albert Schatz to the Development of Streptomycin by Waksman.
-essay, Streptomycin Background Material, by Sam Epstein.
-letter, copies dated September 29, 1947, November 10, 1947, January 22, 1948, February 3, 1948, March 1, 1948, May 4, 1948, June 2, 1948, September 24, 1948, November 24, 1948, December 2, 1948, December 13, 1948.
-*letter, 4 copies, to from Llano who describes Schatz as a "warped, crazy person of incredible insincerity, dishonesty and every evil trait you can name."
Box 15, Folder 2: Story of Streptomycin
-essay, dated May 1, 1949, The Story of Streptomycin, Background, Isolation, Development and Utilization by Waksman.
-memorandum, copy, dated October 21, 1949 to the Trustees of the Rutgers Research & Endowment Foundation.
-memorandum to the Trustees of Rutgers Research & Endowment Foundation presenting a Review of the Schatz case and a statement of its present status. This memorandum sets forth the important incidents only and is not a detailed account. With it is the August 21, 1950 letter to A. Watson from Waksman and the August 25, 1950 letter to Eisenberg from R. Watson.
-Suggested Approaches to the Schatz Case and handwritten notes.
-essay, 2 copies, Dr. A Schatz's part in the Discovery of Streptomycin.
-essay, Contribution of A Schatz to the Development of Streptomycin by Waksman.
-statement concerning the part played by Dr. A Schatz in the discovery of Streptomycin.
Box 15, Folder 3: Streptomycin Papers & Other Pertinent Data:
-patent number 1, 494, 435 US Patent Office dated May 20, 1924.
-reprint from Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences dated February, 1943, volume 29, pages 74-79 by Schatz and Waksman.
-memorandums 2 of invention of Streptomycin dated August 14, 1944.
-reprints 2 from Science dated August 4, 1944, volume 100, number 2588, pages 103-105 by Jones, Metzger, Schatz and Waksman.
-reprint from Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology & Medicine dated 1944, pages 244-248 by Schatz and Waksman.
-reprint from Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology & Medicine dated 1944, volume 55, pages 66-69 by Schatz, Bugie and Waksman.
-reprint from the Staff Meetings of the Mayo Clinic, dated 1944, volume by Waksman, Bugie and Schatz.
-reprint from Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences dated May, 1945, volume 31(5), pages 129-137 by Schatz and Waksman.
-reprint from Science dated June 29, 1945, volume 101, number 2635, pages 665-668 by Jones, Beaudette, Geiger and Waksman.
-reprint from Journal of Bacteriology by Jones vol 50(3), September, 1945.
-Rutgers Faculty Newsletter dated 1/46.
-reprint from Journal of Bacteriology, volume 52(3), September, 1946 by Jones and Schatz.
-reprint from the Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, dated January, 1947, volume 74(1), pages 9-19.
-letter, handwritten dated March 4, 1949 from Doris Jones.
-editorial, Florida Sentinel dated March 22, 1950.
-letter, dated January 4, 1951 to Waksman from A. Watson checks to Schatz and back to Waksman.
-letter, dated November 19, 1957 to Dr. Lewis Webster Jones, President of Rutgers from Joseph J. Martin with October 29, 1952 letter to Prof. Liljestrand and Addendum noting affidavits on file in US Patent Office.
-Doris Jones information.
Box 15, Folder 4: Part of Schatz Case:
-press release, dated March 18, 1950 from Rutgers News Service.
-letter to Edward R. Isaacs dated December 8, 1954 with 1 original manuscript of the Time magazine story on Waksman.
-miscellaneous handwritten notes by Waksman.

Return to the Top

Appendix B: Waksman v. Marcus Case Items by Folder

Box 16, Folder 1: Legal papers re: Marcus Case, 1954-1956
-copy, deposition subpoena to testify for US district court (So. district of NY) civil action file 864-54, to Mary A. Marcus to appear on March 16, 1955 at Roger T. McLean Esq. 115 Broadway NY, and what she should bring
-summons for Waksman (civil action file 864-54) to appear before Nathan Reibel, Esq. (Marcus' lawyer) November 1, 1954, with copies of itemization of Marcus' 3 court agents Waksman & Merck Co., action is assigned to Judge Meaney.
-copy, notice of motion to dismiss action November 28, 1955, "Marcus willfully failed to appear for the taking of her deposition upon oral exam." with record of all the court actions completed and how Marcus avoided due to alleged illness her exam/ also evidence of Marcus never having received a doctorate.
-letter to Waksman from Watson, announcing Meaney's dismissal of the case. April 11, 1956
-civil action no. 864-54, order of dismissal
-civil action no. 864-54, on motion to dismiss complaint, 3-26-1956
-civil action no. 864-54, answer on behalf of Merck & Co.
-civil action, answer of defendants Waksman and Rutgers Research and Endowment Foundation to amended complaint
-summons for defendants, Waksman and Rutgers Research Foundation and Merck to appear before Nathan Reibel (Marcus' lawyer), November 1, 1954
-civil action, amended complaint
-Notice of Motion to Dismiss Action to Nathan Reibel and Stanley & Fisher, Esqs. from A. Dudley Watson (brief in support of motion to dismiss). November 10, 1955
-Notice of Motion to Dismiss Action to Nathan Reibel and Stanley & Fisher, Esqs. from A. Dudley Watson (different from above Notice after the first page-second supplemental brief in support of motion to dismiss). November 10, 1955
-questions to be asked of Waksman at hearing on July 29, 10 AM
-handwritten note on questions re: Marcus (March 31, 1955??) 4 pages
-Summons to defendants from William H. Tallyn and Samuel R. Brettell. November 1, 1954
-copy, re: Marcus v. Waksman-Outline of Argument of Motions (with handwritten notes)
Box 16, Folder 2: Correspondence, Nathan Reibel (Marcus' Lawyer), 1954-1955
-letter to Waksman from Nathan Reibel. March 12, 1954
-copy, letter to Reibel from Russell Watson. March 24, 1954
-copy, letter to Watson from Reibel. March 29, 1954
-copy, Marcus v. Waksman Abbreviated Report, re Facts and Law.
-copy, response to Facts & Law in pencil at top-report to Reibel from Watson regarding Waksman's studies of actinomycetes and streptomyces, a list of publications, and a partial list of cultures he received from all over the world for identification and/or deposition in Waksman's culture collection, as well as a list of those he worked with. May 14, 1954
-letter to Watson from Reibel. August 17, 1954
-copy, letter to Watson from Reibel. August 25, 1954
-copy, letter from Watson to Reibel. August 27, 1954
-letter to Watson from Reibel, December 1, 1955
-letter to Reibel from Watson, December 6, 1955
-letter to Watson from Reibel, December 7, 1955
-copy, letter to Reibel from Watson, December 9, 1955
-copy, letter to Nathan Reibel, Esq. from Watson, December 22, 1955—re Marcus' illness in Israel
-Collective data (Chronologically Arranged) from Reports and Exhibits re: Waksman Case... 41 pages
-discussion why the Waksman-Schatz patent. # 2,449,866 for Streptomycin and Process of Preparation is invalid... 36 pages
-Waksman Lecturing in Russia, Soviet Academy of Science, 1946. (10 pages).
Box 16, Folder 3: Waksman's trip to Russia in 1946, 1945-1946
-copy, letter to Dr. F. B. Jewett, President National Academy of Sciences, from (Waksman) Microbiologist. May 23, 1945 (about a trip to Moscow and Leningrad)
-copy, letter to Waksman from W. H. Kenerson. response to above letter, again no apparent relation to Marcus case—about Waksman looking for funds to travel to Moscow for official festivities. May 24, 1945
-copy, letter to Waksman from Arthur E. Fox-regarding Moscow trip. June 25, 1946
-copy, letter to Waksman from Fox. October 12, 1946
-copy of above letter to Waksman from Fox. June 25, 1946
-copy of above letter to Waksman from Fox. October 12, 1946
Box 16, Folder 4: Correspondence with Lawyers defending Waksman, 1953-1956
-carbon copy, letter to Russell E. Watson, Esq. from Dunham (law offices of Cooper, Byrne, Dunham, Keith, Dearborn), November 10, 1954
-carbon copy, letter to Watson from Cooper, November 10, 1954, re: Marcus v. Waksman et. al. civil action 864-54
-carbon copy, letter to Bob Dunham from Watson, November 12, 1954
-carbon copy, letter to Cooper from Watson, November 12, 1954
-letter to Waksman from Dunham, March 15, 1954
-letter to Waksman from Dunham, March 17, 1954
-letter to Waksman from Watson, June 2, 1954
-carbon copy, letter to Watson from Dunham, May 28, 1954
-to patent dept., Atten. Mr. Nolan, June 17, 1953, from patent liaison group; comments from Dr. Woodruff on negative relationship of streptomycin to Marcus patent
-letter from Dunham to Waksman, December 12, 1954
-copy, letter to Dr. Robert C. Clothier, Rutgers Univ. from R. E. Watson. December 20, 1954
-copy, letter to Dr. Robert A. Cooke, NYC, from Watson. May 20, 1954
-copy, letter to Dr. Lewis Webster Jones, President, Rutgers Univ., from Watson. May 20, 1954
-copy, letter to Lansing P. Shield, Grand Union Co., from Watson. May 20, 1954
-copy, letter to Mr. Carrol M. Shanks, Prudential Ins. Co., from Watson. May 20, 1954
-letter to Waksman from Watson March 29, 1956 re: Marcus
-copy, letter to Reibel from R. T. McLean. July 21, 1955
-copy, letter to McLean from Reibel. July 22, 1955
-copy, letter to Roger T. McLean from Watson. (about checking into whether Marcus really is going to Israel for a medical convention-by checking departure dates in newspapers-thereby postponing her pre-trial oral exam, or that they suspect she is not going at all). July 25, 1955
-copy, letter to Reibel from Watson. July 22, 1955.
-copy, letter to Dr. Lewis Webster Jones, Rutgers Univ. Pres., from Watson. July 21, 1955
-Brief in Support of Motions by Selman A. Waksman and Rutgers Research and Endowment Foundation, civil action file # 864-54.
-civil action, Notice of Motion, to Nathan Reibel from Russell Watson, December 29, 1954
-Statement, list of individuals to be interviewed by Mr. A. Dudley Watson and Mr. Samuel Epstein in connection with the Marcus Case.
-copy of above Statement and list.
-copy, letter to Russell Watson from R. R. McLean. October 4, 1955
-copy, letter to McLean from Marvin Notkins—regarding Marcus not being back from Israel yet and ill there. October 3, 1955
-copy, letter to Roger McLean from Russell Watson. October 5, 1955
Box 16, Folder 5: Biographical Information about Marcus and Prepared Questions, 1955-1956
-# 1-questions concerning her life (unanswered)
-biographical data on Marcus. February 22, 1956
-# 2-Marcus' education
-# 3-Marcus' scientific work (her publications, labs and hospitals where she worked)
-# 4-test of scientific knowledge (intended to be directed at Marcus, with anticipated answers?)
- copy of above # 4-test of scientific knowledge
-# 5-Patent (questions about Marcus' patent to be directed to her?)
-copy of above Patent questions, with handwritten notes
-copy of above # 5, no notes
-# 5-relations between Marcus and Waksman, another version with handwritten notes
-# 6-Marcus' scientific papers
-# 7-relations between Marcus and Waksman (questions to be directed to her?)
-questions for Marcus based on testimony given on February 2, 1955 hearing
-questions for Marcus based on reports from Sam Epstein
Box 16, Folder 6: Marcus' patent and publications, 1925-1937
-Mary A. Marcus, Treatment of Psoriasis, pat. # 2,099,696, filed October 10, 1934. November 23, 1937
-copy of above
-copy, Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, 4 : 132-137, society transactions (NY Path. Society) 1927. M. Marcus (Psoriasis)
-Photostat copy, Official Gazette November 23, 1937, patent for Psoriasis (Marcus) & description
- Chemical Abstracts 32: 311, 1938, Pat.# M. Marcus
-copy, Archives of Dermatology & Syphilology 13: 712-714, 1926, Atlantic Dermatological Conference 12-16-25
-copy, Journal of Laboratory & Clinical Medicine 11: 967-980, 1926, "Sarcinae in Psoriasis" M. A. Marcus
- Archives of Dermatology & Syphilology 15: 623-624, 1927, NY Derm. Soc. Meeting, November 23, 1926
-Photostat of Marcus on psoriasis from Atlantic dermatological conference, NY, New England and Philadelphia, Dermatological societies. December 16, 1925, vol. 13, 1926. pp 712-14.
-copy, Journal of Laboratory & Clinical Medicine 11: 967-980, 1926, "Sarcinae in Psoriasis" M. A. Marcus (different from earlier entry)
-photostat of Marcus on psoriasis from Society Transactions. NY Pathological Societies regular meeting, March 10, 1927
-Photostat of Marcus on psoriasis from NY dermatological society meetings, Nov. 23, 1926, Archives of Dermatology & Syphilology 15, 623-624, 1927
-Photostat, entire Marcus patent # 2,099,696 file from the Department of Commerce. (bound at top, 161 pages) This includes testimonies from doctors who used it and other treatment documentation with photos and illustrations.
-Mary A. Marcus, New York Pathological Society, Abstracts of Papers, presented at the meeting on October 30, 1952 at the NY Academy of Medicine, p. 654
Box 16, Folder 7: Analysis of Marcus' Patent and other Papers by Dr. Hubert A. Lechevalier, 1954-1955
-letter to Lechevalier from Albert F. Bower, re: analysis of Marcus patent. February 28, 1955
-copy, letter to Bower from Lechevalier. March 9, 1955
-analysis of the disclosure of the Marcus patent, # 2,099,696 by Bower. February 28, 1955
-memo from Lechevalier, "Comments on: Collective data from reports and exhibits re Waksman case", he comments on Marcus' questionable degrees and criticism of Waksman's work by Dr. Thom.
-memo from Lechevalier: preliminary analysis of Marcus v. Waksman, abbreviated report re Facts and Law. October 1, 1954
-memo from Lechevalier: preliminary analysis of Marcus' patent #2,099,696. September 28, 1954
-memo from Lechevalier: preliminary analysis of Marcus' patent. September 28, 1954
-a list of work to be done on the Marcus v. Waksman case, by Lechevalier. October 1954
-Marcus v. Waksman, memorandum re: complaint. November 5, 1954
-memorandum re: Marcus case from Hubert Lechevalier, his investigations. November 9, 1954
-memorandum re; Marcus case from Lechevalier, his review of Waksman's publications and the fact that none of his work mentions work with the protein content of actinomycetes. November 10, 1954
Box 16, Folder 8: Experts Consulted by Lechevalier, 1954-1956
-letter to Mildred Powell from Edward R Isaacs, regarding Dr. Lechevalier's fees. April 23, 1956
-copy, letter to Dr. Rhoda Benham from Lechevalier, summary of Dr. Lechevalier's expenses. April 12, 1956
-letter to Lechevalier from J. Snyder. April 19, 1956
-copy, letter to Synder from Lechevalier. April 12, 1956
-copy, memo to Watson from Lechevalier and Epstein, summary of Dr. Lechevalier's visit to Drs. Benham (her work with Marcus at Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center in 1928) and Snyder. February 16, 1955
-copy, letter to Carroll Wright from Lechevalier. April 12, 1956
-copy, memo to Watson from Lechevalier, summary of visit to Carroll Wright. January 29, 1955
-copy, letter to Emmons from Lechevalier. April 12, 1956
-letter to Lechevalier from Chester Emmons. April 19, 1956
-letter to Lechevalier from Emmons. January 13, 1955
-copy, memo to Watson from Lechevalier, summary of visit to Emmons-not recommending that he testify. January 28, 1955
-letter to Lechevalier from Dr. Harry M. Rose, Dept. Microbiology, Columbia Univ. (with handwritten notes front and back) 12-16-1954
-copy, letter to Dr. Harry M. Rose, Dept. Microbiology, Columbia Univ., from Lechevalier. December 28, 1954
-letter to Lechevalier from Dr. Harry M. Rose, Dept. Microbiology, Columbia Univ. January 12, 1955
-copy, letter to Dr. Harry M. Rose, Dept. Microbiology, Columbia Univ., from Lechevalier. January 19, 1955
-copy, letter to Dr. Harry M. Rose, Dept. Microbiology, Columbia Univ., from Lechevalier. April 12, 1956
-copy, letter to Dr. Elvin A. Kabat, Dept. Microbiology, Columbia Univ., from Lechevalier. Febrary 7, 1955
-letter to Lechevalier from Dr. Kabat. February 9, 1955
-copy, letter to Dr. Kabat from Lechevalier. February 14, 1955
-copy, letter to Dr. Kabat from Lechevalier. February 23, 1955
-letter to Lechevalier from Dr. Kabat (with handwritten notes). February 25, 1955
-copy, memo to Watson from Lechevalier re: visit with Dr. Kabat. March 8, 1955
-copy, letter to Dr. Kabat from Lechevalier. April 12, 1956
-copy, memo to Watson from Lechevalier and Sam Epstien re: visit to Dr. Paul Gross in NYC. February 16, 1955
-copy, letter to Dr. Paul Gross, NYC, from Lechevalier. April 12, 1956
-copy, memo to R. E. & A. D. Watson from Lechevalier re: interview of Dr. O. J. Sokoloff, Dermatologist, New Brunswick, N.J. December 1, 1954
-copy, letter to Dr. Sokoloff from Lechevalier. April 12, 1956
-copy, memo to Watson from Lechevalier re: visit to Dr. Marion B. Sulzberger (he knew Marcus well and said her mental illness was obvious, but that she can remain lucid under stress for a long time. He suggested that during examination she be needled with questions attacking her ego, e.g. "Do you think that the medical profession has been discriminating against you?" Other specialists in the field are listed.). November 29, 1954
-copy, letter to Dr. Sulzberger, Bellevue Hospital from Lechevalier. April 12, 1956
-letter to Lechevalier from Dr. Sulzberger. April 18, 1956
-letter to Lechevalier from Dr. John F. Madden, a dermatologist in St.Paul Minnesota. December 3, 1954
-copy, letter to Dr. Madden from Lechevalier. December 9, 1954
-questionnaire from Dr. Madden. December 9, 1954
-copy, letter to Dr. Madden from Lechevalier. December 21, 1954
-copy, letter to Dr. Madden from Lechevalier. January 3, 1955
-copy, memo to Watson from Lechevalier. A questionnaire sent to Dr. John F. Madden, a dermatologist in St. Paul Minnesota. February 10, 1955
-copy, letter to Dr. Madden from Lechevalier. April 12, 1956
-handwritten note to Lechevalier from Mrs. Betty Madden. April 26, 1956
-letter to Lechevalier from Professor Earle H. Spaulding, Temple University (with handwritten notes) February 10, 1955
-copy, letter to Prof. Spaulding from Lechevalier. February 23, 1955
-letter to Lechevalier from Spaulding. March 1, 1955
-copy, letter to Spaulding from Lechevalier. March 7, 1955
-copy, letter to Spaulding from Lechevalier. April 12, 1956
-copy, memo to Watson from Lechevalier re: list of potential witnesses to testify. May 25, 1955
-copy, letter to Watson from Edward Robert Isaacs, executive secretary. May 26, 1955
-copy, letter to Dr. J. Snider (should be Snyder), director, Vanderbilt clinic, NYC, from Lechevalier, with an enclosure re: Marcus' claimed clinical cases and discussion about her patent application. January 10, 1955
-letter to Lechevalier from Dr. J. Snyder (with handwritten notes). January 21, 1955
-copy, letter to Snyder from Lechevalier. January 26, 1955
-copy, memo to Lechevalier from Dr. Ruth Gordon. December 6, 1954
-copy, letter to Sam Epstein from Edward Robert Isaacs (with an attached copy of a letter to Dr. John G. Kidd, Cornell Medical College, from Marcus. February 9, 1953). December 6, 1954
-memo, to Watson from Lechevalier, comments on (Waksman's) notebooks submitted in answer of supoena, November 22, 1954
-legal size manila envelope, addressed to Dr. Hubert A. Lechevalier, Institute of Microbiology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, from Dr. John F. Madden, 1228 Lowery Medical Arts Bldg., St. Paul, Minnesota. December 16, 1954
-memo to R. E. & A. D. Watson from Clara H. Wark, (describes what takes place at the time when Dr. Waksman is given cultures). November 12, 1954
-copy, above memo with handwritten notes
-handwritten slip of paper by Clara about note below
-typed note by Clara? (describes what takes place at the time when Dr. Waksman is given cultures).
Box 17, Folder 1: Lists submitted by Waksman to his lawyers, 1939-1954
-typed notes re: 1) people who will make depositions about Marcus' insane behavior, especially Mrs. Eunice T. Miner, Secretary of the New York Academy of Sciences. 2) Mr. Bernard Grossman, Chairman of the Federal Bar Association reports that Marcus' attorney, Mr. L. Notkin is not a member of the Bar and his address is 1440 Broadway.
-list of letters submitted to R. E. Watson by Waksman
-list of Documents which are being submitted
-list of log books dealing with the work on the actinomycetes leading to the discovery of streptomycin by Waksman, his students and collaborators
-copy of above entry
-excerpt from Science, December 10, 1954, p. 966.
-excerpt from Chemical and Engineering News 32, 1954, p. 4658.
-copy, letter to Dear Sir from Vincent Groupe, Institute of Microbiology, Rutgers University—a letter of correction to the journal Science.
-The Biology of the Actinomycetes and their Economic Importance by Selman A. Waksman-given at a symposium, September 7-11, 1953. (Schedule 8, written in pen at top)
-schedule 4 (publications by Waksman and Henrici on actinomycetes, 1939, 1943)
-schedule 5-important publications dealing with the various aspects of actinomycetes.
-schedule 9-list of certain investigators who worked under Waksman
-schedule 10-three recent letter exemplifying the requests Waksman receives from other people regarding their research.
-Independent isolation of streptomycin-producing strains of streptomyces griseus and isolation of organisms other than streptomyces griseus that have the capacity to produce streptomycin
Box 17, Folder 2: Waksman's statements, responses and correspondence, 1939-1955
-statement by Waksman concerning the legal action instituted by Marcus. November 5, 1954
-statement concerning Waksman's relations with Merck & Co.
-two statements pertaining to questions by Marcus' lawyers- regarding Waksman's income from July 1, 1938 to May 30, 1941 and his collaborators during 1928-1930.
-duplicate of above statement, with handwritten note on back
-copy, letter to Waksman from Randolph T. Major, director of research Merck & Co., regarding Waksman's agreement of work with them and his salary. May 30, 1939
-copy, letter to Waksman from Randolph Major. February 21, 1939
-copy, letter to Waksman from Randolph Major. Feberuary 21, 1939
-letter to Waksman from Edward Robert Isaacs re: events at the courthouse and what Waksman needs to prepare about allegedly giving to the Soviet Government (by Marcus). June 21, 1955
-statement by trustees of Rutgers Research and Endowment Foundation Concerning Litigation by Mary A. Marcus. November 4, 1954
-statement by Waksman denying the accusations of Marcus. November 5, 1954
-memo re: Marcus Suit discussions between Nathan Reibel and L. M. Notkin, and Russell E. Watson, A. Dudley Watson and Robert S. Dunham. September 10, 1954
-copy, proposed statement by Waksman, 3rd draft, November 23, 1955
-memo from Waksman to Watson-confidential, 17 pages
-copy of the above, 17 pages. general statement pertaining to summons answering the different counts-both copies with handwritten notes.
-Waksman's responses to questions regarding Marcus, her work and streptomycin
-statement by Waksman concerning the legal action instituted by Marcus (last draft handwritten in pencil at top).
-proposed statement by Waksman, third draft. November 23, 1955
-draft of proposed statement by Waksman, with handwritten notes
-statement by Waksman re: courts' dismissal of Marcus case, second edition.
Box 17, Folder 3: Correspondence between Waksman and various doctors, 1954-1957
-scrap of legal paper with address for E. J. Hughes with Equitable Life Insurance
-copy, letter to Prof. Karling, dept of Bio. at Purdue, from Waksman. March 5, 1955
-letter to Waksman from E. V. McCollum, Prof. Biology emeritus at Johns Hopkins. May 12, 1954
-letter to Waksman from McCollum. November 19, 1954
-letter to Waksman from Marc S. Albanes, research fellow at the Rutgers Agricultural Experiment Station. November 9, 1954
-copy, letter to Dr. Guzman Barron, Bio-Chem Department, University Chicago, from Waksman. May 11, 1954
-letter to Waksman from H. O. Halvorson, Bacteriology Department, University of Illinois, May 18, 1954
-letter to Halvorson from Waksman. May 10, 1954 (discusses Marcus' trouble to Drs. Green, Henrici, Larson in Minnesota—which went to court)
-copy, letter to Dr. Gregory Shwartzman, Director, Department of Microbiology at Mt. Sinai Hospital, NY. from Waksman. December 4, 1954
-letter to Waksman from Shwartzman. December 2, 1954
-copy, letter to Dr. John G. Kidd, Cornell Medical College, from Marcus. February 9, 1953.
-letter to Waksman from Shwartzman. December 6, 1954
-letter to Waksman from Jerome T. Syverton. May 20, 1954
-copy, confidential letter attached to above letter—describes Marcus' M.S. degrees and her problems in Minnesota (committed to an asylum and then deported to NY). May 18, 1954.
-handwritten letter to Waksman from Anne Riebeth (?). June 7, 1954
-copy, letter to Dr. Rhoda W. Benham, College of Physicians & Surgeons, NY. from Waksman. December 27, 1954.
-copy, letter to Dr. J.Howard Brown from Waksman. March 1, 1955.
-copy, letter to Dr. Charles E. Skinner, Dept. of Bacteriology, Washington State College, from Waksman. November 18, 1954.
-handwritten letter to Dr. Waksman from Herman B. Bogas, January 30, 1957
-copy, letter (response to above letter) to Mr. Bogas from Edward Robert Isaacs, executive secretary, February 4, 1957.
Box 17: Folder 4: Waksman's publications and patents, 1939-1948
-Photostat of "Studies on Bactericidal Agent Extracted from a Soil Bacillus" by Rene J. Dubos (received for publication April 17, 1939)
-Robinson, Harry & Waksman, Selman, "Studies on the Toxicity of Actinomycin", Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 74 (1), 1942, pp. 25-32. (received for publication September 12, 1941)
-Waksman, S., Robinson, H., Metzger, H., Woodruff, H., "Toxicity of Actinomycin", Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine 47, 1941, pp. 261-263.
-Waksman, S. & Tishler, M., "The Chemical Nature of Actinomycin, an Antimicrobial Substance Produced by Actinomyces Antibioticus", Journal of Biological Chemistry 142 (2) 1942, pp. 519-528. (received for publication October 2, 1941)
-Waksman, S., Woodruff, H., "Actinomyces Antibioticus, a New Soil Organism Antagonistic to Pathogenic and Non-pathogenic Bacteria", Journal of Bacteriology 42 (2), 1941, pp. 231-249. (received for publication January 15, 1941)
-Metzger, H., Waksman, S., Pugh, L., "In vivo Activity of Streptothricin Against Brucella abortus", Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine 51, 1942, pp. 251-252.
-Waksman, S., Woodruff, H., "Streptothricin, a New Selective Bacteriostatic and Bactericidal Agent, Particularly Active Against Gram-Negative Bacteria", Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine 49, 1942, pp. 207-210.
-Schatz, A., Waksman, S., "Effect of Streptomycin and other Antibiotic Substances upon Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Related Organisms", Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine 57, 1944, pp. 244-248.
-Schatz, A., Bugie, e., Waksman, S., "Streptomycin, a Substance Exhibiting Antibiotic Activity Against Gram-Positive and Gram- Negative Bacteria", Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine 55, 1944, pp. 66-69.
-Patent for Actinomycin, # 2,378,876 by Waksman & Woodruff. June 19, 1945
-copy of above
-Patent for Antibacterial Substance and Method of Producing It, #2,443,485 by Waksman & Woodruff. June 15, 1948
-copy of above
-Patent for Streptomycin and Process of Preparation, # 2,449,866 by Waksman & Schatz. September 21, 1948
-copy of above
Box 7, Folder 5: Historical treatments for Psoriasis, 1914-1955
-envelope addressed to E. Isaacs from Spirit & Co., containing a purchase order for LIPAN (pills to treat psoriasis: pancrease, vit. B1 and D) and information about it
-psoriatic patient case studies by Dr. Hollander using vaccines. Photostat of "Treatment of Psoriasis with Vaccines" J. Am. Med. Ass. 64, 903, March 13, 1915
-Photostat of C. W. Dean, F. R. c. S. E. "Case of actinomycosis successfully tested by vaccine". Brit. Med. J. 1917, p 82
-Photostat of psoriatic investigations by Dr. Ketron. J. Cutaneous Disease, 216-224, 1914
-Photostat of "Impétigo et psoriasis. Guérison du psoriasis par le vaccin strepto-staphylococcique" L. Perin & C. Vrettakis, 375-77, 3-13-1930. French article on impetigo and psoriasis
-handwritten index card to P.Saonik
-"Could the spirochetes cause psoriasis vulgaris?" P. avník Ceská Dermatol., 2, 161-4 (1921) abridged translation of Czech article
-Photostat of above original Czech article
-handwritten index card to Perry, A. P.
- "Molds, Yeast, and Actinomycetes" by Dr. Arthur T. Henrici, 1930
-copy of the above
-Photostat of French article: Louis Bory. "Note sur l'étiologie parasitaire du psoriasis" Societe de Dermatologie et de Syphiligraphie, 278-281, Nov. 13, 1919
-sheet of legal paper w/ reference citation-handwritten
-11 index cards w/citations and notes on psoriasis-handwritten
-5 groups of sheets of legal paper w/ citations and notes on psoriasis-handwritten
-copy of article by Dr. Ingram, " Management of Psoriasis" Modern Medicine.
-Solomon, W. M. et. al. Treatment of Psoriasis with Goeckerman Technique. Arch. Phys. Med. & Rehabil. 36: 74-77 (February 1955)
Box 17, Folder 6: Letters, Statements-Pres. Lewis Webster Jones, (1954-1956)
-copy, letter to Charles H. Brower from Pres. Lewis Webster Jones March 26, 1956 (announcing the cases dismissal of Marcus' case by JudgeMeaney)
-copy, letter to Mahlon G. Milliken from President Jones
-copy, letter to Robert Cooke from President Jones
-copy, letter to Judge Phillip Forman from President Jones
-copy, letter to John Van Nostrand Dorr from President Jones
-copy, letter, to Pres. Jones from Watson, January 26, 1956
-copy of letter above but with the date different (January crossed out and February written in pencil)
-letter to President Lewis W. Jones from Watson
-proposed statement by Lewis Webster Jones, President, Rutgers Research and Endowment Foundation, second draft, November 23, 1955
-proposed statement by Dr. Lewis Jones, President, Rutgers Research and Endowment Foundation and Rutgers University. page number at bottom (30)
-proposed statement by President Jones. November 21, 1955
-Text of Statement by Lewis Webster Jones, President, Rutgers Research and Endowment Foundation (appears to be the final version)
-copy of the above statement
-copy, letter to President Lewis Jones of Rutgers from Watson. April 12, 1955
-copy, letter to Watson from Robert S. Dunham. May 13, 1954
-copy, letter to Pres. Jones from Watson. May 16, 1955
-copy, letter to Pres. Jones from Watson. July 8, 1955
-statement by Dr. Lewis Webster Jones, President re: Marcus suit (original handwritten in pencil at top).
-statement by President Jones concerning the Marcus suit.
-The Streptomycin Litigation, a statement by Dr. Robert C. Clothier, President of the Rutgers Research & Endowment Foundation. December 29, 1950
Box 17, Folder 7: Anonymous letters to Waksman, (1955)
-letter to Waksman from M.P. (translated from Russian) May 5, 1955
-letter to Waksman from M.P., May 7, 1955
-copy of above 1st letter
-copy of above 2nd letter
-letter to Waksman from M.P. (translated from Russian) May 13, 1955
-copy of above letter
-copy of above letter, some words are different. May 13, 1955
-copy of above 1st letter May 5, 1955, (translated from Russian) but this is the translation of the original version which included remarks regarding Mrs. Waksman—the other translators left out these remarks.
Box 17, Folder 8: Newspaper Reports and Miscellaneous Data, 1950-1956
-summary of a telephone call to Waksman from Mrs. Doris Wolin regarding problems Marcus had given her. Describes that Marcus had been working for her as a live-in baby-sitter and the difficulties she caused Mrs. Wolin (refusing to leave, assaulting her and even suing Wolin for assault). Marcus claimed to be a doctor who had found cures for cancer. November 11, 1956.
-address for Marcus c/o Zittman in Brooklyn (a small slip of paper)
-statement by Trustees of Rutgers Research and Endowment Foundation Concerning Litigation by Mary A. Marcus (for release only upon telephone clearance from Rutgers Public Relations)
-suggested revision of portions of tentative statement that might be issued upon initiation of an infringement action by Marcus. May 28, 1954
-handwritten note (re: layout in a newspaper?? November 15, 1955)
-photocopied newspaper clipping-sailing today, highlighted in pencil- from New York Times, Monday, July 1955
-photocopied newspaper clipping, Considine, Bob. Flukes Assist Against Battle Disease, Death. Detroit, Michigan Times, May 15, 1950
-photocopied newspaper clipping, 38 Chemicals Used to Treat Tuberculosis, Richmond, Virginia Times Dispatch, December 10, 1950
-photocopied newspaper clipping, Role That Organisms in Soil Play in Daily Lives Is Told, New Brunswick, NJ Times, May 21, 1950
-handwritten note card—M. P. 183 E. Broadway, N. Y.
-handwritten notes with M. P. 183 E. Broadway, N. Y. in upper right corner.
-handwritten notes, dated top left, April 28, 1955, 6 pages
-handwritten notes, dated at top, April 26, 1955
-handwritten notes, dated top left, June 20, 19?
-newspaper clipping, "antibiotic suit nears deadline"
Box 17, Folder 9: Löhnis file, 1921-1925
-letter to Dr. J. G. Lipman, Agricultural Experiment Station, from F. Lohnis (with handwritten notes by Waksman). December 12, 1921
-copy, letter to Dr. Löhnis, Bureau of Plant Industry, U. S. Dept. of Agr., Wash. D. C. from Microbiologist (Waksman??). January 9, 1922
-letter to Waksman from F. Lohnis re: critcism Waksman made of his work (with handwritten notes). March 17, 1925
-copy, letter to Löhnis from Microbiologist (Waksman??). March 25, 1925
-letter to Waksman from Löhnis (there is a handwritten draft of a response to this letter from [Waksman] on the back). March 20, 1925
-letter to Waksman from Löhnis. April 7, 1925

Return to the Top