|Creator:||McCabe, Douglas L., 1922-|
|Title:||Guide to the Douglas L. McCabe Papers|
|Quantity:||.4 cubic ft. (1 manuscript box)|
|Abstract:||The Papers of Douglas L. McCabe encompass his experiences as a US Army officer in World War II, from his days at Rutgers University in the ROTC and ASTP to his service at the Port of Manila as a pier officer and Chief of the port Checker Section. The collection includes orders and reports from his service at the Port of Manila, which deal with logistical issues and theft from the docks, eight copies of the Daily Pacifican , a newspaper published by the US Army in the Pacific, and a 44-page scrapbook.|
|Collection No.:||R-MC 076|
|Repository:||Rutgers University. Special Collections and University Archives.|
Mr. Douglas L. McCabe was born in the Bronx, New York, on September 21, 1922, but resided in West Orange, New Jersey, as a child. His father, a lawyer and certified public accountant, worked for R.T. Lingley & Company in Manhattan. His mother served as a Red Cross volunteer for thirty-five years. McCabe went to school in West Orange and participated in the Boy Scouts, eventually attaining the rank of Eagle Scout.
McCabe entered Rutgers in 1940, following in the footsteps of his older brother, John F. McCabe, Jr., RC '32. He was involved in many activities at Rutgers, including lacrosse, Cap & Skull and Student Council. He also joined the Delta Epsilon fraternity and served as an usher at Kirkpatrick Chapel. He first met his wife, Isabelle Armstrong, New Jersey College for Women Class of 1946, on a blind date to a fraternity party.
In the summer of 1943, McCabe and his fellow Advanced ROTC cadets, the group that would become known as the Black Fifty, were ordered to active duty in the Army. McCabe underwent medical testing at Camp Kilmer, which separated him from his ROTC classmates; due to a heart murmur, he had to sign a waiver to serve in the Army. He was sent to Camp Croft, South Carolina, for basic training. From Camp Croft, he was ordered back to Rutgers, where he rejoined the Black Fifty, before entering Officer Candidate School, Class 340, at Fort Benning, Georgia; due to a subsequent bout of scarlet fever, McCabe was commissioned with Class 346. He then joined the 113th Infantry Regiment, a National Guard outfit, at Camp Pickett, Virginia, and trained with them at various installations in the South, including Fort Jackson, South Carolina, and Camp Rucker, Alabama.
On August 2, 1945, McCabe received orders to proceed to California for overseas deployment. While he believed that he was going to Alaska, he was sent to the Port of Manila. In Manila, McCabe served as a pier officer with the Transportation Corps, supervising the loading and unloading of cargo ships. He then became the Chief of the Checker Section, which produced inventories of the materials moving through the port. In both capacities, he dealt with Filipino civilians, who worked under him, labor disputes and theft from the docks. While off-duty, he would often tour Manila, visit with Filipino civilians and participate in social activities arranged for GIs. He also attended an Easter passion play on Balut Island and the war crimes trail of General Tomoyuki Yamashita.
In the summer of 1946, McCabe returned to the United States and, following his separation from the service, he completed his senior year at Rutgers. He took a position at the Prudential Insurance Company, but, since he had remained in the Reserves, he was recalled to active duty during the Korean War. During his stateside tour, he served as a ROTC instructor at a military prep school in Manlius, New York. He then returned to his career at Prudential, retiring in 1985. The McCabes had two sons and a daughter.
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The materials in this collection span the period of 1943 to 1946, except for two letters written on April 17, 1995 (Folder 1). The bulk of the materials date from 1945 and 1946. Folders 2-5 contain a total of 18 US Army memos and reports and a bound contract from McCabe's tour as a pier officer and Chief of the Checker Section at the Port of Manila. With the exception of the contract and the reports in Folder 5, all of the materials are photocopies. Folders 6-13 contain issues of the Daily Pacifican, a four-page newspaper published in the Pacific Theater for US Army personnel. Folder 14 contains two clippings from unidentified publications. The collection also features a 44-page scrapbook containing original and photocopied orders, postcards, letters, military passes and cards, publications, clippings, photographs, maps and programs for plays and concerts chronicling his military career, particularly his overseas duty.
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The collection is arranged into fourteen folders and one encapsulated scrapbook, housed in one manuscript box. The photocopied and original reports in Folders 2-5 were pre-arranged by Douglas L. McCabe. The bound copy of the US Army's contract with the Luzon Stevedoring Company, Inc., was placed in Folder 3 as it pertains directly to the labor disputes discussed in the folder's other documents. In the interest of preservation, the issues of the Daily Pacifican were filed in separate folders and arranged in chronological order; two clippings were placed in Folder 14.
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An Interview with Douglass L. McCabe for the Rutgers Oral History Archives of World War II is available online: Interview with Douglas L. McCabe
Rutgers University Class of 1944 Military History Book . New Brunswick, NJ: The Class of 1944 and the Rutgers University Alumni Association, 1994. Available from Special Collections and University Archives, LD4750.R97 1994
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|I. Papers of Douglas L. McCabe, 1943-1995 (1945-1946, bulk)|
|Summary: The materials in this collection span the period of 1943 to 1946, except for two letters written on April 17, 1995 (Folder 1). The bulk of the materials date from 1945 and 1946. Folders 2-5 contain a total of 18 US Army memos and reports and a bound contract from McCabe's tour as a pier officer and Chief of the Checker Section at the Port of Manila. With the exception of the contract and the reports in Folder 5, all of the materials are photocopies. Folders 6-13 contain issues of the Daily Pacifican, a four-page newspaper published in the Pacific Theater for US Army personnel. Folder 14 contains two clippings from unidentified publications.|
|1||1||Correspondence, April 17, 1995.|
|Two letters (both dated April 17, 1995) from McCabe to Dr. G. Kurt Piehler describing the materials he intends to donate to the University Archives via the Rutgers Oral History Archives.|
|2||Memos, Assignments, Port of Manila, 1945-1946.|
|Seven photocopied documents dating from December 22, 1945, to June 4, 1946. Includes information on: duties and procedures of the Checker Section; organization and employees of the Checker Section; orders and statements regarding guard duty, including a report on the theft of US Army .45 pistols by a Filipino dock worker.|
|3||Memos, Dock Strike, Port of Manila, 1946.|
|Two photocopied memos, dated February 1 and 11, 1946, and an original copy of the US Army's contract with the Luzon Stevedoring Company, Inc.; the memos discuss the union called strike (2/1) and the renegotiated contract (2/11).|
|4||Statements, Port of Manila, 1946.|
|Six photocopies of statements signed by McCabe, verifying ships' cargo.|
|5||Criminal Investigation Reports, Port of Manila, 1946.|
|Three original reports, dated January 30, March 12 and April 9, 1946, on pilfering from the Port of Manila shipping facilities. The January 30th report covers the theft of clothing by civilian Filipino checkers; the other two detail two separate incidents of African-American soldiers stealing sugar to sell on the black market. Personal statements and punishment summaries are included.|
|6||Daily Pacifican, November 29, 1945.|
|Discharge of Army personnel; Nuremberg and Tokyo Trials; violence in Palestine; the GI Bill of Rights. Vol. 1, No. 129.|
|7||Daily Pacifican, December 8, 1945.|
|Cut up; no volume or issue information available.|
|8||Daily Pacifican, January 2, 1946.|
|Occupation of Japan; surrender of Japanese holdouts; Pearl Harbor investigation. Vol. 1, No. 201.|
|9||Daily Pacifican, January 3, 1946.|
|Discharge of Army personnel; war criminals; the status of Emperor Hirohito. Vol. 1, No. 202.|
|10||Daily Pacifican, January 5, 1946.|
|Signed by McCabe; discharge of Army personnel; racial discrimination in the discharge process. Vol. 1, No. 204.|
|11||Daily Pacifican, January 6, 1946.|
|Discharge of Army personnel; trial of General Masaharu Homma. Vol. 1, No. 205.|
|12||Daily Pacifican, January 7, 1946.|
|Discharge of Army personnel; GI demonstrations against slow discharge process; Chinese Civil War. Vol. 1, No. 206.|
|13||Daily Pacifican, January 22, 1946.|
|Eisenhower's comments on the rate of discharge; war criminal trials. Special Supplement.|
|"Historic 'White House' of the Philippines," pictorial on Malacanan Palace, no publication information; "'Manila's Night of Stars' Will Open Rizal Indoor Theater on April 3rd," from the Daily Pacifican.|
|15||"Souvenirs of Military Service 1943-1946" 1943-1946.|
|Summary: A 44-page scrapbook chronicling McCabe's service in the US Army from his induction as an Advanced ROTC cadet at Rutgers to his duties as an officer in the Checker Section at the Port of Manila. The book includes original and photocopied orders, postcards, letters, military passes and cards, publications, clippings, photographs, maps and programs for plays and concerts held in Manila. McCabe provides handwritten and typed commentary at several points in the work.|
|These materials cover the following topics: induction; the ASTP program at Rutgers; infantry officer training at Fort Benning, Georgia; assignment to the 113th Infantry Regiment at Camp Pickett, Virginia; duties in the Checker Section, Port of Manila, Philippines; shipping in the Port of Manila; interaction with local Filipinos; a meeting of Rutgers alumni in Manila; the state of post-war Manila; the discharge of GIs following V-J Day; the trial of General Tomoyuki Yamashita; the USO and entertainment in Manila; Good Friday rituals on Balut Island; the inauguration of Filipino President Manuel Roxas.|
|There are five photocopied letters between McCabe and his parents and his notes of April 17, 1995 inserted in the back of the album. The letters date from October 10, 1943, to February 12, 1946, during which time McCabe was stationed at Camp Croft, South Carolina, and in Manila. In them, he discusses: encounters with Rutgers classmates, including Richard M. Hale, RC '44, at Camp Croft and in Manila; officer's training; the local economy in Manila; the Yamashita trial; his duties in the Checker Section.|