MC 671

Inventory to the Papers of Frances R. Grant

By Fernanda Perrone

April 2000

Special Collections and University Archives, Rutgers University Libraries

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Grant, Frances R.
Title: Guide to the Frances R. Grant Papers 1897 (1917)-1986
Dates: 1897 (1917)-1986
Quantity: 78 cubic feet (66 records center cartons, 11 phase boxes, 3 newspaper boxes, 6 index card boxes, 1 oversize folder)
Collection No.: MC 671
Location: Stored offsite: Advance notice required to consult these records.
Language English.
Repository: Special Collections and University Archives, Rutgers University Libraries

Biographical Sketch of Frances Grant

Frances Ruth Grant (1896-1993), pioneer in U.S.-Latin American relations, was born in Abiquiu, a remote pueblo in the foothills of the Valle Grande mountains in what is today New Mexico on November 18, 1896. Her father was Henry Grant, a German-Jewish immigrant, who owned the general store in Abiquiu. Her mother, Sarah Spiro, was a remarkable woman who vaccinated the entire population of Abiquiu for smallpox with a serum she had sent from Johns Hopkins Hospital. (1) Frances was one of four children: Hylda (1893-1964), Joseph (1898-1976), and David E.(1889-1964). Growing up in Abiquiu, Grant absorbed Hispanic culture: "my first language was Spanish-- a felicitous circumstance which has afforded me one medium of intimate relationship with the Latin Americans." (2) During her early years, however, Grant commuted between Abiquiu and New York City; she was educated at Hunter College High School, and graduated from Barnard College and from Columbia University School of Journalism in 1918. Grant also studied music with Albert von Doenhoff, Ernest Bloch, and others. Following graduation, she became a music critic and associate editor for Musical America, as well as a contributor and correspondent for several other magazines and newspapers.

Roerich Museum

In 1920, Frances Grant met the Russian émigré painter and philosopher, Nicholas Roerich(1874-1947). She wrote general articles on his paintings (then on exhibit in New York), and on his decorations for ballet and opera. She became friends with the Roerich family, who visited her family in New Mexico. In 1921, Grant resigned from Musical America and became Executive Director of Roerich's new art school, the Master Institute of United Arts in New York. (3) At the Master Institute, Roerich tried to unite all the arts under one roof, offering classes in music, painting, sculpture, architecture, ballet, and drama, as well as lectures, concerts, and student exhibitions. The faculty included Russian émigrés Sina and Maurice Lichtmann, who taught piano; Deems Taylor, who taught musical theory and composition; Robert Edmund Jones and Lee Simonson, who taught theater design; and Mikhail Mordken and Mikhail Fokine, who taught ballet. Guest lecturers included artists George Bellows and Rockwell Kent. The Institute also offered classes in music and sculpture for the blind, a new idea at the time. As well as offering a well-rounded education in the arts, the Master Institute was designed to "open the gates to spiritual enlightenment" through culture. (4)

In 1922, Roerich founded an international art center, Corona Mundi, which opened with an exhibition of his paintings, and later showed art work from around the world. Frances Grant held numerous responsibilities at the Roerich institutions, including arranging exhibitions, lectures, musical programs, purchases of art work, overseeing publications of work by Roerich and his followers, and administering the classes offered by the Master Institute. Grant was made Vice-President and Trustee of the Museum, along with Sina and Maurice Lichtmann and several others. The President and chief benefactor was Louis Horch, a foreign exchange broker, who was an enthusiastic follower of Roerich, and whose wife, Nettie, was a school friend of Grant's. In 1923, Nicholas Roerich, his wife Helena and sons George and Svetoslav set off on what would be an almost five-year expedition to India and Central Asia, where Roerich painted and studied Eastern philosophy. (5) In 1928, Grant was given a rare opportunity: with Sina Lichtmann, she traveled to India to meet the Roerich expedition. In India, Grant discussed museum matters with the Roerichs, as well as traveling and pursuing her own interests in Eastern art and philosophy.

It was in India that Nicholas Roerich first told Grant that he wanted to send her to South America on a cultural exchange mission. Believing that North and South America were uniquely linked, Roerich sought to "better human relations through artistic and cultural understanding." (6) On what was to be the first of many trips to Latin America, Grant visited Peru, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, and Brazil in the spring and summer of 1929. Her trip was a preliminary effort to explore the possibility of organizing exchanges of exhibitions, students, and scholarships. She visited museums, schools, universities, and other cultural institutions, and met with artists, writers, and musicians. Grant took a particular interest in indigenous culture as well as the role of women in Latin America, and met many women artists, including the Chilean poet Gabriela Mistral.

The following year, Grant made a more extensive trip to Latin America, adding to her itinerary Bolivia, Colombia, Cuba, Ecuador, and Mexico. Grant brought with her a traveling exhibition of 39 of Roerich's paintings, as well as additional paintings for loan to South American museums. She also gave lectures on Roerich and the work of the Roerich Museum to universities, museums, women's groups, and philosophical societies. Grant discussed the translation and distribution of Roerich Press books in Latin America, and helped arrange for several scholarships to the Master Institute. Her trip inspired the formation of Roerich societies in the countries she visited. As well as artists and writers, Grant met with several Latin American leaders during her visit, including President Carlos Ibáñez del Campo of Chile, and President Enrique Olaya Herrera and Minister of Foreign Affairs Eduardo Santos of Colombia. In Peru, she met with President Augusto Leguía, who was overthrown on the day of her departure. Upon Grant's return, in cooperation with the Brazilian Society of Friends of the Roerich Museum, the International Art Center sponsored an exhibition of almost 100 paintings by contemporary Brazilian artists, the first ever seen in the United States. In the early 1930s, Grant arranged lectures, programs, and exhibits of Latin American art at the museum, and undertook a lecture tour herself, speaking on Pan-Americanism.

During this period, Grant played an important role in Nicholas Roerich's crusade for the Roerich Pact and the Banner of Peace. (7) The Roerich Pact, written in 1928 by Georges Chklaver at the University of Paris under Roerich's supervision, was designed to protect and preserve cultural institutions and monuments in times of war. Designated buildings would fly the Banner of Peace, (designed by Roerich) which showed three red circles on a white background. From 1931 to 1933, three international conferences were held to promote the Roerich Pact and the Banner of Peace. In 1933, the Pact was endorsed by the member countries of the Pan-American Union in Montevideo. Frances Grant was an active participant in these events, meeting with officials in Washington, D.C., and corresponding with leaders in Latin America to promote the Pact. Her efforts were rewarded when the Roerich Pact was signed by the United States and 20 Latin American republics on April 15, 1935.

In spite of this triumph, in the hard times of the early 1930s, the Roerich Museum fell into financial difficulties. In 1929, the museum had moved into a new building: a 29-story "skyscraper" designed by Harvey Wiley Corbett. The first three floors were designated for the museum, the Master Institute and Corona Mundi. Most of the building, however, was designed as low-cost apartments for artists, musicians and scholars. (8) Grant and the other museum officers were also given apartments in the new building. With the financial crisis, however, the museum was no longer able to pay the mortgage on its new home. In 1932, the New York Supreme Court appointed a receiver and ordered an audit; on appeal, however, the receivership was voided, another bank took over the mortgage, and one thousand of Roerich's paintings were accepted as a guarantee.

The financial problems persisted, however, and precipitated a strange series of events which involved, among other individuals, future U.S. Vice-President Henry A. Wallace. Frances Grant had first met Wallace, who at that time was publisher of Wallace's Farmer, in 1928. (9) Wallace, who was greatly interested in all forms of religious experience, became impressed by Roerich's art work, pacifist religious philosophy, and scientific research. (10) In 1929, deciding to remain permanently in India, Roerich founded the Urusvati Research Institute in the Kulu Valley in the Himalayas. At Urusvati, Roerich and his sons George and Svetoslav conducted research on Eastern languages, art, religion, and medicine, compiling the world's first atlas of Tibetan medicinal herbs. (11) In April 1929, Wallace wrote to Grant: "Both in words and in painting, Roerich's mysticism is an adept [sic] in the use of symbols which have a power unknown to science, and yet Roerich's mysticism has a decidedly practical aspect and eventually significant [sic] to the scientific world." (12)

Henry Wallace corresponded with both Grant and Roerich during the early 1930s. In 1932, he was appointed Secretary of Agriculture by Franklin D. Roosevelt. In this capacity, Wallace invited Roerich to lead a botanical expedition to India and Northern China in 1934. The purpose of the expedition was to research drought-resistant seeds which might be useful in alleviating the conditions in the Dust Bowl. During the seventeen months of the expedition, the group researched over three-hundred plants and sent about two-thousand packets of seeds back to the United States. (13) Tensions developed, however, between the Roerichs and the two Department of Agriculture botanists accompanying the expedition. Wallace also began to fear that Roerich was pursuing his own personal political agenda, which ran contrary to U.S. interests. Indeed, Roerich met with the emperor of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo, and presented him with the Banner of Peace, which infuriated the State Department, since the U.S. did not recognize Manchukuo. The botanists also complained that Roerich was agitating among White Russian émigrés in Harbin, Manchuria. At first, Wallace did not believe the allegations, even to the extent of recalling the botanists, and dismissing their chief supporter, Knowles Ryerson, Chief of the Bureau of Plant Industry. (14)

In 1936, however, Wallace turned against Roerich and abruptly terminated the expedition. (15) In his Russian Art and American Money (1980), Robert Williams asserts that the botanical expedition was completely bogus. Undoubtedly, Roerich had a personal agenda: for instance, in Mongolia, he met with farmers with a view towards setting up agricultural cooperatives. Meanwhile, back in New York, Frances Grant had become involved in a power struggle over the fate of the Roerich Museum. At this point, President Louis Horch had assumed control of the museum's finances. Apparently, during the botanical expedition, Horch and Wallace were in secret communication. In spite of Grant's efforts to mediate, in July 1935, Louis Horch closed down the museum and its affiliated institutions, claiming that the Riverside Drive building and its contents belonged to him. (16) Grant and the other museum employees were given two days to evacuate their apartments. Horch later reopened the first floor as the Riverside Museum, and continued to run the rest of the building as an apartment complex, which it remains today. Grant and the Lichtmanns filed suit against Horch, but after protracted litigation, the court decided in Horch's favor in 1940. Sina Lichtmann (later Fosdick) and some of the original supporters reopened the museum as the Roerich Academy of Arts. It moved from one building to another until 1949, when it found a permanent home at 107th Street and Riverside Drive. (17) Frances Grant, however, fell out with Sina Lichtmann during the litigation, and was excluded from the museum, forcing her to turn to other areas of endeavor. (18)

Pan-American Women's Association

After the disastrous conclusion of her relationship with the Roerich Museum, Frances Grant refocused her energies on her Latin-American interests, which she had been pursuing since her 1930 trip. In that year, Grant founded the Pan-American Women's Association in New York, originally known as the Pan-American Women's Society of the Roerich Museum. The Pan-American Women's Association (PAWA) was a volunteer, non-political, educational and cultural organization "for the purpose of uniting the women of the Americas in a common effort for the advancement and understanding of the peoples of this hemisphere." (19) For a small fee, it was open to both men and women who supported the objectives of the organization. The PAWA can be seen in the context of the Pan-American movement, or Pan-Americanism, the belief that the peoples of the Western hemisphere are bound by common cultural ties and mutual interests. Originating during Woodrow Wilson's administration, (20) the concept was further developed through Franklin D. Roosevelt's Good Neighbor policies, which had an important influence on Grant.

The PAWA's activities included sponsoring art exhibits, and musical, literary, and dance programs by Latin-American figures, who at the time were little known or understood in the United States. Among those hosted by the PAWA were the Figueroa Quartet, pianist Esperanza Pulido, Claudio Arrau, and soprano Bidu Sayão. In the educational sphere, the PAWA sponsored courses and lectures on Latin-America, Spanish language classes, and arranged activities for Latin-American exchange students, frequently cooperating with other organizations. Grant herself gave a series of short-wave radio broadcasts to Latin America in Spanish. Perhaps most importantly, through setting up branches, the PAWA fostered contacts among the women of the Americas.

In the early 1940s, faced with the threat of fascism in Latin America, the PAWA began to focus on human rights issues. In 1943, in conjunction with the National Council of Women, the PAWA sponsored a Pan-American Day Inter-Hemispheric Conference on "How Women of the Americas Can Help Keep their Countries United." In a speech entitled "The True Pan-Americanism," Grant outlined the belief that this hemisphere's women, because they have not historically been involved in wars and colonialism, present the best hope for future relations between North and South America. (21) In this year, the PAWA also sponsored a conference on inter-racial understanding, which addressed the issue of racism in both the United States and Latin America

In the late 1940s, when a number of Latin American countries were taken over by dictators, the PAWA joined other organizations in denouncing human rights abuses in those countries. As Grant wrote: The Pan-American Women's Association is guided by the conviction that true Inter-American understanding will be achieved upon this hemisphere when the peoples of the 21 American Republics--men and women alike--enjoy full civil and political liberties as well as those educational, social, and economic opportunities. (22) In subsequent years, the PAWA arranged programs by several Latin-American democratic leaders, including Rómulo Gallego, Rómulo Betancourt, Eduardo Frei, and Carlos Lleras Restrepo. In the 1940s, the PAWA also served as an organizational base for Frances Grant after her estrangement from the Roerich Museum. (At this time, she earned income by working as an editor for several publications owned by her brother-in-law, Max M. Zimmerman.) In 1941, Grant traveled to South-America, visiting every country except Venezuela, as a representative of the PAWA . She renewed many of the contacts she had made in 1929-1930, and gave lectures on "Inter-American Relations" and "Women's Work in the Western Hemisphere." During this trip, she also met with Latin-American leaders and wrote articles for the North American Newspaper Alliance and the New York Times.

In the 1960s, the PAWA became involved in several self-help efforts in Latin-America, most importantly a kindergarten in the slums of Lima, Peru, which it co-sponsored with a group of Westchester County teachers. The PAWA also collected money and supplies to help the victims of the devastating 1970 Peru earthquake. The Association continued to advocate women's and human rights during this period; for example, it was among the groups lobbying the United Nations for an Inter-American Covenant on the Rights of the Child in 1967. The PAWA continued its cultural and educational activities up to the mid-1980s, in spite of a dwindling and aging membership.

International League for Human Rights

While pursuing the agenda of the Pan-American Women's Association, Frances Grant began to attend meetings of the International League for Human Rights, known until 1976 as the International League for the Rights of Man. The International League for Human Rights (ILHR) had its origins in the La Ligue Française pour la Défense de Droits de l'Homme et du Citoyen, founded in France in the late nineteenth century. The group was reconstituted in New York in 1942 by European refugees and Roger Baldwin, founder of the American Civil Liberties Union. (23) In 1947, the league was granted consultative status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council, giving it the right to testify before that body about human rights abuses. The International League for Human Rights is an independent, non-governmental organization dedicated to protecting human rights worldwide. In 1975, it had about 2,000 members and some thirty-five global affiliates. (24) Today it continues to be an active voice for human rights.

After 1948, upholding the principles set forth in the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights became the ILHR's mandate; to this end, it has: worked at the international level 1) by direct interventions with Governments accused of violating human rights; 2) by sending observers to political trials; 3) by dispatching special investigatory missions to areas where human rights conflicts exist; 4) by taking tape-recorded testimony from persons claiming to be victims of violations...5) by interventions at the United Nations, UNESCO, ILO, Council of Europe, Organization of American States and International Court of Justice both to call attention to human rights violations and to promote respect for and advance the development of international law. (25) Frances Grant served as secretary and vice-president of the league and head of its Latin-American Committee. As head of the Latin-American Committee, Grant reported on developments in Latin-America, handled relations with the league's Latin-American affiliates, and did translations. As secretary, she dealt with internal matters concerning the running of the league, working closely with Roger Baldwin.

Frances Grant played an important role in bringing Latin America to the attention of the league. In the late 1940s, democratic regimes were overthrown in several Latin-American countries including Argentina, Colombia, Paraguay, Peru, and Venezuela. Grant spearheaded the ILHR's response to the crisis, testifying before the United Nations Commission on Human Rights about violations in Latin America in 1949. She helped secure safe conduct for former Acción Democrática leader Rómulo Betancourt--also a member of the Latin-American Committee-- from Venezuela and met with the Colombian ambassador in an attempt to obtain safe conduct for Aprista leader Victor Raúl Haya de la Torre, who had taken refuge in the Colombian embassy in Lima. (26) From this period dated a lifelong friendship between Grant and these two Latin-American leaders.

The depth of the crisis was such that in 1949, members of the Latin-American Committee formed a Liaison Committee to alert the democratic leaders of the hemisphere to the dangers menacing liberty and peace in the Americas. Under the sponsorship of the Liaison Committee, which included North and Latin Americans and representatives of the Junta Democrática of Uruguay, the first Inter-American Conference for Democracy and Freedom was held in Havana from May 12 to May 15, 1950. (27) Frances Grant continued to serve as an officer of the ILHR until the 1970s. After 1950, however, her primary organizational base became the Inter-American Association for Democracy and Freedom, which will be discussed below.

Inter-American Association for Democracy and Freedom

Among the organizers of the Havana Conference were Frances Grant; Rómulo Betancourt; Roger Baldwin; Serafino Romualdi, representative for the Latin American section of the AFL-CIO; Walter White, Secretary of the NAACP; and conference included Venezuelan writer and former president Rómulo Gallegos, Eleanor Roosevelt, Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., Hubert Humphrey, and Congressman Richard Nixon. In Latin America, conference planners included Senator Salvador Allende of Chile, Dominican writer Juan Bosch, and Costa Rican President José Figueres. Approximately 200 delegates from all parts of the hemisphere participated in the conference, including five members of congress from the U.S. Latin-American delegates, in addition to the organizers, included Senator Eduardo Frei of Chile, Carlos Andrés Pérez of Venezuela, and R. Germán Arciniegas, former Minister of Education of Colombia. The conference produced the Havana Declaration, which condemned the actions of the dictators and recommended conditions for diplomatic recognition based on respecting principles of human, civil, and political rights. It also advocated social and economic reforms which would strengthen the democratic forces in the hemisphere. (28) The major accomplishment of the conference was the founding of a permanent organization, the Inter-American Association for Democracy and Freedom (IADF).

The objectives of the IADF were 1) to create a democratic front in the Americas of individuals and organizations; 2) to fight totalitarianism in all its forms-communism, neo-fascism and caudillism-as enemies of hemispheric democracy; 3) to investigate, verify, and expose violations of civil and political liberties; 4) to protest such violations of human rights at the United Nations, Organizations of American States and other international bodies; 5) to assist, in every way feasible, democratic political prisoners and exiles, and 6) to support progressive political, social, and economic reforms in Latin America if they are effected by constitutional methods and without sacrifice of liberties. (29)

The IADF was initially designed as a transnational organization headquartered in Montevideo, Uruguay. At the first meeting of the executive committee, Dr. Emilio Frugoni of Uruguay was elected president. Aureliano Sánchez Arango, Minister of Education in Cuba, was elected Vice-President, and Frances Grant was elected Secretary-General. The Executive Council also included Roger Baldwin, Germán Arciniegas, Serafino Romualdi, Senator Juan Guichon of Uruguay, and Haya de la Torre, still confined to the Colombian embassy in Lima. In reality, however, the organization was dominated by its U.S. Committee, whose long-serving members included academics, political exiles, and U.S. congressmen, and run by Frances Grant from New York City. The IADF did, however, serve as a network for democratic leaders throughout the hemisphere. As secretary-general, Grant acted as editor and principal writer of the IADF's bilingual newsletter, Hemispherica, which had a circulation of two or three thousand, and was an important source of information about Latin-America.

In the 1950s, the IADF outspokenly opposed dictatorships in Argentina, Colombia, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, and Venezuela. The IADF documented hundreds of cases of torture of prisoners and other abuses by the Perón regime in Argentina. In association with the International League for Human Rights, the IADF testified about these crimes before the United Nations, (30) and held protest meetings against the U.S. government's rapprochement with the Perón regime. The IADF also protested arbitrary arrests, imprisonments, and violations of freedom of the press in Haiti after the Duvalier regime came to power through a controlled election in 1957. Grant assisted Haitian refugees in obtaining visas and worked closely with Haitian exile groups and individuals in the U.S., particularly Dr. Camille L'hérisson, former Minister of Health in Haiti. The IADF also denounced U.S. government aid to Haiti, which it felt was not being used to help those in need.

One of the IADF's most important campaigns was against the tyrant General Rafael Trujillo Molina, who ruled the Dominican Republic from 1930 to 1961. As in the case of Haiti and Argentina, the IADF petitioned the U.S. government and international organizations, publicized atrocities committed by the Trujillo regime in the press, aided refugees and exile groups, and denounced the support of Trujillo by the U.S. government, which valued his stance against communism. Trujillo was exceptional, however, in that his influence extended into the U.S. and neighboring Caribbean countries, even threatening Grant herself. (31) In 1956, Columbia University lecturer and IADF member Jésus de Galíndez disappeared under mysterious circumstances. Originally from the Basque country, Galíndez had lived some years in the Dominican Republic, and since moving to the U.S. in 1946, was a leader in the struggle to expose the evils of Trujillo's regime. Convinced that Galíndez had been kidnaped and murdered by Trujillo's agents in the U.S., the IADF, along with other organizations, undertook a massive publicity campaign, offering a reward for his return and holding memorial meetings. This campaign helped to counteract efforts by Trujillo's public relations machine to discredit Galíndez. With the cooperation of Charles O. Porter, U.S. Representative from Oregon, the case was brought to the attention of Congress. By 1960, when Trujillo was assassinated, U.S. support for the dictator had begun to wane.

During this period, the IADF also conducted a major campaign against Venezuelan dictator Marcos Pérez Jiménez, who had come to power in a military coup in 1948. The IADF had a special relationship with Venezuela because of Grant's friendship with Rómulo Betancourt and his support of the organization, which acted as a base for him during his exile and enabled him to maintain contacts with other governments. (32) The Venezuelan government helped support the IADF financially after Pérez Jiménez was overthrown and Betancourt was elected to the presidency in 1959. The principles of the IADF formulated at the Havana Conference in 1950 were embodied in the Betancourt Doctrine, which he introduced in his inaugural address on February 15, 1959. The Betancourt Doctrine called on other democratic governments in the Americas to join together to exclude regimes that did not respect human rights from membership and to impose diplomatic sanctions upon them. (33)

In celebration of the Acción Democrática victory, the IADF held its Second Inter-American Conference in Maracay, Venezuela in 1960. Betancourt reiterated his views in his opening address. Like the Havana conference ten years earlier, the Maracay meeting was attended by over 200 delegates from 21 American republics. Subjects discussed included problems with dictatorships, land reform, economic development, international organizations, human rights, and education. The conference approved a resolution condemning the remaining dictatorships in the Dominican Republic, Paraguay, Nicaragua, and Haiti, and pledged to work actively for their overthrow. Other resolutions included reducing military expenditures, strengthening the OAS, guaranteeing the rights and improving the conditions of free labor, supporting colonial struggles in the Panama Canal Zone and British Guiana, supporting democratically-executed land reforms, confiscating illicit earnings of former heads of state in exile, and an inter-American passport for political refugees. (34)

In the 1960s, the IADF became embroiled in the problem of Cuba. An outspoken critic of Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista, Grant initially welcomed the Cuban Revolution of 1959. (35) After Fidel Castro's consolidation of power and move towards alliance with the Soviet Union, however, the IADF became a strong opponent of the Cuban regime in conformity with its usual anti-communist stance. Grant and the IADF opposed, however, the unsuccessful 1961 Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba: "we condemn the United States' policy of armed intervention in the Cuban crisis, and particularly the role played by the Central Intelligence Agency, as a violation of our commitments to the international and Inter-American communities..." (36) Grant believed in using indirect means rather than force to unseat the Cuban regime. By the mid-1960s, the IADF was actively working to help political prisoners in Cuba. In cooperation with the Comité Internacional por Presos Politicos en Cuba, the IADF conducted a census of political prisoners in Cuba based on information from relatives in the United States.

By the late 1960s, the high point of the IADF's influence had passed. In 1969, the U.S. Committee discussed restructuring and Grant herself suggested stepping down. (37) In the end, however, she was unable to relinquish control of the IADF. Her failure to do so alienated some members of the committee, such as New School of Social Research professor Laurence Birns, who resigned, writing, "Unfortunately, you do not know when to let go, even if it means the destruction of the organization." (38) Particularly damaging to the image of the IADF was the stand which it took upon the overthrow of President Salvador Allende of Chile in 1973. Writing in Hemispherica, Grant expressed compassion for Allende's tragic end, but commented that he bore "his share of responsibility in the debacle of the country's constitutional order." (39) In a statement published in Hemispherica in 1974 and released to the press, the U.S. Committee deplored the takeover of Chile by a military regime, but once again blamed Allende for the tragedy. Such sentiments alienated left-wing intellectuals now prominent in the Latin-American field. Subsequent repression of human rights under Pinochet's dictatorship served to further discredit the IADF. In later years, however, Grant and the IADF sought to expose human rights violations in Chile and aid refugees.

In spite of internal problems, the IADF continued to campaign for human rights in Latin America through the 1970s. Although the IADF had been documenting human rights violations by the Stroessner regime in Paraguay since the 1950s, matters became particularly urgent in the early 1970s. In 1974, in conjunction with the International League for Human Rights, the IADF testified before the United Nations and the Organization of American States about the attempts to exterminate the Aché or Guayakaí Indians in Paraguay. It accused the Paraguayan government of tolerating the enslavement, torture, and killing of the Aché Indians in reservations in Eastern Paraguay, withholding food and medicine, selling children into slavery and girls into prostitution, and denying and destroying Aché cultural traditions. (40) Grant also contributed a chapter to Professor Richard Arens' influential book, Genocide in Paraguay, published by Temple University Press in 1977. On behalf of the International League for Human Rights, Rutgers University professor and IADF Chairman Robert J. Alexander went to Paraguay in 1976 to report on human rights abuses.

One of the last major campaigns undertaken by the IADF was against the Somoza dictatorship in Nicaragua. After the assassination of Grant's friend Pedro Joaquin Chamorro, the publisher of the Nicaraguan newspaper La Prensa, in 1978, the IADF formed an Ad Hoc Committee for the Freedom of Nicaragua, which petitioned the White House and international organizations, and sponsored a letter-writing campaign. Although she applauded the overthrow of Somoza in 1979, Grant was opposed to the communist FSLN (Sandinista National Liberation Front) which replaced him, and continued to expose human rights violations under the new regime.

In 1985, the IADF faced a crisis when the Wilkie Memorial Building on West 40th Street, where its office was located, was sold to the Republic National Bank. The building had belonged to Freedom House, the civil liberties organization, which had rented space at a low cost to non-profit groups which supported its agenda. When Freedom House decided to sell the building for financial reasons, the IADF and ten other displaced organizations filed suit and were awarded $700,000 for relocation. The loss of the building was, however, the end of the IADF.

In her last years, Grant continued to travel and write. She became particularly concerned with documenting her activities in Latin America and at the Roerich Museum, with which she renewed contact in the 1980s. After investigating several possibilities, Grant donated the records of the IADF to Rutgers University, where her old friend Robert Alexander was still teaching, in 1982. In that year, she was awarded the Rutgers Medal, as well as a special citation from the Trustees of Columbia University at the Maria Moors Cabot Prize Convocation for her contribution to Inter-American journalism. Grant added these honors to the numerous awards she had received from Latin American countries, most notably, a Special Gold Medal from the government of Costa Rica (1955), the Orden del Condor de los Andes from Bolivia (1956 and 1963), and the prestigious Orden del Libertador from Venezuela (1965). Grant remained active until the last months of her life. She died on July 21, 1993 at the age of ninety-six.


(1) Frances R. Grant, Pilgrimage of the Spirit (Beata Grant, 1997), p. 16.

(2) Frances R. Grant, "Some Biographical Notes Regarding my Latin American Interests," Box 17, Folder 13.

(3) Frances R. Grant Manuscript History of Roerich Museum p. 2, Box 14, Folder 74.

(4) Jacqueline Decter, Nicholas Roerich: The Life and Art of a Russian Master (London, 1989), p. 120-121.

(5) See George N. Roerich, Trails to Inmost Asia: Five Years of Exploration with the Roerich Central Asian Expedition (New Haven, 1931).

(6) Frances R. Grant, Trip to Latin America, 1929--Report Box 14, Folder 62.

(7) The Roerich Pact and the Banner of Peace, (New York, 1947), Box 15, Folder 8.

(8) Decter, p. 129.

(9) Frances R. Grant to Henry Wallace (April 8, 1927), Box 15, Folder 8.

(10) Edward L. and Frederick H. Schapsmeier, Henry Wallace of Iowa: Agrarian Years, 1910-1940. (Ames, Iowa, 1968), p. 274.

(11) Decter, p. 177.

(12) H.A. Wallace to F.R. Grant (April 15, 1929), Box 15, Folder 31.

(13) Decter, p. 178.

(14) Samuel Walker, Henry A. Wallace and American Foreign Policy (Westport, Ct., 1976), p. 57-58.

(15) Telegram, Box 14, Folder 34.

(16) Grant, Manuscript History, p. 13.

(17) Decter, p. 136-137.

(18) Conversation with Daniel Entin, Director of the Nicholas Roerich Museum (Jan. 6, 2000)

(19) PAWA Brochure, ca. 1945, Box 17, Folder 16.

(20) Mark Gilderhaus, Pan-American Visions (University of Arizon Press, 1986), p. x-xi.

(21) Frances Grant, "The True Pan-Americanism,"1943, Box 18, Folder 59.

(22) PAWA brochure, ca. 1945, Box 17, Folder 16.

(23) William Korey, NGOs and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (New York, 1998), p. 100.

(24) Shirley M. Stewart, "The International League for the Rights of Man," Index (London: Spring 1975), p. 61.

(25) Annual Report, 1972.

(26) Minutes, 1949, Box 23, Folder 6.

(27) Michele Gisbert, "The Challenge to Tyranny in Latin America: the Work and Influence of Frances Grant, the Pan-American Women's Association, and the Inter-American Association for Democracy and Freedom" (Unpublished Undergraduate Thesis, Rutgers College, 1998), p. 26.

(28) Inter-American Association of Democracy and Freedom, Report of the Havana Conference (May 12-15, 1950).

(29) Inter-American Association for Democracy and Freedom, undated brochure, Box 63, Folder 30.

(30) International League for the Rights of Man, Press Release (February 13, 1952), Box 38, Folder 9.

(31) Gisbert, p. 62.

(32) Sheldon B. Liss, Democracy & Dependency: Venezuela, the United states and the Americas(Salisbury, North Carolina, 1978), p. 178.

(33) Ibid., p. 183.

(34) Inter-American Association for Democracy and Freedom, Report of the Second Inter-American Congress. Venezuela (April 22-26, 1960).

(35) IADF Press Release (March 1959), Box 55, Folder 34.

(36) Hemispherica, 10(3), April-May 1961.

(37) Frances Grant to Patricia Bildner (January 13, 1970), Box 34, Folder 15.

(38) Laurence R. Birns to Frances Grant (February 16, 1970), Box 30, Folder 52.

(39) Hemispherica 22(7) (August-September 1973).

(40) Gerald Colby with Charlotte Dennett, Thy Will be Done: Nelson Rockefeller and Evangelism in the Age of Oil (New York, 1976), p. 778. I am indebted to Ron McGee for this reference.

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Scope and Content Note

The Frances R. Grant Papers span the period 1897 to 1986, with the bulk dating from 1920 to 1986. They comprise approximately 78 cubic feet of material (66 records center cartons, 11 phase boxes containing oversize scrapbooks, 3 newspaper boxes, 6 index card boxes, and 1 oversize folder). The Frances R. Grant Papers are divided into five sub-groups: Personal Papers, Roerich Museum, Pan-American Women's Association (PAWA), International League for Human Rights (ILHR) and Inter-American Association for Democracy and Freedom (IADF).

The Personal Papers sub-group (13 cubic feet) spans the period 1897 to 1986, with the bulk dating from 1917 to 1986. This sub-group includes material related to Frances Grant's life and activities not connected with her organizational affiliations. It documents her relationship with her family, particularly her sister and brother-in-law Hylda and Max Zimmerman; and her personal friendships with prominent individuals. The series also documents Grant's interests-religion, spirituality, astrology, music, art, and the Far East. Grant was an active participant in women's clubs, and frequently attended exhibitions and programs. The sub-group also documents Grant's travels, her journalism, and the many awards she received over her lifetime. Although primarily paper, the sub-group contains material in several other formats including photographs, phonograph discs, and ephemera such as ribbons and identification cards. Throughout the collection, brittle documents have been photocopied on to acid-free paper. The sub-group also includes five oil paintings and about three cubic feet of artifacts which Grant acquired in Latin America. An item-level list of these artifacts can be found in Appendix A. The oil paintings, which are oversize, are stored separately. Other oversize material in this sub-group are the phonograph discs, lithographs, and citations.

The Roerich Museum (4 cubic feet) sub-group spans the period 1920 to 1985. It documents Grant's service as executive director and vice-president of the museum from 1921 to 1937, as well as the later history of the museum. Events documented in this sub-group include the administration of the Roerich Museum and the Roerich Press; Nicholas Roerich's travels to India, Manchuria, and Mongolia; Frances Grant's travels to Latin America; and internal politics and financial difficulties at the museum. Subjects documented include spirituality, Pan-Americanism, the Roerich Pact, and the relationship between Roerich and Henry A. Wallace. Besides paper, formats include photographs, etchings and scrapbooks. Two oversize scrapbooks are stored separately.

The PAWA sub-group (7 cubic feet) spans the period 1928 to 1985. It documents the foundation and growth of the PAWA and its many activities, including sponsoring musical programs, art exhibits, readings, conferences, and fund-raisers. It shows the development of the PAWA from a strictly cultural to a politically active organization concerned with human rights and social conditions in Latin America. It also documents Latin American women artists and other prominent women. In addition to paper, formats include photographs, address cards and scrapbooks. Two oversize scrapbooks, photographs, a citation and a broadside are stored separately.

The ILHR sub-group (4 cubic feet) spans the period 1941 to 1985. It documents Grant's work as secretary and vice-president of the league, and chairman of its Latin-American Committee. As well as revealing the internal workings of the organization, this series shows the ILHR's attempts to document, publicize and protest human rights abuses throughout the world. These files particularly focus on Latin America. Includes address lists and an index to the BY-LAWS, MINUTES, and CORRESPONDENCE series on index cards. Two oversize broadsides are stored separately.

The IADF sub-group (approximately 44 cubic feet) spans the period 1929 to 1986, with the bulk dating from 1950 to 1985. By far the largest and most important sub-group in the collection, it primarily consists of the office files of the IADF from its foundation in 1950 to its demise in 1985. It also includes, however, some earlier materials which Grant added to the files. This sub-group documents the administration of the IADF, including conference and event planning, finances, and relations with other NGOs and international organizations. More importantly, the sub-group documents the IADF's response through protests and publicity campaigns to human rights violations in Latin-American countries, including Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru and Venezuela. Of particular interest is correspondence with Latin-American political leaders and dissidents. It is also a rich source of information about political parties, labor movements, women's rights, and social and economic conditions in virtually every Latin American country. It also includes some information about human rights in other countries, particularly Spain, Portugal, and the English-speaking Caribbean.

Although primarily paper, other formats include photographs, photographic plates, scrapbooks, microfilm, a few audiotapes, a phonograph disc, and card files. Oversize items, including scrapbooks, broadsides, photographs, newspapers and magazines are stored separately. Also stored separately are card indexes to the PERSONALITY CORRESPONDENCE FILES, CONFERENCE MATERIALS, a partial index to the LATIN-AMERICAN COUNTRY FILES, and an index to the IADF's newsletter Hemispherica. An item-level list of the photographs in the IADF sub-group can be found in Appendix B.

Several sub-groups contain overlapping materials. In the Personal Papers sub-group, Frances Grant's diaries cover the last years of her work at the Roerich Museum, as well as her work with the PAWA, ILHR, and the IADF. The CORRESPONDENCE FILES also contain some letters from figures like Rómulo Betancourt and artist Julia Codesido, whom Grant considered as friends as well as colleagues. Similarly, documentation of honors Grant received is included in both the Personal Papers and IADF sub-groups. Essentially, Grant's personal and professional lives were interwoven. The ILHR and IADF sub-groups overlap because the two groups often worked together on the same cases.

Furthermore, within the large IADF sub-group, there is some overlap between series. For instance, the REFERENCE MATERIALS overlap with the LATIN-AMERICAN COUNTRY FILES because both series contain documentation of conditions within Latin-American countries; the REFERENCE FILES, however, contain very little correspondence. The PERSONALITY CORRESPONDENCE FILES, although primarily consisting of correspondence between Grant and the U.S. Committee of the IADF, overlaps somewhat with the LATIN-AMERICAN COUNTRY FILES; for instance, both series contain files on Jesús de Galíndez and on the Pérez Jiménez extradition case. Although the DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN CORRESPONDENCE, DOMESTIC CORRESPONDENCE AND MISCELLANY, and GENERAL FILES contain more routine material, they overlap to some degree with the LATIN-AMERICAN COUNTRY FILES.

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Arrangement Note

Some of the overlap between sub-groups and series can be explained by the attempts by Frances Grant and her assistants to rearrange the collection before it was given to Rutgers. Grant occasionally moved items from their original files to files where she thought they would be more useful. (She documented these moves by leaving notes in the file in question.) She also may have tried to place duplicates in more than one place for cross-referencing. Her assistants also created the indexes which have been mentioned above, and may have moved some material in the course of indexing. Certainly some of the file headings were created while indexing. Apparently the indexers ran out of time while indexing the LATIN-AMERICAN COUNTRY FILES, so that Chile, parts of Cuba and Nicaragua, and of course, the second sub-series, are not included.

The Frances R. Grant Papers were received in two main accessions. The first accession consisted primarily of the ILHR, PAWA, and parts of the IADF sub-groups. This material was received in a much more organized state than the second accession, which consisted of the Personal Papers and Roerich Museum sub-groups, as well as later materials from the other sub-groups. The second accession was received when the IADF was forced to vacate its offices after the sale of the building in 1985. To an extent, later materials were integrated into the PAWA, ILHR, and IADF sub-groups. In some cases, material from the first accession which clearly belonged in the Personal Papers and Roerich Museum sub-groups was moved. The indexes, however, reflect the original arrangement of the material, and must be used with caution. Furthermore, some published material was removed from the collection for future cataloging.

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Related Collections Note

Material about Frances Grant and the IADF can be found in several other collections in the United States. Special Collections and University Archives at Rutgers holds the papers of Professor Robert J. Alexander, Grant's friend and fellow officer of the IADF. Alexander attended both IADF conferences and was a regular contributor to Hemispherica.

Documentation of Frances Grant's work at the Nicholas Roerich Museum can be found in the museum's archives in New York City. The archives contain a long account of the litigation over the museum's original building, a copy of which is available at Special Collections and University Archives. The originals of the correspondence between Frances Grant and Henry Wallace can be found in the Samuel Rosenman Papers at the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library in Hyde Park, New York. The Roosevelt Library also hold the papers of IADF supporter Adolf A. Berle, Jr., which contains his correspondence with Frances Grant. Further correspondence between Grant and members of the U.S. government can be found in the U.S. Department of State, Record Group 59, National Archives II, College Park, Maryland. Finally, the records of the International League for Human Rights (ILHR) are held by the New York Public Library, and the records of Freedom House, with which the IADF collaborated in later years, are held by Princeton University.

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No restrictions.

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Detailed Description of the Papers/Container List

I: Personal Papers
DIARIES, 1934-1985 (6 cubic feet)
Arrangement: Grouped by type of diary and arranged chronologically within each group
Diaries, appointment books, wall calendars and diary notes of Frances Grant. Invitations, correspondence and notes are attached to some pages.
The largest part of the series (5.4 cubic feet) consists of appointment books or daily records, spanning the period 1934 to 1985. Only 1936, 1940, 1946, 1952-1954, and 1984 are missing. Several years have more than one book covering the same dates, and in other cases Grant did not fill up the whole book. Although these books document Grant's daily schedule, they also include description and commentary on events or individuals. Grant marked with notes or clips the dates important events occurred.
The daily records from the 1930s and 1940s document Grant's work as vice president of the Roerich Museum and president of the Pan American Women's Association, while the volumes from the 1950s through the 1980s document her work as secretary general of the Inter American Association for Democracy and Freedom, as well as her continuing work with other organizations and personal life.
This series contains three other types of material: diary notes, wall calendars and travel diaries. The diary notes (1938-1977) consist of highlights from the diaries transcribed by Grant in preparation for a proposed autobiography. The calendars, which date from 1964, 1970, 1975, 1981, and 1983 are simply wall calendars recording Grant's appointments. Of particular interest are the travel diaries (1940-1980), which give detailed accounts of Grant's trips, primarily to Latin America, but also to Europe and to visit her family in New Mexico.
The oversize 1983 calendar is stored separately.
See also: newspaper box 85.
Box Folder
1 1-2 1934-1935
3-4 1937-1938
5-12 1941-1948
Box Folder
2 1-3 1949-1951
4-13 1955-1961
Box Folder
3 1-11 1962-1967
Box Folder
4 1-16 1968-1973
Box Folder
5 1-12 1974-1980
Box Folder
6 1-6 1981-1983
7-9 Diary Notes, 1938-1977
10 Travel Diaries, 1940-1941 and 1947
11 Travel Diaries, 1941
12-13 Travel Diaries, 1948-1949
14-16 Travel Diaries, 1951-1953
17-18 Travel Diaries, 1956-1957
19 Travel Diaries: Latin America, 1961-1962
20 Travel Diaries: Latin America, 1967
21 Travel Diaries: Latin America, 1971
22 Travel Diaries: India and Santa Fe, 1971
23 Travel Diaries: Santa Fe, 1976
24 Travel Diaries: Costa Rica, 1980
25 Calendars, 1964
26 Calendars, 1970
27 Calendars, 1975
28 Calendars, 1981 and 1983
CORRESPONDENCE AND MISCELLANY, 1917-1986 (1.6 cubic feet)
Arrangement: alphabetical by correspondent.
Primarily personal correspondence received by Frances Grant, as well as miscellaneous personal documents, such as address books, citations, biographical sketches, identification cards, personal financial records, lists, invitations, notes, ribbons, and a phonograph disc (33 rpm), presented to Grant by Rómulo Betancourt. Most of the correspondence is filed by names of individuals, but there are also some filed by place, or organization names including Rutgers University, the Nemi Foundation, Freedom House, the Metropolitan Opera, and the Religious of the Cenacle in Ronkonkoma, New York, a Catholic Order Retreat, which Grant visited.
Among the correspondents are members of Frances Grant's family, including her maternal aunt Mildred Spiro, her brothers David and Joseph, her sister and brother-in-law, Hylda and Max Zimmerman, and her nieces and nephews. Important correspondents include Grant's friend, the Peruvian painter Julia Codesido, the Italian socialist Angelica Balabanoff, Venezuelan President Rómulo Betancourt, Chilean poet Gabriela Mistral, Grant's neighbor in Abiquiu, Georgia O'Keeffe, and Dr. George Pack, who operated on Eva Perón.
Also of interest are several files of random notes consisting of Grant's musings on spirituality and the self.
Series includes several oversize items stored separately--a four phonograph disc set of speeches by Rómulo Betancourt, and numerous citations presented to Grant, most notably, the Orden de la Liberación de España (1955).
[See also: newspaper box 85]
Box Folder
7 1 A (Miscellaneous), 1963-1984
2 Abiquiu, undated
3 Address Book, 1945
4 B (Miscellaneous), 1931-1984
5 Balabanoff, Angelica, 1952-1959
6 Balakovic, Joyce, 1937-1957
7 Betancourt, Rómulo, 1949-1978
8 Biographical Materials, 1961-1982
9 Bolivia, 1931-1940
10 Brazil, 1951-1957
11 Business and United Nations Identification Cards, 1921-1959
12 C (Miscellaneous), 1931-1983
13 Cenacle, 1937-1952
14-15 Christmas Cards, 1929-1984
16 Christmas Cards: Latin American Leaders, 1963-1964
17-18 Clancy, Father John, 1948-1950
19 Codesido, Julia, 1939-1964
20 Contact Names, 1985
21 D (Miscellaneous), 1924-1986
22 Davis, Lillian, 1930-1963
23 De Los Rios, Fernando, 1945-1947
24 Desbouis, Marie, 1936-1958
25 E (Miscellaneous), 1932-1982
26 F (Miscellaneous), 1932-1980
27 Family Members, 1939-1986
28 Financial Records, 1967-1968
29-30 Financial Records, 1980-1984
31 Freedom House, 1985-1986
32 Friends: India, 1948-1952
33 Friends: Latin America, 1957-1985
34 Friends: Special (Gabriela Mistral and Natalia Aróslegui de Suárez), undated
35 G (Miscellaneous), 1930-1948
36 Giraldoni, Lily (née Schroeder), 1930-1970
37 Glover, Nada, 1945-1947
38 Grant, David A. (great-nephew), 1979-1985
39 Grant, David Elias (brother), 1956
40 Grant, David H. (nephew), 1956
41 Grant, James A., 1984-1985
42-43 Grant, Joseph B. (brother), 1947-1973
44 Grant, Joseph B. (brother), death of, 1976-1977
45 Grant, Robert Lewis and family, 1963-1984
46 H (Miscellaneous), 1921-1983
47 I (Miscellaneous), 1936-1958
48 Inventories of Possessions, 1981
49 Invitations, 1959-1975
49 Invitations, 1959-1975
50 Izaguirre, Virginia, 1964-1983
51 J (Miscellaneous), 1978-1984
52 K (Miscellaneous), 1947-1959 and undated
53 L (Miscellaneous), 1930-1984
54 Laufman, Sidney and Beatrice, 1931-1933
55 M (Miscellaneous), 1952-1984
56 Metropolitan Opera, 1946-1971
57-58 Miscellaneous Cards, 1947-1985
59 Miscellaneous Cards: Latin America, 1967-1979
60 Miscellaneous Correspondence, 1931-1983
61 Miscellaneous Documents, 1941-1962 and 1984
62 Morlas, Ximena and Carmen, 1930-1960
63 Myers, Mrs. James, 1940
Box Folder
8 1 N (Miscellaneous), 1945-1985
2 Nemi Foundation, 1980-1985
3 New Mexico Miscellaneous, 1950-1970
4 O (Miscellaneous), 1930-1983
5 O'Keeffe, Georgia, 1956 and undated
6 P (Miscellaneous), 1936-1980
7-8 Pack, George T., 1936-1954
9 Pedowitz, Eva, 1964-1977
10 Peru: Early Personalities, 1929, 1942
11 Q (Miscellaneous), 1982-1984
12 R (Miscellaneous), 1930-1985
13-15 Random Notes, 1958-1980
16 Ratner, Blanche, 1940-1950
17 Ribbons, 1960
18 Rosemond, Henri - Wedding, 1952
19 S (Miscellaneous), 1931-1982
20 Spiro Family, 1931-1984
21 Sporborg, Constance - National Federation of Women's Clubs, 1931-1934
22 Stroud, Drew McCord, 1931-1983
23 T (Miscellaneous), 1942-1986
24 Taylor, Ariel - numerologist, 1935
25 V (Miscellaneous), 1940-1986
26 Venezuela, 1978-1983
27 W (Miscellaneous), 1951-1984
28 X, Y, Z (Miscellaneous), 1941-1985
29 Zimmerman Family, 1941-1983
30 Zimmerman, Hylda, 1940-1961
31 Zimmerman, Max M., 1940-1957
SUBJECT FILES, 1930-1985 (.6 cubic feet)
Arrangement: Subject files are arranged alphabetically.
Primarily documents personal activities and projects of Frances R. Grant which are outside the realm of her organizational ties. Subjects covered include art exhibitions, women's conferences, women's clubs, and conferences and awards ceremonies at Columbia and Rutgers universities. Document types include incoming and outgoing correspondence, manuscripts intended for publication, press releases, newspaper clippings, and unclassified Department of State documents.
Of particular interest is information regarding Miss Grant's book published by the Dial Press, Oriental Philosophy; her proposed book, Women of Latin America; and her attempted venture into magazine publication, Alcance. Alcance was intended to be a literary and cultural magazine reviewing North American life and thought, written in Spanish and directed to a Latin American audience. The extensive effort put into getting this magazine off the ground - solicitation of manuscripts, securing distribution agents, biographies of contributors, a pre-issue and critical opinions thereof--are all part of this series. Includes unpublished manuscripts and correspondence from leading literary and cultural figures such as John dos Passos, Upton Sinclair, Archibald MacLeish, and Frank Lloyd Wright, as well as correspondence from Thornton Wilder, Reinhold Niebuhr, H.L. Mencken, Thomas Mann, Lillian Hellman, and Aaron Copeland.
Also worthy of highlight is documentation of the 1982 election in El Salvador, which Grant attended as part of an international delegation of observers.
Box Folder
8 32 Alcance Project: Biographies of Contributors, undated
33 Alcance Project: Distribution, 1945
34 Alcance Project: Greene, Philip, 1944-1945
35 Alcance Project: Manuscripts and Correspondence - James T. Adams, Serge Koussevitzky, and Archibal MacLeish, 1945
36-37 Alcance Project: Manuscripts and Correspondence - Authors A-Z, 1945
38 Alcance Project: Opinion of, 1945
39 Alcance Project: Pre-Issue, 1945
40 Alcance Project: Presentation, 1945
41 Alcance Project: Press Clipping Service, 1945
42 Alcance Project: Press Releases, 1945
43 Alcance Project: Rate Announcement, 1945
44 Alcance Project: Regrets - Correspondence, 1945
45 Alcance Project: Trademark, 1945
46 Alcance Project: Wallace Thorsen Organization, 1945
47 Argentine Journalism, 1941-1959
48 Art Conference, 1939
49 Brazil: Correspondence, 1945 and undated
50 Club Work, 1930-1934
51-53 Columbia University Bicentennial Conference, 1954
54 Columbia University: Maria Moors Cabot Award - Nomination of Miguel Albornoz, 1984
55 Dalai Lama Visit, 1979
56 Deeds, Tony, undated
57 Inter-American Commission on Women, 1942-1943
58 International Rescue Committee, 1981-1983
59 Izquierdo, Maria - Artist, ca. 1939
60 Lister, George, 1985
61 Mehta, Hansa, 1949
62 Nabuco Case: Rebecca vs. A. Sucessora, 1941-1949
63 Sussman, Leonard, 1985
64 United States Embassy: El Salvador - Chronology of Events, 1979-1981
65 United States Embassy: El Salvador - Decree # 914, 1981-1982
66 United States Embassy: El Salvador - Election of 1982, 1981-1982
67 United States Embassy: El Salvador - General Information, 1981
68 Women in Latin America, 1942
TRAVEL FILES, 1935-1984 (.7 cubic feet)
Arrangement: Grouped into two types of material: documentation of specific trips, arranged chronologically; and general travel materials, arranged alphabetically by subject.
Documentation of Frances Grant's trips, primarily to Latin America, but also to New Mexico, Europe, and India. Document types include correspondence, reports, manuscript articles, press releases, programs, exhibition catalogs, invitations, receipts, menus, tickets, business cards, identification and police documents, and notes.
During her 1941, 1951, and 1957 trips to Latin America, Grant kept copies of letters sent back to her family which serve as diaries. During her 1941 trip, Grant met with artist, educators, and women's groups, and established branches of the PAWA. She also sent back articles to the United States, some of which were published through the North American Newspaper Alliance. These articles document the tension and shifting alliances in Latin America during the World War II period.
Of interest in the files on Grant's 1951 trip is her meeting with Bolivian President Hugo Ballivián about political exiles, her meeting with Ecuadoran President Galo Plaza Lasso, and her reports on Lima, where APRA leader Victor Raúl Haya de la Torre had taken refuge in the Colombian embassy. In her 1957 trip, Grant describes the situation in Colombia directly after the overthrow of the dictator Gustavo Rojas Pinilla. On this trip, she met with a number of leaders including Eduardo Santos, former president of Colombia and publisher of El Tiempo, Colombian President Alberto Lleras Camargo, Chilean presidents Eduardo Frei and Gabriel González Videla, Bolivian president Hernán Siles Zuazo, former Venezuelan president Rómulo Gallegos, and former Cuban minister of education Aureliano Sánchez Arango, as well as labor leaders and Dominican exiles.
The files on Grant's later trips contain mostly letters that were sent to her from the United States, although the 1966 file does contain a description of the Dominican Republic six years after the fall of Trujillo.
The second part of the series includes correspondence from miscellaneous trips, and newspapers clippings, identification cards, police documents and notes.
Box Folder
9 1 Latin America, 1941: Correspondence - Family
2-3 Latin America, 1941: Correspondence - General
4 Latin America, 1941: Correspondence - Photocopies
5 Latin America, 1941: Expenses
6 Latin America, 1941: National Broadcasting Co. (NBC)
7-8 Latin America, 1941: North American Newspaper Alliance (NANA) - Articles sent by Frances R. Grant
9 Latin America, 1941: Programs and Exhibits
10 Latin America, 1941: Travel Arrangements
11 Latin America, 1946: Correspondence
12 Europe, 1947: Travel Arrangements
13 Latin America, 1951: Correspondence
14 Latin America, 1951: Travel Arrangements
15 Europe, 1952: Correspondence and Expenses
16 Latin America, 1957: Citations and Reports
17 Latin America, 1957: Correspondence
18 Latin America, 1957: Correspondence - Family (From)
19-20 Latin America, 1957: Correspondence - Family (To)
21-22 Latin America, 1957: Correspondence - Photocopies
23 Latin America, 1957: Danger in Travel Correspondence
24 Latin America, 1957: Press Releases
25 Latin America, 1957: Travel Arrangements
26-27 Latin America, 1961-1962: Correspondence
28 Europe, 1966: Expenses
29-30 Latin America, 1966-1967: Correspondence
31 Latin America, 1967: Travel Arrangements
32 Europe, 1968: Correspondence
33 Europe, 1969: Travel Arrangements
34 Latin America, 1969: Expenses
35 India, 1971: Schedule
36 Latin America, 1972: Correspondence
37-38 Latin America, 1972-1973: Travel Arrangements and Expenses
39 New Mexico, 1973: Correspondence
40 Latin America, 1973: Correspondence and Expenses
41 Latin America, 1976: Trip Cancelled
42 Calling Cards, 1960-1972 and undated
43 Identification Cards, 1946, 1952, 1960, and 1972
44 Miscellaneous Trips: Correspondence, 1953-1983
45 Newspaper Clippings, 1932-1976
46 Notes of Frances R. Grant, 1941-1972
47 Police Certificates, 1941-1949
WRITINGS AND SPEECHES, 1926-1985. (.5 cubic feet).
Arrangement: Files are grouped alphabetically by subject.
Speeches and published and unpublished writings by Frances Grant. Subjects covered include the Roerich Museum, the Moguls, Latin-American politics and history, women in Latin America, Latin-American and Eastern art, and spirituality. Other document types include correspondence, notes, programs, press releases, manuscript poems, and advertisements, book reviews and royalty statements for Grant's Oriental Philosophy (Dial Press, 1935).
Includes sequence of correspondence regarding Frances Grant's lectures, many of which were given to women's clubs and organizations. This correspondence is arranged alphabetically by the name of the organization or the individual contact.
Box Folder
9 48 Akbar/Babar, 1933
49 Articles about Frances R. Grant, 1929-1983
50 Articles by Frances R. Grant, 1943-1975 and undated
51 Autobiography - Latin American Work, undated
52 Book Reviews, undated
53 Dial Press: Oriental Philosophy, 1935-1937
54 Freedom House Articles, 1974-1976
55 Illustrations for Lectures, 1930
56-59 Lecture Correspondence: A-Z, 1929-1985
60 Lectures - "Saint Teresa" and "Art in a Changing World," undated
61 Letters to the Editor, 1973
62 Notes and Manuscripts, 1917-1926 and undated
63 Programs Including Frances R. Grant, 1931-1965 and undated
64 Published Works of Frances R. Grant, 1931-1960
65 Roerich Manuscript and Correspondence, 1985
66 Schedule of Lectures, 1931-1933
67 Speeches, 1932-1961 and undated
68 Speeches and Notes in Spanish, undated
69 Women of Latin America: Muñoz, Inez de, undated
70 Colombia: Nariño and La Pola, undated
71 Paraguay: Press Conference and Book Contribution, 1976
72 Venezuela: Book Project, 1978
PHOTOGRAPHS AND ART WORK, 1897-1986 (.5 cubic feet)
Arrangement: alphabetically by subject.
Photographs relating to Frances Grant's personal relationships, interests, and activities. Subjects covered include Latin American art, Latin American scenes, portraits of Grant, her family and friends, and awards received by Grant.
Of particular interest are photographs assembled for the proposed Alcance magazine, including a photo essay on the indigenous people of Latin America (1945). Also of interest are a large group of undated photographs (possibly from the 1940s) of life at the Roffo nurses training center in Buenos Aires.
Many of the Latin American views are from Grant's various trips. Among these is a scrapbook of a social center for children in the slums of La Paz, sponsored by the Volunteers for Children's Cultural and Social Centers, whom Grant apparently met in Bolivia in 1972. Of particular interest in this group is a 1946 photograph of a typical dance by Bolivian indigenous women. Among the miscellaneous views, some of which are from the United States, is a photograph of Hampton Institute students repairing a log cabin, from Grant's writing on spirituals in the 1920s
The photographs of Grant's friends include portraits of Angelica Balabanoff, Dr. Angel Roffo, and Grassi Dias, director of the Teatro Colón in Buenos Aires.
Oversize items stored separately include a book of lithographs of Santiago, Chile, by Pablo Vidor; eleven photographs of citations awarded to Grant; and four prints.
See also: newspaper box 85.
Box Folder
10 1 African Women, undated
2-3 Alcance Project, 1945
4-6 Argentina: Roffo Center Nurses' Training, undated
7-8 Art: Argentina - Stepan Erzia, 1928-1941
9 Art: Brazil, undated
10 Art: Chile (Sculpture), ca. 1930
11 Art: Chile, Colombia, Peru, undated
12 Art: Maria Izquierdo, 1938-1939
13 Art: Unidentified, ca. 1920s
14 Bolivia, 1972
15 Chile, University of: Art School, ca. 1941
16 Family, ca. 1900-1940
17 Family, ca. 1970-1985
18 Friends, ca. 1932-1958
19 Friends, ca. 1970-1986
20 Giraldoni Wedding, 1949
21 Grant, Frances R.- Portraits, 1897-1986
22 Latin American Trip: Leaving Peru, 1951
23 Latin American Trip: Artwork and Views, 1941-1946
24 Maria Moors Cabot Convocation, 1982
25 Marx, R. Burke - Paintings, 1941
26 Miscellaneous Views, ca. 1920s
27 Rosemond, Henri - Wedding, 1952
28 Rutgers Reception, 1982
29 Views: Argentina and Brazil, 1929-1941
30 Views: Colombia, 1940-1941
31 Views: New Mexico, 1922, 1944
ART AND ARTIFACTS, 1939-1984. (ca. 6 cubic feet)
Arrangement: grouped by size.
Primarily art and artifacts acquired by Frances Grant during her Latin American trips. Includes paintings, figurines, wooden and metal objects, jewelry, textiles, ceramics, political memorabilia, plaques, and miscellaneous objects.
Of particular importance are signed paintings by Peruvian artists Julia Codesido, who was a friend of Grant's, and José Sabogal. Also of interest is a Peruvian retablo, a wooden box, which opens to show an intricately carved Easter scene. The paintings, which are oversize, are stored separately.
Several items are inscribed to Frances Grant. Also includes wooden plaque citations received by her.
11-13 Artifacts, 1939-1984 [See Appendix A for list of artifacts]
II: Roerich Museum
CORRESPONDENCE, 1921-1983 (.3 cubic feet)
Arrangement: coorespondence arranged alphabetically.
Letters received and copies of letters sent by Frances Grant in her capacity as vice president of the Roerich Museum from 1921 to 1937. Also includes some later correspondence referring to Nicholas Roerich and the Roerich Museum.
Subjects discussed include exchanges of art work, public cultural programs and publications of the museum, relations with Roerich societies abroad, particularly in France and Latvia, the museum's financial difficulties in the early 1930s, and Nicholas Roerich's tax difficulties. Important correspondents include Pearl Buck, for whom the museum organized a luncheon, Nicholas Roerich's son George, Grant's fellow museum trustees Louis H. Bean, Maurice and Sina Lichtmann, and museum director Louis H. Horch.
Of particular importance is correspondence with George Roerich while he was with his family in Urusvati, Kulu, India and on the botanical expedition in Manchuria and Mongolia in 1934-1935. Roerich describes his experiences, including his contacts with occupied Manchuria (Manchuoko) and the scientific work of the expedition. Grant describes events in the United States, including Henry A. Wallace's disillusionment with Roerich and the expedition, and the dispute over the ownership of the museum building and its eventual loss to Louis Horch in 1937. These events are also discussed in the Horch and Lichtmann correspondence.
Also of interest is correspondence between Grant and museum supporters James and Margaret Cousins (1932-1934). Margaret Cousins was jailed in India for protesting British rule. James Cousins was president of the Theosophical College in Madanapalle, Madras.
Box Folder
14 1 Abroad, Letters Received from, 1930-1937
2 B (Miscellaneous), 1932-1937
3 Bean, Louis and Dorothy, 1933-1936
4 C (Miscellaneous), 1929-1941
5 Campbell, Katherine - Roerich Museum Press, 1946-1948
6-7 Cousins, James and Margaret, 1932-1983
8 D (Miscellaneous), 1931-1936
9 F (Miscellaneous), 1930-1941
10 French Association, 1931-1934
11 G (Miscellaneous), 1931-1937
12 H (Miscellaneous), 1921-1986
13 Horch, Louis L., 1926-1945
14 K (Miscellaneous), 1931-1938
15 L (Miscellaneous), 1928-1938
16-17 Lichtmann/Lehtman Family, 1937-1949
18 Lukins, Dr. H. - Riga, 1938-1939
19 M (Miscellaneous), 1931-1937
20-21 Miscellaneous, 1923-1937 and undated
22 Miscellaneous, 1976-1983
23 Narodny, Ivan, 1935-1948
24 P - R (Miscellaneous), 1931-1939
25-26 Roerich, George, 1931-1936 and undated
27 S (Miscellaneous), 1931-1951
28 T - V (Miscellaneous), 1930-1940
29 W - Z (Miscellaneous), 1929-1936
SUBJECT FILES, 1920-1985. (1.6 cubic feet).
Arrangement: alphabetically by subject.
Documents Grant's work at the Roerich Museum (1921-1937) and matters arising from this work. Document types include correspondence, reports, newspaper and magazine clippings, notes, fragmentary diary pages, programs, invitations, itineraries, press releases, financial documents, unpublished manuscripts, speeches, pamphlets, broadsides and resolutions.
Subjects include Grant's trip to India to meet Nicholas Roerich in 1928; her trips to Latin America in 1929 and 1930 under the auspices of the museum; her work as editor at the Roerich Museum Press; Henry A. Wallace's connection with Roerich and Grant; Roerich's botanical expedition (1934-1935); and the dispute over ownership of the Roerich Museum building, including Grant's later account.
Of particular interest are Grant's reports on her trips to Latin America, speeches about her experiences, programs of art exhibitions, and correspondence with important figures she met there such as Chilean poet Gabriela Mistral and Argentinian theosophist, socialist and feminist Victoria Gucovsky. Also of interest is documentation of the 1930 exhibition of Brazilian paintings, and other Latin American programming at the Roerich Museum.
Also of interest is material related to Grant's advocacy of the Roerich Pact (1931-1935); including documentation of fund-raising, letter-writing and publicity campaigns, as well as the three international conferences promoting the pact, and its ratification.
Of particular interest is documentation of the botanical expedition of 1934-1935, including a list of seeds Roerich sent back to the Department of Agriculture; and photocopies and photostats of correspondence from the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Library in Hyde Park, New York, documenting Wallace's initial interest in Roerich and support of the botanical expedition, and his later disillusionment and attempts to distance himself from the Roerichs. Some of the photocopies are duplicates of originals in this series. This material was assembled and indexed in 1976-1978, when professor Theodore A. Wilson of the University of Kansas consulted Grant about a possible biography of Wallace.
Box Folder
14 30-31 Botanical Expedition, 1934-1935
32-33 Botanical Expedition: Correspondence, 1933-1935
34 Botanical Expedition: Correspondence - Telegrams, 1935
35 Botanical Expedition: Correspondence, undated
36 Building Ownership Dispute: Copies, 1935-1936
37-38 Building Ownership Dispute: Correspondence and Notes, 1933-1935
39 Building Ownership Dispute: Miscellany, 1936-1979
40 Ernst, Morris, 1956, 1984
41 Horch Family, 1920, 1975
42 India Trip: Notes and Related Material, 1921-1929
43 Latin America: Argentina, 1929-1936
44 Latin America: Argentina - Correspondence about Exhibitions, 1929-1948
45-47 Latin America: Argentina - Gucovsky, Victoria, 1930-1932
48 Latin America: Argentina - Miscellany, 1929-1938
49 Latin America: Brazil, 1929-1933
50 Latin America: Brazil - Correspondence - A-Z, 1930-1941
51 Latin America: Brazil - Correspondence - Edwin V. Morgan, 1930-1933
52 Latin America: Brazilian Art Show - Program, 1930
53 Latin America: Colombia, 1930-1933
54 Latin America: General Correspondence, 1931-1939
55 Latin America: Miscellany, 1931-1941
56 Latin America: Peru, 1928-1950
57 Latin America: Programs, 1932-1934
58 Latin American Trip, 1929: Cables and Itinerary
59 Latin American Trip, 1929: Letters to Roerich Museum
60 Latin American Trip, 1929: Peru - Correspondence
61 Latin American Trip, 1929: Publicity
62 Latin American Trip, 1929: Report
63 Latin American Trip, 1930: Cables
64 Latin American Trip, 1930: Diary Pages
65 Latin American Trip, 1930: Related Correspondence
69 Latin American Trips, 1929-1930: Notes on Art Personalities
70 Latin American Work: New York, 1930-1940
71-72 Lectures, 1930-1936
73 Literary Luncheons, 1923-1937
74 Miscellaneous Documents, 1931 and 1985
75 Oglethorpe University Exhibition, 1935
76 Pan-American Student League, 1931
77 Pan-American Union, 1935
78 Reports: Botanical Exhibition and Roerich Pact, undated
79 Roerich, Devika, 1963
80 Roerich, George, 1936-1939
81 Roerich, Nicholas, undated
82 Roerich, Nicholas and Asia - Materials for Book, 1925-1961
83 Roerich, Svetoslav - Correspondence and Writings, 1965-1972
84 Roerich, Svetoslav - Correspondence and Writings, 1981-1982
85 Roerich Museum Press: Nicholas Golavin - Manuscript and Publication, 1934
86 Roerich Museum Press: Archbishop Nestor - Manuscript and Publication, 1934
87 Roerich Museum Press: Projected Manuscripts - "Flambeaux" by Frances R. Grant, undated
88-90 Roerich Pact, 1931-1935
Box Folder
15 1 Roerich Pact, 1935-1936
2 Roerich Pact, 1966-1968
3 Roerich Pact: Correspondence, 1931-1944
4 Roerich Pact: Hague Convention, 1954
5 Roerich Pact: Miscellany, 1956, 1985
6 Roerich Pact: Pan American Union, 1935
7 Roerich Pact: Press and Publicity, 1930-1935
8 Roerich Pact: Printed Materials, 1933-1947
9-10 Roerich Pact: Signing and Ratification, 1933-1935 and 1966
11 Roerich Pact: Speeches, 1931-1934
12 Roerich Pact: Support from Other Organizations, 1934-1936
13 Roerich Pact: Text, 1934-1936
14 Roerich Pact: Third Convention - General Correspondence and Invitations, 1933
15 Roerich Pact: Third Convention - Resolutions and Correspondence, 1933
16 Roerich Pact: Henry A. Wallace Correspondence, 1933-1935
17 Roerich Pact: Washington Trip - Correspondence, 1933
18 Roerich Pact and the Banner of Peace (Photocopies), 1933-1936
19 Roosevelt, Franklin Delano, 1934-1935, 1978
20 Roosevelt, Franklin Delano - Library - Files on Roerich Pact and Banner of Peace, 1930-1933
21 Roosevelt, Franklin Delano - Library: Photocopies about Roerich Museum and Banner of Peace, 1933-1943
22 Roosevelt, Franklin Delano - Library: Photocopies of Letters from Helena Roerich to Roosevelt, 1933-1936
23-25 Roosevelt, Franklin Delano - Library: Photocopies of Wallace/Grant/Roerich Letters, 1933-1934 and undated
26 Wallace, Henry A.: Annotated Lists of Letters from Theodore Wilson, ca. 1978
27 Wallace, Henry A.: Astrological Chart, 1934
28 Wallace, Henry A.: Botanical Expedition, 1935
29 Wallace, Henry A.: Convention - Clippings, 1948
30 Wallace, Henry A.: Copies and Excerpts of Letters Pertaining to, 1943 and undated
31-33 Wallace, Henry A.: Correspondence, 1927-1935 and undated
34-38 Wallace, Henry A.: Correspondence - Originals, 1930-1936 and undated
39 Wallace, Henry A.: Correspondence and Excerpts, 1935
40 Wallace, Henry A.: Correspondence and Notes, 1939 and 1977
41 Wallace, Henry A.: Correspondence and Reports, 1920-1934
42 Wallace, Henry A.: Correspondence from Sina Fosdick about, 1977-1978
43 Wallace, Henry A.: Correspondence with Theodore Wilson about Biography, 1976-1977
44-47 Wallace, Henry A.: Indexed Correspondence - Photocopies, 1933-1935 and undated
48 Wallace, Henry A.: Notes and Articles by Frances R. Grant, 1978
49-55 Wallace, Henry A.: Photocopies, 1929-1940 and undated
56 Wallace/Grant/Roerich Letters: Keys to Initials Used, 1976
PUBLICATIONS, 1928-1983. (.1 cubic feet).
Arrangement: grouped alphabetically by type.
Primarily publications of the Roerich Museum. Also includes a few items referring to Nicholas Roerich. Document types include a book, cards, bulletins, brochures, and programs.
Of particular interest are brochures describing the museum from the late 1920s, programs from art exhibitions at the museum, the first issue of the Roerich Museum Bulletin (January 1931); a book of poetry, Beggar of Beauty, by Sundar Giffin, a sufi, published by the Roerich Museum Press in 1931; and a souvenir booklet (1974) commemorating the centenary of Roerich's birth, published in Bangalore, India.
Box Folder
15 57 Christmas Cards, ca. 1930s
58 Griffin, Sundar: Beggar of Beauty, 1931
59 Miscellaneous, 1931-1937
60 Miscellaneous Referring to Roerich, 1979-1986
61 Programs and Brochures, ca. 1928-1932
PHOTOGRAPHS AND ARTWORK, 1925-1934. (.25 cubic feet).
Arrangement: grouped alphabetically by subject.
Primarily photographs taken or acquired by Frances Grant during her tenure as vice president of the Roerich Museum. Also includes a set of etchings by Katherina Sresnevska, a pupil of Roerich, and a few exhibition programs. Most of the photographs are 4 x 5 or postcard format. Also includes larger formats and some negatives.
Important subjects include art work displayed in the exhibition of Brazilian painting curated by Grant (1930); Frances Grant and Sina Lichtmann in India (1928); scenes of the Kulu Valley, where Roerich's retreat and scientific institute Urusvati was located; and portraits and views from Grant's trips to Latin America in 1929 and 1930.
Of particular interest is a 1925 photograph, located in the "miscellaneous" file, of Adolf Bolm, principal dancer with Diaghilev's company, posing with Indian dancers while visiting Grant in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Many of the postcards depict art work and buildings, as well as rural scenes in India and Latin America.
Box Folder
16 1 Botanical Expedition, 1934
2 Brazilian Art Show, 1930
3 Church Interiors - Quito, Ecuador, ca. 1930
4 Davila, Harminia and Carlos - Portraits, ca. 1930
5 Exhibition: Colonial Painting in South America - Rosario, 1932
6 Friends, 1930
7 Hansgirg, Dr. Fritz - Photographs in Japan, ca. 1930
8 India: Frances R. Grant and Sina Lichtmann, 1928
9 India: Postcards, 1928
10 India: Views and groups, 1930 and undated
11 Latin American Trip, 1929-1930: Artwork - Argentina, Mexico, and Peru
12 Latin American Trip, 1929-1930 : Artwork - Brazil
13 Latin American Trip, 1929-1930: Artwork - Unidentified Countries
14 Latin American Trip, 1929-1930: Negatives
15 Latin American Trip, 1929-1930: Portraits
16 Latin American Trip, 1929-1930: Views of Bolivia
17 Latin American Trip, 1929-1930: Views of Colombia and Ecuador
18 Latin American Trip, 1929-1930: Views of Peru
19 Latin American Trip, 1929-1930: Views of Unidentified Countries
20 Miscellaneous, 1925 and 1931
21 Portraits: Louis Bean and Horch Children, undated
22 Sresnevska, Katherina - Prints of Guanaharo Bay, ca. 1930
23 Watercolor, 1930
SCRAPBOOKS AND CLIPPINGS, 1928-1980. (.5 cubic feet)
Arrangement: grouped alphabetically by subject.
Scrapbooks and newspaper and magazine clippings documenting Grant's tenure as vice president of the Roerich Museum, as well as individuals and activities associated with it.
The clippings, which date from 1928 to 1980, include publicity for the Roerich Museum, particularly Grant's trips to Latin America under its auspices; and articles about the Roerich Pact, Nicholas Roerich, Henry Wallace, Louis Horch, and other individuals associated with Nicholas Roerich and the museum. Also includes articles about what became of the original Roerich building, and copies of Westbrook Pegler's newspaper column, where Wallace's letters to Roerich were first exposed.
Of the three scrapbooks in this series, two are oversized. The standard size scrapbook documents Latin American programming at the Roerich Museum from 1929 to 1930. It consists of newspaper and magazine clippings, programs, invitations and a photograph of a performer, seventeen-year old Brazilian singer Abigail Parecis. The larger oversize scrapbook documents Grant's trips to Latin America in 1929 and 1930, and related activities. It consists chiefly of newspaper and magazine clippings, many of which are in Spanish. Also includes programs, invitations, art exhibit catalogs, and clippings about lectures and musical programs at the museum and Grant's activities after her return from Latin America. Of interest is a poem composed for Grant by Max Jiménez in 1933.
The third scrapbook documents Grant's trip to Peru in August 1930. Made up of photographs, it was presented to her by Juan Ríos, the mayor of Rimac, a section of Lima. It depicts the festival of San Juan, held annually in Pampas de Amancaes. Photographs show the region, traditional dances, and Grant attending the ceremonies along with Rios and Peruvian President Augusto B. Leguía.
[See also: phase boxes 73-74]
Box Folder
16 24 Argentina: Recital in Honor of Frances R. Grant, 1930
25 Latin American Activities, 1929-1930
26 Miscellany, 1928-1985
27 Roerich Museum Publicity, 1929-1934
28-29 Wallace, Henry A., 1929-1974
III: Pan-American Women's Association
Arrangement: chronological.
Documents include the original certificate of incorporation of the PAWA, when it was incorporated as a non-profit or membership corporation in 1965. Also includes minutes of the incorporators' meeting, by-laws, and a letter of receipt for the corporate seal (1968).
Box Folder
16 30 Certification of Incorporation and By-laws, 1965-1968
MINUTES, 1931-1983. (.3 cubic feet)
Arrangement: grouped into three sub-series and arranged chronologically within each sub-series.
Minutes of the officers, board of directors and members of the PAWA. Other document types include correspondence, agendas, treasurer's reports, receipts, resolutions, lists, press releases and notices regarding meetings. Subjects discussed at the meetings include future programs, political action, fund-raising, membership, formation of committees, cooperation with other organizations, and charitable collections.
The first sub-series, General, includes minutes of meetings of various types. In 1931-1932, the group met interchangeably under the names Pan-American Woman's Association of the Roerich Museum, Pan-American Society for Women, and Pan-American Women's Association of the Roerich Society. Beginning in 1933, the group referred to itself as the Pan-American Women's Association or the PAWA, although it still met at the Roerich Museum. The types of meetings held during this period included general meetings, special meetings, open meetings (to attract members), work meetings, business meetings, and members meetings. Also includes a few sets of meetings of sub-committees, like the publicity committee. The PAWA was supposed to meet every month, but meetings were actually rather irregular.
In the early years, the meetings often included programs such as speakers or musical performances. A few of the early meeting minutes are written in Spanish. Committees for hospitality, receptions and programs and a Men's Advisory Committee were formed in 1939. In about 1945, the group assumed a more formal structure, electing officers, directors, and committees.
The second sub-series, Board of Directors(1948-1981) consists primarily of minutes of the board of directors, which began to hold monthly meetings in 1949. Also includes some sub-committee meeting minutes, such as the Task Force (1973) which presented recommendations on fund-raising and ways to improve attendance at meetings to the board of directors.
The third sub-series, Annual Meeting (1966-1983) consists of minutes of the yearly meeting of all members of the PAWA. Formal annual meetings date from incorporation in 1966, but similar meetings from earlier dates can be found in the General sub-series. The annual meeting minutes include a summary of the year's activities, appointments to committees, reports from committee chairmen, the treasurer's report, motions, and installations of officers. (Elections of officers were done by mail). No minutes are available for 1977-1981.
Box Folder
16 31-32 General, 1931-1934
33 General, 1938-1939
34-36 General, 1942-1955
37 Board of Directors, 1948-1952
38-42 Board of Directors, 1963-1981
43-45 Annual Meeting, 1966-1979
46 Annual Meeting, 1982-1983
FINANCIAL RECORDS, 1933-1981. (.5 cubic feet)
Arrangement: grouped alphabetically by heading and therein chronologically.
Records of income and expenses of the PAWA. Document types include correspondence, financial statements, ledgers, ledger pages of receipts and disbursements, and a savings account passbook.
The ledgers and ledger pages recording receipts and disbursements are fairly complete, except for the periods 1934 to 1938, and 1961 to 1966. They are of interest because they show the budget, sources of income, and expenditures of the PAWA, and changes over time.
Box Folder
16 47 Financial Statements, 1961-1980
48 Monthly Receipts, 1975-1978
49 Receipts, 1977-1981
50 Receipts and Disbursements, 1933
51 Receipts and Disbursements, 1938-1942
52-54 Receipts and Disbursements, 1944-1954
55 Receipts and Disbursements, 1956-1960
56 Receipts and Disbursements, 1967-1969
Box Folder
17 1-4 Receipts and Disbursements, 1970
5 Savings Passbook, 1965-1979
GENERAL FILES, 1929-1985. (.5 cubic feet)
Arrangement: grouped in three sub-series: 1930-1949; 1950-1959; and 1960-1985. Arranged alphabetically by heading within each sub-series and thereunder chronologically.
Largely general correspondence, administrative, and programming records of the PAWA. Documents the PAWA's many activities, including sponsoring musical programs, art exhibitions, symposia, language classes, travel, receptions for foreign students, protests, and radio broadcasts, as well as the personal contacts between PAWA members and Latin-American women, and the day-to-day running of the organization. Also includes material about the artists and speakers at PAWA programs. Document types include correspondence, programs, notices of meetings, speeches, resolutions, newsletters, magazine articles, newspaper clippings, brochures, ballots, questionnaires, invitations, mailing lists, and a guest book.
Of particular interest is documentation of PAWA conferences, such as a 1943 conference on the topic "Inter-Racial Understanding: A Key to Inter-American Solidarity," including a speech by Maria Rosa Oliver, Member of the Argentine Committee against Racial Discrimination, who discussed the status of Indian peoples in Argentina, as well as racism in the United States. In the same year, the PAWA, in conjunction with the National Council of Women, sponsored a Pan-American Day Inter-Hemispheric Conference on "How Women of the Americas Can Help Keep their Countries United." Other activities documented are a one-day Inter-American Institute at the Museum of Natural History in 1944, featuring exhibitions of books and teaching materials, and discussion of attitudes toward Latin-America; and the Peoples Congresses, a series of ten weekly meetings on "World Stakes in Latin America," in conjunction with the East and West Association.
Also documents the PAWA's advocacy role, such as petitioning the U.N. Commission on the Status of Women to protect women's rights in the Americas, petitioning the U.N. Commission on Human Rights for an International Bill of Rights in the 1940s, and lobbying for an Inter-American Covenant on the Rights of the Child in 1967. In addition, documents the PAWA's charitable activities, such as raising money for children's centers and educational activities in Latin America, particularly the Milagros kindergarten in Lima, Peru, and donating blankets and money for building materials to victims of the 1970 Peruvian earthquake.
Also of interest are some transcripts of speeches, including an address by Serafino Romualdi of the U.S. Labor Delegation to Argentina about the exploitation of the labor movement by the Perón government; and a speech by Grant herself on Pan-American Day in 1943 entitled "The True Pan-Americanism."
Oversize items stored separately are a program from the PAWA's 25th anniversary dinner, and a citation given to Jacqueline Kennedy from a Bolivian women's group.
General Files, 1930-1939
Box Folder
17 6 A (Miscellaneous), 1942-1949
7 Activities, 1933-1948
8 Announcements of Meetings, 1933-1934
9 Argentina, 1929 and undated
10 Art - Photomechanicals, 1945
11 Artes y Letras Bulletin, 1935, 1939
12 B (Miscellaneous), 1941-1949
13 Biography of Frances R. Grant, 1940-1950
14 Bolivia, 1941-1945
15 Brazil, 1930, 1945-1949
16 Brochures, ca. 1930s and 1940s
17 C (Miscellaneous), 1934-1947
18 Chile, 1933-1949
19 Colombia, 1941-1949
20 Committee for Inter-American Cooperation, 1940
21 Conference - Pan-American Day, 1943
22 Cooperation with Various Centers, 1942-1948
23-24 Correspondence, 1929-1934
25-30 Correspondence, 1936-1949
31 Correspondence: Argentina, 1932-1938
32 Correspondence about Programs, 1942-1948
33 Costa Rica, 1935-1938
34 Council for Pan-American Democracy: Addresses, 1939-1944
35 Council for Pan-American Democracy: Brazil, 1941
36 Council for Pan-American Democracy: Conferences, 1938-1941
37 Council for Pan-American Democracy: Constitution and Minutes, 1939-1941
38-39 Council for Pan-American Democracy: Correspondence, 1938-1943
40 Council for Pan-American Democracy: Forum in Mexico, 1940
41 Council for Pan-American Democracy: Miscellany, 1932-1941
42 Council for Pan-American Democracy: Printed Materials, 1938-1940
43 Cuba, 1929-1938
44 Cuba, 1942, 1948
45 D (Miscellaneous), 1930-1949
46 De Hostos, Eugenio Maria, Centenary, 1939
47 Dinner, 1942
48 E (Miscellaneous), 1939-1946
49 East and West Association, 1942-1949
50 El Rito, New Mexico: Correspondence, 1943
51 El Salvador, 1946
52 Exhibition of Pre-Colombian Art, 1942
53 F (Miscellaneous), 1940
54 G (Miscellaneous), 1939-1949
55 H (Miscellaneous), 1938-1949
56 Haiti, 1946-1950
57 History, 1938-1946
58 I (Miscellaneous), 1946
59 Inter-American Center, 1940-1943
60 Inter-American Commission on Women, 1942-1944, 1949
61-62 Inter-American Congress of Women, 1946-1947
63 Inter-American Friendship Dinner, 1939
64-65 Inter-American Institute, 1933-1944
Box Folder
18 1-2 "Inter-racial Understanding - A Key to Inter-American Unity" Conference, 1943
3 Invitations, 1933-1949 and undated
4 J (Miscellaneous), 1948
5 K (Miscellaneous), 1943-1946
6 L (Miscellaneous), 1940-1949
7-8 Lectures, 1939-1949
9 Lectures - Inquiries, 1942-1949
10 Lee, Muna - State Department, 1941-1944
11 Lleras Camargo, Alberto - Luncheon, 1942-1947
12 Luchia Puig, M. Dora, 1945-1949
13 Luncheon - Serafino Romualdi, 1948
14 M (Miscellaneous), 1931-1948
15 Mexican Dance (List of Actors), 1946-1948
16 Mexico: Correspondence, 1945-1949
17 Montecino and Orrego-Salas Concert, 1948
18 Music, 1942-1943
19 N (Miscellaneous), 1940-1949
20 National Broadcasting Co. (NBC), 1942-1947
21 National Council of Women: South American Broadcast, 1939-1940
22 The New School for Social Research, 1947-1949
23 The New School for Social Research: Correspondence, 1943-1948
24 Newspaper Clippings, 1931-1944
25 New York Board of Trade: Latin American Section, 1943
26 O (Miscellaneous), 1943-1949
27 P (Miscellaneous), 1939-1949
28 Panama, 1945
29 Pan-American League, 1944
30 Pan-American Union, 1939-1949
31 People's Congress, 1946
32 People's Congress (Miscellaneous), 1946-1949
33 Personal Correspondence, 1939-1948
34 Peru, 1943-1953
35 Press Releases, 1930-1947
36-42 Programs, 1929-1949 and undated
43 Publications: Women in Latin America, 1942-1943
44-45 Publicity, 1942-1949
46 Puerto Rico, 1936
47 R (Miscellaneous), 1941-1949
48-49 Radio Broadcasts, 1938-1946
50 Radio Talks: P.E.N. Club, 1942-1944
51 Reception, 1942
52 Reference Materials on Women and on Anti-Nazi Activity, 1941-1943
53 Roosevelt, Eleanor and Franklin, 1937-1942
54-56 S (Miscellaneous), 1930-1949
57-58 Speakers, 1933-1945
59 Speeches, 1933-1943 and undated
Box Folder
19 1-2 Speeches, 1945-1949
3 Storni, Alfonsina - Broadcasts, 1938
4 Student Programs, 1941-1942
5 T (Miscellaneous), 1937-1949
6 Theosophical Press, 1942-1943
7 U (Miscellaneous), 1944
8 United Nations, 1946-1950
9 United Nations Commission on the Status of Women, 1945-1947
10 United States State Department, 1939-1942
11 Uruguay, 1940-1945
12 V (Miscellaneous), 1940-1949
13 W (Miscellaneous), 1940-1949
14 Wershaw, James, 1942-1943
15 Women's International Exposition, 1942-1945
16 Women's Organizations, 1945
17 Y-Z (Miscellaneous), 1941-1948
General Files, 1950-1959
Box Folder
19 18 A (Miscellaneous), 1950-1954
19 Administrative Correspondence and Printed Materials, 1953-1955
and [code "file" not found in ISO 639-2 list].
20 B (Miscellaneous), 1950-1956
and [code "file" not found in ISO 639-2 list].
21 Benefit Card Party, 1954
and [code "file" not found in ISO 639-2 list].
22 Bolivia, 1952-1954
and [code "file" not found in ISO 639-2 list].
23 Brazil, 1950-1954
and [code "file" not found in ISO 639-2 list].
24 C (Miscellaneous), 1950-56
and [code "file" not found in ISO 639-2 list].
25 Cerra, Mirta - Exhibition, 1954
and [code "file" not found in ISO 639-2 list].
26 Chile, Homage to - Dinner, 1956
and [code "file" not found in ISO 639-2 list].
27 Christmas and Other Entertainment, 1950
and [code "file" not found in ISO 639-2 list].
28-31 Correspondence, 1950-1958
and [code "file" not found in ISO 639-2 list].
32 Correspondence: Argentina, 1952-1953
and [code "file" not found in ISO 639-2 list].
33 Correspondence: "B", 1950-1954
and [code "file" not found in ISO 639-2 list].
34 D (Miscellaneous), 1950-1957
and [code "file" not found in ISO 639-2 list].
35 Dance Recital - Program, 1950-1955
and [code "file" not found in ISO 639-2 list].
36 E (Miscellaneous), 1956
and [code "file" not found in ISO 639-2 list].
37 F (Miscellaneous), 1950-1953
and [code "file" not found in ISO 639-2 list].
38 G (Miscellaneous), 1951-1956
and [code "file" not found in ISO 639-2 list].
39 H (Miscellaneous), 1947-1954
and [code "file" not found in ISO 639-2 list].
40 Havana Conference - Report, 1950
and [code "file" not found in ISO 639-2 list].
41 I (Miscellaneous), 1953-1955
and [code "file" not found in ISO 639-2 list].
42 Incorporation, 1965
and [code "file" not found in ISO 639-2 list].
43 K (Miscellaneous), 1950-1956
44 L (Miscellaneous), 1952-1956
45 Lectures, 1952 and 1956
46 M (Miscellaneous), 1950-1954
47 Miscellaneous Documents, 1954 and undated
48 N (Miscellaneous), 1950
49 Newspaper Clippings, 1951, 1955 and undated
50 O (Miscellaneous), 1949-1956
51 P (Miscellaneous), 1950-1954
52 Personal Correspondence, 1951-1957
53 Press Releases, 1950s
54 Programs, Possible, 1954-1974
55 Programs and Correspondence about Programs, 1950, 1957 and undated
56-57 Programs and Meeting Announcements, 1950-1957 and undated
58 Q (Miscellaneous), 1953
59 R (Miscellaneous), 1950-1955
60 S (Miscellaneous), 1950-1956
61 Samples - Invitations, 1945 and 1954-1955
62 Speeches, 1950-1954
63 T (Miscellaneous), 1942-1955
64-68 Testimonial Dinner, 1954-1955
Box Folder
20 1 Testimonial Dinner - Prospective Sponsors, 1955
2 U - V - W (Miscellaneous), 1947-1955
3 Women's City Club, 1954
4 X - Y - Z (Miscellaneous), 1952-1954
General Files, 1960-1985
Box Folder
20 5 Alberlin, Dora - International Federation of Women Lawyers, 1969
6 Administrative Correspondence, 1960-1961
7 Administrative Correspondence, 1968
8-9 Administrative Correspondence, 1974
10 Alliance for Progress, 1965
11 Altchek, Caren Jane, 1972
12 Anniversary Dinner, 1970
13 Announcements and Guest Lists, 1969-1972
14 Arias, Nestor, undated
15 Art and Artists, 1964-1976
16 Bequests, 1964-1977
17 Bolivia, undated
18 Bolivian Center Project, 1972
19 Books to Learn Spanish or English, 1967-1970
20 Brazilian Program, 1968
21 British Broadcasting Company (BBC), 1967
22 Brochures, 1965-1970
23 Bulletins, 1967-1970
24 Cards - Greeting, 1963-1976
25 Center for Inter-American Relations, 1968
26 Christmas Fashion Show, 1969-1970
27 Churches and Projects, undated
28 Citations, 1963
29 Colombia, 1967-1969
30 Committee for the Americas, Inc., undated
31 Contributions, 1966
32-34 Correspondence, 1960-1965
35 Correspondence, 1969-1973
36-38 Correspondence, 1975
39 Correspondence, 1979-1981
40-42 Correspondence and Mailings, 1976-1984
43-44 Costa Rica - Seminar, 1973-1974
45 Costa Rica - Seminar, 1973-1974
46 Curriculum Vitae, undated
47 Distinguished Members, 1980 and undated
48 Dominican Republic, 1963
49 Education: Colombia Anniversary, 1967-1969
50 Education: Latin American, 1966-1967
51 Education: United States, 1963-1965
52 Elections, 1968-1974
53 Elections - South America - Factsheets, 1965
54 Embassy Replies to Invitations, 1964-1966
55 Entertainers, 1964- 1969
56 Flags, undated
57 Foreign Policy Association, 1965
58 Frei, Dr. Eduardo - Luncheon, 1971
59 G - Correspondence, 1960-1970
60 Gallia, Jacques (Sheffield), 1966-1969
61 Gina, Shrimathi, undated
62 Grant, Frances R. - Publicity and Honors, 1961-1973
63 Grant, Frances R. - Radio Talks, 1964-1967
64 Guestbook, 1980
65 Haiti, 1966
66 Health and Community Services, 1965-1967
67 Host Country Advisory Committee, 1970-1972
68 Immigration, 1966
69 Indians: Aztecs - History, 1968
70 Institute of International Education, 1968-1969
71 International Federation of Women Lawyers, 1966
72 Invitations, 1967
73 Labor Laws, 1962
74 Latin American Calendar, 1966-1967
Box Folder
21 1 Latin American Theater - Special Letters, 1967
2 Legal Purposes - Tax Exemption, 1965-1967
3 Letters: Student Replies to Tea in their Honor, etc.,1966-1969
4 Letters and Answers: Ambassadors, 1969-1970
5 Letters and Answers: Guests and Speakers, 1967-1974
6 Letters and Invitations: Performers, 1967-1970
7 Letters in Appreciation of PAWA, 1966-1967
8 Letters to and from Members, 1964-1977
9 Ley, Salvador, 1969
10 Lindsay, Mrs. John V., 1966
11 Lists, 1965-1973
12 Lists at Meetings - Costa Rican Seminar, 1972-1977
13 Mailing List Additions, 1974-1983
14 Meeting Halls, 1966
15 Membership, 1969-1970
16 Membership Lists, 1967-1970
17 Men's Committee of PAWA, 1964
18 Methodist Office for the United Nations, 1965
19 Mexican Christmas Reception, 1971
20 Mexico, 1971-1978
21-22 Miscellaneous Correspondence, 1960-1982
23 Miscellaneous Documents, 1982 and undated
24 Musicians, 1963-1969
25 National Council of Women, 1966
26 Newsletter, 1973-1974, 1977
27 Newspaper Clippings, 1958-1983
28 New York City, 1963-1971
29 New York City Commission for the United Nations, 1970
30 New York State Executive Mansion and Chambers - Women's Unit, 1968-1970
31 New York Times Obituary, 1966
32 North American Educational Council of IADF, 1972
33 Obituary Replies, 1972
34 Pan-American Development Foundation, 1966-1967
35 Pan-American Union, undated
36 Pan-American Week - Program and Program Aid, 1969
37 Peace Efforts, 1967
38 Personal Correspondence, 1963, 1983-1984
39 Peru, 1961-1973
40 Philosophy - Excerpts, 1960's
41-52 Programs and Mailings, 1960-1985
53 Promotional, 1964-1965
54 Proposal for Renewing Organization, undated
55 Prospective PAWA Chapters, 1966
56 Publicity: Artists' and Speakers' Backgrounds, 1941 and 1970-1984
57 Publicity: News Releases, 1965 and undated
58 Public Schools - Pen Pals, 1963-1964
59 Puerto Rico - Reception, March 10, 1973
60 Raffle, 1972-1974
61 Religion: Catholic and Other, 1963-1966
62 Requests: for Help and Information, 1962-1963
63 Requests: for Speakers, 1963
64 Resignations, 1967-1971
65 Sample Letters, 1962-1974
66-67 Samples, 1942-1969
68 Speakers at Meetings - Biographies, etc., 1966-1967
69 Speeches and Messages, 1960-1963, 1971
70 Students, Latin American - in the United States, 1964-1966
71 Task Force, undated
72 Tax Exemption Status, 1967
Box Folder
22 1 "Throw Away Children" - Declaration of Rights of Children, 1959-1963
2 Tours of South America, 1969
3 Travel - Brochures, 1964-1971
4-5 Treen, Maria de Freitas, 1968-1977
6 United Nations, 1965-1971
7 Volio Reception, 1966
8 Wilkie Memorial Building, 1966
9 Women, 1966-1970
10 Women, Governor's Conference on, 1966-1971
11 Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, 1965
12 Women's Pavilion - Hemisfair, Texas, 1967
13 Women's Universal Movement, undated
14 Young People's Auxiliary, 1968
ADDRESS LISTS, 1963-1979. (.25 cubic feet)
Arrangement: arranged alphabetically in several sequences.
Index cards listing names and addresses of people connected to the PAWA. Some index cards are actually membership applications and renewals. Includes several sequences listing members from various time periods, artists and speakers, prominent individuals, teachers who took in-service courses, people on the mailing list, and useful addresses such as consulates, hotels, and residences.
Cards include information on dues paid, donations, membership status, resignations, and organizational affiliation.
22 Address Lists
PHOTOGRAPHS AND ART WORK, 1928-1932. (.5 cubic feet)
Arrangement: Grouped alphabetically by category.
Photographs of PAWA events, projects, art work, and artists who gave performances for the Association. Most of the photographs are in black and white, although there are a few color snapshots. Also includes portraits of Latin-American women leaders, a drawing by Roura Oxandaborre, and two small watercolors.
Of particular interest is a dinner the PAWA gave for former Colombian president Alberto Lleras Camargo in 1947, at which were present former president Alfonso López and Ambassador Spruille Braden. Also of interest are photographs of a kindergarten in the slum of Lima, Peru, supported by the PAWA in conjunction with the Mamaroneck Teachers' Association, and of the laying of the cornerstone for a children's center in La Paz, Bolivia, supported by the PAWA in the early 1970s. Oversize items, stored separately, include four photographs of PAWA events.
See also: newspaper box 84.
Box Folder
22 15 Brazil: Mother's Home, undated
16 De la Puente, Maria del Carmen and Gladys Quadros
17 Drawing - Oxandaborre, Reura, undated
18 Events: Christmas Bazaar, undated
19 Events: Dinner for Alberto Lleras Camargo, 1947
20 Events: Mexican Christmas Party, 1947
21 Events: Miscellaneous, 1950s and 1960s
22 Events: Protest, ca. 1950
23 Events: Reception, 1942
24 Events: Various, ca. 1945-1962
25 Events: Various, 1969, 1982 and undated
26 Exhibitions and Roerich Museum, 1934 and undated
27 Group Portraits, 1953-1975
28 Miscellaneous: Costa Rica - Independence Day Celebrations, 1935; View, 1949
29 Performances: Dance, ca. 1970
30 Performances: Various, ca. 1940s and 1950s
31 Performances: World Neighbors Through Dance Recital, ca. 1950's
32 Portraits: Inka Trio, 1940's
33 Portraits: Musicians, 1934 and 1965
34 Portraits: Shrimathi Gina - Dance of India, ca. 1948
35 Portraits: Portraits: Various, 1928-1949
36 Projects: Children's Center - La Paz, Bolivia, 1972
37-39 Projects: Kindergarten - Lima, Peru, ca. 1968
40 Projects: Kindergarten - Lima, Peru, ca. 1968 [Slides]
41 Tupper, Maria - artwork, ca. 1930's
42 Watercolors, 1973
SCRAPBOOKS, 1930-1950. (Approximately 1 cubic foot)
Arrangement: Grouped chronologically.
Three scrapbooks documenting the history of the PAWA. Scrapbooks consist mainly of newspaper clippings, but also include a few programs, press releases and magazine clippings. Many of the clippings are in Spanish.
The first oversize scrapbook (1930-1950) is the most comprehensive. It covers publicity for PAWA events during this period. Of particular interest is publicity for an art display arranged by the PAWA as part of the Women's International Exposition of Arts and Industries in 1942; a program of readings by Pablo Neruda in 1943: a luncheon and lecture program by Argentinian educator Dr. Sergio Bagu about fascism in Argentina in 1944; a reception honoring distinguished Latin American women including Brazilian soprano Bidu Sayão in 1945; a luncheon forum with guest Victor Raúl Haya de la Torre, leader of the the Aprista Party of Peru, in 1948; and a conference on Inter-Racial Problems in conjunction with the Spanish-American Youth Bureau in 1949.
Of particular interest in the second oversize scrapbook (1939-1948) is publicity concerning Frances Grant's trip to South America as a representative of the PAWA in 1941. Also of interest is an article written by Grant in the New York Times Book Review comparing Daphne du Maurier's novel Rebecca to the Brazilian novel A Sucesora written some years earlier by Carolina Nabuco. This scrapbook also contains several biographical articles about Frances Grant.
The third scrapbook (1934-1942) is letter-size and less extensive than the other two. Of interest is publicity covering the Inter-American Friendship dinner celebrating the tenth anniversary of the PAWA in 1939. Also includes publicity for the PAWA's monthly meetings and radio broadcasts.
See also: phase boxes 75-76.
Box Folder
22 43 Scrapbook, 1934-1940
IV: International League for Human Rights
BY-LAWS, 1945-1972 (2 folders)
Arrangement: Arranged chronologically.
By-laws of the International League for Human Rights and the International League Defense and Education Fund. Document types include drafts, final copies and related correspondence.
By-laws of the International League for Human Rights and the International League Defense and Education Fund. Document types include drafts, final copies and related correspondence.
Box Folder
23 1 By-laws, 1945-1969
2 By-laws, 1971-1972
MINUTES, 1941-1984. (.9 cubic feet)
Arrangement: chronological.
Frances Grant's copies of the minutes of the ILHR board of directors, executive committee, and a few sub-committees and special meetings. Documents her service to the league as vice-president, secretary and head of the Latin American section. Document types include minutes, agendas, financial reports, correspondence, notices of meetings, and attendance sheets.
Minutes are in French until 1943. Early meetings concern the founding of the league, relations with the French league, fund raising, conference planning, nominations, and relations with other NGOs. Of particular interest during this period are the league's application to the United Nations for consultative status (1947); support for the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948); and the foundation of the Inter-American Association for Democracy and Freedom. Grant reported on events concerning Latin America, which she marked on the minutes. Subjects on which Grant reported included protest meetings against the Trujillo dictatorship in the Dominican Republic; and violations of human rights in Argentina, Colombia, Peru, Venezuela, and Paraguay. Other subjects discussed by the board included Jewish persecution in Europe, human rights campaigns in Palestine and Indo-China; self-determination in Indonesia; treatment of political prisoners in Greece and Eastern Europe; violations of human rights in Haiti; and the league's response to the Communist Control Bill (1950).
In the 1950s, subjects included efforts in Puerto Rico to bring human rights legislation into conformity with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights; the disappearance and murder of Jesús de Galíndez (1956); the situation in the former African colonies; and continued human rights violations in Haiti and Latin America. In 1969, the minutes document the challenge of the league's consultative status with the U.N. by the Soviet Union. Minutes from the 1970s include more discussion of internal matters, such as attempts to attract new members, finances, nominations, personnel policy, and the league's organization and purpose. Of particular interest, however, are the league's response to the situation in Northern Ireland and Cyprus, and to the persecution of the Aché Indians in Paraguay.
Box Folder
23 3-4 Minutes, 1941-1945
5-35 Minutes, 1947-1984
CORRESPONDENCE, 1945-1965. (.25 cubic feet)
Arrangement: chronological.
Chiefly letters received and copies of letters sent by Frances Grant in her capacity as secretary of the ILHR and chairman of the Latin-American section. Many of the letters were sent to Grant by ILHR chairman Roger Baldwin for translation into Spanish. Other document types include speeches, programs, memoranda, minutes, and newspaper clippings.
Subjects include violations of human rights in Peru, Venezuela, Argentina, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Mexico and Haiti; relations with the United Nations; relations with affiliates, particularly the Frente Mexicano Pro Derechos Humanos; fund-raising; and internal problems. Many letters are letters of protest to the U.N., to ambassadors, government officials, and the press about particular cases. Of particular interest is correspondence about the Reverend Dr. Michael Scott, whom the league appointed as consultant for the ILHR to the U.N. Commission on Human Rights in 1949, enabling him to represent the Herero people of Southwest Africa. Also of interest are Grant's attempts to gather information and protest the treatment of Communist women in Chile (1948); a report of the activities of the Latin American Committee in 1949 concerning obtaining visas for political refugees; a presentation by Grant to a U.N. sub-commission on "The Right to Leave One's Own Country and Return to It" (1958); and correspondence concerning the deteriorating human rights situation in Cuba after the ascension of Fidel Castro.
Box Folder
23 36-45 Correspondence, 1945-1958
Box Folder
24 1-5 Correspondence, 1958-1965
GENERAL FILES, 1936-1985. (2.2 cubic feet)
Arrangement: grouped alphabetically by heading and thereunder chronologically.
Documents Frances Grant's role as secretary and vice-president of the ILHR and chairman of its Latin-American committee. Over half the series is general correspondence and supporting materials filed by date. Also included items filed by country (Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay, and Yugoslavia) and by format (financial statements, grant proposals). Correspondents include league presidents Roger Baldwin, Jan Papanek, John Carey, and Jerome Shestack, and executive director Roberta Cohen. Document types include correspondence, minutes, financial statements, reports, publications, speeches, press releases, grant proposals, and unpublished papers.
Subjects covered include the league's attempt to document, publicize, and protest violations of civil and political rights in Argentina, Brazil, Burundi, Chile, China, Colombia, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, the Dominican Republic, Greece, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Israel, Korea, Mexico, Nigeria, Namibia, Pakistan, Paraguay, Portugal, Northern Ireland, South Africa, Spain, Syria, Uganda, the U.S.S.R., Venezuela, Vietnam, Yugoslavia, and Zambia. General human rights issues addressed by the league included self-determination of colonial peoples, the rights of minorities, fair treatment of prisoners, freedom of speech, and freedom of the press. Also documents the league's relationship with the U.N., and with its affiliates and other human rights organizations such as Amnesty International and the International Commission of Jurists, with which it sponsored joint actions. Also includes documentation of internal issues concerning the league's structure, funding, staffing, and direction.
Of particular interest are correspondence about human rights violations under the Carías dictatorship in Honduras (1946); reports on the imprisonment of students in Mexico (1970); an investigation of the 1971 Bloody Sunday massacre in Northern Ireland by Samuel Dash, later Watergate counsel; documentation of attempts to help dissidents in the Soviet Union; reports on law, education, and women's rights in China (1974); correspondence and case histories concerning the disappearance of political dissidents in Argentina (1977); and an unpublished paper on the league's support for human rights in Namibia (1981).
Additional material in this series includes minutes of the Latin-American committee (1949-1951); materials related to the formation of the IADF in 1950; and financial statements and minutes of the International League Defense and Education Fund, the educational arm of the ILHR. The miscellaneous files consist primarily of publications and mailings from other human rights organizations. The reference files consist largely of documents and correspondence from the U.N., as well as some press releases and correspondence, generally not dealing with Latin America.
Oversize items stored separately include two broadsides.
See also: newspaper box 86
Box Folder
24 6 Affiliations - Proposed, 1979
7 Argentina, 1936 and 1945-1946
8 Bolivia, 1945
9 Chile, 1982
10 Chile: Siloist Case - Correspondence, 1974
11 Financial Statements, 1966-1972
12 Financial Statements and Reports, 1978-1984
13-45 General Correspondence, 1944-1978 and undated
Box Folder
25 1-4 General Correspondence, 1978-1985
5 Grant Proposal, ca. 1974
6 International League Defense and Education Fund, 1972-1977
7 Latin America: Argentina, Brazil, and Cuba, 1946-1947
8 Latin America: Human Rights Violations, 1948-1949
9 Latin American Committee, 1948-1951
10 Latin American Section: General Correspondence, 1948-1953
11 Memoranda, 1969
12 Memoranda, 1980-1982
13-16 Miscellaneous, 1946-1953
17-20 Miscellaneous, 1969-1972
21 Miscellaneous, 1978-1980
22-24 Nominating Committee, 1972-1975 and undated
25 Paraguay: Second Commission of Inquiry on Denial of Human Rights, 1977
26-29 Reference Materials, 1946-1963 and undated
30 Reference Materials: League Contacts Abroad, undated
31-32 Regional Conference of Non-governmental Organizations of the United Nations, 1972
33 Reorganization of League, 1945
34-36 Reports, 1970-1973 and undated
37 Reports: Africa, 1981
38 Reports: Burundi, Soviet Union, General, 1972-1973
39 Reports: Casework, 1977
40 Reports: China and Sri Lanka, 1974
41 Reports: El Salvador, Poland, 1983
42 Reports: Human Rights, 1979-1980
43 Reports: Indigenous and Tribal Populations, 1973
44-45 Reports: United Nations, 1972 AND 1979
Box Folder
26 1 Resolutions and Reports, 1972
2 South West Africa: Unpublished Report, 1981
3 Soviet Dissidents, 1980-1984 and undated
4 Statements, 1979-1985
5 Statements and Policies, 1968
6 United Nations Observers - Reports on Human Rights, 1977
7 Yugoslavia, 1947
PUBLICATIONS, 1945-1984. (.2 cubic feet)
Arrangement: grouped alphabetically by heading and thereunder chronologically.
Publications of the ILHR. Document types include annual reports, brochures, bulletins, newsletters, and pamphlets.
Of particular interest are the annual reports, which contain annual summaries of the league's activities, divided by country, as well as lists of publications and affiliates. Also of interest is the monthly bulletin, which contains news of league activities, affiliates, and personnel. The bulletin, originally known as the International League for the Rights of Man Bulletin, became known as The Rights of Manin the late 1950s and the Human Rights Bulletin in 1976. Neither the runs of the annual report nor the bulletin are complete. The miscellaneous file contains a pamphlet Andrei Sakharov from Exile (1983) and two newsletters: Focus on Paraguay (1974) and Inside the International League (1979-1980).
Box Folder
26 8-9 Annual Reports (with Gaps), 1957-1980
10 Brochures, 1949-1982
11-13 Bulletin, 1945-1980 and 1984
14 Miscellaneous, 1948-1984
ADDRESS LISTS, 1942-1944. (.1 cubic feet)
Arrangement: alphabetical.
Card file listing addresses of ILHR members in New York during the early 1940s. At this time many members were exiles from occupied France. Includes names, addresses, level of membership, and date paid.
26 Address List
INDEXES, 1935-1978. (.2 cubic feet)
Arrangement: grouped by series and thereunder chronologically.
Indexes to individual documents in the BY-LAWS, MINUTES, and CORRESPONDENCE series.
Each card includes titles, dates, summaries and in some cases excerpts from individual letters, meeting minutes, and other documents.
26 Indexes
V: Inter-American Association for Democracy and Freedom
MINUTES, 1949-1985 (8 folders)
Arrangement: grouped alphabetically by heading and thereunder chronologically.
Primarily minutes of the United States (originally North American) Committee of the IADF and related materials. Also includes some minutes of other sub-committees of the IADF. Document types include minutes, agendas, attendance lists, financial statements, resolutions, press releases and newspaper clippings.
The U.S. Committee discussed human rights violations in various countries and planned interventions by the IADF. Other topics discussed included drafting of resolutions, planning of protests and conferences, immigration cases, the policy and future of the IADF, nominations, staffing, and finances. Of particular interest is a resolution condemning the U.S. armed intervention in Cuba (1961). The U.S. Committee only met sporadically and some minutes may be missing.
Also includes fragmentary minutes of the Planning Committee (1949-1950); the Executive Council (1950); the North American Educational Council (1969); and the planning committee for the Inter-University Students' Conference (1951).
Box Folder
27 1 Executive Council, 1950
2 Inter-University Students' Conference, 1951
3 North American Educational Council: Finance/Program Sub-Committees, 1968-1969
4 North American-United States Committees, 1952-1961
5 Planning Committee, 1949-1950
6 United States Committee, 1964-1968
7 United States Committee, 1972-1979 and 1985
8 United States Committee - New York Members, 1969-1970
CONFERENCE MATERIALS, 1949-1961. (.9 cubic feet)
Arrangement: grouped alphabetically by heading.
Primarily documentation of the first Inter-American Conference for Democracy and Freedom (1950) in Havana, Cuba, at which the IADF was founded, and of the second Inter-American Conference (1960) in Maracay, Venezuela. Document types include correspondence, minutes, agenda, resolutions, proceedings, telegrams, newspaper clippings, press releases, reports, speeches, and lists of attendees.
Subjects documented include conference planning, discussion of sponsorship, finances, attendance, drafting of resolutions, and reactions to the conferences. Important correspondents include Rómulo Betancourt, Raúl Leoni, Luis Muñoz Marín, Jesús de Galíndez, and Serafino Romualdi.
Of particular importance are minutes and resolutions documenting the founding of the IADF at the Havana conference. Also of interest is correspondence about the difficulty of finding a place to hold the second conference because of the tensions in various Latin American countries; and a letter from Frances Grant objecting to an article critical of the Maracay conference by U.S. Delegate Paul Hays.
Also includes an item-level card index to documents and correspondence (1951-1960), which is stored separately. Letters have been indexed by name of correspondent and recipient, while documents have been indexed by title. Cards include summary descriptions of the contents of each item. Letters and documents have been given numbers which refer to their position in the original order of the material, which, unfortunately, were not written on the actual items.
Box Folder
27 9-11 Havana, 1950: Correspondence
12 Havana, 1950: Declaration and Resolution
13 Havana, 1950: Messages
14 Havana, 1950: Minutes
15-16 Havana, 1950: Planning
17 Havana, 1950: Preliminary Correspondence, 1948-1950
18 Havana, 1950: Proceedings - May 12, 1950
19 Havana, 1950: Proceedings - May 13, 1950
20 Havana, 1950: Proceedings - May 14, 1950
21-22 Havana, 1950: Publicity
23 Havana, 1950: Resolutions - Miscellany
24-25 Havana, 1950: Speeches, A-Z
26 Maracay: Agenda and Papers, 1960
27 Maracay: Committee Meetings, 1959-1960
28 Maracay: Correspondence - Argentina, 1959-1960
29 Maracay: Correspondence -César Rondón Lovera, 1959-1960
30 Maracay: Correspondence - Serafino Romualdi, 1959-1960
31-38 Maracay: Correspondence - A-Z, 1959-1960
39 Maracay: List of Acceptances, 1960
40 Maracay: Miscellaneous, 1960
41 Maracay: Preliminary Meetings, 1959
42 Maracay: Preparation, 1958-1960
43-44 Maracay: Reports Sent, 1961
45 Maracay: Requests for Material, 1958-1960
46 Maracay: United States Delegates, 1960
47-50 Maracay: United States Post-Conference Correspondence, 1960-1965
51 Montevideo: Declaration, 1951
52 Puerto Rico: Proposed Conference, 1956-1957
FINANCIAL RECORDS, 1951-1984. (.9 cubic feet)
Arrangement: grouped alphabetically by heading and thereunder chronologically.
Financial records of the IADF. Document types include ledgers and receipt books for contributions.
Documents income and expenditures of the IADF. Receipts include contributions from organizations and individuals, and income from events. Expenditures include rent, salaries, and bills. These records clearly show the decline in the income of the IADF by the late 1970s. Of particular interest are contributions from prominent individuals, such as labor leader Serafino Romualdi and Assistant Secretary of State Adolf Berle, who donated $500 each in 1957.
Series also includes one ledger of receipts and disbursements from the North American Educational Council of the IADF and two receipt books for contributions. By the late 1970s, Frances Grant was making most of the contributions herself.
Box Folder
28 1-2 North American Educational Conference: Contributions, 1969-1978
3-4 North American Educational Conference: Receipts and Disbursements, 1969-1978
5-16 Receipts and Disbursements, 1951-1969
17 Receipts and Disbursements, 1968 and 1970-1971
18-19 Receipts and Disbursements, 1969-1971
20 Receipts and Disbursements and Checkbook Recapitulation, 1972 and 1974
21 Receipts and Disbursements, 1973-1974
22-23 Receipts and Disbursements, 1976-1984
24 Subscribers and Contributors, 1958-1959
Arrangement: alphabetically by surname.
Letters and related documents received from prominent individuals associated with the IADF, and copies of letters sent by Frances Grant (or her assistants) in her capacity as secretary general. Correspondents include members of the IADF's U.S. Committee, as well as political figures, professors, donors, journalists, and leaders of organizations with which the IADF cooperated. Document types are mainly correspondence, but also include pamphlets, magazine and newspaper articles, manuscripts of articles, press releases, and newsletters.
Prominent correspondents include Presidents Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon, as well as Vice-President Hubert Humphrey. More detailed letters were received from Roger Baldwin, founder of the International League of Human Rights and the American Civil Liberties Union; socialist leader Norman Thomas in his capacity as Chairman of the Post War World Council; Adolf A. Berle, Assistant Secretary of State (1938-1944) and Ambassador to Brazil (1945-1946); and Serafino Romualdi, American Federation of Labor Deputy in charge of Latin America and founder of the Organización Regional Interamerica de Trabajadores (O.R.I.T.).
Subjects documented include human rights violations in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Peru, and Venezuela during various periods; political prisoners in Cuba; the fascist dictatorships in Spain and Portugal; the U.S. government's support of Latin American dictatorships; the labor movement in Peru and Colombia; economic conditions in Latin America; the political situation in Jamaica in the early 1970s; the establishment of Puerto Rico as a commonwealth in 1952; the Puerto Rican community in New York; and many other subjects. Also documents discussion of the policy and strategies of the leaders of the IADF and the ILHR; and cooperation between the IADF and other groups including Amnesty International, the International Rescue Committee, the Center for Christian Democratic Action, and the Institute of International Labor Research.
Of particular interest are the Jesús de Galíndez files, which include letters and manuscripts written by him, as well as a number of files documenting the IADF's attempts to publicize his kidnapping and assassination in 1956. Also of interest are the Romualdi files, which document the efforts to organize anti-communist unions in Latin America during the late 1940s and 1950s, as well as cooperation with the IADF in exposing the terror of the Pérez Jiménez regime in Venezuela and the Perón regime in Argentina during the early 1950s. The Norman Thomas files include discussion of the IADF's protest against the U.S. involvement in the overthrow of the Arbenz government in Guatemala in 1954; the Pérez Jiménez extradition case in 1963; treatment of prisoners in Mexico; and Sacha Volman, Baldwin's associate suspected of being a CIA front.
Also includes an item-level index, 1950-1979, which is stored separately. Items are indexed by name of correspondent and recipient, and include short descriptions, and, in some cases, lengthy excerpts from each item.
Box Folder
28 25 Alba, Victor, 1954-1959
26-29 Alexander, Dr. Robert J. - Rutgers University, 1950-1977
30-32 Arens, Richard, 1973-1978
33 Ascoli, Max, 1967-1978
Box Folder
29 1-4 Baldwin, Roger, 1947-1981
5 Beer, Max, 1955-1959
6 Bender, Marilyn, 1959
7 Benenson, Peter, 1962-1966
8 Berle, Adolf, 1950-1974
9 Butler, William T., 1970-1978
10 Cabranos, José, 1971-1977
11-13 Chang-Rodríguez, Eugenio, 1960-1977
14 Clancy, John G., 1950-1953 and 1976-1977
15 Crane, Louise, 1952-1977
16 Delson, Robert, 1951-1977
17 Doherty, William - American Institute for Free Labor Development, 1962-1965
18 Drier, John C., 1962-1965
19 Eisenhower, Dwight D., 1959-1960
20 Farer, Tom, 1977
21 Fitzgibbon, Alan L., 1979
22 Fitzgibbon, Russell, 1960 and 1963-1965
23 Fraser Daniel, 1976
24-33 Galíndez, Jesús de - Kidnapping and Assassination, 1956-1962
34 Hallett, Bob, 1952
35 Hansen, Lorenz (Mrs.), 1955-1959 and 1974
36 Hayes, Julian, 1972-1977
37 Hays, Paul R., 1959
38 Hopkins, Prynce, 1958-1964
39 Humphrey, Hubert, 1960-1967 and 1977
40 Johnson, Lyndon B., 1963-1965
41 Kantor, Harry, 1961-1977
42 Kennedy, Senator Edward, 1970
43 Kennedy, Mr. and Mrs. John F., 1959-1965
44 Kent, Victoria, 1956
45 King, Colonel J. C., 1961
46 Knaum, Carol, 1962-1963
47 Kurihara, Kenneth, 1955-1956
48 Landry, Walter, 1977
49 Lehman, Herbert, 1956-1958
50-51 Levine, John, 1973-1978
52 Lewis, C. McKenzie, 1966
53 Liskovsky, Sidney, 1975
54 Loeb, James, 1950-1977
55 Mann, Thomas C., 1963-1964
56 Mathews, Herbert, 1955-1965
57 Mederos de González, Mrs. Elena, 1967-1978
58 Morse, F. Bradford, 1972-1973
59 Morse, Senator Wayne, 1957-1965
60 Most, Amicus, 1978
61 Nason, Marshall, 1961-1964
62-63 Nehemkis, Peter, 1960-1963
64 Neier, Aryeh, 1960-1963
65 Nixon, Richard, 1958
Box Folder
30 1 Peyev, Jordan, 1957
2 Plank, John, 1960-1967
3 Porter, Charles, 1957-1975
4 Prewett, Virginia, 1962-1969
5 Rockefeller, Nelson, 1965
6-13 Romualdi, Serafino, 1947-1967
14 Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1960
15 Ryan, William S., 1961-1964
16 Santa Cruz, Herman, 1967
17 Schlesinger, Dr. Arthur, 1961-1976
18 Schreiber, Mark, 1977
19 Scott, Michael, 1964
20-21 Senior, Dr. Clarence, 1953-1974
22 Silvent, Kalman, 1975
23 Sleszynski, Dr. Janusz, 1963-1977
24 Spencer, David, 1962-1965
25 Stephansky, Ben, 1969-1977
26 Stevenson, Adlai, 1960-1962
27-28 Thomas, Norman, 1953-1975
29 Todman, Terrence, 1977
30 Volman, Sasha, 1959-1962
31 White, Lyman, 1975-1978
32 Wilder, Thornton, 1942-1975
33-34 Young, Dr. Jordan, 1971-1977
DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN CORRESPONDENCE, 1954-1983. (4.5 cubic feet)
Arrangement: grouped by sub-series, then alphabetically and chronologically respectively within each sub-series.
Primarily letters received by Frances Grant and copies of letters she or her secretaries sent to colleagues, friends, and family on a wide variety of subjects both professional and personal in nature. Additional document types include press releases, pamphlets and booklets, newsletters, and postcards.
Consists of two sub-series: Domestic and Foreign Correspondence Alphabetical File, 1954-1983 and Domestic and Foreign Correspondence Chronological File, 1967-1977.
Domestic and Foreign Correspondence Alphabetical File, 1954-1983 (3.5 cubic feet) consists primarily of letters arranged alphabetically by subject and name of correspondent. These letters, as well as pamphlets, booklets, and newsletters, pertain to IADF interests as well as some of Frances Grant's other interests and associations, including the Pan American Women's Association, Wilton Park, the Roerich Museum, and the Organization of American States. Of particular interest is a February, 1970, letter to Russell Fitzgibbon regarding the Galíndez case, in which Frances Grant states that one month before Galíndez's disappearance, she, along with Galíndez and another IADF member, Germán Arciniegas, received a threat. In February of 1971, she wrote to Roger Baldwin of monetary and other troublesome issues facing the IADF. Also of interest are letters written by IADF U.S. Committee member Laurence Birns to Frances Grant and other members, in which he lashes out at Frances Grant in her capacity as secretary general and calls for her to resign. Birns' letters stand in stark contrast to the multitude of letters in this series written by the citizens of the United States, Latin America, and numerous countries around the world, as well by major figures like Thornton Wilder (Quintero, José folder), that praise Frances Grant and her work.
Domestic and Foreign Correspondence Chronological File, 1967-1977 (1 cubic foot) consists of copies of letters arranged chronologically by year. Most of this sub-series contains copies of letters sent to IADF members regarding membership and contributions. Other correspondence concerns the IADF's proposed third conference and the organization's 1968 in-service course for teachers entitled Latin America in Crisis. This sub-series also includes a number of personal and professional letters written by Frances Grant to such figures of the day as Rómulo Betancourt, Georgia O'Keeffe, Arthur Schlesinger, Jr. and Archibald MacLeish. Of particular interest is a letter written to Patricia Bildner in 1970, in which Frances Grant expressed her concern for the future of the IADF, when she was trying to decide to whom she should pass on the responsibility of running the organization.
Box Folder
30 35-36 A (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1969-1982
37 AFL-CIO, 1963-1978
38 Alvarez Calderón, Alfonso J., 1971
39 American Jewish Committee, 1978-1980
40 Appeals, 1981
41 Aranibar, Ernesto/ ALDHV, 1981-1982
42-45 Arens, Richard, 1974-1983
46-47 B (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1969-1982
48 Baldwin, George, 1981
49 Baldwin, Roger, 1963-1981
50 Betancourt, Virginia, 1981
51 Biographies, 1949-1975
52 Birns, Laurence, 1969-1974
53 Blaustein, Albert, 1974-1979
54-56 C (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1970-1981
57 C (Miscellaneous - Foreign), 1978
58 Calvert, Staunton, 1974-1976
59 Cassin, René, 1974
60 Chivas, Raúl, undated
61 Cincunequi, Michael - "Case for Latin America," undated
62 Cisneros, Gustavo, 1979-1982
63 Council of Europe, 1959-1981
Box Folder
31 1-3 Council of Europe, 1981
4 Cox, Robert, 1980
5 Cuba, 1978-1979
6 Cultural Survival Inc., 1979-1981
7-8 D (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1950-1981
9 Dekock, Jules, 1976-1978
10 Derian, Patricia, 1981
11 Draper, Thomas, 1978-1981
12 E (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1966-1980
13 Eder, Maria and Richard, 1979
14 Educational Materials, 1978-1980
15 Educational Planning Institute, 1980-1981
16 Eldridge, Joseph, 1979
17 Elman, Lee, 1973
18 Employment, 1978
19 Events, Outline, 1978
20 F (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1967-1980
21 Farley, Rawle, 1977
22 Fitzgibbon, Russell and Alan, 1970-1979
23 Fordham University: Third World Seminar, 1972
24 Foundations, 1981
25-27 Freedom House, 1964-1980
28-29 G (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1954-1981
30 Gage-Colby, Ruth, 1976-1977
31 George, Bryant - Ford Foundation, 1978
32 Gottlieb, Edward P.- War Resister League, 1967-1971
33 Grant, Frances, 1973-1980
34 Grant Proposals, ca. 1980
35 Grants, 1980
36-37 H (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1970-1982
38-39 Haya de la Torre, Víctor Raúl, 1978-1979
40 I (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1975-1982
41-42 India, 1969-1977
43 Indigenous Population, 1972-1973
44 Institute for World Order, 1976-1980
45 Inter-American Foundation, 1974-1977
46-47 Inter-American Press Association, 1970-1977
48 Inter-American Protocol on the Rights of the Child, 1970
49 Interbook, Inc. - Primrose, Theodore, 1972-1977
50-54 International Rescue Committee, 1970-1980
55-56 International University of America, 1960-1970
57 J (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1971-1979
58 Jacqueney, Theodore, 1977-1978
59-60 K (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1970-1982
61-62 Kingsley, Gloria, 1968-1978
Box Folder
32 1 Kissinger, Henry - Latin American Trip, 1976
2 Kosinski, Jerry 1973-1974
3 L (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1969-1973
4 L (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1974-1979
5-7 Lacayo, Chester, 1960-1982
8 Lee, John 1970-1977
9 Letters to the Editor, 1955-1967
10 Lister, George, 1966-1981
11 Lists, 1965-1980
12 Llona, Maria, 1981
13-14 M (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1968-1980
15 Matos, Huber, 1979-1982
16 Memoranda, 1958-1978
17 Menon, P. K., 1972
18 Military Regimes, 1971
19 Mooring, Dana, 1978-1981
20-21 N (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1970-1982
22 National Committee on Foreign Policy, 1974-1980
23 National Maritime Union, 1973
24 New School, 1972-1974
25 New World Forum, 1977
26 New York Times Letters, 1951-1971
27 O (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1970-1980
28 Office Reports, 1971
29 Of Human Rights, 1978
30-31 Organization of American States (OAS), 1968-1977
32 Organization of American States (OAS): Convention on Human Rights, 1969-1979
33 Overseas Press Club, 1972-1976
34-36 P (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1970-1982
37 Pan-American Development Fund, 1973-1976
38-39 Pan-American Women's Association (PAWA), 1955-1974
40-41 Pan-American Women's Association (PAWA), 1977-1981
42 Pan-American Women's Association: Host Country Committee, 1971-1972
43-47 Parlamento Latinoamericano, 1964-1977
48 Parsh, Jerry - Young People's Socialists League, 1975-1977
49 Pearson, Neale, 1974-1975
50 P.E.N. Newsletter, 1973-1976
51 Pittsburgh, University of - Center for Latin American Studies, 1981
52 Plank, John M., 1970-1979
53 Press on Hemispherica, 1975
54 Q (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1971-1980
55 Quintero, José, 1975
56-57 R (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1970-1981
58-59 Reque, Luis, 1958-1981
60 Roberts, Warren, 1979-1980
61-62 Roerich Pact, 1969-1980
63 Roper, Christopher - Latin American Newsletter, 1978
64 Rusch, Robert, 1974
Box Folder
33 1-3 S (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1958-1980
4 Sayan de Vidaurre, Alberto, 1977
5 Schlesinger, Arthur Jr., 1981-1982
6 Schoultz, Lars, 1976-1977
7 Schwartz, Bernard - New York City Board of Education, 1979
8 Shestack, Jerome, 1978-1981
9 Simon, Fanny, 1973-1978
10 Smithsonian Institution, 1978
11 Social Democrats, USA, 1975-1980
14 Socialists, 1978-1981
15-16 Stroud, Drew, 1975-1981
17 Survival International, USA, 1980-1981
18 Sussman, Leonard R., 1980-1981
19 T (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1969-1981
20 Temple, Mary, 1980-1982
21 Third World Organizations, 1976-1978
22 Translations, 1967-1970
23 U (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1970-1981
24 United Nations, 1977-1981
25 United States Committee for Justice to Latin American Political Prisoners (USLA), 1972-1978
26 United States Committee Meetings, 1968, 1978-1980
27 United States Congress, 1979
28 United States Department of Education Grant Applications, 1979
29 United States Department of Labor Visitors' Program, 1978-1980
30 United States Department of State, 1970-1980
31 United States Department of State Visitors' Program Service, 1978-1979
32 United States International Communication Agency (USICA): Grant Proposal, 1980
33 United States Youth Council, 1965-1970
34-35 Universal Women's Movement and Women's Groups, 1970-1977
36 University Courses, 1973-1979
37 V (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1966-1981
38 Valdivia, Alberto, 1977
39-40 Venezuelan Mission and Consulate, 1971-1978
41-43 W (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1970-1981
44 Washington Office on Latin America, 1977-1978
45 Wilson, Theodore A., 1976-1978
46 Wilton Park, 1961-1964
47-50 Wilton Park, 1970-1974
51 World Constituent Assembly - Emergency World Council, 1971-1977
52 Z (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1971-1972
53 Contributions, 1968-1969
54 Contributions and Subscriptions, 1972
55-68 Domestic Letters, 1970-1972
Box Folder
34 1-8 Domestic Letters, 1973-1980
9-32 Foreign Letters, 1967-1980
33-44 General Correspondence, 1967-1969
45 "Latin America in Crisis" Course, 1969
46 Miscellaneous, 1980 and undated
47-48 Third Conference, 1967-1968
Arrangement: grouped chronologically by sub-series, then alphabetically within each sub-series.
Primarily letters received by Frances Grant and copies of letters she or her secretaries sent to IADF members regarding meetings, membership, subscriptions, involvement in human rights issues, sponsorship of events, and monitoring of cases. Includes some personal correspondence. Additional document types include press releases, pamphlets, and speeches.
Consists of two sub-series: Domestic Correspondence and Miscellany, 1939-1959 and Domestic Correspondence and Miscellany, 1960-1980.
Domestic Correspondence and Miscellany, 1939-1959 (1.25 cubic feet) consists of correspondence arranged by subject and name of correspondent. Most of this sub-series consists of letters to IADF members regarding meetings, memberships and Hemispherica subscriptions. Other correspondence concerns IADF activities such as involvement with the Galíndez case, political exiles, and students' and women's committees. Of particular interest are letters from United States senators and other government officials. These include letters from Hubert Humphrey and Jacob Javits regarding the immigration status of political refugees and a letter from Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr. congratulating Frances Grant on the IADF's work.
Domestic Correspondence and Miscellany, 1960-1980 (2 cubic feet) also consists of correspondence arranged by subject and name of correspondent, and includes many copies of letters to IADF members. A large part of this sub-series concerns the IADF's U.S. Committee. Of particular interest in these folders is a letter from Edward Kennedy to Frances Grant regarding her views on human rights in Chile. Also prominent are letters and other materials documenting Frances Grant's and the IADF's relationships with the United Nations, Amnesty International, and various women's, student, and religious groups.
Domestic Correspondence and Miscellany, 1939-1959
Box Folder
34 49 A (Miscellaneous), 1945-1959
50 B (Miscellaneous), 1940-1959
51 Budget and Financial Report, 1957-1959
52 C (Miscellaneous), 1951-1959
53 Catholic Groups, 1952-1958
54 Clippings and Miscellany, 1951-1959
55 Contributions: Acknowledgments, 1958-1959
56-57 Contributions: Received, 1956-1959
58 Contributions: Requests, 1955-1959
59 Council for Pan-American Democracy, 1939-1956
60 Crabs and Crackpots, 1939-1953
61 Crassweller, undated
62 Cudworth, Helen, 1959
Box Folder
35 1 D (Miscellaneous), 1946-1959
2 Disarmament, 1953-1958
3 E (Miscellaneous), 1952-1958
4 Employment, 1957-1958
5 Exchange of Persons, 1958
6 F (Miscellaneous), 1955-1959
7 Florida, University of, 1953
8 Freeland League, 1956-1957
9 G (Miscellaneous), 1950-1959
10 H (Miscellaneous), 1943-1959
11 I (Miscellaneous), 1953-1959
12 Immigrant Matters, 1952-1953
13 IADF: Materials, 1951-1953
14 IADF: Materials for Distribution, 1955
15 IADF: Statements, Press Releases, 1952-1958
16 Inter-American Peace Committee, 1949
17 Inter-American Press Association, 1955-1958
18 International Labor Office, 1957-1958
19 International League for the Rights of Man, 1941-1949 and undated
20 Institute on Our Stake in Latin American Democracy, 1956
21 J (Miscellaneous), 1953-1958
22 K (Miscellaneous), 1953-1959
23 L (Miscellaneous), 1952-1959
24 La Prensa, 1956-1959
25 Liaison Committee, 1949
26-27 M (Miscellaneous), 1954-1959 and undated
28 Meeting, April 7, 1956
29 N (Miscellaneous), 1956-1959
30 O (Miscellaneous), 1955-1958
31 One Day Seminar, 1958
32 Organization of American States (OAS)/Pan-American Union, 1954-1959
33 Organizations, 1955
34-35 P (Miscellaneous), 1953-1959
36 Political Exiles, 1950-1959
37 Political Refugees, 1949-1952
38 Press Inquiries, 1950-1957
39 Protests, 1953
40 Protests to the United Nations, 1952
41 Q (Miscellaneous), 1958-1959
42-43 R (Miscellaneous), 1943-1959
44-45 S (Miscellaneous), 1958-1959
46 Sample Letters, 1950-1959
47 Socialism, 1953, 1956
48 Sociedades Hispanas Confederadas, 1959
49 Status of Women, 1938-1948
50-52 Status of Women, 1953-1958
53 Student Committee, 1953-1957
54 Student Committee Correspondence, 1955-1957
55 Student Conference, 1951
56 Student Conference Correspondence, 1951
57 Student Material - Other, 1951-1955
58 T (Miscellaneous), 1956-1959
59 Testimonial Dinner, 1955
60 U (Miscellaneous), 1958-1959
61 Union of International Associations, 1951-1958
62 United Nations Economic and Social Council (UNESCO), 1958
63 United States Committee of IADF Meeting, 1957-1959
64 United States Committee of IADF Meeting - Correspondence, 1956-1959
65 V (Miscellaneous), 1950-1959
66 W (Miscellaneous), 1952-1959
67 Wetbacks, 1951-1955
68-70 Women's Committee, 1957-1959 and undated
71 Women's Committee - Correspondence, 1958
72 Worker's Defense League, 1958
73 Young Christian Workers, 1958
74 Youth and Student Committee, 1955
75 Y-Z (Miscellaneous), 1958-1959
Domestic Correspondence and Miscellany, 1960-1980
Box Folder
35 76-78 A (Miscellaneous), 1960-1965
Box Folder
36 1 American Book Company, 1960-1961
2 Americans for Democratic Action, 1961-1963
3-4 Americans for Democratic Action: Correspondence, 1960-1964
5 American Friends Service Committee, 1961-1965
6-8 American Jewish Committee, 1965-1975 and undated
9 American Newspaper Guild, 1960
10 Amnesty International, 1964-1965
11-14 Amnesty International: Correspondence, A-Z, 1964-1965
15-23 Amnesty International (American Section), 1966-1971
24-26 Amnesty International (American Section): Correspondence, A-Z,1966-1971
27 Amnesty International (England), 1965-1966
28-29 Amnesty International (England): Correspondence, A-Z, 1966-1969
30 Aquillino, Frank, 1961-1964
31-33 B (Miscellaneous), 1960-1965
34 Biographies, 1962-1965
35 Board of Education of New York, 1965
36 Budget and Financial Report, 1960
37-39 C (Miscellaneous), 1960-1965
40 Catholic Inter-American Council, 1965
41 Contributions: Acknowledgments, 1960-1963
42 Contributions: Received, 1960-1964
43 Contributions: Requests, 1960
44 Crabs and Crackpots, 1960
45 Cudworth, Helen, 1960-1963
46 D (Miscellaneous), 1960-1965
47 E (Miscellaneous), 1960-1965
48-49 F (Miscellaneous), 1960-1965
50-51 Freedom House, 1961-1975
52 G (Miscellaneous), 1961
53-54 H (Miscellaneous), 1960-1965
55 Hemispherica Correspondence, 1960-1965
56 Inter-American Council, 1963
57 IADF: Board Reports, 1962
58 IADF: Material for Distribution, 1965-1980
59 IADF: Statements, Press Releases, 1960 and undated
60 International League for the Rights of Man, 1976
61 J (Miscellaneous), 1960-1965
62 Junta Meeting, 1961-1962
63 Junta Meeting: Correspondence, 1961-1963
Box Folder
37 1 K (Miscellaneous), 1960-1965
2 L (Miscellaneous), 1960-1965
3 Lane Bryant International Awards, 1964-1965
4 League for Industrial Democracy, 1960-1963
5-6 M (Miscellaneous), 1960-1965
7 Memorandums, 1966-1967
8 N (Miscellaneous), 1960-1965
9 O (Miscellaneous), 1960-1964
10-11 Organization of American States (OAS)/Pan-American Union, 1960-1965 and 1971
12 P (Miscellaneous), 1960
13 Political Exiles and Refugees, 1960-1965
14 Press Releases, 1962-1965 and undated
15 R (Miscellaneous), 1960-1965, 1980
16 Root-Jessup Public Affairs Council, 1964-1967
17-20 S (Miscellaneous), 1965
21 Sample Letters, 1960-1965 and undated
22 Schmidt, Ann, 1961-1963
23 Socialism, 1961
24 Sociedades Hispanas Confederadas, 1960
25 Status of Women, 1960-1963
26 Students Forum - United States National Student Association, 1960-1965
27 T (Miscellaneous), 1960-1965
28 U (Miscellaneous), 1960
29-30 United Nations, 1963-1978
31 United Nations: Commission on the Status of Women, 1978
32-43 United States Committee, 1960-1974
44 United States Committee, 1977
45 United States Committee: Ad Hoc Committee, 1977-1978
46 United States Committee: Betancourt Dinner, 1965
47 United States Committee: Financial Material, 1968
48-49 United States Committee: Washington Meetings, 1968
50 V (Miscellaneous), 1960-1965
51-52 W (Miscellaneous), 1960-1965
53 Washington - Americans for Democratic Action Convention, 1965
54 Washington Trip, 1979
55 Women's Progress, 1961
56 Women's Project, 1961-1962
57 Y (Miscellaneous), 1960-1964
58 Young Christian Workers, 1960
59 Z (Miscellaneous), 1961-1965
LATIN-AMERICAN COUNTRY FILES, 1930-1985. (15 cubic feet)
Arrangement: grouped chronologically into two sub-series and arranged alphabetically within each sub-series.
Primarily documents the IADF's involvement with various Latin-American countries. Subjects covered include documentation of human and civil rights violations within each country, subsequent protests, and publicity. Also includes files on prominent individuals with whom Grant corresponded as well as documentation of social and economic conditions and political and cultural life. Includes some items from earlier dates which Grant chose to file by country. Document types include correspondence, reports, press releases, publications and clippings.
Sub-series are Latin-American Country Files, 1930-1979 and Latin-American Country Files, 1970-1985. The bulk of the second sub-series dates from 1980 to 1985. Latin-American Country Files, 1930-1979 (11 cubic feet), which covers the most intense period of IADF activity, is by far the more important of the two sub-series. Countries documented in this sub-series include Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Uruguay, and Venezuela.
The Argentina files (1.2 cubic feet) document Anti-Semitism and other human rights abuses under the Perón regime in the 1950s and the military dictatorship of 1961-1963. Important correspondents include members of the Frondizi presidential family, politician and IADF member Ernesto Sammartino, and journalists Juan Antonio Solari and Silvano Santander. Of particular interest is the María Elena Sent case, a child custody case which came to Grant's attention. Mrs. Sent's correspondence includes detailed descriptions of the political situation in Argentina.
The Bolivia files (.2 cubic feet) include documentation of unlawful arrests and imprisonments and women's activism. Prominent correspondents include Presidents Víctor Paz Estenssoro, Hernán Siles Suazo, General Hugo Banzer Suárez; and women activists Dr. Rosa Lema Dolz de Lluch and María Teresa Valverde. Of particular interest is documentation of the case of Delfina Burgoa, the mother of author Ramiro Reynago Burgoa, whose books were banned by the Banzer government. Not a political activist herself, she disappeared in 1972 with no charges or trial. Also of interest is the case of Mary Elizabeth Harding (1972), a former nun accused of guerilla activities. The Brazil files (.25 cubic feet) include documentation of human rights abuses, particularly torture of prisoners during the period 1968-1972. Correspondents include Grant's friend and IADF member Patricia Bildner and artists Olga Mary Pedrosa, Misabel Pedrosa Xavier, and Carlos Lacerda.
A large part of the Chile files (1 cubic foot) consist of articles and reports pertaining to the 1973 military coup. Important correspondents include Christian Democratic president Eduardo Frei and IADF conference delegates Luis Bossay and Radomiro Tomic. Of particular interest is documentation of the case of Jaime Castillo Velasco, a lawyer who was forced into exile by the military regime; the case of María de Tapia Espinoza, whose husband disappeared after witnessing a shooting in 1973; and the arrests of the Siloists, a religious group, in 1974. The Colombia files (.4 cubic feet) include reports on the dictatorial regime of Mariano Ospina Pérez (1948-1949); reports on religious persecution by the Evangelical Confederation of Colombia (1952-1960) and documentation of political opposition by the newspaper El Tiempo (1951-1956). Important correspondents include Germán Arciniegas, journalist, academic and IADF member; Colombian presidents Eduardo Santos (1938-1942) and Carlos Lleras Restrepo; and woman activist Tina de Otero. The Costa Rican files (.7 cubic feet) include a large amount of correspondence between Grant's close friend and leader in the IADF José Figueres, President of Costa Rica from 1948-1949; 1953-1958 and 1970-1974. Other important correspondents include Figueres' wife Karen Olsen de Figueres, and Costa Rican presidents Daniel Oduber, Francisco Orlich, and Luis Alberto Monge. Subjects documented in these files include the Nicaraguan crisis (1954-1955) and anti-Castro movements in Costa Rica (1970-1976).
The Cuba files (1.6 cubic feet) include documentation of the political situation both before and after the 1959 revolution. Important correspondents include Aureliano Sánchez Arango, politician and exile activist; and Mirta Cerra, artist. Of particular interest is documentation of the case of Huber Matos, one of the leaders of the revolution whom Castro accused of treason and imprisoned for 20 years. A large part of the file consists of planillas (forms) from a survey of Cuban political prisoners conducted by Grant from 1965 to 1967. The Dominican Republic files (.25 cubic feet) include documentation of persecution under the regime of dictator Rafael Trujillo. Of particular interest are the cases of Tancredo Martínez, an activist who was shot while in exile in Mexico; and Gerald Murphy, the pilot who was murdered to hide his role in the kidnapping of activist and IADF member Jesús de Galíndez. Also includes documentation of Grant's trip to Santo Domingo in 1962.
The Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, and Mexico files are all small and of lesser importance. Correspondents provided Grant with information about the political situation in each country. Of interest is correspondence with Ecuadoran artist Boanerges Mideros; Haitian political exile Camille L'hérisson, Honduran president Ramón Villeda Morales, and Mexican pianist Esperanza Pulido. Also of interest is documentation of the case of Mauricio Borgonova, a Salvadorian foreign minister who was kidnaped by left-wing terrorists in 1977. The Mexican files contain a large amount of material on the Inter-American Regional Organization of Workers (O.R.I.T.), including correspondence with Secretary General Arturo Jáuregui.
The Nicaragua files (.8 cubic feet) include documentation of protests against the Somoza dictatorship (1952-1959); and material relating to the IADF's campaign for democracy in Nicaragua (1978-1979). Important correspondents include journalist and politician Pedro Joaquín Chamorro; his wife and later president Violeta Chamorro; and Sandinista priest, poet and activist Ernesto Cardenal. The Paraguay files (.5 cubic feet) include documentation of human rights violations, political opposition, and protests against the Stroessner dictatorship, including reports and lists of political prisoners. Of particular interest are reports on the Aché Indians, including Richard Arens' Genocide in Paraguay. Important correspondents include human rights activists Carmen Casco de Lara Castro and Fr. Ramón Talavera.
The Peru files (1 cubic foot) contain a wide variety of information about Aprismo, the political philosophy of the APRA party, including correspondence and information about Aprismo founder Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre, with whom Grant became close during his five-year exile in the Colombian embassy in Lima. Other important correspondents include president Fernando Belaunde Terry, diplomat and politician Andrés Townsend, and artist Julia Codesido. The Puerto Rico files (.2 cubic feet) are chiefly notable for the correspondence with Grant's friend, Governor Luis Muñoz Marín.
The largest group of files in this series is Venezuela (1.6 cubic feet). These files contain a great deal of information about Acción Democrática (AD), the political party founded by Rómulo Betancourt, and about the Movimiento Electoral del Pueblo, which broke away from AD. The most important correspondent is Venezuelan president and IADF founder and key member Rómulo Betancourt. Other important correspondents include presidents Rómulo Gallegos, Raúl Leoni, Carlos Andrés Pérez, and Jaime Lusinchi from Acción Democrática; president and founder of the Christian Democratic party (COPEI) Rafael Caldera; Jóvito Villalba, leader of the Republican Democratic Union (URD) party ; and AD activists Gonzalo Barrios, Luis Augusto Dubuc, César Rondón Lovera, and Augusto Malavé Villalba. Of particular interest are the cases of Alberto Carnevali, an AD activist who was imprisoned under the dictatorship of Marco Pérez Jiménez; and Eduardo Machado, a Communist who was imprisoned under the Leoni administration. The series most notably documents IADF participation in efforts to publicize human rights violations and help exiles during the dictatorship of Pérez Jiménez.
The second sub-series, Latin-American Country Files, 1970-1985(4 cubic feet), primarily dates from 1980 to1985, when the IADF was operating chiefly as an information bank. Sub-series document human rights and political and social conditions in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Curacao, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Important correspondents include Bolivian President Walter Guevara Arce, Chilean President Eduardo Frei, Germán Arciniegas, Karen Olsen de Figureres, presidents Daniel Oduber and Luis Alberto Monge of Costa Rica, Venezuelan presidents Rómulo Betancourt, Luis Herrera Campins, and Carlos Andrés Pérez.
Of particular interest are human rights violations under the military dictatorship in Argentina in the 1970s, such as the case of Angela Auad de Genovés, who disappeared while attending a party at which were relatives of political prisoners. Also of interest is the case of Douglas Jones, an American living in Bolivia who was openly critical of the oil companies and was persecuted. The Chile file documents opposition to the military regime of Augusto Pinochet, including the case of Orlando Letelier, an official in the Allende administration who was killed in a terrorist attack in the United States in 1976. Of interest in the El Salvador files is material about Grant's trip to observe the elections in 1982. Of interest in the Paraguay files is the case of Joelito Filártigo, a teenager who was kidnaped, tortured, and killed in an attempt to extract information about his father.
The series includes two indexes. The main index is an item-level index to the first sub-series of the LATIN AMERICAN COUNTRY FILES (excluding Chile and some Cuba and Nicaragua material). Arranged by folder heading, the index is an item-by-item description of the contents of each folder, including names, dates and brief descriptions, or in some cases, excerpts from the contents. Items are classified as either letters or documents and are given numbers based on the original order of each folder. The Paraguay section of the index contains an additional index of political prisoners, divided between men and women, and then alphabetically by name. This index gives names, dates incarcerated, and keys the name to numbered lists of political prisoners in the Paraguay section. The second index is of correspondence up to 1959. This index is arranged by country, with individuals listed when there is no reference to a particular country. Most cards are for the Dominican Republic and Peru, and in some cases duplicate the material in the longer index. Found with these cards was a description of how the index was made.
Oversize items stored separately include four broadsides and an article.
See also: newspaper box 86.
Box Folder
38 1 Argentina: Anti-Semitism, 1943-1972
2-4 Argentina: Correspondence - Personal and Miscellany, 1939-1975
5-7 Argentina: Correspondence - Political, 1929-1980
8-10 Argentina: Dictatorship Protests, 1941-1956
11 Argentina: General, 1971-1979
12 Argentina: Graiver Case, 1977
13 Argentina: International League for the Rights of Man - Special Cases, 1945-1975
14 Argentina: Meeting Protesting the Political Situation in Argentina, 1966
15-16 Argentina: Miscellaneous Files, 1932-1968
17 Argentina: Personalities - Samuel Allperin, 1956-1975
18 Argentina: Personalities - Sergio Bagu, 1945-1949
19 Argentina: Personalities - Pedro de Basaldua, 1957-1959
20 Argentina: Personalities - Dr. Gregorio Bermann, 1945-1948
21 Argentina: Personalities - Walter Beveraggi, 1947-1951
22 Argentina: Personalities - Herminia Brumana, 1951-1957
23 Argentina: Personalities - Dr. Luis Maria Boffi Boggero, 1927-1977
24 Argentina: Personalities - Dr. Cupertino del Campo, 1929-1945
25 Argentina: Personalities - Ofelia Carmen, 1956
26 Argentina: Personalities - Pedro Cuperman, 1965-1967
27 Argentina: Personalities - The Frondizi's, 1948-1960
28 Argentina: Personalities - Alberto Gainza Paz, 1951-1958
29 Argentina: Personalities - Eduardo García, 1947-1955
30-31 Argentina: Personalities - Américo Ghioldi, 1952-1977
32 Argentina: Personalities - Raúl Lamuraglia, 1955-1976
33 Argentina: Personalities - Senator Luis A. León, 1974-1979
34 Argentina: Personalities - Ricardo Lifsic, 1960-1963
35 Argentina: Personalities - Raúl Migone, 1949-1964
36 Argentina: Personalities - Santiago Nodelman, 1947-1961
37 Argentina: Personalities - Luis Pan, 1957-1963
38 Argentina: Personalities - Jorge Pochat, 1970-1972
39 Argentina: Personalities - Dr. Humberto Quiroga Lavie, 1976-1977
40 Argentina: Personalities - Dora Russo, 1952-1975
41-44 Argentina: Personalities - Silvano Santander, 1953-1970
45-54 Argentina: Personalities - Maria Elena Sent Case, 1952-1974
Box Folder
39 1-6 Argentina: Personalities - Maria Elena Sent Case, 1975-1981
7 Argentina: Personalities - José N. Sivori - Instituto de Historia "Leandro N. Alem," 1967-1968
8-9 Argentina: Personalities - Juan A. Solari, 1953-1975
10 Argentina: Personalities - Emilio A. Stevanovitch, 1946-1948
11 Argentina: Personalities - Alfonsina Storni, 1930-1938
12 Argentina: Personalities - Jorge A. Vanossi
13 Argentina: Protests, 1978
14 Argentina: Protests in USA, 1977
15 Bolivia: Cases - Delfina Burgoa/Donna Katzin, 1972
16-17 Bolivia: Cases - Mary Elizabeth Harding/Gail T. Kelley, 1969-1973
18-19 Bolivia: Correspondence and Miscellany, 1961-1976
20 Bolivia: Human Rights since 1971, 1977
21-22 Bolivia: Personalities - Víctor Andrade, 1951-1962
23 Bolivia: Personalities - Hugo Banzer Suárez, 1972-1977
24 Bolivia: Personalities - Ernesto Galarza, 1946
25-26 Bolivia: Personalities - Maria Guzmán Galarza, 1964-1974
27 Bolivia: Personalities - Enrique de Lozada, 1945-1964
28 Bolivia: Personalities - Mario Montenegro, 1962
29 Bolivia: Personalities - Víctor Paz Estenssoro, 1948-1978
30 Bolivia: Personalities - Hernán Siles Zuazo, 1956-1957
31-32 Bolivia: Special Political Correspondence, 1951-1961
33 Bolivia: Women - Centro Cívico Cultural Voluntarias, P.C.C.S., 1972-1973
34 Bolivia: Women - Dra. Rosa Lema Dulz de Leluch, 1962-1964
35 Bolivia: Women - Maria Teresa de Valverde, 1963-1968
36-40 Brazil: Correspondence - Miscellaneous, A-Z, 1946-1975
41-48 Brazil: Personalities - Pat and Albert Bildner, 1956-1977
49 Brazil: Personalities - Carlos Lacerda, 1963-1967
50 Brazil: Personalities - Olga Mary Pedrose and Misabel Pedrosa Xavier, 1948-1976
51-52 Brazil: Reports on Torture, 1970 and 1972
53 Chile: 1978
54 Chile: Addresses - Pinochet's Ministers, 1973
55 Chile: Addresses - Pinochet's Ministers including Ismael Huerta's Statement, 1973
56 Chile: Anteprojecto a una Nueva Constitución Politica, 1973
57 Chile: Arrests of Siloists/Center of Inner Religion - Siloism, 1974
58 Chile: Articles on the Revolution and Allende's Fall, 1973
59 Chile: Asociación Nacional de Mujeres Periodistas, 1973
60 Chile: Chilegrams, 1976
61 Chile: Christian Democratic Letter - Krauss, Cummings, Donahue, 1971-1973
62 Chile: Christian Democrats, 1976
63 Chile: Clippings, 1950-1964
64-67 Chile: Clippings after Coup, 1973
Box Folder
40 1 Chile: Clippings before Coup, 1973
2 Chile: Comments and Letters, 1974
3 Chile: Commission of Jurists and Letter (IADF) to The New York Times, 1973-1974
4 Chile: Correspondence - Diplomatic, 1973-1975
5 Chile: Correspondence - Personal (John G. Lee), 1964-1973
6 Chile: Correspondence - Political, 1941-1975
7 Chile: Expulsion of Castillo and Velasco, 1976
8-9 Chile: Grant's Personal Notes, Interviews, British Chamber of Commerce, etc.,1973
10 Chile: Grant's Tribute, 1956
11 Chile: Grant's Trips, 1973
12 Chile: Maracay Conference, 1959-1960
13-15 Chile: Miscellaneous Correspondence, 1941-1975 and undated
16 Chile: Mission of Chile to United Nations - Press Reports, 1973-1979
17 Chile: Personalities - Nestor Arias, 1977-1978
18 Chile: Personalities - Luis Bossay, 1974
19 Chile: Personalities - Francisco Carajal and Sra., 1965-1966
20 Chile: Personalities - Jaime Castillo Velasco, 1977
21-22 Chile: Personalities - Eduardo Frei, 1951-1980
23 Chile: Personalities - Eduardo Frei Dinner, 1971
24 Chile: Personalities - Eduardo Frei Dinner and Political Writings, 1971
25 Chile: Personalities - Raúl Hermosilla, 1972-1973
26 Chile: Personalities - Berta Leuschener, 1972-1976
27-29 Chile: Personalities - Maria Llona de Guzmán, 1937-1978
30 Chile: Personalities - Mario Muñoz, 1976
31 Chile: Personalities - Martin Poblete, 1977
32 Chile: Personalities - Julia N. de Quenelle, 1943-1974
33 Chile: Personalities - Sáenz de Phillips and Sáenz de Valdés, 1972-1974
34 Chile: Personalities - Dra. Irma Salas and the Montaldos, 1961-1976
35 Chile: Personalities - Monica de Tapia Espinosa Case, 1979
36 Chile: Political Prisoners, Propaganda against Junta, ca., 1975
37 Chile: Protests against Situation after Coup, 1973-1975
38-39 Chile: Reports, Analyses, Articles, Protests, 1974-1975
40-41 Chile: Situation before September, 1973 Revolution - the Allende Regime, 1973
42 Chile: Statement on Chile Published in Hemispherica, 1973
43-44 Colombia: Dictatorship, 1948-1953
45-49 Colombia: Evangelical Confederation of Colombia, 1952-1960
50 Colombia: National Committee of Youth in Bogota, 1968-1969
51 Colombia: News Items, 1955 and undated
52-54 Colombia: Personal Correspondence, A-Z, 1930-1977
55-58 Colombia: Personalities - Germán Arciniegas, 1948-1978 and undated
59 Colombia: Personalities - Roberto García-Peña, 1951-1956
60-61 Colombia: Personalities - Carlos Lleras Restrepo, 1950-1969
62 Colombia: Personalities - Alfonso López, 1942, 1953
63 Colombia: Personalities - Tina de Otero, 1957-1975
64 Colombia: Personalities - Alvaro Pineda de Castro, 1962-1975
65-66 Colombia: Personalities - Jaime Posada, 1959-1967
67-70 Colombia: Personalities - Eduardo Santos, 1948-1974
71 Colombia: Personalities - Guillermo León Valencia, 1962
72-74 Colombia: Personalities - Germán Zea, 1951-1977
75 Colombia: Platform del Partido Socialista Colombia, 1973
76-78 Colombia: Political Opposition Press - El Tiempo, 1951-1956 and undated
79 Colombia: Speeches and Resolutions, 1949
Box Folder
41 1 Costa Rica: Inauguration of President José Figueres, May 1970
2 Costa Rica: La Junta in San José, 1962
3-4 Costa Rica: Miscellany, 1953-1978 and undated
5-6 Costa Rica: Movement against Castro, 1970-1976
7 Costa Rica: Nicaraguan Crisis, 1954-1955
8 Costa Rica: Partido Liberacíon Nacional - Juventud Liberacionista, 1969-1971
9-10 Costa Rica: Personalities - Gonzalo Facio, 1951-1977
11-17 Costa Rica: Personalities - José Figueres, 1950-1975
18 Costa Rica: Personalities - José Figueres - Clippings, Lectures, 1950-1956
19-21 Costa Rica: Personalities - José Figueres - United States Tour of Lectures, 1951
22-25 Costa Rica: Personalities - Karen Figueres, 1955-1978
26 Costa Rica: Personalities - José and Mercedes Guerrero, 1970-1979
27 Costa Rica: Personalities - Ambassador José Molina, 1970
28-29 Costa Rica: Personalities -Luis Alberto Monge (ORIT), 1953-1970
30-31 Costa Rica: Personalities - Daniel and Marjorie Oduber, 1955-1977
32 Costa Rica: Personalities - Francisco Orlich, 1962-1965
33 Costa Rica: Personalities - Rafael Lucas Rodríguez, 1962-1979
34 Costa Rica: Personalities - Dr. Fernando Volio, 1962-1966
35 Costa Rica: San José Conference, November 1969
36 Costa Rica: Seminar in Costa Rica, April 1974
37 Cuba: ABDALA Cuban Movement, 1976
38-39 Cuba: After 1959 Movements - Protests, 1959-1963
40-41 Cuba: in Angola, 1976
42 Cuba: Before 1959 and Prío Socarrás Case, 1957-1959
43-44 Cuba: Citizens' Committee for a Free Cuba, 1963-1964
45-46 Cuba: Data on Political Issues, 1965-1966
47 Cuba: Diario Réplica, 1972-1973
48-49 Cuba: Fifth Report on Human Rights in Cuba, 1976
50 Cuba: Ford Foundation, 1951-1952
Box Folder
42 1 Cuba: Gould House Conference, 1963
2-3 Cuba: Literature, 1972-1977
4 Cuba: Matos Case (Huber), 1959
5 Cuba: Matos Case (Huber), 1962-1979
6-8 Cuba: Miscellaneous after 1959, 1959-1977
9 Cuba: Personalities - Mirta Cerra, 1955-1977
10 Cuba: Personalities - Carlos Alberto Montaner, 1974
11 Cuba: Personalities - Senator Claiborne Pell, 1974-1975
12 Cuba: Personalities - Manuel Ray, 1961-1974
13 Cuba: Personalities - Aureliano Sánchez Arango, 1961-1977
14 Cuba: Personalities - Manuel Urrutia, 1958-1961
15-25 Cuba: Planillas, 1965-1967
26-29 Cuba: Planillas, 12-15 Years, 1966
30 Cuba: Planillas, Due to be Released Before January 1, 1967
31 Cuba: Planillas, Imprisoned, 1959
32-34 Cuba: Planillas, Insufficient Information, undated
35-38 Cuba: Planillas, Miscellaneous, 1967-1968 and undated
39 Cuba: Planillas, Unfiled, undated
Box Folder
43 1-3 Cuba: Political Prisoners, 1965-1966
4-6 Cuba: Protests - Amigo del Pueblo, RECE, and others, 1961-1978
7-12 Cuba: Requests for Planillas, 1965
13 Dominican Republic: Cases - Freddy D. Gómez, 1958
14 Dominican Republic: Cases - Tancredo Martínez, 1954-1959
15 Dominican Republic: Cases - Gerald Murphy, 1956-1959
16 Dominican Republic: Grant's Itinerary and Reception, 1961, 1966
17 Dominican Republic: Midlan, Angel - Partido Revolucionario Dominicano, 1951-1968
18 Dominican Republic: Movimiento Centrista Dominicano, 1973
19-20 Dominican Republic: Personalities - José Antonio Bonilla Atiles, 1949-1965
21 Dominican Republic: Personalities - Carmen Natalia Martínez, 1962-1963
22 Dominican Republic: Personalities - Pedro de Mesones, 1957-1968
23 Dominican Republic: Personalities - Germán Ornes, 1954-1975
24 Dominican Republic: Personalities - Gladys de los Santos, 1962-1972
25 Dominican Republic: Personalities - Nicolás Silfa (PRD), 1953-1957
26-27 Dominican Republic: Protests against Trujillo - Exiles, 1942-1962
28 Dominican Republic: Trujillo, Rafael (son), 1960
29 Dominican Republic: Unión Civica Nacional, 1956-1963
30 Ecuador: Breilh, Germania de 1951-1963
31 Ecuador: Correspondence - Lydia Henriques, 1935-1941
32 Ecuador: Correspondence - Miscellaneous, 1932-1976
33 Ecuador: Mideros, Boanerges, 1971
34 Ecuador: Zavala-Ramírez, Arturo Gonzalo, 1972-1974
35 El Salvador: Borgonovo-Pohl Kidnaping - San Salvador, 1976
36 El Salvador: McAward, John - Unitarian Universalist Service Committee, 1973-1977
37 El Salvador: Miscellaneous, 1960-1962
38-39 Guatemala: Bulletins, Articles, etc., 1952-1954
40 Guatemala: García-Bauer, Carlos, 1970-1976
41 Guatemala: Miscellaneous Correspondence, 1948-1966
42 Guatemala: Parlamento Latinoamericano, 1967-1972
43 Haiti: Clippings and Bulletins, 1965-1974
44 Haiti: Haitian Study Group - Fignole and Lhérisson, 1961
45 Haiti: Miscellaneous, 1945-1949
46-48 Haiti: Miscellaneous, 1959-1974
49 Haiti: Personalities - Pierre Edouard Bellande, 1976-1977
50 Haiti: Personalities - Hermann L. Désir, 1963-1971
Box Folder
44 1 Haiti: Personalities - Hermann L. Désir, 1972-1980
2 Haiti: Personalities -Gaston Jumelle, 1960-1976
3-4 Haiti: Personalities - Dr. Camille L'hérisson, 1957-1966
5 Haiti: Personalities -Pierre Rigaud, 1961
6-7 Haiti: Political Correspondence - Committees, 1958-1962
8 Haiti: White Paper, 1975-1977
9 Honduras: Clippings, 1961-1964
10 Honduras: Correspondence - Miscellaneous, 1948-1975
11 Honduras: Miscellaneous, 1948-1975
12 Honduras: Pearson, Neal - Study on Agrarian Reform in Honduras, 1974
13 Honduras: Personalities - Jorge Fidel Durón, 1963-1969
14 Honduras: Personalities - Roberto Martinez Ordonez, 1956-1967
15 Honduras: Personalities - Gustavo A. Mille, 1970-1977
16 Honduras: Personalities - Edgardo Paz Barnica, 1964-1967
17-19 Honduras: Personalities - Dr. Ramón Villeda Morales, 1955-1972
20 Honduras: Partido Liberal - Ramón Villeda Bermudez, 1974
21-22 Mexico: Miscellaneous, 1946-1977
23-25 Mexico: ORIT - Jáuregui, Paladino, et al, 1955-1973
26 Mexico: ORIT - Simón, Quintana, et al, 1961-1965
27 Mexico: Personalities - Helia de Calvo - Re: Cubanos and Dominicanos, 1957-1958
28-29 Mexico: Personalities - Arturo Jáuregui, 1949-1963
30 Mexico: Personalities - Esperanza Pulido, 1947-1979
31-32 Nicaragua: Archives, 1978-1979
33-34 Nicaragua: Ad Hoc Committee for Nicaraguan Democracy, 1978
35 Nicaragua: Arellano, William - Nicaraguan Society, 1978
36 Nicaragua: Articles in La Prensa, 1980
37 Nicaragua: Campaign, 1978-1979
38 Nicaragua: Campaign Letter, 1978
39 Nicaragua: Campaign Letter to Government, 1978-1979
40 Nicaragua: Campaign Lists, Study Missions, 1978-1980
41 Nicaragua: Campaign Material, Drafts and Resolutions, 1979
42-44 Nicaragua: Campaign and United Nations Plan, 1978-1979
Box Folder
45 1 Nicaragua: Centro Víctor Sanabria Research and Documentation, 1978
2 Nicaragua: Chamorro Memorial Meeting, March 1978
3 Nicaragua: Chamorro Memorial Meeting - List of Participants, March 1978
4 Nicaragua: Clippings, 1956 and undated
5-7 Nicaragua: Clippings, 1978-1979
8 Nicaragua: Comité Central de Emergenciade la Col. Nicaraguense en México, 1973
9 Nicaragua: Democratic Union of Liberation (UDEL), 1978
10 Nicaragua: Foreign Letters, 1978
11 Nicaragua: Junta, 1979
12 Nicaragua: Maryknoll, 1978
13 Nicaragua: Miscellaneous, 1960-1967
14 Nicaragua: Miscellaneous, 1979
15-16 Nicaragua: National Conference in Washington, 1979
17 Nicaragua: Personalities - Fernando Aguero Rocha, 1965-1966
18 Nicaragua: Personalities - The Arguellos, 1956-1967
19 Nicaragua: Personalities - Father Ernesto Cardenal, 1978
20 Nicaragua: Personalities - Pedro Joaquín Chamorro, 1957-1977
21 Nicaragua: Personalities - Violeta and Xavier Chamorro, 1978-1979
22 Nicaragua: Personalities - Edmundo Jarquin, 1978
23 Nicaragua: Personalities - Chester Lacayo, 1978
24 Nicaragua: Personalities - Enrique and Cristino Paguaga, 1978
25 Nicaragua: Personalities - Alfonso Robelo, 1978-1979
26 Nicaragua: Personalities - José M. Zelaya, 1978
27-28 Nicaragua: Political Documents, Protests and Opposition, 1952-1965
29 Nicaragua: Press Conference, June 1978
30 Nicaragua: Publications, 1978
31 Nicaragua: Sandinistas, 1978
32 Nicaragua: Sandino Meeting and Related Material, 1979
33 Nicaragua: Situations in Nicaragua, 1967-1974
34 Nicaragua: United Nations and Related Protests, 1978
35 Nicaragua: United States Committee - Fanny Simon, 1978
36 Nicaragua: United States Committee Meeting, 1978
37 Nicaragua: United States State Department - Washington Trip, 1978
38 Panama: Committee for Human Rights, 1977
39 Panama: Correspondence - Miscellaneous, 1959-1975
40 Panama: General Information, 1975-1977
41 Panama: Rosa, Diogenes de la, 1959-1974
42 Paraguay: Agencia Noticiosa Paraguaya, 1975
43 Paraguay: Association for the Defense of Human Rights - Luisa Esther de Ramos, 1958-1976
44 Paraguay: Clippings, 1958-1973
45 Paraguay: Committee for Campaigns, 1977-1978
46 Paraguay: Consejo Indígena, 1976
47 Paraguay: Essay on Paraguay - Temple University Press, 1975
48 Paraguay: Lara Castro, Carmen de 1975-1978
49 Paraguay: Lists of and about Political Prisoners, 1976-1977
50 Paraguay: Lists of Political Prisoners - Luis Alberto Kallsen, 1972-1974
51 Paraguay: Miscellaneous, 1950-1978
52-53 Paraguay: Movimiento Populare Colorado - Beba Bertoni, 1962-1978
54 Paraguay: Organization of American States (OAS), 1977
55-56 Paraguay: Partido Liberal - Walterio Mercado Alder, 1958-1977
57 Paraguay: Partido Liberal - Carlos Pastore, 1954-1962
Box Folder
46 1-2 Paraguay: Partido Revolucionario Febrerista - Elpidio Yegros, 1961-1977
3 Paraguay: Persecution of Aché Indians, 1971
4 Paraguay: Personalities - Francisco B. Maffiodo, 1976-1977
5 Paraguay: Personalities - Epifanio Méndez, 1970
6 Paraguay: Personalities - Gilberto Olmedo Sánchez, 1975-1977
7 Paraguay: Personalities - Manfredo Ramirez Russo, 1977
8-9 Paraguay: Political Prisoners, 1968-1977
10 Paraguay: Press Conferences - International League for the Rights of Man, 1976
11 Paraguay: Protests, Reports and Impressions, 1946-1976
12 Paraguay: Talavera, Father Ramón - Opposition, 1958-1960
13-14 Peru: El Aprismo, 1949-1973
15 Peru: Center for Inter-American Relations, 1970-1972
16-18 Peru: Correspondence - Miscellaneous, 1941-1975
19 Peru: General, 1977-1978
20-21 Peru: Meeting of IADF in Lima, March 1962
22 Peru: Newspapers, 1969-1975
23 Peru: Observer to Lima Elections, 1962
24 Peru: Personalities - Fernando Belaúnde Terry, 1968
25 Peru: Personalities - Mario Cama Miranda, 1960-1962
26 Peru: Personalities - Julia Codesido, 1941-1967 and undated
27 Peru: Personalities - Miguel and Augusta Estremadoyro, 1950-1958
28 Peru: Personalities - Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre - Clippings, 1948-1962
29 Peru: Personalities - Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre - Colombian Aspects, 1951-1955
30-32 Peru: Personalities - Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre - Correspondence Regarding Political Asylum, 1948-1956
33-34 Peru: Personalities - Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre - Documents, Interviews, etc., 1945-1972
35-36 Peru: Personalities - Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre - Personal Correspondence with Grant, 1955-1975
37 Peru: Personalities - Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre - Visit, 1977
38 Peru: Personalities - Luis E. Heysen, 1953-1973
39-42 Peru: Personalities - Virginia Izaguirre and Family, 1952-1979
43 Peru: Personalities - Carlos Odiaga, 1962-1965
44 Peru: Personalities - Maria de la Puente and Gladys Cuadros, 1966-1975
45 Peru: Personalities - Luis Alberto Sánchez, 1949-1969
Box Folder
47 1 Peru: Personalities - Andrés Townsend Ezcurra, 1956-1976
2 Peru: Personalities - Alberto Valdivia Portugal, 1977
3 Peru: Personalities - Armando Villanueva del Campo, 1965
4 Peru: Personalities - Fernando León de Vivero, 1958-1977
5 Peru: Personalities - Carmen Ortíz de Zevallos, 1927-1978
6 Peru: Personalities - Javier Ortíz de Zevallos, 1960-1977
7 Peru: Peruvian Ad Hoc Committee, 1968
8 Peru: Political Situation, the Press, etc., 1949-1955
9 Peru: Situation under Velasco Alvarado and After, 1968-1975
10 Peru: United Nations - Division of Human Rights, 1952-1972
11 Puerto Rico: Colloquium on Latin American Democracy, 1964
12-13 Puerto Rico: Miscellaneous, 1950-1973
14 Puerto Rico: Personalities - Earl Parker Hanson, 1954-1961
15 Puerto Rico: Personalities - Angel Morales, 1955-1957
16 Puerto Rico: Personalities - Arturo Morales Carrión, 1959-1970
17-18 Puerto Rico: Personalities - Luis Muñoz Marín, 1951-1965
19 Puerto Rico: Personalities - Dr. Santiago Polanco Abreu, 1960-1963
20 Uruguay: Correspondence, 1940-1963
21 Uruguay: Documents, 1972-1977
22 Uruguay: Junta Americana de Defensa de la Democrática, 1949-1955
23 Uruguay: Miscellaneous, 1951-1967
24 Venezuela: Acción Democrática, 1959-1979
25-26 Venezuela: Alphabetical Correspondence, A-Z, 1945-1971
27 Venezuela: Articles, 1963
28 Venezuela: Carnevali Case, Dr. Alberto, 1953
29 Venezuela: Communist Party - Eduardo Machado Case, 1966
30 Venezuela: Correspondence - Miscellaneous, 1963-1978
31 Venezuela: Documentación Venezuela, 1976
32 Venezuela: Letters to The New York Times, 1958-1966
33 Venezuela: Moreno Case, Alfredo, 1953-1955
34 Venezuela: Movimiento Electoral del Pueblo, 1972
35 Venezuela: Personalities - Gonzalo Barrios, 1962-1969
36 Venezuela: Personalities - Carmen Valverde de Betancourt, 1957-1977
37 Venezuela: Personalities - Ligia Bello and Silvio Velandia, 1964-1968
38-39 Venezuela: Personalities - Rómulo Betancourt, 1963
40 Venezuela: Personalities - Rómulo Betancourt - Addresses and Miscellany, 1949-1964
41 Venezuela: Personalities - Rómulo Betancourt - Articles, 1959-1962
42 Venezuela: Personalities - Rómulo Betancourt - Booklet, 1963-1965
43-49 Venezuela: Personalities - Rómulo Betancourt - Correspondence, 1949-1978
Box Folder
48 1 Venezuela: Personalities - Rómulo Betancourt - Dinner, 1958
2-5 Venezuela: Personalities - Rómulo Betancourt - Dinner, 1965
6 Venezuela: Personalities - Rómulo Betancourt - Dinner - Messages, 1965
7 Venezuela: Personalities - Rómulo Betancourt - Dinner - Publicity, 1965
8 Venezuela: Personalities - Rómulo Betancourt - Dinner - Speeches, 1965
9-10 Venezuela: Personalities - Rómulo Betancourt - Diverse Material, 1951-1967
11 Venezuela: Personalities - Rómulo Betancourt - Fiftieth Anniversary of Political Life, 1977-1978
12 Venezuela: Personalities - Rómulo Betancourt - Grant on Betancóurt, 1960-1964
13 Venezuela: Personalities - Rómulo Betancourt - International Democratic Solidarity, 1976
14 Venezuela: Personalities - Rómulo Betancourt - Letters of Appreciation, 1978
15 Venezuela: Personalities - Rómulo Betancourt - Lunch, 1957
16 Venezuela: Personalities - Rómulo Betancourt - Miscellaneous, 1977-1978
17 Venezuela: Personalities - Rómulo Betancourt - Oppostion Pamphlets, 1959-1961
18 Venezuela: Personalities - Rómulo Betancourt - Press, 1949-1977
19 Venezuela: Personalities - Virginia Pérez de Betancourt, 1960-1986
20 Venezuela: Personalities - Rafael Caldera, 1968-1973
21 Venezuela: Personalities - Dr. Jesús and Adriana Chávez, 1960-1977
22-23 Venezuela: Personalities - Luis Augusto Dubuc, 1949-1977
24 Venezuela: Personalities - Dr. Guillermo Espinosa Fernández, 1973-1974
25 Venezuela: Personalities - Dr. Marcos Falcón Briceño, 1959-1969
26 Venezuela: Personalities - Dr. Rómulo Gallegos, 1932-1960
27-28 Venezuela: Personalities - Dr. Rómulo Gallegos - Death, 1969
29 Venezuela: Personalities - Gonzalo Garcia Bustillos, 1970-1973
30 Venezuela: Personalities - Luis de Hurtado, 1960-1962
31-32 Venezuela: Personalities - Raúl Leoni, 1964-1976
33 Venezuela: Personalities - Raúl Leoni - Articles, 1972
34 Venezuela: Personalities - Jaime Lusinchi, 1959-1968
35 Venezuela: Personalities - Humberto Moncada, 1970-1977
36 Venezuela: Personalities - Raúl Nass, 1960-1973
37 Venezuela: Personalities - Luis Manuel Penalver, 1957-1971
38 Venezuela: Personalities - Carlos Andrés Pérez, 1964-1977
39-40 Venezuela: Personalities - Carlos Andrés Pérez - Clippings and Miscellany, 1973-1978
41 Venezuela: Personalities - Manuel Pérez Guerrero, 1950
42 Venezuela: Personalities - Marcos Pérez Jiménez - Extradition Case, 1963
43 Venezuela: Personalities - Dr. Hugo Pérez la Salvia, 1971
44 Venezuela: Personalities - Augusto and Isabel Malave Villalba, 1950-1978
45 Venezuela: Personalities - Raquel Moreno de Roja, 1977
46-47 Venezuela: Personalities - Francisco N. Poleo, 1963-1968
Box Folder
49 1-3 Venezuela: Personalities - César Rondón Lovera, 1959-1977
4 Venezuela: Personalities - Efrain Schacht Aristeguieta, 1974
5 Venezuela: Personalities - Carlos Sosa Rodriguez, 1962-1965
6 Venezuela: Personalities - Jovito Villalba, 1960
7 Venezuela: Personalities - Alejandro Yabrudi Rojas, 1959-1964
8 Venezuela: Primer Congreso Venezolano de Mujeres, 1975
9 Venezuela: Protests, 1949-1967
Box Folder
49 10 Argentina: American Jewish Commission - Institute of Human Relations, 1979-1981
11 Argentina: Anti-Defamation League, 1981-1982
12 Argentina: Case - Angela Auad de Genovés, 1978-1980
13 Argentina: Center of Legal and Social Studies, 1980
14 Argentina: Clippings, 1972-1982
15-16 Argentina: Correspondence, 1976-1982
17 Argentina: Denuncia, 1980-1982
18 Argentina: Dictatorship and Human Rights, 1980
19 Argentina: Disappearance of Political Prisoners, 1976-1980
20 Argentina: El Radical, 1980
21 Argentina: Forti, Alfredo W. - Juventud por la Integracíon Latinoamericano, 1982-1983
22 Argentina: Forti, Nelida Azucena Sosa de Forti, 1979-1982
23 Argentina: Human Rights in Argentina, 1979-1982
24 Argentina: Information Service Center, 1978-1979
25-26 Argentina: Liga Argentina por los Derechos del Hombre, 1982-1984
27-28 Argentina: Miscellaneous Articles, 1977-1983
29 Argentina: Mothers of Plaza de Mayo, 1982-1984
30 Argentina: Noticiero Argentino, 1980-1981
31 Argentina: Paz y Justicia en Americana Latina, 1980-1982
32 Bolivia: Bulletins, 1980-1982
33 Bolivia: Clippings, 1980-1982
34 Bolivia: Correspondence, 1980-1982
35 Bolivia: Guevara, Walter, 1979 and undated
36 Bolivia: International League for Human Rights, 1979-1980
37 Bolivia: Jones Case - Correspondence - Oscar Garcia Suarez, 1982-1984
38 Brazil: Correspondence, 1972-1975
39 Brazil: Latin America Daily Post, 1978
40 Brazil: Miscellaneous, 1980
41 Brazil: Tax Incentives, 1982
42 Central America: Miscellaneous, 1982-1984
43 Central America: Newsletters, 1982-1985
44 Central America: TV Programs on Central America, 1983-1984
45 Chile: Archbishop of Santiago, 1981
46 Chile: Commission for Human Rights, 1980-1982
47 Chile: Committee for the Return of Families of Exiles, undated
48 Chile: Correspondence, 1974-1983
49 Chile: Frei, Eduardo, 1979-1983
50 Chile: Horman, Charles, 1980
51-52 Chile: Human Rights, 1978-1984
53 Chile: Human Rights - James Castillo, 1978-1984
54 Chile: Letelier-Moffitt Case, 1980-1984
55 Chile: Llona, Maria, 1979-1982
56-57 Chile: Miscellaneous, 1976-1983
58 Chile: News from Chile, 1980-1981
59 Chile: Opposition in Chile, 1977-1982
60 Chile: Petition to Supreme Court of Chile, 1979
61 Chile: Pinochet Military Government, 1981-1982
62 Colombia: Articles, 1972-1982
63 Colombia: Centro de Estudios Colombianos - Vainas de Macondo, 1980-1981
64 Colombia: Correspondence, 1976-1980
Box Folder
50 1 Colombia: Informe Colombiano, 1980-1984
2 Colombia: New Solidarity International Press, 1979-1980
3 Colombia: Newsletters, 1984
4 Colombia: Personalities - Germán Arciniegas and Others, 1982-1984
5 Colombia: United States Labor Party - Labor Committee, 1977-1979
6-7 Costa Rica: Albán, Laureano - Biographies of Terror, 1983
8 Costa Rica: Clippings, 1982
9 Costa Rica: Correspondence, 1974-1982
10 Costa Rica: Human Rights, 1984
11-12 Costa Rica: Interamerican Court of Human Rights, 1978-1982
13 Costa Rica: Interamerican Institute for Human Rights, 1979-1982
14 Costa Rica: Miscellaneous, 1982-1984
15 Costa Rica: Miscellaneous Correspondence, 1982-1984
16 Costa Rica: Personalities - Karen Olsen de Figueres, 1978-1982
17 Costa Rica: Personalities - Luis Alberto Monge, 1982
18 Costa Rica: Personalities - Luis Alberto Monge - Inauguration, 1982
19 Costa Rica: Personalities - Luis Alberto Monge - Reception, 1982
20 Costa Rica: Personalities - Bernd H. Niehaus, 1980
21 Costa Rica: Personalities - Carazo Odio, 1980
22 Costa Rica: Personalities - Daniel Oduber, 1980
23 Costa Rica: Personalities - The Rodríguezes, 1972-1981
24 Costa Rica: University for Peace, 1979-1981
25 Cuba: Clippings, 1978-1982
26 Cuba: Comisión Representativa de Exiliados Cubanos (CRE-C), 1979
27-28 Cuba: Cuba Independiente y Democrática (CID), 1984
29 Cuba: Cuba Independiente y Democrática (CID) - Huber Matos, 1983-1984
30 Cuba: Cuba Independiente y Democrática (CID) - Second Congress, 1981-1982
31 Cuba: Cuban American National Foundation, 1983-1984
32 Cuba: Cuban Success Story - Congressional Record/Senate, 1979-1982
33 Cuba: Federación Mundial de ex-PPC, 1984
34 Cuba: Franqui, Carlos, 1979
35 Cuba: "The Great Deception," 1982
36-38 Cuba: Miscellaneous, 1973-1985 and undated
39 Cuba: Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO), 1983-1984
40 Cuba: Of Human Rights (Georgetown University), 1978-1982
41 Cuba: Piro, Roberto, 1979
42-43 Cuba: Political Prisoners, 1983
44 Cuba: Political Prisoners - Pedro Luis Boitel, 1981-1982
45 Cuba: Political Prisoners - in Exile, 1979-1983
46-47 Cuba: Political Prisoners - Miscellaneous Cases, 1983
Box Folder
51 1 Cuba: Representación Cubana del Exilio (RECE), 1979-1981
2 Cuba: Ripoll, Carlos, 1978-1979
3 Cuba: Rodríguez, José Oscar - Napoleoncito, 1984
4 Cuba: United States Radio Broadcasting, 1981
5 Cuba: Valladares, Armando, 1977-1983
6 Cuba: Valls Arango, Jorge, 1979-1984
7 Cuba: Visa Petition, 1982
8 Curacao: Elhage, Ricardo, 1978
9 Dominican Republic: Clippings, 1982
10 Dominican Republic: Correspondence and Miscellany, 1980-1984
11 Dominican Republic: Dateline: Dominican Republic, 1979-1981
12 Dominican Republic: Inauguration of President Salvador Jorge Blanco, 1982
13 Dominican Republic: La Voz, 1981
14 Dominican Republic: Partido Revolucionario Dominicano, 1978-1984
15 Dominican Republic: Senate, 1978-1980
16 Ecuador: Clippings, 1979-1981
17 Ecuador: Correspondence, 1974-1983
18 Ecuador: Frente Ecuatoriano Pro Defensa Voto en el Exterior, 1983
19 Ecuador: Frente Ecuatoriano Pro Defensa Voto en el Exterior - Gonzalo Zavala Ramirez, 1983
20 Ecuador: United Nations, 1976
21 El Salvador: América Latina - Derechos Humanos (CENCOS), 1981
22 El Salvador: Central Latinoamericano de Trabajadores (CLAT) Newsletter, 1982-1984
23 El Salvador: The Church, 1980-1981
24 El Salvador: Clippings, 1980-1983 and undated
25 El Salvador: Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos, 1977-1979
26 El Salvador: Elections in El Salvador, March 1982
27 El Salvador: Freedom House, 1981-1982
28 El Salvador: Medical Reports, 1980-1983
29 El Salvador: Miscellaneous, 1980-1983
30 El Salvador: Observations of the Elections - AIFLD Report - Aid to El Salvador, 1982-1983
31 El Salvador: Rutgers - Professor Robert Alexander, 1980-1981
32 Granada: Miscellaneous, 1983
33 Guatemala: Clippings, 1982
34 Guatemala: Delegación Unitaria Guatamalteca de Oposición, 1982
35 Guatemala: Ejercito Guerrillero de los Pobres, 1980
36 Guatemala: "Human Rights in Guatemala," 1981
37 Guatemala: Miscellaneous, 1981-1983
38 Guatemala: United Nations - Guatemalan Petition, 1982
39 Guyana: Correspondence, 1975
40 Haiti: Clippings, 1978-1980
41 Haiti: Correspondence and Miscellany, 1978-1981
42 Haiti: Democratic Haitian Conscience, 1979
43 Haiti: Miscellaneous, 1982-1984
44 Haiti: Movement Democratique de Libération d'Haiti, 1980
45 Haiti: United Haitian Association of the United States of America, 1983
46 Honduras: Clippings, 1982
47 Honduras: Herrera Cáceres, Roberto, 1979-1980
48 Honduras: Inauguration - Roberto Suazo Córdova, 1982
49 Honduras: Gustavo Milla, 1978-1983
50 Honduras: Nora Reyes de Milla, 1982-1984
51 Honduras: Miscellaneous, 1979-1984
52 Jamaica: Personalities - Michael Manley, 1977-1980
53 Jamaica: Personalities - Edward Seaga, 1980
54 Jamaica: Press Articles, 1980
55 Latin America: Miscellaneous, 1982-1984
56 Mexico: Centro Nacional Comunicación Social (CENCOS), 1982-1984
57 Mexico: Various Organizations, 1977-1982
58 Nicaragua: Allianza Revolucionaria Democrática (ARDE), 1982-1984
59 Nicaragua: Articles Against Somoza, 1979-1981
60 Nicaragua: Clippings, 1979-1982
61 Nicaragua: Comisión Permanente de Derechos Humanos, 1980
62 Nicaragua: Correspondence, 1979-1982
63 Nicaragua: Exiles, 1983-1984
64 Nicaragua: FSLN, Liberation, Theology, 1981
Box Folder
52 1 Nicaragua: General Situation, 1982-1985
2 Nicaragua: Government, 1983-1984
3 Nicaragua: Groups (FDN, ANUDE, CTN, and MLC), 1982
4 Nicaragua: IADF, 1985
5 Nicaragua: Lacayo, Chester, 1983-1984
6 Nicaragua: Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) in Latin America, 1982
7 Nicaragua: Pro/Con Sandinista, 1981-1983
8 Nicaragua: Propaganda Barricada Internaciónal and Asociación Sandinista de Trabajadores de la Cultura, 1982-1984
9 Nicaragua: Public Meeting on the Assault of Nicaragua's Indian People, 1982
10 Panama: Miscellaneous, 1978-1981
11 Paraguay: Case - Joelito Filartiga, 1976-1982
12 Paraguay: Clippings, 1977-1980
13 Paraguay: Correspondence - Ann Buttrick (Canada), 1978
14 Paraguay: Correspondence - Elissa Kleinmann, 1979
15 Paraguay: Correspondence - Lisandro Yegros, 1979-1982
16 Paraguay: Exiles, 1979
17 Paraguay: Indian People of Paraguay, 1974-1981
18 Paraguay: Laino, Domingo - El General Comerciante, 1982
19 Paraguay: Mengele, Josef, 1983-1984
20-21 Paraguay: Miscellaneous, 1975-1985
22 Paraguay: Partido Colorado, 1979
23 Paraguay: Personalities - Lugia Pietro de Centurión, 1978-1980
24 Paraguay: Personalities - Domingo Laino, 1978
25 Paraguay: Personalities - Carmen de Lara Castro, 1980
26 Paraguay: Personalities - Epifanio Méndez, 1979-1980
27 Paraguay: Prisoners, 1977-1981
28 Paraguay: Tetãguá Sapukái, 1981
29 Peru: Clippings, 1981
30 Peru: Instituto Libertad y Democracia, 1982
31-32 Peru: Miscellaneous, 1973-1983
33 Peru: Partido Aprista Peruano, 1976-1984
34 Peru: Personalities - Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre, 1978-1982
35 Peru: Personalities - Virginia de Izaguirre, 1979-1984
36 Peru: Personalities - Carmen Ortíz de Zevallos, 1980-1981
37 Puerto Rico: Correspondence, 1973-1974
38 Puerto Rico: Publications, 1981-1984
39 Uruguay: Clippings, 1981
40 Uruguay: Comité de Solidaridad con Uruguay (COSUR), 1982-1984
41 Uruguay: Convergencia Democrática en Uruguay (CDU), 1982-1983
42 Uruguay: International League for Human Rights, 1982
43 Uruguay: Quinteros (Elena) Case, 1979
44 Uruguay: Red Cross International Committee, 1980
45 Uruguay: Sécrétariat Intérnational des Juristes Pour L'Amnistie en Uruguay (SIJAU), 1979-1985
46 Uruguay: Uruguay Information Group, 1979-1985
47 Venezuela: Congreso de la República, 1981
48 Venezuela: "Convenezuela," 1978-1980
49 Venezuela: Correspondence, 1978-1983
50-52 Venezuela: Funding for the IADF, 1974-1979
53-54 Venezuela: Human Rights Organizations, 1980-1982
55 Venezuela: Lusinchi, Jaime - Election 1983
56 Venezuela: Lusinchi, Jaime - Inauguration, 1984
57-58 Venezuela: Miscellaneous, 1970-1984
59 Venezuela: Personalities - Rómulo Betancourt, 1979-1983
60 Venezuela: Personalities - Rómulo Betancourt - Articles, 1975 and undated
61 Venezuela: Personalities - Luis Augusto Dubuc, 1975
62 Venezuela: Personalities - Luis Herrers Campins, 1979
63 Venezuela: Personalities - Humberto Moncada, 1984
64 Venezuela: Personalities - Carlos Andrés Pérez
65-66 Venezuela: Statistics, 1982-1983 and undated
Box Folder
53 1 Venezuela: 25th Anniversary of Democracy, 1983
2 Venezuela: Visit, 1983-1984
NON-LATIN-AMERICAN COUNTRY FILES, 1944-1985. (.8 cubic feet)
Arrangement: alphabetically by heading and thereunder chronologically.
IADF office files pertaining to countries other than those in the Hispanic Caribbean, Central and South America. Document types include correspondence, press releases, broadsides, manuscripts, memoranda, newspaper clippings and publications.
Countries and regions documented include British Guiana, the British West Indies, England, France, Israel, Japan, Korea, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland, Tibet, and the United States. The greatest amount of material refers to Portugal and Spain. It documents the IADF's efforts to publicize human rights violations and support democratic movements during the period of fascist dictatorships in these two countries (1938-1976). Of particular interest is Grant's correspondence with Dr. Antonio Sergio, writer and anti-fascist, who served as the corresponding member of the International League for Human Rights in Portugal during the 1950s. Also of interest is correspondence and press releases from opposition groups in Spain and Portugal, including the Frente Portugal Livre, the Oposicão Portuguesa, Sociedades Hispanas Confederadas and Ibérica, a New York-based Spanish-language journal of information about Spain and Portugal, for which Grant served as an advisor. The series also includes correspondence with dissidents such as Mario Méndez Fonseca, who led a Venezuela-based opposition movement, and information about Portugal's African colonies.
The files on European countries mostly document the IADF's participation, as a representative of the Latin-American region, in international human rights organizations such as the International Commission of Jurists, the International League for Human Rights, the Council of Europe, and the United Nations.
One oversize item stored separately is a broadside from the Frente Portugal Livre (1974).
Box Folder
53 3 Africa, 1972
4 American Jewish Committee, 1982-1983
5 America's Society Inc., 1980-1985
6 British Guiana - Dr. Forbes Burnham, 1965
7 Caribbean Islands, 1968
8 England: General, 1980-1982
9 England: Socialist Affairs, 1980-1982
10 Europe, 1972-1978
11 Europe: Miscellaneous, 1944-1945
12-15 Europe: Miscellaneous, 1951-1967
16 France, 1973-1982
17 France: Dr. Arthur H. Robertson - Council of Europe, 1969-1970
18 Germany: Fundación Friedrich Ebert, 1965-1966
19 Hong Kong, Vietnam, Tibet, and Ceylon (Sri Lanka), 1972-1975
20 Israel, 1973-1977
21-22 Israel: Dr. Israel Charny, 1977-1982
23 Italy: William C. Olson - Rockefeller Foundation, 1971
24 Japan and China, 1976-1977
25 Korea: Organization for Demilitarization and Neutralization of, 1982
26 Korea and Japan, 1971-1975
27 Miami, Florida, 1982
28-29 New York, New York, 1972-1982
30 Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, 1981
31 Portugal, 1951-1955
32-36 Portugal, 1961-1980
37 Portugal: Movements - Venezuela, 1960-1976
38-39 Spain, 1952-1981
40 Switzerland: Comité Intérnational de la Croix-Rouge - Jacques Moreillon, 1968-1969
41 Switzerland: International Commission of Jurists, 1969-1970
42 Switzerland: World Peace through Law Center, 1965-1968
43 United Nations: Decade for Women, 1982
44 United States: Department of State, 1979-1982
45 United States: Department of State - Conference on Free Elections, 1982
46 United States Government, 1981-1984
47 West Indies, 1961-1962
GENERAL FILES, 1929-1986. (6 cubic feet)
Arrangement: alphabetical.
General IADF office files primarily documenting campaigns and programs, relations with other organizations, and the daily workings of the office. The records in this series primarily document Frances R. Grant's interaction with other organizations as relates to her role in the IADF. Subjects covered include efforts to combat human rights violations in Latin America, progress made, and recognition given to outstanding efforts by various groups and individuals. The organizations with which the IADF worked include the Alliance for Progress, Amnesty International, the International League for Human Rights, the United Nations, the Organization of American States, the Inter-American Press Association, and various governmental agencies such as the Department of State and the CIA. Countries documented are: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Document types include incoming and outgoing correspondence, reports, press releases, newsletters, memoranda, speeches, clippings of newspaper and magazine articles, an audio tape and a phonograph disc.
Among the correspondents are Representative Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr., presidential hopefuls Richard Nixon, Hubert Humphrey, and George Wallace, senators Edmund Muskie, Clifford Case, Robert McConnell, and William Fulbright and John Hopkins University President Milton Eisenhower.
Of particular interest in the Nicaragua files is information sent to Miss Grant by exiled contra leader Pedro Ortega who was dubbed "Juan Carlos" by his followers. Also of interest is a six-page undated history of the IADF.
Also documented are the many honors bestowed upon Frances R. Grant, such as a citation at the Maria Moors Cabot Awards, presented by her alma mater, Columbia University, in 1982. Also includes documentation of the IADF's recognition of human rights and Latin American leaders, such as the United Nations Secretary General U Thant, Puerto Rican Governor Luis Muñoz Marín, and Venezuelan President Rómulo Betancourt.
Oversize items stored separately include 14 citations (1951-1971).
See also: newspaper box 86.
Box Folder
53 48-49 Alliance for Progress, 1969-1971
50 American Association for the International Commission of Jurists (AAICJ) - Newsletter, 1978
51 American Committee for Democracy and Intellectual Freedom, 1939-1940
52 American Jewish Committee, 1967-1969 and 1982-1984
53-54 Americans for Democratic Action (Union for Democratic Action), 1952-1959
55 Americans for Democratic Action (Union for Democratic Action), 1966
56 Ameringer, Charles, 1963-1979
57 Amnesty International: American Sector, 1960-1965
58-60 Amnesty International: Correspondence and Miscellany, 1971-1972
Box Folder
54 1-4 Amnesty International: Correspondence and Miscellany, 1973-1978
5 Andrade, Víctor, 1951
6 Archives, 1979-1982
7 Argentina, 1976-1982
8 Argentina: Correspondence, 1950-1962
9 Argentina: Cuya University Library, A-J, 1970
10 Argentina: Embassy Newsletter, 1969
11 Argentina: Miscellaneous, 1939-1953
12 Articles, Declarations, and Miscellaneous Documents, 1980-1982 and undated
13 Aspen Institute, 1977
14 B (Miscellaneous), 1966-1968
15 Berle, Adolf - Citation to, 1958
16 Betancourt, Rómulo: Correspondence and Miscellany, 1978
17 Betancourt, Rómulo: Dinner, 1965
18 Betancourt, Rómulo: Dinner - Reel-to-Reel Audio Tape, 1965
19-20 Betancourt, Rómulo: Writings about, 1964 and undated
21 Bills, 1941-1962
22 Board Meetings, 1965
23 Bolivia, 1984
24 Bosch (Orlando) Case, 1976
25 C (Miscellaneous), 1966-1969
26-27 Cables, 1950-1969
28-29 Center for Inter-American Relations, 1968-1969
30 Center of American Living, 1967-1968
31 Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 1967
32 Chile: Embassy Newsletter, 1964-1966
33 Chile: Miscellaneous, 1961-1984
34 Chile: Rights of Youth and Violations of Human Rights, 1978-1984 and undated
35 Citation: Colombia, 1954
36 Citation: Dr. José Figueres, 1951
37-38 Citation: Dr. José Antonio Mora, 1954-1957
39 Citation: Don Luis Muñoz Márin, 1954
40 Citation: Eduardo Santos, 1956
41 Clippings, 1982-1985
42 Colombia, 1948-1949
43 Colombia: Correspondence, 1949-1950
44 Columbia University: Maria Moors Cabot Award, 1982-1983
45 Committee on Free Elections in the Dominican Republic, 1966
46 Conferences: Montreal - Human Rights, Stockholm - Amnesty International, 1968
47 Conferences: Other Organizations, 1949-1959
48 Congressional Records: House of Representatives, 1960, 1967 and 1978
49 Congress Union Interparlamentaria, 1965
50 Contributions: Campaign, 1966-1969
51 Correspondence: Argentina, 1959-1960
52 Correspondence: Bolivia, 1956-1959
53 Correspondence: Brazil, 1955-1962
54 Correspondence: Chile, 1955-1959
55 Correspondence: Colombia, 1949-1969
56 Correspondence: Costa Rica, 1955-1956 and undated
57 Correspondence: Cuba, Mexico, and Puerto Rico, 1951-1968
58 Correspondence: Dominican Republic includes Press Releases, 1946-1961 and undated
59 Correspondence: Haiti, 1958-1969
60 Correspondence: Jamaica, 1953-1959
61 Correspondence: Peru, 1952-1966 and undated
Box Folder
55 1-7 Correspondence: A-Z, 1941-1984
8 Correspondence: Samuel Allperin, 1967-1968
9 Correspondence: Eugenio Chang Rodríguez, 1961-1981
10 Correspondence: Milton Eisenhower, 1959
11 Correspondence: Roberto Esquenazi, 1958-1959
12 Correspondence: John G. Lee, 1971
13 Correspondence: Bradford Morse, 1969
14 Correspondence: Galo Plaza, 1952-1956
15 Correspondence: Esperanza Pulido, 1947-1955
16 Correspondence: Fanny Simon, 1958
17 Correspondence: Janusz Slezynski, 1983-1984
18 Correspondence: Katherine Stibbe, 1967-1969
19 Correspondence: Friede Zimmerman, 1970-1972
20-27 Correspondence: Miscellaneous, 1954-1986 and undated
28 Costa Rica: Seminar and Trip, undated
29-30 Council for Pan-American Democracy, 1938-1944 and undated
31 Cuba: Constitution, 1976
32 Cuba: Correspondence, 1950-1963
33 Cuba: Miscellaneous, 1958-1962 and undated
34 Cuba: Press Releases, 1959-1960 and undated
35 Cuba: Prisoners, 1981
36 D (Miscellaneous), 1966-1969
37 Dominican Republic: Clippings, 1963-1968
38 Dominican Republic: Correspondence and Miscellany, 1962-1963
39 Dunlavy, Francine, 1953-1963
40 E (Miscellaneous), 1968-1969
41 El Salvador, 1983
42 Encampment for Citizenship, 1966
43 F (Miscellaneous), 1966-1970
44 Federal Grant Application - Drafts and Related Material, 1979
45 Federal Grant Application - Government Literature, 1979
46 Form Letters, 1966-1969
47 Foundations, 1978-1979
48 Fund Raising, 1980-1981
49 Fund Raising - Letters and Acknowledgments, 1980-1981
50 G (Miscellaneous), 1966-1969
51 Gaines, Thomas, 1966-1969
52 Galíndez, Jésus de, 1956-1963
53 Garcia Pérez, Alan - Campaign and Phonograph Disc (45 RPM), 1985
54 Grant, Frances R.- Annual Article for Freedom at Issue, 1975-1976
55-56 Grant, Frances R. - Biographical Material, 1929-1982 and undated
57 Grant, Frances R. - Notes for Possible Book, undated
58 Grant, Frances R. - Press Articles, 1955-1967 and undated
59-60 Grant, Frances R. - Press Articles, 1972-1984 and undated
61 Guatemala, 1949-1950, 1981
62 H (Miscellaneous), 1966-1969
63 Haiti: Correspondences and Press Releases, 1959-1969 and undated
64 Havana Conference: Correspondence, 1949
65 Hemispherica - Address Lists, 1967-1969
66-67 History of IADF, 1978-1981 and undated
68 Honduras: Correspondence, Press Releases, Miscellaneous, 1958-1982 and undated
69 Human Rights Associations, 1970-1971
70 Human Rights Conference, 1966-1968
71 Human Rights Conference, 1982-1983
72-73 I (Miscellaneous), 1960-1965
Box Folder
56 1 Iberica Publishing Co., 1940, 1969
2 Immigration and Naturalization Act - F. D. Roosevelt, Jr., 1952
3-13 In-Service Course, 1959-1977
14 In-Service Course - Attendees, 1968-1969
15 In-Service Course - Bibliography, 1964
16 In-Service Course - Correspondence and Course Information, 1965-1968, 1979
17 In-Service Course - Final Examination Samples and Certificates, 1969
18 In-Service Course - Notes, 1967-1968
19-20 In-Service Course - Program, 1963-1966
21 In-Service Course - Registration, 1961-1963
22 In-Service Course - Registration, 1972
23 In-Service Course - School Lists, 1967
24 Incorporation, 1957-1967
25 Inquiries, 1967-1968
26-29 Inter-American Forum: Authors' Papers - A-Z, 1969
30 Inter-American Institute of Human Rights - Proposed Third Conference, 1980
31 Inter-American Press Association (IAPA), 1967-1971
32 Inter-American Press Association (IAPA): Correspondence and Membership Lists, 1971-1978
33 Inter-American Press Association (IAPA): Miscellaneous, 1978 and undated
34 Inter-American Press Association (IAPA): Report, 1953
35 Inter-American Press Association (IAPA): 34th Annual Meeting - Program and Final Reports, 1978
36 Inter-American Press Association (IAPA): 34th Annual Meeting - Speeches in English, 1978
37 Inter-American Press Association (IAPA): 34th Annual Meeting - Speeches in Spanish,1978
38 Inter-American Study Center Inc., undated
39 International League for Human Rights, 1950-1980 and undated
40-41 International University in America, 1960-1964
42 Invitations, 1951-1983
43 J (Miscellaneous), 1968-1969
Box Folder
57 1 Junta Meeting - IADF Leadership in San José, Costa Rica, 1962
2 K (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1966-1969
3 L (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1965-1969
4-5 Labor Bulletins - ORIT's Noticiario Obrero Interamericano, 1952-1958
6 Labor Organizations, 1969-1970
7 Labor - ORIT Publications, 1951-1957
8 Labor Publications, 1948-1958
9 Latin America: General, 1958-1983
10 League for Industrial Democracy - Correspondence and Educational Activities, 1953-1958
11 League of Women Voters - Overseas Education Fund, 1968
12 Lacayo, Chester, 1984
13 Letters - Personal and Introductory, 1956-1959
14 Linowitz, Sol, 1969
15 Linowitz, Sol - Report, 1976
16-17 Lists, 1961-1970 and undated
18 Lists - Corporations, 1964
19 Lists - Membership, 1962-1978 and undated
20 Lists - Membership of Press, 1975 and undated
21-23 Lists - Miscellaneous, 1965-1969
24 Lists - Organizations, 1966 and undated
25 M (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1966-1979
26 Maracay Conference, 1959-1961
27 Maracay Conference - Bolivia, 1959-1960
28 Maracay Conference - Colombia, 1959-1960
29 Meeting - "Crisis of Democracy in Latin America," 1948-1949
30 Meetings, 1966-1968
31 Memoranda, 1962-1968
32 Mengele, Josef, 1985
33 Mexico: Correspondence, 1953-1959
34 Mexico: Seminar, 1970
35 Miscellaneous Announcements and Communications, 1984-1986
36 Miscellaneous Articles and Programs, 1966-1979
37 Miscellaneous Clippings, 1964-1983
38-41 Miscellaneous Correspondence and Documents, 1940-1986 and undated
42 Miscellaneous Documents, 1949-1977
43-44 Miscellaneous Domestic Publications, 1966-1972
45 Miscellaneous Notes, 1980-1984 and undated
46 Monge, Luis Alberto - Speeches, 1982
47 Movimiento Popular por la Unión Latinoamericana, 1985
48 N (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1966-1970
49 Nemi Foundation, 1985
50-51 Newspaper Clippings: by Country A-Z, 1960s
52 Newspaper Clippings: Miscellaneous, 1951-1977
53 Nicaragua: Comisión Permanente de Derechos Humanos, 1985-1986
54-55 Nicaragua: Correspondence and Articles by/from "Juan Carlos" (Pedro Ortega), 1980-1982
Box Folder
58 1 Nicaragua: Letter Campaign, 1978-1980
2 Nicaragua: Letter Campaign Responses, 1979-1980
3 Nicaragua: Miscellaneous, 1952-1986 and undated
4-5 Nicaragua: Newspaper Articles, 1978-1980
6 Nicaragua: Press Releases, 1978-1984 and undated
7 Nicaragua: Report on Human Rights Violations, 1979
8 Nicaragua: Writings, 1978-1979 and undated
9 North American Educational Council, 1968-1980
10 O (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1967-1969
11 Organization of American States (OAS): David Black, 1984
12 Organization of American States (OAS): Correspondence, 1950-1981 and undated
13 Organization of American States (OAS): General Assembly, 1971
14 Organization of American States (OAS): Programs and Miscellany, 1967-1974 and undated
15-16 P (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1958-1970
17 Pan-American Society of the United States, 1962-1970
18-19 Pan-American Union, 1966-1970
20 Paraguay: Miscellaneous, 1977 and undated
21 Parlamento Latinoamericano, 1964-1968
22 Peace Corps, 1961
23 Peru, 1938-1985
24 Peru: Correspondence, 1950-1956
25 Peru: Invitation to Presidental Inauguration, 1985
26 Peru: Miscellaneous, 1948-1953 and undated
27 Peru: Nazi Propaganda, 1982
28 Phone Books and Addresses, 1967 and undated
29 Political Prisoners, 1961
30 Political Refugees in the Americas - Proposal, ca. 1976
31 Posada, Jaime - Speech, 1962
32 Position Papers, undated
33 Presidential Candidates - Correspondence and Press Releases, 1968
34 President's Summit Meeting, 1967
35 Press Releases, 1951-1961
36 Press Releases, 1966-1968
37 Press Releases, 1978-1982
38 Press Releases and Memoranda, 1951-1957
39 Press Releases and Memoranda, 1961-1970 and undated
40 Press Releases of other Organizations, 1939-1979 and undated
41 Programs, 1957-1982
42 Programs - Attendance, 1957-1983 and undated
43-44 Protests, 1952-1968 and undated
45 Public Meetings, 1961-1979
46 R (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1966-1970
47 Right of Asylum, Statements on, 1959
48 Rutgers: Transfer of IADF Files - Correspondence and Planning, 1981-1982
49 Rutgers: Transfer of IADF Files - Speeches, 1982
50 S (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1966-1970
51 Socialist International - Lisbon, 1979
52-53 Socialist International - Regional Conference for Latin America and the Caribbean, Santo Domingo, 1980
54 Spain and Portugal, 1976-1981
55 Student Requests, 1968-1969
56 T (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1967-1969
Box Folder
59 1 Third Conference: Agenda and Attendees, 1967
2-5 Third Conference: Correspondence, A-Z, 1966-1968
6 Tishman Realty - Lease, 1957-1960
7 U (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1962-1967
8 United Nations: Correspondence, 1978-1980
9 United Nations: Miscellany, 1972-1978
10 United Nations: United States Mission, 1977
11 United States: Department of Justice/Labor, 1955, 1978
12-13 United States: Department of State - Correspondence, 1951-1980
14 United States: Department of State - Press Releases, 1961-1974
15 United States: Department of State - Reports and Policy Statements, 1971-1974
16 United States: Department of State - World Population Conference, 1974
17 United States Government: Correspondence, 1960
18 United States: A Memorandum on US-Latin-American Policy, ca. 1962
19 United States: Secretary of State, 1953, 1968-1969 and 1975
20 United States Senators, 1958-1965
21 Uruguay: Miscellaneous, 1957 and undated
22 V (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1966-1970
23 Venezuela: Correspondence, 1950-1968
24 Venezuela: LAV, 1958-1959
25 Venezuela: Press Releases and Miscellany, 1950-1962
26 Venezuela: Press Statements to the United Nations, 1975
27 Venezuela: Publications Commission - Proposal to Reactivate, 1979
28 W (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1966-1969
29 White, Lyman - United States Committee, 1969
30-32 Wilton Park, 1964-1970
33 Wilton Park, Friends of, 1967
34 Wilton Park Luncheon, 1969-1970
35 X, Y, Z (Miscellaneous - Domestic), 1967-1970
REFERENCE MATERIALS, 1939-1979. (4.6 cubic feet)
Arrangement: alphabetically by country and thereunder alphabetically by heading.
Reference materials documenting Latin American countries, focusing on profiles of leaders, politics, political exiles, and human rights issues. Document types include newspaper and magazine clippings, press releases, pamphlets, bulletins, and correspondence. Contains some Latin American government publications as well as newspapers published by various revolutionary, pro-democracy and human rights groups.
Of particular interest is the case of Dr. Jesús de Galíndez, a prominent IADF member, which is documented in the Dominican Republic files. His 1956 disappearance and subsequent assassination by Trujillo, as well as memorial dinners in his honor, are documented here in news clippings, press releases and speeches.
A large portion of this series is devoted to Venezuela, with the focus on two periods, 1948-1958, under the regime of dictator Marcos Pérez Jiménez, and 1958-1969, under the constitutional governments of Rómulo Betancourt and Raúl Leoni. The first period includes various issues of clandestine newspapers (e.g. Venezuela Democrática and Informaciones Venezolanas) and publications, mainly produced by the Acción Democrática party in exile as well as publications from the later powerful Confederación de Trabajadores de Venezuela (C.T.V.), in exile. Key documents from this period include speeches and writings of Rómulo Gallegos and Rómulo Betancourt, correspondence between Frances Grant and politicians Luis Augusto Dubuc and Valmore Rodríguez, and material documenting an alleged terrorist plot against Pérez Jiménez by Acción Democrática.
The second period documents the post-dictatorship era in Venezuela. Of particular interest and importance are documentation of the second conference of the IADF, which took place in Maracay, Venezuela in 1960, and addresses and publications by Betancourt and his supporters. Included here also are issues of some publications of note, including a special issue of the popular magazine Elite, which discusses an assassination attempt against Betancourt in 1960, Confidencial, in which the government published confidential documents about the growing Communist guerrilla movement in Venezuela, and CARIB, a publication of the Caribbean Anti-Communist Research and Intelligence Bureau, essentially a piece of propaganda directed against Betancourt and his contacts in the IADF, including Frances Grant.
Oversize items stored separately include newspapers and magazines.
See also: newspaper box 86.
Box Folder
59 36 Argentina: Argentine News, 1948-1949
37-39 Argentina: Clippings, 1951-1964
40 Argentina: Information Bulletin of the Argentine Situation, 1948-1951
41 Argentina: Press Releases, ca. 1952
42-43 Bolivia: Clippings, 1951-1964
44 Bolivia: Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario Autentico, 1960
45-46 Brazil: Clippings, 1962-1964
47 Brazil: Publications, 1956-1982
48-49 Chile: American Chilean Council Publications, 1956-1982
Box Folder
60 1 Chile: Chile-gram, 1975-1978
2 Chile: Human Rights, 1978-1979
3-4 Chile: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights,1978-1979
5 Chile: Publications, 1978-1979 and undated
6 Chile: Situation after Revolution, 1973
7 Colombia: History, 1938
8 Colombia: Instituto de Credito Territorial, 1940
9 Colombia: Publications, 1951-1955
10 Costa Rica: Clippings, 1951-1963
11 Costa Rica: Figueres, President José, 1953-1962
12 Costa Rica: Miscellaneous, 1949, 1977 and undated
13 Cuba: Bulletin of the Democratic Christian Movement, undated
14 Cuba: Citizens for a Free Cuba, 1963
15-19 Cuba: Clippings, 1952-1964 and undated
20 Cuba: Correspondence, A-M, 1952-1959
21 Cuba: Cuba Libre!, 1957
22 Cuba: Democratic Revolutionary Front Newsletter and Bulletin, 1960-1961
23 Cuba: Government Publications, 1951- 1960
24 Cuba: Miscellaneous, 1952-1961
25 Cuba: National Democratic Front Triple A Delegation, 1960-1961
26 Cuba: Newspapers, 1951-1968
27 Cuba: Press Releases, 1958 and undated
28 Cuba: Publications, 1948-1958 and undated
29 Cuba: Publications, 1961 and undated
30 Cuba: Rasco, José Ignacio, Member of Democratic Revolutionary Front, undated
31 Cuba: Responsibility of Cuban Government for Increased International Tension, 1960
32 Cuba: Statements and Speeches, 1956-1961
33 Cuba: 26th of July Movement, 1957-1960
34 Dominican Republic: Associación Reivindicadora Dominicana del Exilo (ARDE), 1947
35 Dominican Republic: Bosch, Juan, 1962-1966
36 Dominican Republic: Bosch, Juan - Clippings, 1960-1964
37 Dominican Republic: Bulletins, 1946-1947
38-39 Dominican Republic: Clippings, 1951-1962
Box Folder
61 1 Dominican Republic: Clippings, 1963-1965
2-4 Dominican Republic: Correspondence, A-T, 1953-1970
5 Dominican Republic: Dominican Liberation Movement/Miscellaneous Organizations, 1950-1961 and undated
6 Dominican Republic: Galíndez Case, 1956-1961 and undated
7 Dominican Republic: Galíndez Case - Clippings, 1956-1964
8 Dominican Republic: Galíndez Case - Press Releases, 1956-1961
9 Dominican Republic: Informaciónes del Movimiento de Liberación Dominicana, 1961
10 Dominican Republic: Libertad, 1956-1957
11 Dominican Republic: Miscellaneous, 1956-1962 and undated
12-13 Dominican Republic: Newspapers, 1952-1962
14 Dominican Republic: Notes, undated
15 Dominican Republic: Pamphlets, 1956-1957 and undated
16 Dominican Republic: Partido Revolucionario Dominicana Bulletins and Press Releases, 1951-1962
17 Dominican Republic: Patria, 1952-1960
18 Dominican Republic: Porter, Charles, O., Representative, 1956-1960
19 Dominican Republic: Press Releases, 1958-1961
20 Dominican Republic: Quisqueya Libre, 1951-1954
21 Dominican Republic: Statements and Speeches, 1947-1959 and undated
22 Dominican Republic: Trujillo Dictatorship Pamphlets, 1946-1950 and undated
23 Dominican Republic: Vanguardia Revolucionaria Dominicana, 1956-1961
24 Ecuador: Clippings, 1950-1964
25 Ecuador: Miscellaneous, 1949-1955
26 Ecuador: Press Releases, 1951
27 El Salvador: Miscellaneous, 1956
28 Guatemala: Clippings, 1950-1964
29 Guatemala: Miscellaneous, 1949-1955
30 Haiti: Bulletins, 1961
31 Haiti: Clippings, 1953-1967 and undated
32 Haiti: Correspondence, 1949-1958
33 Haiti: Miscellaneous, 1957-1965 and undated
34 Haiti: Newspapers, Single Issues, 1958
35 Haiti: Parti National of Haiti Press Service (PANA), Weekly Bulletin, 1960
36 Haiti: Press Releases, 1958 and undated
37 Haiti: Statements, Memos, 1948-1961 and undated
38 Honduras: Clippings, 1946-1964
39 Honduras: El Pueblo, 1956-1965
40 Honduras: Miscellaneous, 1956-1957
41 Honduras: Noticiero de la Constituyente, 1957
42 Honduras: Press Releases, 1956-1957 and undated
43 Honduras: Publications, 1953-1964
44 Honduras: Statements, 1947-1956
45 Honduras: Villeda Morales, Ramón, 1955-1959
Box Folder
62 1 Mexico: Clippings, 1958-1969
2 Mexico: Miscellaneous, 1956-1957
3 Nicaragua: Clippings, 1956-1962
4 Nicaragua: Miscellaneous, 1950-1967
5 Organization of American States (OAS): Clippings, 1960
6 Organization of American States (OAS): Miscellaneous, 1960-1962
7 Panama: Clippings, 1951-1975
8 Pan-American Union: Clippings, 1975 and undated
9 Pan-American Union: Miscellaneous, 1949-1960
10 Paraguay: Clippings, 1951-1964
11 Paraguay: Exiles and Opposition, 1956-1957
12 Paraguay: Exiles and Opposition - Newspapers and Clippings, 1956-1964
13 Paraguay: Franco, Ricardo, 1960
14 Paraguay: Liberal Party, 1956-1960
15 Paraguay: Miscellaneous, 1957-1973 and undated
16 Paraguay: Pamphlets, 1951-1969
17 Paraguay: Paraguayan Embassy Bulletin, 1948
18 Paraguay: Paraguayan National Union, 1960-1961
19 Paraguay: Talavera, Father Ramón, 1960
20-21 Peru: Clippings, 1949-1964
22 Peru: Correspondence, 1945-1949
23 Peru: Miscellaneous, 1949-1960
24 Peru: Peru en el Extranjero, 1945-1956
25 Peru: Publications, 1949-1962
26 Portugal: Portugal Democrático and Miscellaneous, 1960
27 Puerto Rico: Clippings, 1954-1958
28 Puerto Rico: Correspondence, 1952-1956
29 Puerto Rico: Historia del Partido Popular Democrático, undated
30 Puerto Rico: Governor Luis Muñoz Marín, 1950-1959
31 Puerto Rico: Miscellaneous, undated
32 Puerto Rico: Publications, 1951-1957
33 Puerto Rico: Statements, Addresses, Essays, 1953-1959
34 Spain: Clippings, 1950-1957
35 Spain: Correspondence, 1950-1959
36 Spain: España Libre, 1956-1960
37 Spain: Press Releases, 1952
38 Spain: Publications, 1942-1956
39 Spain: Spanish News Service, 1937
40 Spain: Statements, Memos, and Miscellany, 1951-1954
41 United States: Clippings, 1956-1961
42 Uruguay: Clippings, 1956-1964
43 Uruguay: Newspapers, 1951-1953
44 Uruguay: Pamphlets and Newsletters, 1938-1960
45 Venezuela: Acción Democrática's 25th National Convention, 1965
46 Venezuela: Alleged Murders and Terrorist Activities of Communists, 1965
47 Venezuela: Betancourt's Messages, 1962
48 Venezuela: Carib, 1958
Box Folder
63 1 Venezuela: Clandestine Publications, 1949-1952
2 Venezuela: Clandestine Publications, 1956-1957
3-7 Venezuela: Clippings, 1949-1964 and undated
8-9 Venezuela: Confidential # 1-28, 1964-1965
10 Venezuela: Constitution, 1961
11 Venezuela: Economy, 1962
12 Venezuela: Economy and Labor, 1948-1958
13 Venezuela: Gaceta del Congreso, 1959
14 Venezuela: Maracay Conference, 1960
15 Venezuela: Miscellaneous, 1946-1971
16 Venezuela: Newspapers - A. D. (Acción Democrática), 1958-1963
17 Venezuela: Partido Revolucionario Nacionalista, 1964
18-20 Venezuela: Prisoners and Exile, 1949-1958
21 Venezuela: Prisoners and Exile - Pérez Jiménez Era, undated
22-23 Venezuela: Pro-Betancourt Literature, 1958-1962
24 Venezuela: Report on Food Conditions in Venezuela, 1947
25 Venezuela: San Cristóbal Uprising, 1960
26 Venezuela: United States Congressional Record, 1964
27 Venezuela: Venezuela Democrática, 1955-1957
PUBLICATIONS, 1950-1980. (1.9 cubic feet)
Arrangement: grouped by format and thereunder chronologically.
Publications of the IADF. Document types include bulletins, pamphlets, books and microfilm. Includes a complete run of Hemispherica, the monthly bulletin of the U.S. Committee of the IADF, which was published from 1951 to 1980. Also includes the Spanish language edition, published from 1963 to 1980, and a microfilm copy of the English edition. Two copies of each issue were retained when possible. Hemispherica was published approximately ten times a year; it was not published in 1952 and the May 1978 issue is missing. Frances Grant served as editor throughout the period. The purpose of Hemispherica was to report on the state of democratic institutions in the Western Hemisphere. It included reports of elections, violations of human rights, political prisoners and other issues in various Latin American and Caribbean countries. Also included reports on IADF activities, visits of leaders, and international conferences. Most of the articles and the monthly editorial were written by Frances Grant, but articles by other members of the U.S. Committee, such as Professors Robert Alexander and Jordan Young, and interviews with government officials and political refugees, are also included.
This series also includes pamphlets and books published by the IADF (.5 cubic feet). Among these are reports in English and Spanish of the two inter-American conferences, and two tributes to Venezuelan president Rómulo Betancourt upon successive visits to the United States. Two copies of each publication were retained where possible.
Series also includes a card index to Hemispherica (1951-1979), which indexes articles in the newsletter by personal name, country, and subject, as well as a chronology of the articles in each issue; and a one-file paper index (1969-1980), indexed by country and subject. The card index is stored separately.
Box Folder
63 28-29 Betancourt, Rómulo - Tribute (2 copies each year), 1963-1964
30 Brochures, ca.. 1950-1980
31 Havana Conference Report in English (2 copies), 1950
32-33 Havana Conference - "Resoluciónes y Otros Documentos" (2 copies), 1950
34 Havana Conference - "Su Proyección Es De Saludables Efectos" (2 copies), 1950
35 Hemispherica (English), 1951
36-42 Hemispherica (English), 1953-1959
Box Folder
64 1-21 Hemispherica (English), 1960-1980
22-39 Hemispherica (Spanish), 1963-1980
40 Hemispherica - Contents List, 1969-1980
41 Maracay Conference - Preliminary Program (Spanish), 1960
42-43 Maracay Conference - Report in English (2 copies), 1960
44 Maracay Conference - Report in English - Photograph Insert, 1960
45-46 Maracay Conference - Report in Spanish (2 copies), 1960
ADDRESS LISTS, 1950-1980. (.5 cubic feet)
Arrangement: grouped by heading and arranged alphabetically within each heading.
Card files of names and addresses used by Frances Grant in the IADF office.
Includes two sequences of names and addresses made from addressograph metal plates, used for mailing Hemispherica to IADF contributors, subscribers, and friends. The first sequence, dated 1969, is arranged by category including Latin America, Europe, and Asia, libraries and Latin American press. The second sequence, dated 1980, is divided into contributors, subscribers, U.S. Committee members, Senators and Congressmen, and Officials and Diplomats. Some cards are noted as obsolete.
Also includes two general directories of names and addresses, one dated about 1962 and the other about 1980. Some cards include a short note identifying the person, such as "opera singer," "former nun" or "Paraguayan living in exile." Many give the individual's position and political affiliation. Other information given includes telephone numbers, date of subscription renewal, and amount of contribution. Many prominent individuals, both in the United States and in Latin America, are included in the directory. For example, the earlier directory contains a card for Fidel Castro with a street address in Havana and a note, "Comunista."
Box Folder
65 Index Cards of Addresses including: Contributors, Subscribers, Members of Various Governmental Committees, Faculties, and the Press
PHOTOGRAPHS AND ART WORK, 1945-1984. (.75 cubic feet)
Arrangement: primarily arranged chronologically. Undated photographs and subjects covering a range of dates are grouped by topic at the end of the series.
Documents events and personalities associated with the IADF, including conferences, meetings, dinners, and protests, both in New York and in Latin America. Includes photographs of important figures associated with the IADF, such as Rómulo Betancourt, Eduardo Santos, José Figueres, Eduardo Frei, Victor Raúl Haya de la Torre, Roger Baldwin, Norman Thomas, and Adolf Berle. The majority are black and white, 8 x 10 photographs, but the series also includes smaller sizes, color snapshots, contact sheets, and photographic plates used in printing Hemispherica.
Of particular interest are extensive documentation of the Havana conference of 1950 and the Maracay conference of 1960. Also of interest are photographs of a demonstration against the Trujillo dictatorship in the Dominican Republic, held in New York in 1958. Of interest is an oversize composite portrait, mounted on board, of three Venezuelan leaders, Rómulo Betancourt, Rómulo Gallegos, and Raúl Leoni, ca. 1945.
Also includes photographs of atrocities in Argentina, Nicaragua, and Peru, which were used to publicize the situations in these countries; and photographs of other groups with which the IADF worked, such as the International League for Human Rights and Freedom House.
Oversize items stored separately include seven portraits.
See also: newspaper box 84.
[ SeeAppendix B for Photography List]
Box Folder
66 1 Atrocities - Argentina and Peru, undated
2 Betancourt in the United States, 1964
3 Costa Rica, 1972
4 Costa Rica - Founding of the Partido Revolucionario del Pueblo in San José, 1972
5 Demonstration - Dominican Consulate in New York, 1958
6 Dinner - Berle and Betancourt, 1958
7 Dinner - Betancourt in New York, 1965
8 Dinner - Eduardo Santos in New York, 1954
9-12 Events, 1951-1957
13 Events, 1959
14-15 Events, 1962-1965
16 Events, 1967-1972
17 Events, 1980-1983
18 Freedom House - Meeting on Human Rights with Roger Baldwin, undated
19 Freedom House - Student Committees, undated
20 Grant, Frances R. - Informal, 1957-1971
21 Grant, Frances R. - Meeting with Cuban (?) Exiles, 1965
22 Grant, Frances R. - Meeting with José Figueres in Costa Rica, ca. 1957
23-24 Havana Conference, 1950
25 Honduras, 1957
26 Inter-American Press Association - 34th General Assembly in Miami, 1978
27 International League for Human Rights, undated
28 International League on Argentina, 1945
29-34 Maracay Conference, 1960
35 New York Meeting, 1950
36 Miscellaneous Groups, undated
37 Miscellaneous Meetings, undated
38 Miscellaneous Portraits, undated
39 Nicaragua - Murders Committed by National Guard under Somoza's Regime, 1979
40 Peru, 1972
41 Portraits - Latin American Leaders, 1957-1982
42 Reception for Eduardo Frei, 1971
43-44 Sent Case (Maria Isabel), ca. 1945-1984
45 Sixth Continental Congress of ORIT - Cuernavaca, Mexico, ca. 1962
46 Venezuela - People and Events, 1973-1978
box Copper Plates for Photos
INDEXES [in index card boxes]
67 Indexes to PUBLICATIONS: Hemispherica
SCRAPBOOKS, 1949-1982. (7 oversize volumes)
Arrangement: grouped chronologically.
Scrapbooks documenting the activities of the IADF, particularly the role of Frances Grant, as well as documenting contemporary events in Latin America. Scrapbooks primarily contain newspaper clippings, in addition to press releases, photographs, programs, invitations, and newsletters.
Includes press coverage of events and protests sponsored by the IADF, and of Frances Grant's trips to Latin America in her capacity as secretary general of the IADF. Also includes articles and editorials written by Grant about Latin American policy and profiles of Grant herself. Among the topics covered are the plight of political prisoners under the Perón regime in Argentina, the Haya de la Torre case, the Jesús de Galíndez case, attempts to defeat General Tiburcio Carías Andino regime in Honduras, the Fidelista movement in Cuba, and the return of democracy to Colombia in 1957.
Newspaper clippings are in both English and Spanish and are from newspapers in both the United States and Latin America. Most of the scrapbooks are not full, and some items were never attached. Although the 1961-1982 scrapbook includes press coverage of Grant's honorary degree awarded by Rutgers University in 1982, most of the clippings are from the 1960s.
Of particular interest is the Maracay scrapbook, which documents the Second IADF Conference in Maracay, Venezuela (1960) and Frances Grant's experience as an observer in elections in the Dominican Republic (1966). Also includes photographs of a meeting of the Seminario Interamericano para Mujeres Sindicalistas y Cooperativistas in Huampaní, Peru in 1967.
73 (phase box) Roerich Museum: SCRAPBOOKS AND CLIPPINGS: [see also: box 16] Latin America, 1929-1933
74 (phase box) Roerich Museum: SCRAPBOOKS AND CLIPPINGS: Peru, 1930
75 (phase box) Pan-American Women's Association: SCRAPBOOKS: [see also: box 22] Activities, 1930-1950
76 (phase box) Pan-American Women's Association: SCRAPBOOKS: Latin America, 1939-1948
77 (phase box) Inter-American Association for Democracy and Freedom: SCRAPBOOKS: Latin America, 1951-1959
78 (phase box) Inter-American Association for Democracy and Freedom: SCRAPBOOKS: Latin America, 1951-1959
79 (phase box) Inter-American Association for Democracy and Freedom: SCRAPBOOKS: Activities, 1953-1954
80 (phase box) Inter-American Association for Democracy and Freedom: SCRAPBOOKS: Latin America, 1957
81 (phase box) Inter-American Association for Democracy and Freedom: SCRAPBOOKS: Maracay, Dominican Republic, Peru, 1960-1967
82 (phase box) Inter-American Association for Democracy and Freedom: SCRAPBOOKS: Latin America, 1960-1982
83 (phase box) Inter-American Association for Democracy and Freedom: SCRAPBOOKS: Latin America, 1960-1982
Box Folder
84 (newspaper box) 1 Pan-American Women's Association: PHOTOGRAPHS AND ARTWORK [see also: box 22] 5 items, 1939-1960
2 Inter-American Association for Democracy and Freedom: PHOTOGRAPHS: Portraits of Venezuelan Leaders, ca. 1945
Box Folder
85 (newspaper box) 1 Personal Papers: CORRESPONDENCE AND MISCELLANY [see also: boxes 7-8]:Discursos de Rómulo Betancourt, Fragmentos (4 phonograph discs), 1976
2 Personal Papers: PHOTOGRAPHS AND ARTWORK [see also: box 10]:Santiago de Chile: 16 litografias originales dibuiadas por Pablo Vidor, 1927
3 Personal Papers: PHOTOGRAPHS AND ARTWORK: 4 items, 1977-1989
3 Personal Papers: DIARIES [see also: boxes 1-6]:Calendar, 1963
4 Personal Papers: PHOTOGRAPHS AND ARTWORK: Photographs of Citations (11 items), 1955-1982
5 Personal Papers: CORRESPONDENCE AND MISCELLANY: 7 citations, 1939-1957
6 Personal Papers: CORRESPONDENCE AND MISCELLANY: 12 citations, Himno de la Nurse, undated sheet music for Ruffo of Argentina 1960-1983
Box Folder
86 (newspaper box) 1 Inter-American Association for Democracy and Freedom: PHOTOGRAPHS: 6 portraits, 1950-1957
2 Inter-American Association for Democracy and Freedom: REFERENCE MATERIAL [see also: boxes 59-63]:Elite Revista Semanal, Informaciónes Venezolanas, "El Presidente Betancourt y la Opinion Internacional," 1960 1951-1955 undated
3 Inter-American Association for Democracy and Freedom: LATIN AMERICAN COUNTRY FILES [see also: boxes 38-53]Broadsides and articles (4 items), 1958-1978
3 Inter-American Association for Democracy and Freedom: GENERAL FILES [see also: boxes 53-59]14 citations, 1951-1971
Personal Papers: CORRESPONDENCE AND MISCELLANY: Broadside, 1962
Citation, Order de la Liberción de España, 1955
International League for Human Rights[see also: boxes 24-26]: GENERAL FILES: 2 broadsides 1975-1976
Inter-American Association for Democracy and Freedom: LATIN AMERICAN FILES: Broadside, Frente Portugal Livre, 1974

Appendix A: Artifacts of the Frances R. Grant Collection

a) blue, Congrés International DPA, Paris 1950, 4 1/4" X 5" INSCRIBED
b) brass?, Colombia 3 1/4" square
c) marble, green, 3 1/4" X 3 ½"
Banner - Acción Democrática Venezuela - white fringed satin-like banner, 36" X 24" X 24"
Bull - brown, ceramic, 7" X 3 ½" X 5 ½"
Buttons (Pinbacks):
a) "Banner of Peace"
b) "We (image of a heart) Senador - Jose Linares Gallo - Welcome"
Cube - green marble, 2 1/4" cubed
Figurine - ceramic of Don Quixote on horse with sidekick on donkey, damaged and poorly repaired, signed "LOTO 117 Chile," 11" X 9" X 5"
Flower - pressed from Peru, 1957
Folk Art - retablo - wooden box, shaped like house with floral designs, opens to show very intricate Easter scene with the Risen Christ, Peru, 9 ½" X 12" X 4 ½"
Gourd - carved into box with lid, showing llamas and people
Inkwell - metal with horse and gate on half circle (8" diameter), white marble slab
Harp - wooden with red thread strings 7 ½" X 11" X 2 3/4"
a) Pin - rhinestone, floral (missing stones)
b) Ring - amethyst-like large stone
c) Ring - amethyst-like small stone
a) Picture of animal on 5 ½" round leather mat
b) Picture of god? with snake hair on 7 ½" round leather mat
Mineral - chunk 4 ½" high mounted on wooden base 3 ½" square, CTV - Venezuela
a) Acuña, Luis Alberto (1904-1992) of Colombia 2 Nudes (women) oil on canvas, 1948 11" X 16" (15 " X 19 1/4" framed)
b) Cerra, Mirta (1904- ) of Cuba Little Boy with Hat (all brown tones), oil on composite board, 1950 12" X 16" (12 ½" X 16 ½" framed)
c) Codesido, Julia (1892-1979) of Peru Street Scene, Lone Woman, acrylic on wood, 1941 14" X 17 ½" (17 ½" X 20 ½" framed)
d) Lafuente, Mireya of Chile Home in Woods, oil on canvas (tiny rip in canvas on grassy area) 25 ½" X 21 ½" (29 ½" X 25 ½" framed)
e) Sabogal, José (1888-1956) of Peru Indian Woman with Hat, oil on canvas, 1939 18" X 22" (21 3/4" X 25 3/4" framed)
a) Honduras CA, blue/white, 20"
b) SEASI - Solo El Apra Salvara Indoamerica 8 ½"
Picture - black/silver silhouette of "Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre, El Unificador Indoamericano"
Pipe - Raiz, made in GDR, 5 ½"
a) On wood (14" X 11") "Certificate of Honor" from State of New York signed by Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller, April 13, 1966 (issued upon recommendation of Women's Committee on Special Events)
b) On wood (9" X 12") - in Spanish - In recognition of Frances R. Grant for her selfless dedication for the benefit of the Peruvian community - from "El Comando Electoral del Partido Aprista Peruano of New York," November 10, 1984
c) metal, green and copper Inca-like god, 15 ½" X 7 ½"
c) wood, Costa Rica, 2 ships and sunrise
Plate - speckled, red/blue/brown, INSCRIBED Aug, 27, 1972, 9 ½"

Return to the Top

Appendix B: Photography List for the IADF-Box 66

Topic of photographs in each folder is underlined. Individual photos are indicated by lower case letters. People are identified when possible.

Atrocities: Argentina (2) and Peru (1), undated
Betancourt receiving honorary degree from Rutgers University, April 1964
Samuel G. Blackman, Mason W. Gross, Rómulo Betancourt, A. Philip Randolph,
Mason W. Gross, John T.Connor, Rómulo Betancourt, A. Philip Randolph, Fredrick W. Smith. Standing: Ben Shahn, Samuel G. Blackman, Jerome W. Conn, Nicholas de B. Katzenbach, James E. Bryan.
Mason W. Gross, Samuel G. Blackman, Rómulo Betancourt, Nicholas de B. Katzenbach.
Mason W. Gross, Rómulo Betancourt.
Ben Shahn, Rómulo Betancourt, Enrique Tejera París, Raoul Nass.
Betancourt and Lyndon B. Johnson, 1964
Rómulo Betancourt, Lyndon B. Johnson.
Rómulo Betancourt, Lyndon B. Johnson.
Rómulo Betancourt placing a flower offering at John F. Kennedy's grave in the Arlington National Cemetery.
Costa Rica, ca. 1972
Alberto Cañas, Frances R. Grant, & others, undated (4).
Founding of the Partido Revolucionario del Pueblo by Cuban exiles in San Jose, Costa Rica, 1972.
Enrique Núñez addressing mtg., José Figueres, Frances R. Grant, Emilio Guede.
Arturo Morales Carrión, Frances R. Grant, José Figueres, Arturo Villar, Carlos A. Montaner.
Emilio Guede, Antonio Santiago, & Frances R. Grant.
Frances R. Grant & others.
Emilio Guede, Antonio Santiago, Frances R. Grant, Enrique Núñez speaking, Carlos A. Montaner, Elpidio Yegros (Paraguay), Arturo Morales Carrión (PPD Puerto Rico).
November 27, 1972. Enrique Núñez in Mount Irazú. Founding of the Partido Revolucionario del Pueblo. Signed by Enrique Núñez.
Handshake, Frances R. Grant & José Figueres? Enrique Núñez, Emilio Guede.
Meeting of the International League on Argentina, 1945
Dr. Gregorio Bermann, Alvarez de Vago.
Dr. Gregorio Bermann.
Dr. Gregorio Bermann, Thomas Alvin, Max Beer?
Demonstration against Trujillo in front of the Dominican Consulate in New York, 1958
Frances R. Grant. Picket line against Roosevelt as ally for Trujillo. Mrs. Olsen, Louise Crane.
Dinner for Adolph Berle, 1958
Adolph Berle, Frances R. Grant, Roger Baldwin.
Adolph Berle, Frances R. Grant, Roger Baldwin.
Farewell Dinner for Betancourt, February, 1958
Carmen Valverde de Betancourt, Frances R. Grant, Rómulo Betancourt, signed.
Rómulo Betancourt, Frances R. Grant, Carmen Valverde de Betancourt, Alberto Cañas.
Carmen Valverde de Betancourt, Rómulo Betancourt.
Honoring of Betancourt in Hotel Roosevelt, New York, 1965
Norman Thomas, Luis Alberto Monge?
Norman Thomas.
Norman Thomas.
Contact sheet. Varios. Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., Adolph Berle, Camille L'hérisson, Enrique Tejera París, Rómulo Betancourt, Luis Muñoz Marín, Nelson Rockefeller, Mrs. Rockefeller, & others.
Adolph Berle, Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., Camille L'hérisson.
Germán Zea, Luis Muñoz Marín, Luis Augusto Dubuc.
Frances R. Grant, Rómulo Betancourt, Nelson Rockefeller, Carlos Sosa Rodríguez.
Germán Zea, Luis Muñoz Marín, Luis Augusto Dubuc.
Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., Luis Muñoz Marín.
Frances R. Grant, Enrique Tejera París, Mrs. Tejera.
Arturo Morales Carrión, Rómulo Betancourt, Gonzalo Barrios.
Frances R. Grant and others.
Frances R. Grant presenting distinction to Luis Muñoz Marín. Puerto Rico, July 25, 1954Dinner honoring Eduardo Santos, New York, 1954
Herbert H. Lehman, Frances R. Grant, Luis Alberto Monge & others.
Serafino Romualdi, Luis Alberto Monge, Frances R. Grant, Eduardo Santos, Herbert Matthews, & other.
Eduardo Santos, Frances R. Grant, Mrs. Santos, & others.Eduardo Santos, Frances R. Grant, Herbert Matthews.
Eduardo Santos, Luis Alberto Monge, Serafino Romualdi, Frances R. Grant.
Sam O'Connor, Eduardo Santos, Mrs. Santos, Frances R. Grant.
Dinner (Town Hall) for José Figueres, 1951
José Figueres & others.
José Figueres, Mrs. Karen de Figueres, & others.
Luncheon for Luis Muñoz Marín, Princeton Club. Muñoz Marín appears with staff, 1952
Luncheon for Herbert Matthews- New York City, 1953
For distinction annual awards for democracy, April 1953, Trujillo Dictatorship. Frances R. Grant, José Figueres, Herbert Matthews, Benjamin Cohen.
For distinction annual awards for democracy, April 1953, Trujillo Dictatorship. Frances R. Grant, José Figueres, Herbert Matthews, Benjamin Cohen.
Rafael Guzmán & María Llona de Guzmán, 1954
Contact sheet. Frances R. Grant, Fr. Núñez, Herbert H. Lehman, Norman Thomas, Serafino Romualdi, Germán Arciniegas, 1956.
Frances R. Grant & Fr. Núñez, 1956
Germán Arciniegas, Hebert H. Lehman, Fr. Núñez, Frances R. Grant, 1956
Germán Arciniegas, Hebert H. Lehman, Fr. Núñez, Frances R. Grant, 1956
Tancredo Martínez Case, Sept. 23, 1957
Tancredo Martínez.
Ricardo Bonachea León.
Contact sheets. Meeting of Federación de Sociedades Hispanas, Inc. 3/13/1957.
Contact sheet. Various, Norman Thomas, Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., Frances R. Grant, Ramón Villeda Morales, 3/8/1957.
Dinner for Grant, offered by Venezuelan exiles in Mexico City, 1957
Rómulo Gallegos, Frances R. Grant, Luis Beltrán Prieto Figueroa, Angel Bravo, Luis Piñerúa Ordáz, Carlos D'Ascoli, Vicente Suárez (CR), Mrs. Prieto & daughter, amongst others.
Rómulo Gallegos, Frances R. Grant, Luis Beltrán Prieto Figueroa, Angel Bravo, Luis Piñerúa Ordáz, Carlos D'Ascoli, Vicente Suárez (CR), Mrs. Prieto & daughter, amongst others.
52nd Conference for the the League for Industrial Democracy. Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, New York City. Jordan Young, Frances R. Grant, Víctor Andrade, Frank Tannenbaum, Carlos Odiaya, Robert J. Alexander, April 12-13, 1957.
Protest by the Pan-American Anti-Communist Association, against Rómulo Betancourt New York. January 10, 1957. a-b.
Luncheon for Betancourt, Jan. 1957
Contact sheet. Rómulo Betancourt, Frances R. Grant, Robert J. Alexander, Alberto Cañas, Gonzalo García Bustillos & others.
Carmen Valverde de Betancourt, Andrés Townsend.
Frances R. Grant, Alberto Cañas.
Serafino Romualdi, Gonzalo Garcia Bustillos, O. A. Knight, Rómulo Betancourt, ?, ?, Frances R. Grant, Carmen Valverde de Betancourt.
Contact sheets of the signing of The Bolivian National Revolution by Robert J. Alexander, 1959
Robert J. Alexander, Frances R. Grant, & others.
Robert J. Alexander, Frances R. Grant, & others.
Welcoming Committee in Havana, Cuba. after Revolution. Frances R. Grant & others. 1959.
The Herald of the Dominican Republic. Addresses by U. S. Representatives Withrow and Jackson. 1959.
10th Anniversary of Bolivia's National Revolution, La Paz. Frances R. Grant & others, 1962.
Pi Ya Pi. 1962.
Costa Rica. 1962
Session, after Maracay Conference. Aureliano Sánchez Arango, Frances R. Grant, Roger Baldwin, Gonzalo V.?, F. Pedro?, Rose?
Liberación Headquarters.
Luncheon for Figueres. New York City, Frances R. Grant, Mrs. Figueres' ____ in-law?, Walter Olsen, April 1962.
Wilton Park Conference. Frances R. Grant & others, ca. 1963.
Centro Colombo-Americano, Cali, Colombia. 1963-1964.
Carlos Otero and Tina de Otero and U. S. Senator from Alaska, Ernest Greening.
Carlos Otero and Tina de Otero and U. S. Senator from Alaska, Ernest Greening.
Carlos Otero and Tina de Otero and U. S. Senator from Alaska, Ernest Greening.
2nd World Peace through Law Conference. Signed. Ludwig Victor Keller, Luis María Boffi Boggero, Kildburo Yokota, Silvio Tarolemo.
Orden del Libertador. Frances R. Grant, Venezuela. ca. 1965.
The Return of Haya de la Torre. Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre, Frances R. Grant 1965.
Murder of Agrarian leaders by Communists, 1965
Antonio Fernández Valente.
Antonio Fernández Valente.
Alberto Leiva.
Asamblea del Partido. Casa del Pueblo, Lima, Peru. Reception in honor of Frances R. Grant. Frances R. Grant, José Figueres, Andres Townsend, 1967.
Rómulo Betancourt. Bern, Switzerland. 1967. Signed.
Frances R. Grant & Mr. & Mrs. Chávez.
Restaurante Arabe , Av. Libertador, Caracas. Frances R. Grant, Jesús Chavez, Adriana Navas de Chavez.
Dr. Dominguez, Mrs. Dominguez, Frances R. Grant, Adriana Navas de Chavez.
The Caldera Family. Rafael Caldera, Alicia Pietri de Caldera, Mireya Caldera Pietri, Rafael Tomas Caldera Pietri, Juan José Caldera Pietri, Alicia Helena Caldera Pietri, Cecilia Caldera Pietri, Andres Caldera Pietri, December 1967.
Alejandra Pérez Betancourt & Virginia Betancourt de Pérez. Venezuela 1969.
Lisa A. Richette. author of THE THROWAWAY CHILDREN. 1969.
Cajamarca, Peru. Reynaldo Aguilar, Elia Izaguirre de Aguilar, Mayo 1971.
Conferencia Regional de Organizaciones No Gubernamentales. Buenos Aires, Frances R. Grant & other, August 21-25, 1972.
Dr. Alfredo Forti and patients. Puerto Ayacucho, Venezuela, 1980.
Stroessner's statue, Paraguay ca. 1980.
Pres. Luis Herrera Campins. (Venezuela) & Frances R. Grant. New York City, 1981 (2).
Frances R. Grant & José Figueres in El Salvador's elections. March 1982.
Chester Lacayo, María Fernanda Garnica de Lacayo, Guillermo Eduardo Lacayo, 1983.
Meeting in Freedom House- Human Rights - United Nations, undated.
Frances R. Grant & reporter from New York Times, Roger Baldwin.
Roger Baldwin.
Roger Baldwin.
Roger Baldwin & New York Times reporter.
Roger Baldwin, Frances R. Grant.
Student Committees, Freedom House, undated
Serafino Romualdi, & others.
Meltes Beveraggi.
Videla Ribero?
Frances Grant, informal, 1957, 1968 and 1971 (3)
Frances R. Grant in a meeting of Cuban exiles?October, 1965. a-g)
Frances R. Grant, José Figueres & others in Costa Rica, 1957
Tribuna Popular headline about El Dorado, Oct. 11, 19491st IADF Conference. Havana, Cuba. 1950
Germán Arciniegas, James Loeb, Waldo Frank.
Robert J. Alexander, Chet Hollifield, Norman Thomas, & others in committee mtg.
Gonzalo J. Facio, Robert J. Alexander, Norman Thomas, Marcial Arguiluz, Ernesto Sammartino, & others.
Committee mtg. Rómulo Betancourt & others.
Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., Clifford P. Case, Roger Baldwin.
Robert J. Alexander, Norman Thomas, Walter White.
View of mtg. 1st row: Mercedes Fermín (Vzla), Leonilda Barrancos (Arg), Salvador Allende (Chile), Ernest Zimmerman (USA). Others: Luis Beltrán Prieto Figueroa (Vzla), Víctor Gutiérrez Franqui (PR), Andrés Townsend (Peru).
Clifford P. Case.
Ernest Schwarz, Ernesto Ramos Antonini, Chet Hollifield.
James Loeb, Francine Dunlavy, Andrés Townsend, Serafino Romualdi, Frances R. Grant.
Raúl Roa, Mercedes Fermín, Hipólito Marcano, Robert J. Alexander.
Various in meeting.
Leonilda Barranco.
Pancho Bazeros Airport, Cuba, Ricardo Riaño Jaruma, PEN Club of Cuba, Frances R. Grant, Roger Baldwin, Germán Arciniegas, May 1950.
Honduras, 1957
Marcial Aguiluz, Frances R. Grant, Ramon Villeda Morales & other.
Frances R. Grant & others.
Frances R. Grant & others.
Inter-American Press Association's XXXIV General Assembly, Miami, 1978
Frances R. Grant, Violeta Chamorro, & other.
Violeta Chamorro.
Frances R. Grant & others.
Frances R. Grant & others.
Frances R. Grant & others.
Frances R. Grant & others.
Frances R. Grant.
Guido Grooscoors.
Frances R. Grant.
International League for Human Rights, undated
Meeting of the International League on Argentina, 1945
Dr. Gregorio Bermann, Alvarez de Vago.
Dr. Gregorio Bermann.
Dr. Gregorio Bermann, Thomas Alvin, Max Beer?
2nd IADF Conference. Maracay, Venezuela, 1960
José Figueres, Gonzalo Barrios, Enrique Tejera París, Eric Williams, Ignacio Luis Arcaya, Miguel Otero Silva, Frances R. Grant.
José Figueres, Gonzalo Barrios, Eric Williams, Ignacio Luis Arcaya, Miguel Otero Silva.
Hens Silva Torres, César Rondón Lovera, Gonzalo García Bustillos.
Gonzalo García Bustillos.
César Rondón Lovera.
Jóvito Villalba.
Rafael Caldera.
Hens Silva Torres.
Raúl Leoni.
Miguel Otero Silva.
Father Ramón Talavera, Américo Ghioldi, & others.
Walterio Mercado, Fr. Ramón Talavera, Américo Ghioldi, Carlos Pellicer, Andrés Mercau, Luis Aponte,
Walterio Mercado, Fr. Ramón Talavera, Américo Ghioldi, Carlos Pellicer, Andrés Mercau, Luis Aponte, Justo Prieto.
Augusto Malavé Villalba, Luis Mejía.
César Rondón Lovera, Pedro Pablo Aguilar.
César Rondón Lovera.
Radomiro Tomic.
Radomiro Tomic.
Radomiro Tomic.
Federico Klein.
Gonzalo García Bustillos, César Rondón Lovera.
Luis Tovar.
Rómulo Betancourt, Américo Ghioldi, José Figueres, Francisco D'Venanzi, Ignacio Luis Arcaya, Luis Beltrán Prieto Figueroa.
René Glover Valdivieso, Raúl Osegueda.
Rómulo Betancourt.
Aureliano Sánchez Arango, Gonzalo J. Facio, Miguel Otero Silva, Carlos Lleras Restrepo, Javier Ortíz de Zevallos, Hens Silva Torres.
Ignacio Luis Arcaya, Frances R. Grant.
Ignacio Luis Arcaya, Frances R. Grant.
Aureliano Sánchez Arango.
Aureliano Sánchez Arango.
Rafael Caldera, Miguel Otero Silva, Ignacio Luis Aracaya, Frances R. Grant, Vicente Sáenz, Carlos Lleras Restrepo, José Figueres.
José Figueres, José Luis Molina, Carlos Pastore, Américo Ghioldi, Janusz Sleszynski, Horacio Ornes, Arístides Calvani, Emilio Maspero, José Ignacio Rosco.
Rafael Caldera, Aureliano Sánchez Arango, Col. J. M. Gómez Arellano, Javier Ortíz de Zevallos, Miguel Otero Silva, Ignacio Luis Arcaya, Vicente Sáenz, Carlos Lleras Restrepo, José Figueres, Carlos Pellicer.
Rafael Caldera, Aureliano Sánchez Arango, Col. J. M. Gómez Arellano, Javier Ortíz de Zevallos, Miguel Otero Silva, Ignacio Luis Arcaya, Vicente Sáenz, Carlos Lleras Restrepo, José Figueres, Carlos Pellicer.
Ramiro Piralé, Salvador Allende, Vicente Mendoza, Andrés Mercau.
Ramiro Piralé, Salvador Allende, Vicente Mendoza, Andrés Mercau.
Rómulo Betancourt leaving the assembly.
Ignacio Luis Arcaya.
Carlos Pellicer, Javier Ortíz de Zevallos, Rafael Caldera, Miguel Otero Silva, Ignacio Luis Arcaya.
Luis Augusto Dubuc.
Gonzalo Barrios, José Lorenzo Pérez, Mercedes Fermín.
Political Committee: Radomiro Tomic, Charles Porter, Camille L'hérisson, Daniel Oduber, Juan Francisco Guichón, Francisco Montoro, Fanny Simon.
Carlos D'Ascoli, José Luis Molina, Gonzalo Solórzano.
U. S. delegates leaving for Maracay (see back of picture).
Closing ceremonies.
Hotel Maracay.
Rafael Pizani, Miguel Otero Silva, Rómulo Betancourt, Francisco D'Venanzi, Ignacio Luis Arcaya, Hernán Videla Lira, Luis Bossay, Carlos Lleras Restrepo, Salvador Allende, Rafael Caldera.
Charles Porter, Fanny Simon, Janusz Sleszynski, Miguel Torré.
Salvador Allende, Fedro Guillén.
Hylda Zimmerman & others.
Political Committee: Radomiro Tomic, Daniel Oduber, Juan Francisco Guichón.
Political Committee: Radomiro Tomic, Daniel Oduber, Juan Francisco Guichón.
Frances R. Grant leaving for Maracay.
José Figueres. 1950. Signed. (3 copies)
Meeting, New York City, of 1950
Benjamín Cabrera, Jesús de Galíndez, Lily Inazes, Herbert Ra, Germán Arciniegas, ? Alexander, Ernest Schintz Catos, Fr. Núñez, Mantilla? Francine Dunlavy (PAWA).
Benjamín Cabrera, Jesús de Galíndez, Lily Inazes, Herbert Ra, Germán Arciniegas, ? Alexander, Ernest Schintz Catos, Fr. Núñez, Mantilla? Francine Dunlavy (PAWA).
Benjamín Cabrera, Jesús de Galíndez, Lily Inazes, Herbert Ra, Germán Arciniegas, ? Alexander, Ernest Schintz Catos, Fr. Núñez, Mantilla? Francine Dunlavy (PAWA).
Benjamín Cabrera, Jesús de Galíndez, Lily Inazes, Herbert Ra, Germán Arciniegas, ? Alexander, Ernest Schintz Catos, Fr. Núñez, Mantilla? Francine Dunlavy (PAWA).
Miscellaneous Groups, undated
Frances R. Grant with Dominican group, ca. 1956 Roce Martínez. Against Trujillo. Frances Grant with others, undated.
Dinner group, undated.
Student Forums, undated.
Various Meetings, undated
Rafael Mencia & others, Dominican Republic.
José Figueres, Carlos Rizo Patrón, undated.
Frances R. Grant, Aureliano Sánchez Arango (Cuba).
Frances R. Grant, Roger Baldwin, Norman Thomas, Adolph Berle, Camille L'hérisson, Alberto Cañas, & others.
Herbert Matthews presenting award????
Haitian meeting at Community Church, New York Camille L'hérisson (Haiti), Miguel De Joie (Urug.), Frances R. Grant, undated.
Contact sheet. Betancourt honored in Harvard. Various. Rómulo Betancourt, Adlai E. Stevenson, Gonzalo Plaza Lasso.
Frances Grant and others, undated.
Frances Grant and unidentified woman, undated.
Miscellaneous Portraits, undated
Yolanda Martínez de Zárate, Carcel Modelo, Venezuela, 1952.
Chester Lacayo (3).
Bhupendra Swarup Sharma.
Carlos Valle.
Professor Ruth Almea and baby. Venezuela, March 1964.
Tina de Otero and family, Cali, Colombia, 1957.
Loretta Landis.
Unidentified woman, Argentina, undated.
Tina de Otero & Frances R. Grant. Signed.
Elisa Claro's daughter, later drowned.
Monica Blank Pérez & Carlos Manuel Blank Pérez. Venezuela.
Murders committed by Nicaragua's National Guard under Somoza's regime, 1979 (a-g)
Peru, ca. 1972
El Callao Airport, Peru. Frances R. Grant.
Malaver in homage to Frances R. Grant, Casa del Pueblo.
Andrés Townsend, Casa del Pueblo.
Portraits, Latin American leaders, 1957-1982
Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre. Photo for the id of the U. N. 1955.
Augusto Malavé Villalba. Signed by his children. 1977.
Ramon Villeda Morales. New York, April 21, 1955. Signed.
Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre signed.
Rómulo Betancourt, signed, 1956.
Dr. Eduardo Santos, President of Colombia ca. 1957.
Aureliano Sánchez Arango, undated.
Gonzalo Barrios, 1961. Signed.
Rafael Caldera, 1973.
Luis Alberto Monge. signed. May 8, 1982.
Américo Ghioldi, Buenos Aires, May 1958.
Reception for Eduardo Frei, 1971
Eduardo Frei, Roger Baldwin, Frances R. Grant, Gonzalo García Bustillos, Mrs. Frei.
Eduardo Frei, Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., Frances R. Grant, Gonzalo García Bustillos, Mrs. Frei.
Eduardo Frei, Gonzalo García Bustillos, Frances R. Grant, Mrs. Frei.
Eduardo Frei, Mrs. Frei, Frances R. Grant, members of the U. N.
Eduardo Frei, Frances R. Grant, Gonzalo García Bustillos, Mrs. Frei.
Sent Case, ca. 1952-1981María Isabel Sent
Lucy Gruber (María Isabel Sent).
María Elena da Fonseca de Sent in meeting of Catholic Acción.
María Isabel Sent.
María Isabel & María Elena.
Mother's María Isabel (young).
Eduardo, María Isabel's cousin.
Parque Retiro, Edificio Kavanagh, Buenos Aires.
María Isabel (23 months).
Plaza de Mayo, María Isabel Sent (7 months).
María Isabel & father (William Sent).
María Isabel & William.
William Sent.
María Elena.
María Elena.
María Isabel.
María Elena.
María Elena.
María Isabel & María Elena (1 yr. old).
Mónica & Gloria, María Isabel's friends.
María Elena & William Sent.
María Isabel.
María Isabel.
VI Continental Congress of ORIT, Mexico, ca. 1962 (a-d)e) Jáuregui speaking at ORIT seminar, Cuernavaca.
Venezuela, 1973-1978
Frances R. Grant, Rafael Caldera.
Rafael Caldera.
Acquisition of new building for the Venezuelan Consulate in New York, Guillermo Espinoza Fernandez, Edith de Espinoza, Frances R. Grant, & others, 1974.
Carlos Andrés Pérez signed by Simón Alberto Consalvi. New York City, 1976.
Virginia Betancourt de Perez and son, Venezuela, November, 1976
Carmen Valverde & grandchild,1976
Blanca de Pérez & Frances R. Grant, United Nations 1977
Frances R. Grant, Blanca de Pérez, & others.
Frances R. Grant, Blanca de Pérez.
Frances R. Grant, Blanca de Pérez.
Frances R. Grant, Blanca de Pérez.
Paicairigua, Venezuela, Rómulo Betancourt signing contract with book publishers, Rómulo Betancourt, Ramon J. Velazquez, Luis Gonzalez Herrera, & others, 1978.

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