MC 652

Inventory to the SIGNS: Journal of Women in Culture and Society Records

By Miriam Formanek-Brunell and Michele Mesi

March 1987

Special Collections and University Archives, Rutgers University Libraries.

Finding aid encoded in EAD, version 2002 by Tara Maharjan, December 2019
Special Collections and University Archives, Rutgers University received an operating support grant from the New Jersey Historical Commission, a division of the Department of State.

Descriptive Summary

Title: SIGNS: Journal of Women in Culture and Society Records
Dates: 1974-2014
Quantity: 203 cubic feet (203 records center boxes)
Abstract: The SIGNS: Journal of Women in Culture and Society records contain the editorial board and office's materials relating to the academic journal. A majority of the records relate to the issue files, but also include correspondences, agendas, rejected manuscripts, and general files.
Collection No.: MC 652
Access: Stored offsite: Advance notice required to consult these records.
Language: English
Repository: Rutgers University Libraries. Special Collections and University Archives

Administrative History

"Crowds roar. Ticker tape falls. [SIGNS] becomes official," wrote editor Catharine Stimpson to Jean Sacks, at the University of Chicago Press. 1 The new scholarly women's journal, founded in 1974, was the brainchild of Jean Sacks, manager of the Press's Journals Department. Just one year earlier, Sacks had suggested that the Press "pursue the idea of a journal devoted exclusively to the new scholarship on women" to be edited by Barnard College professor of literature, Catharine Stimpson. Sacks had been inspired by the unexpected demand for a single issue, "Changing Women in a Changing Society," of the American Journal of Sociology (also published by the University of Chicago Press). 2 Although they had printed an additional 3,000 copies of the 1973 issue, students and scholars, in Women's Studies programs, continued to send their requests to the Press long after its supply had been exhausted.

In July 1974, Catharine Stimpson presented the University of Chicago Press with a proposal for the new interdisciplinary quarterly, "original in research, bold in concept, and far-reaching in implication. "We believe," explained Stimpson, "that to understand women's lives, one must reconstruct totalities. To look at [women] through the lens of one discipline not only reduplicates the fragmentation of modern academic habits, but uses a warped scholarly perspective." 3 Moreover, SIGNS was intended as a forum for "new scholarship about women from both the United States and other countries ... within and beyond colleges and universities." “The interest in the new scholarship," explained Stimpson, "is international rather than parochial." 4

Throughout the late summer and early fall, the Journals Department of the Press solicited editorial evaluations of Stimpon's proposal by noted women scholars. By December a "Report on Journals" evaluating the new women's journal in terms of the Press's publishing history was presented to the Board of the University of Chicago Press. Would SIGNS "embarrass the University," the report queried? Could there be a "scandal?" Would scholars really publish in an interdisciplinary journal? 5 Ultimately persuaded by the academic legitimacy of the project's goals, and, in part, by the credentials of those involved (SIGNS board members were required to endorse the journal and submit their curriculum vitae), the University of Chicago Press promised to parent what would become the foremost scholarly journal in the field.

Shortly thereafter, a check for the first $5,000 was presented by the. University of Chicago Press. Expenses covered limited funds for translators as well as office expenses. (Barnard College donated office space free-of-charge between 1975 and 1980.) Most importantly, the budget would pay the full-time salary (albeit meager) for managing editor, Sandra Whisler, who had come from the Press's Journals Promotion department. While the editor and associate editors did not draw salaries, travel stipends were available to them. In 1975, associate editor, Domna Stanton attended the first United Nations Congress on Women in Mexico City and made contacts there with foreign scholars working on women's issues.

To supplement the journal's operating budget from the University of Chicago Press, however, the editors relied on contributions from private foundations. A grant from one foundation enabled Stanton to travel to Germany, Italy and Spain to expand the journal's influence and create a network with foreign scholars. In 1975 a Ford Foundation grant made it possible for Stimpson to reduce her teaching load in order to organize the journal. A second grant added one hundred additional pages for the Fall 1977 issue. Other foundation support included grants from the Lilly Foundation, Rockefeller. Foundation, Exxon, and the Department of Housing and Urban Development.

At the editorial office at Barnard College, Managing editor, Sandra Whisler, established "office procedures designed to maintain an efficient, professional operation." Manuscripts, which averaged about 700 a year by 1977, were read by Stimpson and another staff member. "In the allocation of tasks," wrote Stimpson, "the obligations of [Domna Stanton, Joan Burstyn] are clear, but not rigid." Anonymous manuscripts considered for publication were sent to two referees, an editorial board member and a recommended specialist, for review. Stimpson made final decisions except with regard to manuscripts, where the judgments of outside readers were final. "In the allocation of authority… I try for consensus wherever possible. I have deliberately eschewed being part of a collective." Instead, "we try for a collectivity of theory, fact, and opinion," explained Stimpson. "In part, this was temperamental… [but] it was also practical." 6 The journal, from its inception, relied on its three boards: (1) an Advisory Board which consisted of persons "well-known for their interest in scholarship about women and its ramifications," (2) an Editorial board which served as readers and referees, and, (3) International Correspondents who alerted the journal to developments, activity and contributors from abroad." 7 While board tenure had initially been left vague, in May 1978, a "governance plan" for Board members replaced an unstated time of service. Under the plan, Editorial Board members, who were more involved in day-today concerns of the journal, would serve a maximum of four years. Every year, one fourth of the board was removed by lottery. Advisory Board members served an eight year term, rotating one-eighth each year. The inaugural issue of SIGNS, which appeared in the fall of 1975, established the journal's format. SIGNS publishes "articles that apply vigorous academic standards," wrote Stimpson, "and that embody and discuss the most advanced research of both a disciplinary and interdisciplinary nature." 8 Each issue of the journal consisted of a brief editorial, major articles, review essays on new scholarship, Letters/Comments (which provided an arena for discussion between editors, authors and readers), an "Archives" section, News, "Reports/Revisions" (where new questions were raised), "Viewpoint" essays, and book reviews.

At least once a year, the editors publicized areas of new: scholarship by devoting whole issues or special sections to a single theme, such as, sex and sexuality, violence, science and society, Latin America and American cities. Several of these "special issues" consisted of papers presented at conferences (e.g., Wellesley College, Development and Sexual Division of Labor Conference, Communities of Women Conference). Several SIGNS special issues were also published as books (e.g. Women and the American City).

In 1980, Stimpson and her editors announced that SIGNS would move to Stanford University. We "realized that the [editorship], while at once exhilarating and demanding, ought to be rotated in a way that would both preserve the identity of the journal and permit fresh energies to animate it." Volume 6 Number 2 was the last issue published under Stimpson, appropriately entitled, "Studies in Change." On July 22, 1980 the New York editorial office closed.

From 1980-1985, professor of English literature Barbara Charlesworth Gelpi edited SIGNS at the editorial office at the Center for Research on Women at Stanford University. Gel pi was assisted by new associate editors (Estelle Freedman, Carol Nagy Jacklin, Nan Keohane, Myra Strober, Shelly Rosaldo, and Margery Wolf), and managing editor, Margaret Weeks. In an editorial Gelpi explained, however, that "the vertical structure of the mast head page of SIGNS may give the false sense that its editing is strongly hierarchical. On the contrary... the staff, the editor, and the associate editors work together as an non-hierarchical community of women..." 9 While-the journal's format remained the same, the journal's unwieldy board structure was modified. In 1981, the Advisory Board was absorbed into the Editorial Board.

In 1985, SIGNS moved to Duke University.

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(1) Letter to Jean Sacks from Catharine Stimpson, November 21, 1974 in folder: "More Early SIGNS" Box 1

(2) Joan Burstyn, "Journals of One's Own: SIGNS in the. Evolution of Women's studies, 1975-1980," paper delivered for the Annual Meeting of the Organization of American Historians, April 1981, p.4 in folder: The Transition Notes, Box 1.

(3) Catharine Stimpson, "The Making of SIGNS," Radical Teacher (December 1977): 24.

(4) Memo to University of Chicago Press from Catharine Stimpson, July 1, 1974, in file: Setting up Signs; Editorial, SIGNS v. 1, no. 1 (1975).

(5) "Report on Journals," December 9 1974, in folder: Setting up SIGNS. Box 1.

(6) Stimpson, Radical Teacher, p.24.

(7) Memo to University of Chicago Press from Catharine Stimpson, July 1, 1974 folder: Setting up Signs, Box 1.

(8) Catharine Stimpson, Journal prospectus, folder: Setting up Signs, Box 1.

(9) Vol. 10. no. 4 p. 633.

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Journal's Chronology

1974 University of Chicago Press Journal's Division asks Catharine Stimpson to start an academic journal devoted to the new scholarship on women.
1974 Donna C. Stanton and Joan N Burstyn chosen as associate editors.
1974 University of Chicago Press agrees to financial backing.
1975 Editorial office established at Barnard College.
1975 First issue of SIGNS published.
1975 SIGNS receives 494 submissions of manuscripts since founding.
1976 Subscriber list is 4,000; circulation is 8,220.
1976 Wellesley Conference on Women and National Development held.
1978 "Governance Plan" accepted by SIGNS editorial and associate boards.
1978 Rockefeller Conference held.
1979 Barnard Women's Center Conference held.
1980 Barbara Charlesworth Gelpi accepts editorship.
1980 Last issue of SIGNS edited in New York City; Vol. 6 No. 2 issued.
1980 SIGNS moves to Stanford University, Palo Alto, California.
1981 Circulation is over 6,500.
1981 First issue of SIGNS edited at Stanford; Vol. 6 No. 3 issued.
1981 Advisory Board absorbed by Editorial Board.
1983 Communities of Women Conference held at Stanford University.
1985 SIGNS moves to Duke University.

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Principal Personnel, 1974-1985

1975-1980 Catharine R. Stimpson
1981-1985 Barbara Charlesworth Gelpi
Associate Editors
1975-1980 Joan N. Burstyn
1982-1985 Jane Fishbone Collier
1980-1985 Estelle B. Freedman
1980-1983 Carol Nagy Jacklin
1980-1982 Nannerl O. Keohan
1980-1982 Michelle Zimbalist Rosaldo
1975-1980 Domna C. Stanton
1980-1985 Myra H. Strober
1983 Barrie Throne (guest associate)
1980-1985 Margery Wolf
1982 Nancy C.M. Hartsock (guest associate)
1982-1985 Sylvia Yanagisko
Managing Editors
1975-1977 Sandra M. Whisler
1977-1980 Martha Nelson
1979-1980 Elsa Dixler
1980-1981 Margaret L. Weeks
1981-1983 Clare C. Novak
1983-1985 Susan L. Johnson
1983-1985 Clare C. Novak
Acting Managing Editors
1977 Martha J. Nelson
Editorial Assistants
1975-1976 Martha Nelson
1980 Laura N. Dwight
1979 Elizabeth A. Strode
1981-1983 Susan L. Johnson
1983 Kathleen M. Weston
Editorial Associates
1978-1979 Elsa Dixler
1980-1981 Clare C. Novack
1982-1983 Susan L. Johnson
Editorial Board
1975-1980 Helen S. Astin
1975-1979 Sandra L. Bern
1981-1985 Barbara R. Bergman
1975-1979 Jessie Bernard
1975-1978 Vern L. Bullough
1979-1985 Francine Blau
1981-1985 Joan Burstyn
1981-1985 Nancy Chodorow
1975-1978 Sidonie Cassirer
1981-1985 Michelle Cliff
1981-1985 Jewel Plummer Cobb
1976-1978 Emily Coleman
1975-1985 Natalie Zemon Davis
1981-1985 Carl N. Degler
1979-1985 Bonnie Thornton Dill
1975-1979 Elizabeth Douvan
1975-1985 Cynthia Fuchs Epstein
1975-1985 Linda Gordon
1975-1979 Diana Long Hall
1981-1985 Donna J. Haraway
1975-1978 Daphne Hare
1983-1985 Nancy C.M. Hartsock
1975-1979 Carolyn Heibrun.
1975-1978 Lois Wladis Hoffman
1975-1985 Florence Howe
1984-1985 Carol Nagy Jacklin
1981-1985 Alison M. Jaggar
1981-1985 Elizabeth Janeway
1980-1985 Louis Kampf
1982-1985 Nannerl O. Keohane
1980-1982 Joan Kelly
1975-1985 Linda Kerber
1975-1979 Jeane J. Kirkpatrick
1975-1985 Marjorie Fine Knowles
1980-1985 Sally Gregory Kohlstadt
1975-1978 Leo Kanowitz
1975-1980 Joyce A. Ladner
1975-1985 Louise Lamphire
1975-1979 Paul Lauter
1975-1979 Gerda Lerner
1981-1985 Carolyn C. Lougee
1975-1980 Ruth B. Mandel
1981-1985 Catharine A. MacKinnon
1975-1980 Ruth Barcan Marcus
1975-1985 Elaine Marks
1975-1979 Lena Wright Myers
1975-1978 Linda Nochlin
1980-1985 Karen O. Mason
1981-1985 Leith Mullings
1981-1985 Miroslava Nikitovich-Winer
1981-1985 Anne Oakley
1981-1985 Hanna Papanek
1980-1981 Mary Brown Parlee
1981-1985 Letitia Anne Peplau
1975-1979 Ethel Spector Person
1981-1985 Anne Petersen
1981-1985 Martha E. Peterson
1975-1985 Harriet B. Presser
1975-1978 Katharine Ralls
1975-1980 Judith A. Ramaley
1978-1985 Rayna Rapp
1975-1979 Izes Smith Reid
1975-1980 Michele Zimbalist Rosaldo
1975-1979 Rosemary Ruether
1975-1977 Isabel Sawhil
1975-1979 Cynthia Secor
1975-1985 Elaine Showalter
1981-1985 Margaret C. Simms
1975-1980 Myra H Strober
1981-1985 Domna C. Stanton
1975-1979 Nancy Tanner
1981-1985 Juliet Stiehm
1975-1978 Sheila Tobias
1984-1985 Barrie Thorne
1979-1985 Gaye Tuchman
1981-1985 Martha Vicinus
1975-1985 Froma Zeitlin
1976-1978 Adrienne Zihlman
International Correspondents
1977-1985 Lourdez Arizpe
1980-1985 Laura Balbo
1975-1980 Riuka Bar-Yosef
1975-1985 Helene Cixous
1977-1985 Margrit Eichler
1975-1985 Elina Haavio-Mannila
1980-1985 Dafna Izraeli
1975-1980 Mary Racelis Hollnsteiner
1976-1985 Deniz Kandiyoti
1978-1985 Diana Leonard
1975-1979 Dacia Maraini
1978-1985 Vina Mazumdar
1978-1985 Yorilco Meguro
1975-1977 Juliet Mitchell
1978-1985 Julinda Abu Nasr
1976-1985 Marysa Navarro
1975-1977 Ann Oakeley
1978-1985 Achola Pala
1979-1985 Marta Pessarrodona
1975-1977 Fredericka Pickford Santos
1975-1978 Alice Shalvi
1975-1985 Karin-Westman-Berg
1975-1985 Aline K. Wong
Advisory Board
1975-1981 Barbara R. Bergman
1975-1981 Ester Boserup
1975-1979 Germaine Bree
1981 Joan N. Burstyn
1975-1981 Jewel Plummer Cobb
1975-1981 Carl N. Degler
1975-1981 Martin Duberman
1975-1981 Ruth Bader Ginsburg
1975-1977 Patricia Albjerg Graham
1975-1980 Elizabeth Hardwick
1975-1980 Elizabeth Janeway
1975-1980 Mirra Komarousky
1980-1981 Linda Maraini
1977-1980 Juliet Mitchell
1975-1978 John W. Money
1975-1978 Pauli Murray
1979-1981 Linda Nochlin
1977-1981 Ann Oakleley
1975-1981 Martha E. Peterson
1975-1979 Estelle R; Ramey
1975-1981 Margaret K. Rosenheim
1975-1981 Neena B. Schwartz
1975-1981 Susan Sontag
1981 Domna C. Stanton
1975-1979 Naomi Weisstein
1976-1980 Nadia H. Youssef

University of Chicago, Journals Department
Philipson, Director, University of Chicago Press
Jean W. Sacks, Assistant Director and Journals Manager
Laura Gruen, Administrative Assistant
Peter Meehan, Administrative Assistant
Robert Shirrell, Associate Manager and Production Manger
Jane Sowers, Production Administrative Assitant
Sue Grossman, Production Assistant
Irmgard Dotzaver, Associate Manager and Advertising Manager
Marcia Brontman, Assistant Promotion Manager
Orlie Higgins, Subscription Fulfilment Manager
Sandra Willis, Assistant Subscription Manager
Anita Taylor, Permissions requests

Alphabetical List of all SIGNS Personnel
Lourdez Arizpe, international correspondent, 1977-1985
Helen S. Astin, editorial board, 1975-1980
Laura Balbo, international correspondent, 1980-1985
Riuka Bar-Yosef, international correspondent, 1975-1980
Barbara R. Bergman, advisory board, 1975-1981
Sandra L. Bern, editorial board, 1975-1979
Barbara R. Bergman, editorial board, 1981-1985
Jessie Bernard, editorial board, 1975-1979
Francine Blau, editorial board, 1979-1985
Ester Boserup, advisory board, 1975-1981
Germaine Bree, advisory board, 1975-1979
Marcia Brontman, Assistant Promotion Manager (U of C)
Vern L. Bullough, editorial board, 1975-1978
Joan N. Burstyn, associate editor, 1975-1980; advisory board, 1981; editorial board, 1981-1985
Sidonie Cassirer, editorial board, 1975-1978
Nancy Chodorow, editorial board, 1981-1985
Helene Cixous, international correspondent, 1975-1985
Michelle Cliff, editorial board, 1981-1985
Jewel Plummer Cobb, advisory board, 1975-1981; editorial board, 1981-1985
Emily Coleman, editorial board, 1976-1978
Jane Fishbone Collier, associate editor, 1982-1985
Natalie Zemon Davis, editorial board, 1975-1985
Carl N. Degler, advisory board, 1975-1981; editorial board, 1981-1985
Bonnie Thornton Dill, editorial board, 1979-1985
Elsa Dixler, editorial associate, 1978-1979; managing editor, 1979-1980
Irmgard Dotzaver, Associate Manager and Advertising Manager, (U of C)
Elizabeth Douvan, editorial board, 1975-1979
Martin Duberman, advisory board, 1975-1981
Laura N. Dwight, editorial assistant, 1980
Margrit Eichler, international correspondent, 1977-1985
Cynthia Fuchs Epstein, editorial board, 1975-1985
Estelle B. Freedman, associate editor, 1980-1985
Barbara Charlesworth Gelpi, editor, 1981-1985
Ruth Bader Ginsburg, advisory board, 1975-1981
Linda Gordon, editorial board, 1975-1985
Patricia Albjerg Graham,. advisory board, 1975-1977
Sue Grossman, Production Assistant, (U of C)
Laura Gruen, Administrative Assistant (U of C)
Elina Haavio-Mannila, international correspondent, 1975-1985
Diana Long Hall, editorial board, 1975-1979
Donna J. Haraway, editorial board, 1981-1985
Elizabeth Hardwick, advisory board, 1975-1980
Daphne Hare, editorial board, 1975-1978
Nancy C.M. Hartsock, guest associate editor, 1982; editorial board, 1983-1985
Carolyn Heibrun, editorial board, 1975-1979
Orlie Higgins, Subscription Fulfilment Manager, (U of C)
Lois Wladis Hoffman, editorial board, 1975-1978
Florence Howe, editorial board, 1975-1985
Mary Racelis Hollnsteiner, international correspondent, 1975-1980
Dafna Izraeli, international correspondent, 1980-1985
Carol Nagy Jacklin, associate editor, 1980-1983; editorial board, 1984-1985
Alison M. Jaggar, editorial board, 1981-1985
Elizabeth Janeway, advisory board, 1975-1980; editorial board, 1981-1985
Susan L. Johnson, editorial assistant, 1981-1983; editorial associate, 1982-1983; managing editor, 1983-1985
Louis Kampf, editorial board, 1980-1985
Deniz Kandiyoti, international correspondent, 1976-1985
Nannerl O. Keohane, associate editor, 1980-1982; editorial board, 1982-1985
Joan Kelly, editorial board, 1980-1982
Linda Kerber, editorial board, 1975-1985
Jeane J. Kirkpatrick, editorial board, 1975-1979
Marjorie Fine Knowles, editorial board, 1975-1985
Sally Gregory Kohlstadt, editorial board, 1980-1985
Mirra Komarousky, advisory board, 1975-1980
Leo Kanowitz, editorial board, 1975-1978
Joyce A. Ladner, editorial board, 1975-1980
Louise Lamphire, editorial board, 1975-1985
Paul Lauter, editorial board, 1975-1979
Diana Leonard, international correspondent, 1978-1985
Gerda Lerner, editorial board, 1975-1979
Carolyn C. Lougee, editorial board, 1981-1985
Catharine A. MacKinnon, editorial board, 1981-1985
Ruth B. Mandel, editorial board, 1975-1980
Dacia Maraini, international correspondent, 1975-1979
Linda Maraini, advisory board, 1980-1981
Ruth Barcan Marcus, editorial board, 1975-1980
Elaine Marks, editorial board, 1975-1985
Karen O. Mason, editorial board, 1980-1985
Vina Mazumdar, international correspondent, 1978-1985
Peter Meehan, Administrative Assistant (U of C)
Yorilco Meguro, international correspondent, 1978-1985
Juliet Mitchell, international correspondent, 1975-1977; advisory board, 1977-1980
John W. Money, advisory board, 1975-1978
Leith Mullings, editorial board, 1981-1985
Pauli Murray, advisory board, 1975-1978
Lena Wright Myers, editorial board, 1975-1979
Julinda Abu Nasr, international correspondent, 1978-1985
Marysa Navarro, international correspondent, 1976-1985
Martha Nelson, editorial assistant, 1975-1976; acting managing editor, 1977; managing editor, 1977-1980
Miroslava Nikitovich-Winer, editorial board, 1981-1985
Linda Nochlin, editorial board, 1975-1978; advisory board, 1979-1981
Clare C. Novack, editorial associate, 1980-1981; managing editor, 1981-1983
Anne Oakeley, international correspondent, 1975-1977; advisory board, 1977-1981; editorial board, 1981-1985
Achola Pala, international correspondent, 1978-1985
Hanna Papanek, editorial board, .1981-1985
Mary Brown Parlee, editorial board, 1980-1981
Letitia Anne Peplau, editorial board, 1981-1985
Ethel Spector Person, editorial board, 1975-1979
Marta Pessarrodona, international correspondent, 1979-1985
Anne Petersen, editorial board, 1981-1985
Martha E. Peterson, advisory board, 1975-1981; editorial board, 1981-1985
Fredericka Pickford Santos, international correspondent, 1975-1977
Philipson, Director, University of Chicago Press
Harriet B. Presser, editorial board, 1975-1985
Katharine Ralls1 editorial board, 1975-1978
Judith A. Ramaley, editorial board, 1975-1980
Estelle R. Ramey, advisory board, 1975-1979
Rayna Rapp, editorial board, 1978-1985
Izes Smith Reid, editorial board, 1975-1979
Michele Zimbalist Rosaldo, editorial board, 1975-1980 associate editor, 1980-1982
Margaret K. Rosenheim, advisory board, 1975-1981
Rosemary Ruether, editorial board, 1975-1979
Jean W. Sacks, Assistant Director and Journals Manager (U of C)
Isabel Sawhil, editorial board, 1975-1977
Neena B. Schwartz, advisory board, 1975-1981
Cynthia Secor, editorial board, 1975-1979
Alice Shalvi, international correspondent, 1975-1978
Robert Shirrell, Associate Manager and. Production Manager, (U of C)
Elaine Showalter, editorial board, 1975-1985
Margaret C. Simms, editorial board, 1981-1985
Susan Sontag, advisory board, 1975-1981
Jane Sowers, Production Administrative Assistant, (U of C)
Catharine R. Stimpson, founding editor, 1975-1980
Myra H. Strober, editorial board, 1975-1980
Domna C. Stanton, associate editor, 1975-1980; advisory board, 1981; editorial board, 1981-1985
Juliet Stiehm, editorial board, 1981-1985
Myra H. Strober, associate editor, 1980-1985
Elizabeth A. Strode, editorial assistant, 1979
Nancy Tanner, editorial board, 1975-1979
Anita Taylor, Permissions requests (U of C)
Sheila Tobias, editorial board, 1975-1978
Barrie Thorne, guest associate editor, 1983; editorial board, 1984-1985
Gaye Tuchman, editorial board, 1979-1985
Martha Vicinus, editorial board, 1981-1985
Margaret L. Weeks, managing editor, 1980-1981
Naomi Weisstein, advisory board, 1975-1979
Karin Westman-Berg, international correspondent, 1975-1985
Kathleen M. Weston, editorial assistant, 1983
Sandra M. Whisler, managing editor, 1975-1977
Sandra Willis, Assistant Subscription Manager (U of C)
Margery Wolf, associate editor, 1980-1985
Aline K. Wong, international correspondent, 1975-1985
Sylvia Yanagisko, associate editor, 1982-1985
Nadia H. Youssef, advisory board, 1976-1980
Froma Zeitlin, editorial board, 1975-1985
Adrienne Zihlman, editorial board, 1976-1978

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Scope and Content Note

The documents comprising the records of SIGNS: A JOURNAL OF WOMEN IN CULTURE AND SOCIETY (1974- ), span the period 1973-2014, although the bulk of the collection dates from 1974-1983. The records reflect two distinct periods of the journal's. history. Material from 1974 to 1980 documents the journal's activities under editor Catharine Stimpson at Barnard College. Material from 1980 to 1985 documents the journal's history under editor Barbara Charlesworth Gelpi at Stanford University. Those files generated under each editor form a single record group and are arranged in their original chronological or alphabetical order. Not included in the collection are the University of Chicago Press records of SIGNS for either period.

The SIGNS collection consists of 15 series. SIGNS records include the agendas and minutes of the SIGNS Editorial Board 1974-1990; editorial correspondence, 1974-(1979) 1983; questionnaires and newsletters of SIGNS editorial and advisory boards, 1974 (1975)-(1977) 1978; logbooks and manuscripts submitted to SINGS, 1974-1990; manuscripts rejected by SIGNS 1974-2012; book reviews and review essays, 1974-1988; files of issues published, 1975-2014; special issues published and conferences held, 1976-1985; promotion and subscriptions, 1974-1990; financial documents, 1985-1990; staff employment records, 1975-1983; general file, 1980-1984; reader files, 1980-2006; revise and resubmit, 1984-1999; and international corresondents files, 1974-1980.

Those working with the collection should note that: (1) correspondence is scattered throughout the collection, see especially REJECTED MANUSCRIPTS, BOOK REVIEWS AND REVIEW ESSAYS, SPECIAL ISSUES AND- CONFERENCES and ISSUE FILES. (2) Although 13 of the 28 boxes are identified as "rejected manuscripts," there are, in fact, very few manuscripts in this entire collection for it consists primarily of correspondence pertaining to manuscripts. (3) Similarly, there are only a couple of actual book reviews within the BOOK REVIEWS AND REVIEW ESSAY files. (4) Documents generated during the first year of the journal's history are more likely to be filed by date than by subject. Researchers interested in this early period should see SIGNS history files in EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENCE Some agendas and minutes of SIGNS board meetings, for example, are contained in these files.

While few original manuscripts are included within this collection, it is nonetheless valuable to those researching a variety of topics and trends, including: the history of Women's Studies, the formation and administration of women's journals, changing trends in women's scholarship, the changing relationship between parent institutions (e.g., universities and university press) and the editors.

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Arrangement Note

The SIGNS collection arrived at Rutgers in 40 labeled cardboard boxes broadly categorized as Barnard and Stanford files. Within those categories, the largest and most discrete units were issue files and rejected manuscripts. A series organization for much of the rest of the collection was required, though we believe it reflects the original organization of the material. The subsequent arrangement of the records into two subgroups, the first consisting of one series of the Editorial and Advisory boards, and the second consisting of eleven series generated by the Editorial offices of SIGNS is believed to reflect the original order of the material.

Little material was removed from the collection during processing. Discarded documents included a large number of duplicate copies of unused telephone logs and a post office publication of zip codes.

Additional material has been to the collection. These materials have been kept in the original order that they were recieved.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

SIGNS: Journal of Women in Culture and Society Records. MC 652. Special Collections and University Archives, Rutgers University Libraries.

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Detailed Description of the Collection/Container List

This section provides descriptions of the materials found within each series. Each series description is followed by a container list, which gives the titles of the "containers" (for example, folders, volumes, or cassettes) and their locations in the numbered boxes that comprise the collection. The availability of any digital items from a container is indicated with a hyperlink.

Arrangement: Arranged chronologically and by the dates of meetings.
Summary: Documentation of the editorial and associate board meetings. The agendas and minutes pertain to (1) the board: tenure, rotation, self nomination, board retreats, structure and termination of advisory board, and (2) the status of the journal: issues, format, conferences leading to special issues, arid questionnaires from SIGNS readers. Included in the papers are agendas with attachments: memoranda, correspondence, copies of newspaper clippings, minutes and notes.
1 Agendas and Minutes, 1974-1984
64 Agendas, 1984-1987
65 National Advisory Board, 1988-1990
74 Associate Editors/Agendas, 1987
75 Associate Editors/Agendas, 1989-1990
Arrangement: Arranged chronologically and alphabetically.
Summary: The correspondence of the editors, editorial staff with board members, authors, and the University of Chicago Press documents the activities leading to the founding and functioning of SIGNS. Correspondence pertains to board and editor selections, editorial structure, journal format, staff employment, reprints, expenses, budgets, grants (Ford Foundation) and SIGNS assessments (solicited by TEAM). The records include incoming and outgoing correspondence, editorial meeting agendas, memoranda, publication consent f6rms, prospectus, address -lists, bills, tables of contents, advertisements, expense, accounts, flow sheets, content analyses, reports, journals, handwritten and typed notes, job descriptions, articles, abstracts, questionnaires, discipline breakdowns, newsletters, proposals, newspaper articles, manuscripts, proposals and invitations, and the Barnard author's file.
1 Miscellaneous
2 B-K
3 K-T
4 U-Z
Proposals and Invitations
5 Barnard author's file, A-R
6 Barnard author's file, S-Z
Arrangement: Arranged chronologically by folder heading.
Summary: The questionnaires and newsletters pertain to recommendations for board selection, rotation (governance plan), areas of individual expertise, referee contributors, correspondents and reviewers, journal format suggestions, books for review, and special topic suggestions. Included in the papers are memoranda, notes, lists, newsletters, questionnaires, drafts of letters to referees, and vitae.
6 Questionnaires and Newsletters, 1974 (1975-1977) 1978
Arrangement: Arranged chronologically by issue and date received by journal.
Summary: accepted for publication. The documents pertain to contents of issues, forthcoming articles, contributors addresses, manuscripts returned for revisions, manuscript tallies by discipline, lists of manuscripts submitted, suggested reviewers lists, production notes, University of Chicago Press "Who's Who," manuscript procedure, and mailing costs. Included in the papers are routing and editorial forms, address lists, notes, consent forms, tabulations, make-up order forms, correspondence, memoranda, manuscript logs, manuscript inventories, and sample post cards, referee forms, withholding tax forms, and press entertainment expense forms.
6 Log Books and Manuscripts Submitted, 1974-1981
50 Manuscript Logs, 1987-1990
Dead Manuscripts
74 Education Book (Page Proofs, Etc.), 1987-1988
Arrangement: Unlogged manuscripts are arranged alphabetically and chronologically. Logged manuscripts are arranged by date received by journal.
Summary: Documentation of all manuscripts submitted to SIGNS as well as their editorial route. Included in the record are incoming and outgoing correspondence for both accepted and rejected manuscripts, routing forms, referee comments, and editorial comments.
There are slight variations in format between those manuscripts processed at Barnard and those submitted to Stanford. For example, Box 19 contains "unlogged manuscripts," i.e. manuscripts which did not receive an in-house review.
7 1-330
8 332-699
9 700-1025
10 1026-1349
11 1351-1649
12 1651-1925
13 1927-2199
14 2201-2475
15 2476-2709
16 C-H
17 I-0
18 P-Z
19 Unlogged A-Z
51 A-Z, Pre-1986
52 A-Me, 1986
53 Mi-Z, 1986
54 A-M, 1987
55 N-Z, 1987
55 A-Gi, 1988
56 Gl-P, 1988
57 R-Z, 1988
A-B 1989
58 C-R, 1989
59 R-Z, 1989
60 A-Z 1990
Unlogged Manuscripts, 1987-1989
72 A-M, 1990
73 L-Z, 1990
74 1984-1985
114 A- Ch, 1997
115 Co-H, 1997
116 I-Mi, 1997
117 Mo-Sp, 1997
118 St-Z, 1997
119 A-Ca, 1998
120 Ch-Gl, 1998
121 Go-La, 1998
122 Le-P, 1998
158 R-V, 1998
191 Rejected Manuscripts 2005-2010
193 Rejected Manuscripts, 2011
197 Rejected Manuscripts, 2012
Arrangement: Arranged chronologically by folder heading, alphabetically by publisher and author of book under discussion, numerically by volume.
Summary: Documents activities of editorial staff with book reviewers and publishers leading to book reviews and review essays in SIGNS. Documents pertain to reviews and reviewers, rejected proposals, possible reviewers, unsolicited rejected reviews, unrealized reviews, rejected commissions Included in the papers are review copy requests, incoming and outgoing correspondence, memoranda, vitae, manuscripts, in-house manuscript review forms, notes and magazine tear sheets.
Additional correspondence may also be found in Editorial Correspondence and Issue files.
19-20 Book Reviews and Review Essay, 1974-1984
50 Book Review Correspondence
62 Book Review Rejects, 1986-1988
ISSUE FILES, 1975-2014
Arrangement: Arranged chronologically by issue.
Summary: Documents the activities of preparing each issue for publication. Documents pertain to sections of each issue: editorials, articles, book reviews, archives, about the contributors, friends of SIGNS. Included in the papers are correspondence, tables of contents, lists of forthcoming articles, off-print requests and order forms, memoranda, handwritten and typed notes, journal make-up orders, editorials, article routing forms, referee comments (readers reports), photo reproduction requests, photo invoices, postcards, reprints of reviews, manuscripts, reproduction requests, article copies, title pages, an occasional manuscripts, page proofs, galley charts, copies of cover and mast head, 3 x 5 cards for each article and author, publication agreement, tallies, expense reports, occasional magazines.
Among the documents are unprinted photographs and charts. For example, charts never printed accompanied Carroll Smith Rosenberg's "Female World of Love and Ritual." See issue files for vol. 1 no. 1.
49 Index to vol. 1-10
20 vol. 1/no. 1 - vol. 2/no. 2 (part)
21 vol. 2/no. 2 (part) - vol. 3/no. 3 (part)
22 vol. 3/no. 3 (part) - vol. 4/no. 4
23 vol. 5/no. 1 - vol. 6/no. 2 (part)
24 vol. 6/no. 2 (part) - vol. 7/no. 2
25 vol. 7/no. 3 - vol. 8/no. 3
26 vol. 8/no. 4
29 vol. 9/no. 1 - vol. 10/no. 1 (part)
30 vol. 10/no. 1 (part) - vol. 10/no. 3
31 vol.· 10/no. 4 - vol. 11/no. 1 (part)
32 vol. 11/no. 1 (part) - vol. 11/no. 2
33 vol. 11/no. 3 - vol. 11/no. 4 (part)
34 vol. 11/no. 4 (part) - vol. 12/no. 1 (part)
35 vol. 12/no. 1 (part) - vol. 12/no. 2 (part)
36 vol. 12/no. 2 (part) - vol. 12/no. 3
37 vol. .12/no. 4. - vol. 13/no. 1 (part)
38 vol. 13/no. 1 (part) - vol. 13/no. 2
39 vol. 13/no. 3 - vol. 13/no. 4 (part)
40 vol. 13/no. 4 (part) - vol. 14/no. 1 (part)
41 vol. 14/no. 1 (part) - vol. 14/no. 2 (part)
42 vol. 14/no. 2 (part) - vol. 14/no. 3 (part)
65 vol. 14/no. 2 ("Sisters and Workers")
43 vol. 14/no. 3 (part) - vol. 14/no. 4 (part)
65 vol. 14/no. 4 (Galley and Page Proofs) - vol. 15/no. 1 (Page Proofs)
44 vol. 14/no. 4 (part) - vol. 15/no. 2 (part)
66 vol. 15/no. 1
67 vol. 15/no. 2
45 vol. 15/no. 2· (part) - vol. 15/no. 3
68 vol. 15/no. 3 and Miscellaneous Production Files
Also includes manuscript logs and rejected proposals and manuscripts.
46 vol. 15/no. 4
47 vol. 16/no.1
69 vol. 16/no. 2-vol. 16/no. 3 (part)
79 vol. 16/no. 3 (concluded)- vol. 16/no. 4 (part)
80 vol. 16/no. 4 (continued)
81 vol. 16/no. 4 ( concluded) - vol. 17 /no. 1 (part)
82 vol. 17/no. 1 (continued)
83 vol. 17 /no. 1 ( concluded) - vol. 17 /no. 2 (part)
84 vol. 17 /no. 2 ( concluded) - vol. 17 /no. 3 (part)
85 vol. 17/no. 3 (concluded)-vol. 17/no. 4 (part)
86 vol. 17/no. 4 (concluded) - vol. 18/no. 1 (part)
87 vol. 18/no. 1 ( concluded) - vol. 18/no. 2 (part)
88 vol. 18/no. 2 (continued)
89 vol. 18/no. 2 (concluded) - vol. 18/no. 3 (part)
90 vol. 18/no. 3 (concluded) - vol. 18/no. 4 (part)
91 vol. 18/no. 4 (concluded)
92 vol. 18/no. 1 Proofs - vol. 18/no. 2 Proofs (part)
93 vol. 18/no. 2 Proofs ( concluded) - vol. 18/no. 3 Proofs (part)
94 vol. 18/no. 3 Proofs ( concluded); vol. 18/no. 4 Proofs; vol. 19/no. 1 (part)
95 vol. 19/no. 1 ( continued)
96 vol. 19/no. 1 ( concluded)
97 vol. 19/no. 2 (part)
98 vol. 19/no. 2 (continued)
99 vol. 19/no. 2 (concluded) - vol. 19/no. 3 (part)
100 vol. 19/no. 3 (continued)
101 vol. 19/no. 1 (part); vol. 19/no. 3 ( concluded) - vol. 19/no. 4 (part)
102 vol. 19/no. 4 (concluded) - vol. 20/no. 1 (part)
103 vol. 20/no. 1 ( continued)
104 vol. 19/no. 4 Proofs; vol. 20/no. 1 (continued)
105 vol. 20/no. 1 (concluded) - vol. 20/no. 2 (part)
106 vol. 20/no. 2 ( continued)
107 vol. 20/no. 2 ( concluded)
108 vol. 20/no. 3 (part)
109 vol. 20/no. 3 ( concluded) - vol. 20/no. 4 (part)
110 vol. 20/no. 4 ( concluded)
111 vol. 21/no. 1 (part)
112 vol. 21/no. 1 (concluded) - vol. 21/no. 2 (part)
113 vol. 21/no. 2 (concluded) and 20-year index
129 vol. 21/no. 3 (part)
130 vol. 21/no. 3 (concluded) - vol. 21/no. 4 (part)
131 vol. 21/no. 4 ( concluded) - vol. 22/no. 1 (part)
132 vol. 22/no. 1 ( concluded)
133 vol. 22/no. 2 - vol. 22/no. 3 (part)
134 vol. 22/no. 3 ( concluded)
135 vol. 22/no. 4 (part)
136 vol. 22/no. 4 ( concluded)
137 vol. 23/no. 1 (part)
138 vol. 23/no. 1 ( concluded)
139 vol. 23/no. 2 (part)
140 vol. 23/no. 2 ( concluded)-vol. 23/no. 3 (part)
141 vol. 23/no. 3 ( continued)
142 vol. 23/no. 3 ( concluded) - vol. 23/no. 4 (part)
143 vol. 23/no. 4 ( concluded)
144 vol. 24/no.1 (part)
145 vol. 24/no. 1 ( concluded) - vol. 24/no. 2 (part)
146 vol. 24/no. 2 ( continued)
147 vol. 24/no. 2 ( concluded) - vol. 24/no. 3 (part)
148 vol. 24/no. 3 ( concluded)
149 vol. 24/no. 4 (part)
150 vol. 24/no. 4 (concluded) - vol. 25/no. 1 (part)
151 vol. 25/no. 1 ( concluded)
152 vol. 25/no. 2 (part)
153 vol. 25/no. 2 ( concluded) - vol. 25/no. 3 (part)
154 vol. 25/no. 3 (continued)
155 vol. 25/no. 3 ( concluded) - vol. 25/no. 4 (part)
156 vol. 25/no. 4 ( concluded) & vol. 26/no. 2 (part)
157 vol. 26/no. 2 (concluded)
160 vol. 26/no. 3 (part), 2001
161 vol. 26/no. 3 (complete) - vol. 26/no. 4 (part), 2001
162 vol. 26/no. 4 (complete), 2001
163 vol. 27/no. 1 (complete) - vol. 27/no. 2, 2001-2002
164 vol. 27/no. 3 (complete) - vol. 27/no. 4 (part), 2000-2003
165 vol. 27/no. 4 (complete) - vol. 28/no. 4 (part), 2001-2002
166 vol. 28/no. 4 (complete) - vol. 30/no. 1 (part), 2001-2004
167 vol. 30/no. 1 (complete) - vol. 30/no. 2 (part), 2002-2004
168 vol. 30/no. 2 (complete) - vol. 30/no. 3 (part), 2002-2005
169 vol. 30/no. 3 (complete) - vol. 30/no. 4 (part), 2002-2006
170 vol. 30/no. 4 (continued), 2004-2006
171 vol. 30/no. 4 (complete) - vol. 31/no. 1 (part), 2006
172 vol. 31/no. 1 (complete), 2006
173 vol. 31/no. 2 (part), 2006
174 vol. 31/no. 2 (complete), 2004-2006
175 vol. 31/no. 3 (part), 2005
176 vol. 31/no. 2 (complete) - vol. 31/no. 4 (part), 2005-2006
177 vol. 31/no. 4 (complete) - vol. 32/no. 1 (part), 2005-2006
178 vol. 32/no. 1 (continued), 2006
179 vol. 32/no. 1 (complete) - vol. 32/no. 2 (part), 1985, 2006-2007
180 vol. 32/no. 2 (complete) - vol. 32/no. 3 (part), 2006-2007
181 vol. 32/no. 3 (complete) - vol. 32/no. 4 (part), 2006-2007
182 vol. 32/no. 4 (complete) - vol. 33/no. 1 (part), 2006-2007
183 vol. 33/no. 1 (complete) - vol. 33/no. 2 (part), 2006-2007
184 vol. 33/no. 2 (complete) - vol. 33/no. 3 (part), 2007
185 Miscellaneous Records and vol. 33/no. 3 (complete) - vol. 33/no. 4 (part), 2000-2006
186 vol. 33/no. 4 (complete), vol. 34/no. 1 (part), 2006-2008
187 vol. 34/no. 1 (complete) - vol. 34/no. 2 (part), 2008
188 vol. 34/no. 2 (complete) - vol. 34/no. 3 (complete), 2008
189 vol. 34/no. 4 (complete) - vol. 35/no. 1 (part), 2009
190 vol. 35/no. 1 (complete) - vol. 35/no. 2 (part), 2009
191 vol. 35/no. 2 (complete) - vol. 35/no. 3, 2008-2009
192 vol. 35/no. 4, 2008-2009
193 vol. 36/no. 1 - vol. 36/no. 2 (part), 2010
194 vol. 36/no. 2 (complete) - vol. 36/no. 4 (complete), 2010
195 vol. 37/no. 1 (complete) - vol. 37/no. 2 (part), 2010-2011
196 vol. 37/no. 2 (complete) - vol. 37/ no. 4 (part), 2010-2011
197 vol. 37/no. 4 (complete) - vol. 38/no. 2 (part), 2010-2012
198 vol. 38/no. 2 (complete) - vol. 38/no. 3 (part), 2012
199 vol. 38/no. 3 (complete) - vol. 39/no. 1 (part), 2012
200 vol. 39/no. 1 (complete) - vol. 39/no. 3 (part), 2012-2013
201 vol. 39/no. 3 (complete) - vol. 40/no. 1 (part), 2012-2014
202 vol. 40/no. 1 (complete) - vol. 40/no. 3 (part), 2012-2014
203 vol. 40/no.3 (complete) - vol. 40/no. 4 (complete), 2012-2014
Arrangement: Arranged chronologically by conference or issue date.
Summary: Documents the participation of SIGNS in conferences and publication of proceedings as special journal issues. The majority of the records pertain to the following conferences: Wellesley, Barnard Women's Center, NWSA, HUD, Feminist Literary Criticism Forum, U. N. World Conference on the Internal women's Year, Women in Socialist Countries, Rockefeller, Haifa, Communities of Women, and special issues on American cities and minority women. Included in the records are incoming and outgoing correspondence, panel comments, hand written and typed memoranda, editorial committee lists, agendas, editorial procedure, referee comments, grant proposals, grant awards, conference schedules, reports and programs, panel reports, conference prospectus, proposals, budgets and brochures, paper abstracts, status of issue reports, postcards, minutes, conference participants, invitation lists, manuscripts, bulletins, newsletters, tentative budgets, vitae, magazine reprints, receipts, consultation agreements, withholding tax forms, telegrams, work statements.
26 Special Issues and Conferences, 1976-1983
76-77 Special Issues and Conferences, 1981-1985
Arrangement: Promotional files are arranged chronologically by year. Subscription files are arranged alphabetically and topically.
Summary: Documents the promotional activities of SIGNS and the University of Chicago Press to reach contributors and subscribers (domestic and foreign). The documents pertain to (1) subscriptions: gift, exchange, complimentary, refused and accepted exchanges, (2) exchange advertising, and (3) rights and permissions to publish SIGNS articles in other journals. Included in the record are incoming and· outgoing correspondence, memoranda, advertising subscriptions flyers, charter subscription flyers, space advertising f advertising proposals, handwritten and typed notes journal prospectus and table of contents, exhibit schedules, brochures, magazine and newspaper reviews, foreign promotion, press releases, posters, photographs, direct mail promotions, newsletters, stationery, book reviews, promotional insert for special issues, mailings, promotion department reports, postcards, article reprints, magazines, bibliography of American Studies journals, report on yearly promotions and proposals, direct mail promotion reports, exchange agreement breakdown, complimentary subscriber lists, University of Chicago Press work galleys, advertising proposals, exchange advertising program report, reader survey returns and tally, reader questionnaires, and reprint permissions.
26-27 Promotion and Subscriptions, 1974-1982
77 Promotion and Subscriptions, 1985-1990
FINANCIAL, 1985-1989
Arrangement: Arranged in chronological order.
Summary: Documents the financial operations of SIGNS editorial office and its financial relationship to the University of Chicago Press. The documents pertain to expenses for book orders, subscriptions, federal express, fees and honorariums, post office, office expenses, stationery, travel, office help and typists, salaries and food. Included in the record are travel expense reports and vouchers, memoranda, incoming and outgoing correspondence, check requests, telephone logs, receipts, purchase orders and requisitions, purchasing procedures, salary ledgers, grant financial reports, time sheets, grant expenditures reports, financial accounting system reports, University of Chicago Press financial statements, income and expense ledgers, financial statements, expense reports, purchase requisitions, overdue account statements, interdepartmental requests, expense classification codes, postcards, notes, and invoices.
78 1985-1989
Arrangement: Arranged chronologically.
Summary: Documents job inquiries, searches, and employment of SIGNS editorial staff. The documents pertain to employment of staff, independent contractors (translators), student interns, work-study employees, Women's Internal Information and Communication Service Interns (ISIS). Included in the record are job orders, incoming and outgoing correspondence, bills, payment and requests, appointments, nominations, ISIS brochures, application forms, newspapers, job ads and listings, agency evaluations, and handbooks.
28 Staff Employment File, 1975-1983
49 Miscellaneous Administrative Files
75 Miscellaneous Administrative Files (in part re. board, special issues, etc.)
GENERAL FILE, 1980-1984
Arrangement: Arranged topically.
Summary: Documents the relationship between SIGNS and the University of Chicago Press. The documents pertain to administration, advertising and promotion (publicity and marketing), copy-editing, permissions, press books, production, subscriptions, finances, stationery and office supplies, and subscriptions. Included in the record are incoming and outgoing correspondence with the Press, direct mail promotion reports, subscriber reports, readers comments, exhibit reports, income and expense ledgers, monthly absence reports, memoranda, notes, receipts, reviews of SIGNS, SIGNS articles, and editors in newspapers and magazines, press releases, journal renewal order forms, brochures, catalogues, flyers, postcards, subscriber surveys, promotion reports, list proposals, subscription card inserts, exchange advertising reports, direct mail promotion reports, postcards, copy editing, stationery, designs, offprint order forms, production schedules and surveys.
28 Chicago - General File, 1980-1984
READER FILES, 1980-2006
48 Old Stanford Readers' Files, 1980-1985
70 Readers' Files - [Stanford and Duke] (part), 1980-1986
71 Readers' Files - [Stanford and Duke] (concluded), 1980-1986
192 UCLA Binders, 2000-2006
60 1984-1986
61 A-Hi, Pre-1988
62 Ho-Sc, Pre-1988
63 Se-Z, Pre-1988
Miscellaneous Files
74 1989
123 1993-1995
[presumably transferred to Washington from Minnesota]
124 1994-1995
[presumably transferred to Washington from Minnesota]
Miscellaneous withdrawn manuscripts, 1996-1999
125 Inactive manuscripts
(one submitted as early as 1993; most are manuscripts submitted 1995-1997 and withdrawn 1996-2000)
126 1995-1996
127 1996-1997
128 1997-1998
158 1998
159 1999
76 International Correspondents Files, 1974-1980